In 2014, NATO’s General Philipp Breedlove talked about Russia waging “the most amazing information warfare blitzkrieg we have ever seen in the history of information warfare” in relation to obfuscating over its intervention in Ukraine.

This week we have seen the “fog of falsehood” fall again, this time in connection with recent violence in the Ukrainian city of Avdiivka.

Avdiivka is on territory that should be under the full control of the Ukrainian army, according to the line of conflict stipulated in the Minsk Agreements. On the morning Sunday 29 January, the Ukrainian army reported that Russian-backed militants had begun shelling their positions there. The OSCE special monitoring mission positioned in the city flagged up hundreds of ceasefire violations in both directions of the front. Journalists reported that the shelling came from Russian-backed “separatists” (here, here, and here).

But Russian state media immediately started denying any Russian role in the newest escalation. During the talk show “Vremya pokazhet”, we heard that there are no Russian troops on the ground – not only around Avdiivka, but also in the whole territory of Ukraine (http://bit.ly/2leYlGS). Later in the same show it was claimed that a “secret plan” of the Ukrainian government is being realized, aimed at ethnic cleansing of Donbas. The next day, we heard in the same show that actually it is European humanists and their friends from the US who are responsible for the deaths in Avdiivka (http://bit.ly/2jSO1qY) – not those doing the shelling.

Another show, “Mesto vstrechi”, blamed Kyiv for the humanitarian catastrophe in Avdiivka (http://bit.ly/2jT5kba).  One of the speakers accused President Poroshenko of provoking the conflict in order to divert the attention of Europeans away from the “fact” that he is stealing the gas flowing from Russia to Europe. Sergei Zheleznyak, Kremlin-loyal MP of the Duma, stated in “Pervaya studia” that Poroshenko provoked the hostilities in order to receive financial help from the West, as he had lost a huge investment in backing Hillary Clinton (http://bit.ly/2kyOFah). Lenta.ru suggested that Ukraine provoked the fighting to test the loyalty of the new American administration (http://bit.ly/2lfiR9t).

President Putin has also made multiple accusations: that Ukraine provoked the renewed violence in the east of the country in order to pretend to be a victim and receive money from the West; to establish a dialogue with the new US administration (after Ukraine supported the losing candidate); because the government needs to regain the people’s support; and because Ukraine is not ready to implement the Minsk agreements.

Germany again

The disinformation focus and personal attacks continue to follow Germany, as we so often report they do http://bit.ly/2lfAoSX. We learned from Russian state TV that Angela Merkel is trying to occupy Ukraine and to put her country into conflict with Russia http://bit.ly/2khWQZK.  In the same TV show, we were later told that Germany supports neo-Nazism in Ukraine http://bit.ly/2khWQZK. Another pro-Kremlin outlet accused Germany of also occupying Lithuania and parallels were drawn with WWII http://bit.ly/2kdFOJR (there was no mention of the fact that the manoeuvre in question is a joint venture of the participating NATO countries and thus by definition not an occupation http://bit.ly/2khKBKg, http://bit.ly/2lkY8BZ). Furthermore, an Italian outlet informed us that Germany has in fact already decided to leave the Euro before the end of the year http://bit.ly/2kz3cTl.

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week

Former French Economy Minister Macron could be a US Agent
Additional details: Former French Economy Minister Macron could be a US Agent.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lcI6de
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given to the claims.

Keywords: Emmanuel Macron, Secret services
Countries: US, France
More
Angela Merkel must be the main "target" of Kremlin because...
Additional details: Angela Merkel must be the main "target" of Kremlin because she is "trying to occupy Ukraine" and "pushing Germany into a conflict with Russia".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2khWQZK
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto vstrechi' (1:09:56)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence or indications that Angela Merkel would want Germany to 'occupy Ukraine' or push it into a conflict with Russia.

Keywords: Angela Merkel
Countries: Ukraine, Germany
More
Ukraine is stealing gas, which goes from Russia to Europe
Additional details: Ukraine is stealing gas, which goes from Russia to Europe. President Poroshenko provokes bloodshed in the city of Avdiivka to distract Europe from these facts.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jT5kba
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto vstrechi (29:34)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Avdiivka, Energy, War in Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Europe, Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukrainian government splits the society and is building a Nazi...
Additional details: Ukrainian government splits the society and is building a Nazi state in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jT5kba
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto vstrechi (1:26:13)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory. No evidence of the Ukrainian Government building a Nazi state.

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukrainian army provoked the clashes around Avdiivka
Additional details: Ukrainian army provoked the clashes around Avdiivka.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kK4Cw7
Disinforming outlet(s): newcoldwar.org
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

It was the Russian backed forces that began the shelling: http://bit.ly/2kEVGsu

Keywords: Avdiivka, Provocation, War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
A "colour revolution" is being prepared in the US now,...
Additional details: A "colour revolution" is being prepared in the US now, similar to the "Arab Spring" in Libya or the "Revolution of Dignity" in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2leCQFh
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (32:57)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence for this conspiracy given. "Revolution of Dignity" was not prepared, it was a spontaneous protest against the Viktor Yanukovych's regime and his U-turn on the Association Agreement with the EU.

Keywords: Arab Spring, Colour revolutions, Euromaidan
Countries: Libya, Ukraine, US
More
There are no Russian troops on the territory of Ukraine,...
Additional details: There are no Russian troops on the territory of Ukraine, including the suburbs of Avdiivka.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2leYlGS
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (03:07)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The evidence of Russian military in Donbas is overwhelming, much of it coming, inadvertently or deliberately, from Russian troops themselves. Further details, for example, are in the following reports: http://bit.ly/1i9fChX, http://bit.ly/1JUXaQB, http://bit.ly/1RbWQU5, http://bit.ly/1L6f6J6, http://bit.ly/1GpWmnW.

Keywords: Avdiivka, War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Fierce fighting in the town of Avdiivka, the East of...
Additional details: Fierce fighting in the town of Avdiivka, the East of Ukraine, is the realization of a secret plan designed by the General Staff of the Ukrainian army of "cleaning" Donbas of its civilian population // Kyiv has also developed programs to construct filtration camps in Donbas, to deprive these people of Ukrainian citizenship and the right to vote.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2leYlGS
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (28:49)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Avdiivka, War in Ukraine, Donbas, Elections
Countries: Ukraine
More
The German government is supporting neo-Nazism in Ukraine
Additional details: The German government is supporting neo-Nazism in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2khWQZK
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto vstrechi' (1:21:20)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There are no Nazis in the Ukranian Government. The far-right Right Sector (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine, Germany
More
Ukrainian footballer Roman Zozulya is a nazi
Additional details: Ukrainian footballer Roman Zozulya is a nazi.
Language / Targeted audience: Spain
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jX6kJU
Disinforming outlet(s): El Espanol
Reported by: StopFake.org
Disproof note:

Roman Zozulya is not a nazi. The accusations are based e.g. on the fact that he wears a t-shirt with the Ukrainian national symbol - that has nothing to do with nazi ideology: http://bit.ly/2jSW0nV

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Hillary Clinton's supporters were preparing a colour revolution in Moldova
Additional details: Hillary Clinton's supporters were preparing a colour revolution in Moldova.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lfBc6R
Disinforming outlet(s): newsmaker.md
Reported by: BDR Associates (East Stratcom Network)
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Pro-Kremlin media regularly talk about the "threat" of Western-backed revolutions against Kremlin-friendly politicians.

Keywords: Hillary Clinton, Colour revolutions
Countries: Moldova
More
Europe openly has an anti-Russian policy
Additional details: Europe openly has an anti-Russian policy.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kcKrDU
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym' (39:13)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Despite current difficulties in the relationship with Russia, the EU and its Member States have maintained a clear policy of reaching out to Russian society and youth, mainly through the Erasmus+ student exchange programme and other people to people contacts.

Keywords: Anti-Russian
Countries: Europe, Russia
More
Ukraine is divided into two parts
Additional details: Ukraine is divided into two parts. One part is a group of terrorists, who came to power through a coup and established state terrorism with a Nazi ideology. The second is the people, who are held hostages by these terrorists.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kcKrDU
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym' (2:09:16)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

As witnessed by the democratic and inclusive Presidential elections held on 25 May 2014, Ukraine is governed by a democratically elected government. The OSCE characterised the elections as showing the "clear resolve of the authorities to hold what was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and with a respect for fundamental freedoms." According to the OSCE, the only areas where serious restrictions were reported were those controlled by separatists, who undertook "increasing attempts to derail the process." http://bit.ly/2g9K0Mp. The far-right Right Sector (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Coup, Terrorism, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is governed by a Nazi elite
Additional details: Ukraine is governed by a Nazi elite.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kcKrDU
Disinforming outlet(s):
Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym' (2:09:16)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The far-right Right Sector (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Russia provides the residents of Crimea with a significantly higher...
Additional details: Russia provides the residents of Crimea with a significantly higher standard of living and income than they had before the Russian annexation of the Ukrainian peninsula.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kcKrDU
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym' (2:35:40)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The human rights situation in Crimea significantly deteriorated, as proven eg by the UN resolution condemning "arbitrary detentions, torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment" http://ind.pn/2fxfniH. Furthermore, in 2016, food prices in annexed Crimea were higher than in the neighboring regions of Russia http://bit.ly/2jSwP4K.

Keywords: Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Georgian fighters are returning from Ukraine to Georgia, due to...
Additional details: Georgian fighters are returning from Ukraine to Georgia, due to the non-payment of salaries.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kyDZbD
Disinforming outlet(s): tb24.ge
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

The Georgian Legion (one of the military battalions of Ukrainian Armed Forces composed of ethnic Georgians) never left Ukraine: http://bit.ly/2jTLkQV

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Foreign mercenaries
Countries: Ukraine, Georgia
More
Nine nuns in a Milano monastery became pregnant after hosting...
Additional details: Nine nuns in a Milano monastery became pregnant after hosting five migrants in July.
Language / Targeted audience: Italian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kl5TaY
Disinforming outlet(s): Il Giornale italiano
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The disinformation article was debunked by an Italian fact checker http://bit.ly/2jAlyFW. The outlet in question does have a disclaimer, stating some articles could have been invented. Unfortunately, this part of the information was not picked up by the outlets that translated the story into other languages.

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Italy
More
DPR has returned Avdiivka under its control
Additional details: DPR has returned Avdiivka under its control.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jTIprv
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: StopFake.org
Disproof note:

Avdiivka has never been under separatist control, the town is part of free Ukraine and under the control of the Ukrainian armed forces. Zvezda then declared that Ukrainian military had resumed shelling Avdiivka, when in fact it is the Russian supported separatists that have been incessantly firing at the town in recent days: http://bit.ly/2kiu6QH

Keywords: Avdiivka, War in Ukraine, DPR
Countries: Ukraine
More
It is Kyiv who is to blame for the fighting,...
Additional details: It is Kyiv who is to blame for the fighting, deaths of civilians and humanitarian catastrophe in the town of Avdiivka.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jT5kba
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto vstrechi' (26:11)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

According to an investigation conducted by the ‘Informnapalm’ website, the pro-Kremlin separatists of Donbas have carried out massive artillery and rocket attacks on residential areas of the town of Avdiivka http://bit.ly/2jSYMti. The town of Avdiivka, as well as the entire territory of Donbas, belongs to Ukraine and, according to the demarcation line established by the Minsk Agreement, is located on the territory that should be monitored by the Ukrainian army.

Keywords: Avdiivka, War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
Germany wants to exit the Eurozone by the end of...
Additional details: Germany wants to exit the Eurozone by the end of 2017
Language / Targeted audience: Italian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kz3cTl
Disinforming outlet(s): L'Economico
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No official statements from Germany to support these claims.

Keywords: EU disintegration
Countries: Germany
More
Kyiv junta started the escalation in Avdiivka
Additional details: Kyiv junta started the escalation in Avdiivka. // Victoria Nuland was preparing Maidan for years.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kJk1gi
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given http://bit.ly/2dG8OLk. On the contrary, first reports were describing how Russian-backed militants started the shelling: http://bit.ly/2kyaqqs; or http://bit.ly/2jTHPdq // Repeating many times debunked myths about "junta" or non-spontaneity of Maidan. See above.

Keywords: Avdiivka, Victoria Nuland, Junta, War in Ukraine, Euromaidan
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine asked the United States to spread the Ebola virus...
Additional details: Ukraine asked the United States to spread the Ebola virus among pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lfrJMZ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet' (37:20)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. Illogical accusation, given the fact that the United States has done more than any other country to help West Africa defeat the Ebola crisis. http://bit.ly/2jTtQJm.

Keywords: Donetsk, Diseases, War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
The Ukrainian elite has created a state with Nazi ideology...
Additional details: The Ukrainian elite has created a state with Nazi ideology that calls for genocide and glorifies the Holocaust, anti-Semitism and fascism.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lfrJMZ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet' (25:46)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

An often repeated disinformation about Ukraine, but still we have seen no evidence that the Ukranian state is run by Nazism or that they have carried out a genocide.

Keywords: Holocaust, Genocide, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Concerning the UN resolution on the Territorial integrity of Ukraine...
Additional details: Concerning the UN resolution on the Territorial integrity of Ukraine (UNGA resolution 68/262 of 03.15.2014), there were more votes against than for.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lfrJMZ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet' (16:16)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

UNGA Resolution 68/262, which condemned Russia's illegal actions in Ukraine, was supported by 100 United Nations member states. Only 10 states opposed it. http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

Keywords: UN
Countries: Ukraine
More
The current Ukrainian authorities hate all the Ukrainians and carry...
Additional details: The current Ukrainian authorities hate all the Ukrainians and carry out their policies on this base.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lfrJMZ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet' (37:42)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Illogical, no evidence given for the claims.

Keywords: State oppression
Countries: Ukraine
More
A call took place between Jens Stoltenberg, the NATO Secretary...
Additional details: A call took place between Jens Stoltenberg, the NATO Secretary General, and a prankster pretending to be President Poroshenko.
Language / Targeted audience:
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kdoiWi
Disinforming outlet(s): Life.ru
Reported by: NATO
Disproof note:

The audio is likely rehashed/remixed from previous public appearances of Mr Stoltenberg. No phone call with the NATO Secretary General took place, and the audio is a fabrication.http://bit.ly/1us4Kgn

Keywords: Jens Stoltenberg, NATO, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine has provoked the renewed violence in the east of...
Additional details: Ukraine has provoked the renewed violence in the east of the country in order to pretend to be a victim and receive money from the West; because they need to establish a dialogue with the Trump's administration; because the government needs to regain the people's support; and because Ukraine is not ready to implement the Minsk agreements.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kJIfab
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

No evidence for this. On the contrary, the available evidence shows that it was Russian-backed militants who started the shelling in Avdiivka: http://bit.ly/2lfupdC

Keywords: Provocation, Donald Trump, War in Ukraine, The West, Minsk agreements
Countries: The West, Ukraine
More
The European Parliament has postponed the vote on granting Georgia...
Additional details: The European Parliament has postponed the vote on granting Georgia visa-free regime from the 2 February until a Strasbourg session later in February.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2ktGJt3
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The Parliament voted according to schedule on the 2 February, and a majority voted yes http://bit.ly/2jGTITV.

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: EU, Georgia
More
The war in Donbas began because the Ukrainian army started...
Additional details: The war in Donbas began because the Ukrainian army started killing residents of this region.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kyOFah
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervaya studiya (43:11)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The war in Donbas began because of Russian military aggression. See disproof above, or http://bit.ly/2kCBRzC

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukrainian President Poroshenko and the Ukrainian authorities are "bandits and...
Additional details: Ukrainian President Poroshenko and the Ukrainian authorities are "bandits and separatists".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jSO1qY
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet' (7:34)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The democratically elected Ukrainian government is defending its territorial sovereignty against illegal foreign military aggression.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine
More
President Poroshenko invested in the presidential campaign of Hillary Clinton,...
Additional details: President Poroshenko invested in the presidential campaign of Hillary Clinton, so now he is trying to compensate his losses through worsening the military conflict in Donbas in order to get financial help from the West.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kyOFah
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervaya studiya (56:46)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory. No evidence given that suggest that Poroshenko invested money in the electoral campaign of Hillary Clinton.

Keywords: Hillary Clinton, Donbas, Petro Poroshenko, The West
Countries: The West, Ukraine
More
[German] Reich occupies Lithuania
Additional details: [German] Reich occupies Lithuania. Operation Barbarossa all over again. Germany serves the globalist EU and NATO structures.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kdFOJR
Disinforming outlet(s): russia-insider.com
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

Tasteless parallels comparing today's democratic Germany to Adolf Hitler's Reich have no basis in reality. // The deployment of multinational troops in Baltic states and Poland was approved in July 2016 at the NATO summit in Warsaw. The expected size of 4000 soldiers is designed to provide security guarantees and bolster deterrence on the eastern flank.

Keywords: Operation Barbarossa, NATO
Countries: Lithuania, EU, Germany
More
There was a coup d'etat in Ukraine
Additional details: There was a coup d'etat in Ukraine. Russia did not invade Crimea. [In the referendum] people decided they want to be part of Russia. The sanctions have created a major economic problem for the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kyydqh
Disinforming outlet(s): Marine Le Pen @ CNN
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of large parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. // There were free and democratic elections in Ukraine in 2014. // Any decision relating to Ukraine's sovereignty or sovereign choices can only be taken without undue external pressure. This so-called referendum was organised in a matter of weeks by a self-proclaimed Crimean leadership lacking democratic legitimacy and installed by armed Russian military personnel following the seizure of public buildings. The EU does not recognise it. // Since Russia put in place its ban on EU agricultural products in 2014, EU global exports of agricultural goods have increased by 5-6%. This means that EU exporters have found alternative markets in other third countries that more than compensate for their lost sales in Russia.

Keywords: Economic difficulties, Coup, Sanctions, Referendum, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, EU
More
Ukraine provoked the fights in Avdiivka to test the loyalty...
Additional details: Ukraine provoked the fights in Avdiivka to test the loyalty of Donald Trump.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2lfiR9t
Disinforming outlet(s): lenta.ru
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

It was the Russian backed forces that began the shelling: http://bit.ly/2kEVGsu

Keywords: Avdiivka, Provocation, Donald Trump, War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
Nine nuns in a Milano monastery became pregnant after hosting...
Additional details: Nine nuns in a Milano monastery became pregnant after hosting five migrants in July.
Language / Targeted audience: Lithuania
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kvRniq
Disinforming outlet(s): Infa.lt
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Translation to Lithuanian of the Italian article above.

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Italy
More
Nine nuns in a Milano monastery became pregnant after hosting...
Additional details: Nine nuns in a Milano monastery became pregnant after hosting five migrants in July.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kZM5ZU
Disinforming outlet(s): Zvezda TV
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Translation to Russian of the Italian article debunked here: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/nine-nuns-in-a-milano-monastery-became-pregnant-after-hosting/ // The disinformation article was debunked by an Italian fact checker http://bit.ly/2jAlyFW. The outlet in question does have a disclaimer, stating some articles could have been invented. Unfortunately, this part of the information was not picked up by the outlets that translated the story into other languages.

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Italy
More
European humanists and their friends from the US are responsible...
Additional details: European humanists and their friends from the US are responsible for the fact that people are dying in Avdiivka and that they cannot receive medical care there.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2jSO1qY
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet' (35:52)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. It is Russia who is funding the separatists that fight in the area.

Keywords: Avdiivka, War in Ukraine
Countries: Europe, Ukraine, US
More
Ukraine has a new holiday - Day of the Avenger
Additional details: Ukraine has a new holiday - Day of the Avenger
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2kd3Ncf
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik.ru
Reported by: StopFake.org
Disproof note:

The new holiday is the Volunteer's Day, that has nothing to do with "vengeance" http://bit.ly/2jTJU93

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More

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