On 17 July 1983, the legendary Operation INFEKTION was unleashed. A marginal left wing Indian newspaper Patriot published an anonymous letter: “AIDS may invade India: Mystery disease caused by US experiments.” Supported by Soviet press and a pseudoscientific report from East Germany, it later appeared in 80 countries in more than 30 languages. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Yevgeny Primakov (then the Foreign Intelligence Chief who later became Russia’s Foreign Minister and Prime Minister) admitted that the KGB was behind these accusations, which aimed to spread global anti-Americanism.

The Soviets repeated a trick that had been in their toolbox since at least 1949. As documented by Kevin McCauley in his book Russian Influence Campaigns against the West: From the Cold War to Putin, the allegations of biological or chemical warfare began already before the outbreak of the Korean War, e.g. with a propaganda campaign that the US were testing biological weapons on Alaskan Inuit people. Soviet bloc countries were also accusing the US of dropping colorado beetles over their potato fields to destroy their crops. Chinese sources talked about bacterial experiments on prisoners of the US Army. Other influence operations included messaging that the US was manufacturing an “ethnic weapon” that killed only non-whites; or that Americans imported babies from Latin America to butcher them for organ transplants. For more, see Kevin McCauley’s book, chapters 6 and 9.

It is worth keeping this background in mind whenever you see Russian and pro-Kremlin sources today spreading messaging like CIA spread African swine fever in Cuba in 1971, Pentagon used the secret labs in Georgia to spread the African swine fever, Cancer, syphilis and Spanish flu are US biological weapons, or US biological weapons will kill 70% of Russia’s population. All these topics can be found here in 2018, 35 years after Operation INFEKTION, and seven decades after the first such allegations.

Admit Nothing. Deny Everything. Spread Counter-Accusations

As we have highlighted already a week ago, the sudden rise in chemical conspiracies is most probably connected to attempts to blur the investigation into the case of GRU agents poisoning Sergei Skripal and his daughter.

And given the events of the last days, this strand of the work of the disinformers received a new spin. As Dutch officials announced last week, they caught Russian spies targeting the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the very body investigating the Skripal case, as well as the chemical attack in Douma – another event heavily targeted by Russia’s disinformation campaign.

The reaction of the Kremlin-organised disinformation machine was predictable: admit nothing, deny everything, and spread counter-accusations. Thus, on Russian state TV, we could see claims that the expulsion of GRU officers from the Netherlands is “a staged performance”, “incredible stupidity” and “pure provocation”, and that it is linked to the release by Russia of new information about the Buk missile that hit flight MH17 (which was, as we have also already covered, just another part of Russia’s disinformation campaign); or that all the buzz is just another Western “psychological attack” trying to portray Russia as a predator.

We could also read fabrications that even The New Yorker admitted that the “espionage conspiracy failed”. No, The New Yorker did not say that. One of their respondents, Alina Polyakova from the Brookings Institute (who has authored numerous expert pieces about Russia’s disinformation campaign), in fact just expressed doubts that recent reactions from Western countries will be enough to force the Kremlin to change its aggressive behaviour.

Ukrainian students need food supplies from Russia

When it comes to denigrating Ukraine, the Kremlin’s bullhorns can be particularly sharp – as we have already seen in invented messages such as that Ukrainians have to steal food from pigeons, or that there are Nazi zombies fighting in the Ukrainian army.

This week, we saw a fabrication that students in Ukraine are forced to reject their Russia-based relatives. “For connections with Russia, my niece can be expelled from the institute. She sends me WhatsApp messages from someone else’s phone. She is afraid to write me from her own device. Everyone there is scared,” says Ekaterina Jankovic, a Ukrainian now living in Russia, who also added that she has to send food to her niece.

“Ukrainian students have to receive food from Russia,” claims Russian TV. Obviously – it is not true

Such is the worrying reality as presented by Rossiya 24, anyway. And the real reality is brought to you by StopFake, who tracked down Ms Jankovic’s niece: “The video is utterly absurd. It is not true. Everything that was said is completely detached from reality. The university did not ask me if I had any relatives in Russia. There was nothing like that”, said Anastatia Kovalyonok. She emphasized too that no one has sent her food. And added: “I haven’t seen her (my aunt) over the past four years”.

UK got rid of Skripal
Additional details: Skripal's life is over. UK got rid of Sergei Skripal.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: utro.ru/life/2018/10/04/1375988.shtml
Disinforming outlet(s): Utro.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Salisbury attack and Skripal's death.

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on the Skripal poisoning.

On Sunday 4 March Sergei and Yulia Skripal were poisoned in Salisbury with a military-grade nerve agent of a type developed by Russia. As for the scar on her throat, news outlets, including the BBC and Telegraph, have described it as a result of a tracheotomy, a surgical procedure which opens a hole in a person's windpipe to help them breathe. She has not shared specifics of her treatment, but described it as "invasive, painful, and depressing."

For the UK response see here.

The OPCW have confirmed the UK findings in the case. "The results of the analysis by the OPCW designated laboratories of environmental and biomedical samples collected by the OPCW team confirm the findings of the United Kingdom relating to the identity of the toxic chemical that was used in Salisbury".

Keywords: Sergei Skripal, Biological weapons
Countries: UK, Russia, EU
More
Most Europeans have a negative attitude towards the EU
Additional details: The EU project has failed. According to all public opinion polls, most Europeans have a negative attitude towards the European Union, the European Commission and other official bodies of the EU. Eurosceptics throughout Europe consider the European Commission to be a parasitic formation, a cold and bureaucratic monster that does not express the interests of the peoples of Europe, was not elected by anyone and defends abstract neo-liberal principles.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: inosmi.ru/politic/20181001/243360745.html
Disinforming outlet(s): Inosmi - Russia Today
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

According to PEW research centre, most EU citizens didn’t want their countries to leave the Union in 2017. One year later, in 2018, Eurobarometer survey showed highest support for the EU in 35 years. Two thirds of Europeans believe their country has benefited from being a member of the EU, the highest percentage since 1983. In addition 60% of Europeans consider EU membership a good thing.

Regarding the European Commission, it is the EU's politically independent executive arm. It is alone responsible for drawing up proposals for new European legislation, and it implements the decisions of the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. Political leadership is provided by a team of 28 Commissioners (one from each EU country) – led by the Commission President. European Commission's principles include: transparency, language coverage, responsibility towards the environment, equality and ethical behaviour.

Keywords: fake statistics, EU disintegration, EU
Countries: Europe, EU
More
The Macedonians said "no" to NATO and the EU
Additional details: On the referendum regarding the new name of their country, the Macedonians said "no" to NATO and the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Voennoe Obozrenie
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The referendum on changing the name of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) as part of a deal that would pave the way for EU and NATO membership had a low turnout of 37 per cent - but among those who voted it won an overwhelming support. Results showed 91.3 percent of voters approving the deal.

With the support of more than 600,000 citizens in favour of a new country's name, FYROM’s prime minister has now referred the issue to the parliament.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, EU, Referendum
Countries: Macedonia, EU
More
Hungary getting ready for the upcoming collapse of Ukraine
Additional details: Hungary is preparing for the upcoming collapse of Ukraine. It expects that the future elections in Ukraine will result into a situation similar to the Maidan Revolution.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Polit Navigator
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Just recently, the EU (including Hungary) prolonged the sanctions over actions against Ukraine's territorial integrity, see https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/09/13/eu-prolongs-sanctions-over-actions-against-ukraine-s-territorial-integrity-until-15-march-2019/

Keywords: Ukraine, War in Ukraine
Countries: Hungary, Ukraine
More
Americans experimented on people in Georgia
Additional details: Americans experimented on people in Georgia, 73 people died. Pentagon used the secret labs in Georgia to spread the African swine fever.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=3068079
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the US is building biological laboratories in the Caucasus region; and a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about US developing biological and/or chemical weapons (mostly in order to use them against Russia). See e.g. the Disinfo Review from 4 October 2018.

The Central Public Health Reference Laboratory (CPHRL), the so called Lugar Laboratory was opened in 2011 under the Framework Agreement signed in 1997 and the Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Prevention of Proliferation of Technology, Pathogens and Expertise Related to the Development of Biological Weapons signed between the U.S. Department of Defense and the Georgian Defense Ministry in 2002. The United States provided a total of USD 350 million for the construction and technical equipment of the laboratory. In 2013 the laboratory moved to subordination of the National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC) and from 2018 the Government of Georgia will assume responsibility for full funding and operation of the Lugar center and laboratory network. Further debunking by Myth Detector.

Keywords: Lugar, Biological weapons, US
Countries: Russia, US, Georgia
More
Cancer, syphilis and "Spanish flu" are US biological weapons
Additional details: Many Latin America leaders died because of cancer, most of them were against the US policy.

The Nazi specialists were also developing biological weapons and some of them were caught by US special services. Therefore the epidemic of cancer could have been caused by an American biological weapon. The US is also linked to the development of syphilis and "Spanish flu".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Mir24 TV
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Conspiracy theory and recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about US developing biological and/or chemical weapons (mostly in order to use them against Russia). See e.g. the Disinfo Review from 4 October 2018.

Keywords: Lugar, Biological weapons, US
Countries: Europe, EU, US
More
US biological weapons will kill 70% of Russia's population
Additional details: The Lugar laboratory used by Americans developed biological weapons that would kill 70% of Russia's population.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): National News Service - news agency
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Conspiracy theory and recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about US developing biological and/or chemical weapons mostly in order to use them against Russia. See e.g. the Disinfo Review from 4 October 2018.

The Central Public Health Reference Laboratory (CPHRL) - the so called Lugar Laboratory - was opened in 2011 under the Framework Agreement signed in 1997 and the Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Prevention of Proliferation of Technology, Pathogens and Expertise Related to the Development of Biological Weapons signed between the U.S. Department of Defense and the Georgian Defense Ministry in 2002. The United States provided a total of USD 350 million for the construction and technical equipment of the laboratory. In 2013 the laboratory moved to subordination of the National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC) and from 2018 the Government of Georgia will assume responsibility for full funding and operation of the Lugar center and laboratory network. Further debunking by Myth Detector.

Keywords: Lugar, Biological weapons, US
Countries: Russia, US
More
West's "espionage conspiracy" failed
Additional details: West's espionage conspiracy failed. The attempt of Western countries to unite against Russia, while simultaneously accusing it of secret illegal activities, does not make sense - writes The New Yorker.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: utro.ru/politics/2018/10/05/1376185.shtml
Disinforming outlet(s): Utro.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The original article say nothing about a "Western conspiracy". One of the respondents merely describes the reaction of the West as not sufficient to change Russia's aggressive behaviour: "Russia is on a clear course of more aggressive behavior toward the West. Strong statements and narrow sanctions won’t change that," said Alina Polyakova from the Brookings Institute to the New Yorker. See the full article here: https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/russias-image-tanks-in-the-west-but-so-does-trumps

Recurring narrative about conspiracies in the pro-Kremlin media. The Western countries recently reacted to Russia's illegal activities such as: annexation of Crimea, Skripal's poisoning and OPCW targeting.

Keywords: OPCW, Sergei Skripal, US, Conspiracy, The West
Countries: West, Russia, US
More
Ukraine's guests will be obliged to write in Ukrainian
Additional details: Ukraine's guests will be obliged to write in Ukrainian when they enter country's territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

People visiting Ukraine can fill in the immigration forms also in English.

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Russian language and Russophobia in Ukraine.

The new law on language is still only in the phase of a draft. Yet, it specifically says that every citizen is free to choose any language in private encounters. Read more about the law here.

More debunking on the fakes about the new language law by The Insider.

Keywords: Russian language, Ukraine, Russophobia
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Europe helped Hitler to come to power and allowed him to attack Russia
Additional details: The Western European countries helped Hitler to come to power. And he said to them: I will go to attack Russia! And they let him form the armed forces.


 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkALncwBuEg
Disinforming outlet(s): "60 Minut" @ Rossiya 1, time 45:50
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Between the years 1939 and 1941, it was Soviet Russia who was Nazi Germany's ally - the two countries simultaneously invading Poland. Later during WWII, Soviet Russia, the UK, the US and many other countries were the allies in an anti-Hitler coalition.

Repeated pro-Kremlin disinformation accusing everyone of being Nazi, see e.g. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/nazi-east-nazi-west-nazi-over-the-cuckoos-nest/

Keywords: Adolf Hitler, Europe, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Europe, Russia
More
Ukrainian borders and language are artificial. Ukrainian authorities plan to punish any use of non-Ukrainian language e.g. at home, in transport, at school.
Additional details: Ukrainian borders and language are artificial, and Ukrainian authorities are planning to punish any use of non-Ukrainian language e.g. at home, in transport, at school.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=gi7bURHMqdM
Disinforming outlet(s): "Tolstoy. Voskresenye" @ Pervyi kanal TV channel; time 03:14
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc. UNGA Resolution 68/262 also affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders: http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

The new law on language is still only in the phase of a draft. Yet, it specifically says that every citizen is free to choose any language in private encounters. Read more about the law here.

More debunking on the fakes about the new language law by The Insider.

Keywords: Russian language, Ukrainian disintegration, The West, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Europe, Russia, Ukraine
More
Crimean referendum was held when Ukraine didn't exist as a state
Additional details: The referendum in Crimea on "returning to the Russian Federation" was actually held when Ukraine did not exist as a state from a legal point of view. During 20 Feb 2014 - 25 May 2014, Ukraine "de iure" did not exist due to the coup d'etat. In order to recognise the referendum results, the West would have to recognise the coup d'etat in Kiev.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Ukrainian statehood.

The 2014 presidential election in Ukraine was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and respecting fundamental freedoms, despite the hostile security environment in two eastern regions of the country. According to the OSCE (of which Russia is a participating State) "the people of Ukraine had the opportunity to genuinely express their will at the ballot box".

The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were not provoked from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence.

The United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 68/262, adopted on 27 March 2014 and supported by 100 states (only 10 states opposed it), clearly says that Russia's actions in the peninsula as well as the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea violate international law.

Keywords: Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Euromaidan, Crimea, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: West, Russia, Ukraine
More
Students in Ukraine forced to reject their Russia-based relatives
Additional details: Ukrainian universities force students to write a rejection letter and cut off contacts with their Russia-based relatives. "For connections with Russia, my niece can be expelled from the institute. She sends me WhatsApp messages from someone else's phone. She is afraid to write me from her own device. Everyone there is scared," says Ekaterina Jankovic, a Ukrainian living now in Russia.


Jankovic is sending food to her niece in Odesa. 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rossiya 24
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Journalists from StopFake.org found Ekaterina Jankovic's niece, Anastatia Kovalyonok and interviewed her. Kovalyonok said that "The video is utterly absurd. It is not true. Everything that was said is completely detached from reality". The university did not "ask me if I had any relatives in Russia. There was nothing like that". She emphasized that no one has sent her food: "I haven't seen her (my aunt) over the past four years".

Keywords: Anti-Russian, Ukraine, War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukraine was "thought up by Austro-Hungarian intelligence agents at the end of the 19th century"
Additional details: Ukraine was only "thought up by Austro-Hungarian intelligence agents at the end of the 19th century".

///

Ukraine is the "only country in the world whose state is founded on fascist ideology".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=E3NmtTnkyqE
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 Minut @ Rossiya 1, 37:00, 39:00
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Ukraine's statehood, Ukrainian nation, and the Nazis. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B0%5D=77158&date=&offset=10, https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=ukraine&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77101&date=

Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc.

Keywords: Intelligence services, Secret services, Ukrainian statehood, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
After the Soviet Union fell apart, the US offered Russia to keep so-called "grey zones" in Eastern Europe
Additional details: [Context: Georgia's potential NATO membership] After the Soviet Union fell apart, the US offered Russia to keep so-called "grey zones" in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus, which will be in nobody's sphere of interest and will serve as a "security buffer zone",
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Channel One TV, 06:00
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives on US and NATO.

NATO made no promises not to accept new members from eastern and central Europe back in 1990, which was confirmed by the former president of the Soviet Union Mihail Gorbachev. Back in 2014, Gorbachev said:"The topic of ‘NATO expansion’ was not discussed at all, and it wasn’t brought up in those years. I say this with full responsibility." www.rbth.com/international/2014/10/16/mikhail_gorbachev_i_am_against_all_walls_40673.html.

Furthermore, the claim about NATO "expansion" misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not "expand" but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join. In any case, no such promise was made www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_109141.htm.

Further debunking at DFRLab medium.com/dfrlab/balticbrief-russia-claims-secret-nato-deployment-e6c0e649ccfb.

Keywords: Caucasus, Central Asia, Sphere of influence, EU/NATO enlargement
Countries: USSR, US, Georgia
More
Ukraine to introduce criminal liability for conversations in foreign languages
Additional details: Everyone will have to speak Ukrainian if the new law on language in Ukraine comes into force. Ukraine introduces criminal liability for conversations in foreign languages.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Perviy Kanal
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The new law on language is still only in the phase of a draft. Yet, it specifically says that every citizen is free to choose any language in private encounters. Read more about the law here.

More debunking on the fakes about the new language law by The Insider.

Keywords: Anti-Russian, Russian language, Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The West is now engaging in a psychological attack by trying to portray Russia as a "predator"
Additional details: The West is now engaging in a psychological attack by trying to portray Russia as a "predator". They are trying to convince their own populations that Moscow is a danger, and also convince Russian people that their country is isolated, and some here have already started to believe this propaganda.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Perviy Kanal (1tv.ru), time 29:00
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin misleading narrative about the West as Russophobic https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77113&date=

The EU's most recent policy vis-a-vis Russia has been formulated in 2016 in the Five Guiding Principles that include selective engagement with Russia on issues like migration, counter-terrorism, or climate change; or support for Russia's civil society.

In the Foreign Affairs Council 16 April 2018, all the EU Foreign Ministers saw as a key issue to increase EU:s support for Russian citizens, civil society, human rights defenders, people to people contacts, especially with a focus on the youth of the Russian Federation.

In practise this means for example the Erasmus+ programme. Russian students and researchers are among the first - if not the first - of third countries benefiting from the Erasmus+ programme. It is something the EU wants to increase to make sure that links between the people are not only maintained but also increased. eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/42996/remarks-hrvp-mogherini-press-conference-following-foreign-affairs-council_en

On the other hand, the West does react to clearly hostile and aggressive activities of Russia's regime, like in the recent cases around Skripal or other attacks of the GRU.

Keywords: Propaganda, Anti-Russian, War preparation
Countries: Russia, The West
More
The US intervened in Ukraine, which resulted in Ukraine's split and civil war
Additional details: The US intervened in Ukraine, invested 5 billion dollars to its political system, which resulted in an illegal coup, a split in Ukraine's society, and a civil war. Everyone agrees with this.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRQZpEwAdz0
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @ Russia 1, 17:35
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Ukraine's statehood and Ukrainian nation. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B0%5D=77158&date=&offset=10 Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc.

In 2016, Ukraine's major investors, accounting for 70 percent of investments included: Russian Federation (37.8 percent of FDI), Cyprus (9.7 percent), Great Britain (9.2 percent), the Netherlands (5.8 percent), Austria (5.7 percent), Italy (4.8 percent), Hungary (4.3 percent), the British Virgin Islands (3.2 percent), Switzerland (2.5 percent), and Turkey (2.3 percent). U.S. investment comprised 1.9 percent of FDI in 2016. https://www.export.gov/apex/article2?id=Ukraine-foreign-direct-investment-statistics

There was no coup in Ukraine four years ago. The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were not provoked from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence http://bit.ly/2ftv6iT. The European Union does not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea and continues to condemn this violation of international law, and that Russia’s illegal actions remain a direct challenge to international security, with grave implications for the international legal order that protects the unity and sovereignty of all States.

It was Russia that provoked a war in East of Ukraine, and it is not a civil war.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf

Keywords: Civil war, US presence in Europe, War in Ukraine, Coup
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
CIA spread African swine fever in Cuba in 1971
Additional details: CIA has links with the African swine fever, it's a planned disaster. According to Newsday, CIA placed a container with African swine fever virus (which  causes now big problems in Romania) and, through a Panama vessel, got to Cuba in 1971. It remains a mystery how this virus spread so fast in Romania.
Language / Targeted audience: Romanian
Disinforming outlet(s): Capital
Tulcea Noastra
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about swine fever and US conspiracy.This messaging has been spread a few weeks ago by multiple versions of Sputnik, Ria Novosti, TV Zvezda, Regnum, and other pro-Kremlin sources.

CIA officially denied any links to Cuban swine fever.

Further debunking by Laboratory of Information Warfare Analysis and Strategic Communication (LARICS), launched by the Institute of International Relations and Political Science „Ion I. C. Brătianu” of the Romanian Academy in cooperation with external and internal partners.

Keywords: Biological weapons, US
Countries: Cuba, Romania, US
More
Swine fever prepares the ground for the influx of Danish and Dutch farmers to Romania
Additional details: The African swine fever is just a pretext to abolish peasant farms in Romania and prepare the ground for Danish and Dutch farmers, according to Deutsche Welle. These farmers will move to Romania and Baltic states, bringing with them the environmental problems.
Language / Targeted audience: Romania
Disinforming outlet(s): In Politics
Cuvantul Ortodox
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about swine fever. This messaging has been spread a few weeks ago by multiple versions of Sputnik, Ria Novosti, TV Zvezda, Regnum, and other pro-Kremlin sources.

The Deutsche Welle article does not link the swine fever with the intention of some Dutch and Danish farmers to come to Romania. It states that, according to an environmental activist, they might move their farms to Romania and Baltic states, due to some possible restrictions of using pesticides and claims regarding animal rights in their own countries.

Keywords: Biological weapons, US, Conspiracy
Countries: Romania, Denmark, US, The Netherlands
More
Glory to Ukraine is a carbon copy of the Nazi greeting "Heil Hitler"
Additional details: Glory to Ukraine is a carbon copy of the Nazi greeting "Heil Hitler".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=fUNHChFSxlM
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @ Rossiya 1, 17:30
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Ukraine and the Nazis.

Photographs of Nazi concentration camps are shown in the background during TV show guest's comments.

"During the Euromaidan this slogan basically lost its particular connection to the OUN and became one of the symbols of the pro-European protests," says Oleksandr Zaitsev, a historian from the Ukrainian Catholic University in Lviv, in a DW article.

Keywords: Adolf Hitler, War in Ukraine, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ultranationalists stormed an Orthodox church in Western Ukraine
Additional details: Ukrainian ultranationalists from the "Right Sector" stormed an Orthodox church and physically abused parishioners in Ivano-Frankivsk, Western Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Politicano
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The real reason behind the incident around the Holy Trinity Church in Ivano-Frankivsk region on September 28 was the decision to hand over one of the buildings located near the church to the musical school. According to a statement made by the press-service of Ivano-Frankivsk Police, the assembly’s decision was followed by the confrontation between the representatives of the assembly and the local parish. No third party, including «Правий сектор», was engaged in the conflict.

According to the press-service of the Ukrainian Police, “at this point, there is no conflict, including an inter-confessional one… no illegal act has been carried out against any religious organization.”

Read more in Mythdetector

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation, which uses exaggeration to fit common narratives of far right and disrespect for Orthodox Church.

 

Keywords: Orthodox Church, Ukraine, War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
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Crimea's reunification with Russia was the result of a legitimate referendum, which was in accordance with the UN Charter
Additional details: The reunification of the Crimean peninsula with Russia was the result of a legitimate referendum, which was in accordance with the UN Charter. It was a democratic process, during which the inhabitants of Crimea expressed their position.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik in English
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation on referendum in Crimea. Russia violated international law as well as key principles of the European security framework in illegally annexing the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol. The European Union does not recognise and continues to strongly condemn this violation of international law, which remains a challenge to the international security order. This position is based on the UN Charter, which clearly states that the territory of a State cannot be acquired by another State resulting from the threat or use of force, as well as on the Helsinki Final Act in which the signatories declared their intention to respect the inviolability of frontiers and territorial integrity: http://bit.ly/2d9uXT9.

UNGA Resolution 68/262, which condemned Russia's illegal actions in Ukraine, was supported by 100 United Nations member states. Only 10 states opposed it. http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

Keywords: Milorad Dodik, UN, International Law, Referendum, Crimea
Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Russia, Ukraine
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Parubiy was behind the supply of weapons to the snipers who shot at the Berkut police during the 2014 Maidan uprising
Additional details: [The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament Andriy] Parubiy was behind the supply of weapons to the snipers who shot at the Berkut police during the 2014 Maidan uprising
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/Sqr_AQi0eHg?t=5819
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti Nedeli @ Rossiya 1, 1:37:00
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Keywords: Andriy Parubiy, Euromaidan
Countries: Ukraine
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Expulsion of GRU officers from the Netherlands is a staged performance and a provocation
Additional details: The April expulsion of four alleged GRU officers from the Netherlands is "a staged performance", "incredible stupidity" and "pure provocation" and it is linked to the release by Russia of new information about the Buk missile that hit the MH17 flight.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Pravo Golosa @ TV Center, time 04:10, and 10:50
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:
Dutch officials gave unprecedented details as they outlined the alleged Russian operation at a joint Dutch-UK government news conference in The Hague. The head of Dutch counterintelligence, Maj. Gen. Onno Eichelsheim, named the four alleged Russian officers as Aleksei Morenets, Evgenii Serebriakov, Oleg Sotnikov and Alexey Minin. The four alleged agents planned to travel next to an OPCW-accredited Swiss laboratory in Spiez, Bern, that does research into chemical weapons, Eichelsheim said. They had bought train tickets for April 17 from the Dutch city of Utrecht to Switzerland, he said, but did not get there because their operation was disrupted.
Keywords: Douma, OPCW, Sergei Skripal, Secret services, MH17
Countries: Russia, The Netherlands
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Norwegian delegation says Crimea is part of Russia and sanctions are "nonsense"
Additional details: The head of Norwegian delegation that visited Crimea in September said that this peninsula is an inseparable part of the Russian Federation. In his opinion, the sanctions are a "nonsense" and Crimea doesn't feel their impact.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
NTV
Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about "official delegations" allegedly visiting Crimea.

This was not an official delegation. Norway does not recognize the Russian presidential election in Crimea. "Norway will continue to support the EU’s non-recognition policy", said the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Keywords: Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Crimea
Countries: Norway, Russia, Ukraine
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