Zuerst Widersprüche verbreiten…

Bei dem Chemiewaffenangriff in Chan Scheichun sah man, wie kremlfreundliche Medien ähnliche Desinformationsmethoden nutzen wie schon bei früheren Tragödien, wie zum Beispiel nach dem Abschuss des Flugs MH17 oder dem Mord an Boris Nemtsow, sowie bei dem Angriff auf einen humanitäre Hilfskonvoi in Aleppo.

Zuerst werden verschiedene, oft widersprüchliche Versionen des Vorfalls verbreitet, um Verwirrung und Misstrauen zu säen. Beim jetzigen Vorfall verlegte das russische Verteidigungsministerium zum Beispiel die Zeit des Angriffs auf fünf Stunden später, als er wirklich stattgefunden hatte. Es behauptete außerdem, die syrische Armee habe Chemiewaffen-Lager von Terroristen getroffen. Viele offizielle Vertreter Russlands haben danach diese Behauptung wiederholt, ebenso viele kremlfreundliche Medien in verschiedenen Sprachen (hier zum Beispiel eine slowakische Version).
Es ist eine Behauptung, die von mehreren Experten, Diplomaten und Zeugen vor Ort abgelehnt wird, denn a) die Rebellen waren nicht in der Lage, genug Sarin für einen Angriff von solcher Stärke herzustellen oder zu besitzen; und b) ein Luftschlag auf ein Sarin-Lager hätte den Giftstoff sofort zerstört. Siehe zum Beispiel die Erklärung im Guardian oder in der BBC. Dazu kommt, dass laut CNN das US-Militär und diverse Nachrichtendienste Gespräche syrischer Militärs über Vorbereitungen eines Sarin-Angriffs abgehört hätten.

Trotzdem wurden diese Theorien regelmäßig in den letzten zwei Wochen wiederholt, wie zum Beispiel in der russischen Haupt-„Nachrichten“-Sendung Westi nedeli oder im tschechischen Protiproud.

… und dann weiter mit Verschwörungen

Andere kremlfreundliche Medien, die eher zu Verschwörungen neigen, begannen, eine andere Version zu verbreiten: Dass der ganze Angriff eine Operation unter „falscher Flagge“ gewesen sei. Unter den ersten, die diese Information verbreiteten, war das amerikanische Medium Infowars, gleich danach kamen GlobalResearch und Medien in anderen Sprachen (beispielsweise tschechisch).

Lesen Sie bei Digital Forensic Research Lab (DFRLab), wer den Hashtag #SyriaHoax nach Amerika brachte.

Die große russische Talkshow Wremya Pokazhet behauptete sogar während ein und derselben Sendung, dass der Angriff eine Provokation des Islamische Staats gewesen sei; dann, dass die Bilder der Opfer gefälscht gewesen worden wären; und schlussendlich, dass der Angriff von der CIA und vom Pentagon organisiert gewesen sei. Das slowakische kremlfreundliche Medium hlavnespravy.sk bot mehrere und widersprüchliche Erklärungen an: Dass das Gas von einem Lager der Rebellen gekommen sei; dass der Angriff von Terroristen verübt worden sei und dass das Ganze eine Operation unter falscher Flagge der Weißhelme gewesen sei. Ungeachtet dessen, dass diese Verschwörungen ebenfalls schnell widerlegt waren, wurden sie weiter verbreitet und wiederholt, sogar zum Beispiel vom russischen Außenminister und anderen.

Auch eine weitere bekannte Methode wurde genutzt: Ablenkung. Dazu wurde jemand anderes eines ähnlichen Verbrechens woanders bezichtigt. Der offizielle Kanal des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums, TV Swesda, verlor keine Zeit und beschuldigte die Ukraine der Benutzung chemischer Waffen. Natürlich gab es keine Belege.

Das Diagramm von DFRLab zeigt, wie schnell sich die Behauptung des Angriffs unter „falscher Flagge“ nach dem Chemiewaffenangriff verbreitete.

Das Diagramm von DFRLab zeigt, wie schnell sich die Behauptung des Angriffs unter „falscher Flagge“ nach dem Chemiewaffenangriff verbreitete.

Demonstrationen sind gefälscht und Demonstranten sind Terroristen

Wie üblich wurden Demonstrationen gegen die Interessen des Kremls von kremlfreundlichen Medien als vom Westen organisiert dargestellt. Aus der Desinformation, dass „die USA und deren europäische Verbündete mit 10.000 NATO-Soldaten in die Ukraine einmarschiert sind“, wurde hier und hier der Schluss gezogen, dass die jüngsten Proteste in Weißrussland von westlichen Mächten organsiert seien, „in Weißrussland das Gleiche zu tun“. Natürlich wurde nicht erwähnt, dass das Engagement der NATO in der Ukraine gar nicht 10.000 Soldaten beinhaltet. Als Antwort auf den Konflikt zwischen Russland und der Ukraine hat die NATO der Ukraine Unterstützung für die Entwicklung militärischer Kapazitäten und Training bereitgestellt. Auch der britische Botschafter in Weißrussland wurde beschuldigt, zusammen mit den USA und der EU hinter den Protesten zu stecken. Wieder wurden keine Belege genannt.

Außerdem wurden die friedlichen Proteste gegen Korruption in Russland vom russischen Staatsfernsehen in Zusammenhang mit dem Terroranschlag auf die St. Petersburger U-Bahn gebracht, gleichsam als zwei Teile eines Planes, die nächsten russischen Präsidentenwahlen anzugreifen. Der Westen wurde direkt für den Terroranschlag in St. Petersburg verantwortlich gemacht. Wie wir vor Kurzem aufgezeigt haben, benutzten kremlfreundliche Medien den „Nebel der Unwahrheiten“ nach einem Großteil der Terroranschläge in Europa, um abwechselnd den Westen oder Nichtregierungsorganisationen zu beschuldigen, hinter den Anschlägen zu stecken. Diese, so wurde behauptet, seien Operationen unter „falscher Flagge“ gewesen oder hätten gar nicht stattgefunden.

Die komplette Tabelle der neuesten Berichte mit Falschmeldungen lesen (auf Englisch):

European integration of the Eastern Partnership countries stands in direct...
Additional details: European integration of the Eastern Partnership countries stands in direct contradiction to "Eurasian" integration and aims at alienating the countries from Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oE1AK5
Disinforming outlet(s): politikus.ru
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

The EU has underlined time and time again that Eastern Partnership is not about spheres of influence or a choice between the EU and Russia; that Russia's strong economic and social links with its neighbours are not under any threat, or at least not from the EU: http://bit.ly/2nS8vjT

Keywords: Eastern Partnership, Anti-Russian, EEU
Countries: Russia, EU
More
A news anchor reported about the chemical attack in Syria...
Additional details: A news anchor reported about the chemical attack in Syria before it even happened. Other circumstances also point to the fact the whole attack was a false flag.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nZG5D6 // bit.ly/2nvyvTI
Disinforming outlet(s): Infowars.com // Globalresearch.ca
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The journalist was talking about attacks in Hama, not in Idlib. Huffington Post debunked all the other conspiracy claims: http://huff.to/2nRNho4

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Information war
Countries: Syria
More
Photographs and video footage of the victims of the gas...
Additional details: Photographs and video footage of the victims of the gas attack in the province of Idlib are fake.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oxMXK7
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (18:52)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Idlib, Chemical weapons/attack, Information war
Countries: Syria
More
Pentagon and CIA have established close ties with Islamic terrorists...
Additional details: Pentagon and CIA have established close ties with Islamic terrorists and organised a ‘gas attack’ in Idlib in order to conceal their crimes in Syria.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oxMXK7
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (22:29)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Islamic extremism, Syrian War, Terrorism, CIA
Countries: US, Syria
More
There is no persecution of gays in Chechnya, because there...
Additional details: There is no persecution of gays in Chechnya, because there are no gays.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pIEPUg
Disinforming outlet(s): interfax.com
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

The persecution of gay people in Chechnya has been widely reported: http://bit.ly/2pIFepK // It has also been condemned by the EEAS: http://bit.ly/2oFQANX

Keywords: Chechnya, LGBT
Countries: Russia
More
Jehovah's Witnesses violate the Russian law "On Countering Extremism"
Additional details: Jehovah's Witnesses violate the Russian law "On Countering Extremism".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nUOHhD
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Ministry of Justice @ TASS
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

The European Court of Human Rights rejected the allegations as baseless: http://bit.ly/2nUVkAm

Keywords: Jehova Witnesses
Countries: Russia
More
The visa-free regime could mean deterioration of Ukraine's economy
Additional details: The visa-free regime could mean deterioration of Ukraine's economy.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o0dgp6
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today (RT)
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

In the business environment, positive changes are expected thanks to the influx of investors, says the Ukrainian MFA: http://bit.ly/2oP3r0D

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine
More
It is completely obvious that the chemical attack is an...
Additional details: It is completely obvious that the chemical attack is an event orchestrated by the US.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2niGhjq
Disinforming outlet(s): paulcraigroberts.org
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: US, Syria
More
Trump says he now has responsibility to start WWIII in...
Additional details: Trump says he now has responsibility to start WWIII in Syria.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oDZnk8
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Insider
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

Trump did not state that he would start WWIII http://cnn.it/2p1YQVH.

Keywords: WWIII, Donald Trump
Countries: US, Syria
More
According to data from Russian means of objective control of...
Additional details: According to data from Russian means of objective control of the airspace, on 4 March, between 11:30 to 12:30, local time, Syrian aircraft carried out strikes on the eastern outskirts of Khan Sheikhoun against a large warehouse of ammunition of the terrorists and a cluster of military equipment.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nxCm2n
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Ministry of Defense @ TASS
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

The first reports of gas poisoning in Khan Sheikhoun on April 4 came at least five hours before the Russian Defense Ministry says the Syrian airstrike hit the terrorist facilities in the area: http://bit.ly/2oRtG7u

Keywords: Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
The terror attack in St Petersburg proves that not every...
Additional details: The terror attack in St Petersburg proves that not every Muslim is a terrorist, but every terrorist is a Muslim. The attack has not happened as the mainstream media describe and it has a CIA manuscript.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nUKvcu
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the Framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

The attack does not prove this (for example, Anders Breivik, is not a Muslim). // Repeating conspiracy theories about alleged "hidden" culprits of the terror attacks which the pro-Kremlin media spread after every terror attack in Europe http://bit.ly/2oAtl67. No evidence given. // Not even the Russian authorities blame the CIA, they talk about a suicide attacker: http://cnn.it/2pm5sOQ

Keywords: Media, Muslim/Islam, Terrorism, CIA
Countries: Russia
More
It was rebels who stored chemical weapons in the Khan...
Additional details: It was rebels who stored chemical weapons in the Khan Sheikhoun warehouse. Syrian forces attacked it and therefore people were hit by the stored chemical weapons.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o0AFXu
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
Almost half of EU funds granted to Moldova between 2007...
Additional details: Almost half of EU funds granted to Moldova between 2007 and 2015 (over 782 million euros) disappeared in ‘black holes’ because of the corrupt members of various pro-European governments.
Language / Targeted audience:
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pskMJC
Disinforming outlet(s): President of Republic of Moldova Igor Dodon interviewed in Die Welt
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The EU has applied strict measures to ensure that money is used properly in the Republic of Moldova. The EU has even suspended assistance when conditions have not been respected http://bit.ly/2nDr50x.

Keywords: Corruption
Countries: Moldova, EU
More
Ukraine will sell its fertile soil in order to get...
Additional details: Ukraine will sell its fertile soil in order to get a tranche from International Monetary Fund.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o4S3tf
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Repeating the same disinformation that was mentioned already e.g. in Disinformation Review 61 http://bit.ly/2oIdfcf.

Keywords: IMF
Countries: Ukraine
More
The next step after the demonstrations was the terror attack...
Additional details: The next step after the demonstrations was the terror attack in the St Petersburg metro.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o5a4bK
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (1:40:46)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. An attempt to discredit and criminalise the peaceful protests against corruption.

Keywords: Terrorism
Countries: Russia
More
The ‘gas attack’ that killed in Idlib at least 72...
Additional details: The ‘gas attack’ that killed in Idlib at least 72 people, including 20 children, was a provocation by Daesh/IS and their supporters (the US).
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oxMXK7
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (9:10)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. It is an often repeated disinformation that the US support Daesh/IS, while in fact, Western military action in Syria and Iraq has clearly targeted Daesh.

Keywords: Provocation, Syrian War, Daesh
Countries: US, Syria
More
The Ukrainian state cannot exist without hatred towards Russia, which...
Additional details: The Ukrainian state cannot exist without hatred towards Russia, which help the Ukrainians to isolate themselves from Moscow.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2p6CMdn
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (1:13:13)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. This is an often repeated disinformation in pro-Kremlin outlets.

Keywords: Russophobia
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The recent mass protests in Moscow against corruption in the...
Additional details: The recent mass protests in Moscow against corruption in the Kremlin and the terrorist act in the St. Petersburg’s subway are an attack on the presidential election in Russia that will take place in 2018 and the events are coordinated from the same place.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nCZg8M
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (3:06)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. An attempt to discredit and criminalise the peaceful protests against corruption.

Keywords: Protest, Corruption, Elections
Countries: Russia
More
US Foreign Minister Rex Tillerson claimed that there is no...
Additional details: US Foreign Minister Rex Tillerson claimed that there is no connection between the lifting of sanctions against Russia and the status of Crimea.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oYzcSD
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the Framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

Mr. Tillerson claimed that "the United States sanctions will remain until Moscow reverses the actions that triggered our sanctions“. According to the US Department of State the annexation of Crimea (“violating the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine“) is one of the reasons why sanctions were applied: http://bit.ly/2j5L3va

Keywords: Rex Tillerson, Sanctions, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
Ukraine will establish refugee centers in the Odessa, Kherson and...
Additional details: Ukraine will establish refugee centers in the Odessa, Kherson and Mykolayiv regions in order to help Turkey, says Middle East Research Institute director Ihor Semyvolos in a report in the Ukrinform state news agency.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: Screenshot at bit.ly/2nxoTri
Disinforming outlet(s): Community Contributor on Buzzfeed
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

In the real Ukrinform story, the director of the Middle East Research Institute commented on Ukraine - Turkey relations, he did not say anything about refugees or refugee centers, and he also pointed out the fake in a Facebook post. Buzzfeed removed the post once they were alerted by Stopfake that the report was inaccurate http://bit.ly/2nxoTri.

Keywords: Middle East, Odessa, Kherson, Migration crisis
Countries: Turkey, Ukraine
More
Slovak media are not free and there is no freedom...
Additional details: Slovak media are not free and there is no freedom of speech in the country. The official News Agency of Slovakia (TASR) suspended the cooperation with Sputnik News as a result of pressures from the Slovak government.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nxFmfu
Disinforming outlet(s): srspol.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Actually it was rather the public that criticized cooperation of the TASR with Sputnik. The agreement met with strong opposition from Slovak public and media which put pressure on the leadership of TASR to suspend the agreement on information exchange.http://bit.ly/2oRkIHa

Keywords: Freedom of speech, Media, Sputnik
Countries: Slovakia
More
There are zombies fighting within the Ukrainian forces in Donbas
Additional details: There are zombies fighting within the Ukrainian forces in Donbas. They continue to fight even after being shot several times, sometimes they carry on fighting even after being shot in the head.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oiuMYa
Disinforming outlet(s): srspol.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

Re-occuring conspiracy theory, naturally no evidence is given.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
US and European allies invaded / occupy Ukraine, as there...
Additional details: US and European allies invaded / occupy Ukraine, as there are 10,000 NATO soldiers in Ukraine. They want to do the same with Belarus, that's why the West instigates protests here.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nRQHD3
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the Framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the macedoniaonline.eu disinformation mentioned above.

Keywords: Protest, NATO, The West
Countries: Europe, The West, Ukraine, Belarus, US
More
The recent anti-regime protests in Belarus were a failed attempt...
Additional details: The recent anti-regime protests in Belarus were a failed attempt at a color revolution, orchestrated by the US, EU and the British ambassador to Belarus.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nRQHD3
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. It is a re-occuring narrative in pro-Kremlin outlets to blame anti-regime protests in former Soviet Union countries on EU and the US.

Keywords: Protest, Colour revolutions
Countries: UK, EU, Belarus, US
More
Former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen does not rule...
Additional details: Former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen does not rule out that Crimea will not be part of Ukraine in the future.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oXgcqv
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

In fact, he stated that the illegal annexation of Crimea should never be recognized since there might come a time, as with the Baltic states, for independence from the occupier; "I wouldn’t exclude the possibility that one day, in the future, circumstances will allow us to welcome Crimea as a free entity, whether it will be an integrated part of Ukraine, or whatever, I don’t know how. But I wouldn’t exclude the possibility that a new situation could arise, so we should never, ever recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea." Further debunking at Stopfake.org. http://bit.ly/2oi081b

Keywords: NATO, Crimea
Countries: Ukraine
More
US missile defense ships in the Black and Baltic seas...
Additional details: US missile defense ships in the Black and Baltic seas pose a threat to facilities in the European part of Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oRoTms
Disinforming outlet(s): TASS
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

According to the U.S. Navy, the operations in the Black Sea are meant to enhance maritime security and stability, and combined readiness and naval capability with Black Sea allies and partners http://bit.ly/2pQGaJ0. According to a former US Ambassador interviewed by Polygraph.info, the US deployed these forces in the Baltic and the Black Seas as a deterrent following Russia’s annexation of Crimea: http://bit.ly/2oq8kwT

Keywords: Black Sea, Missile defence system, US presence in Europe
Countries: Russia, US
More
The Russian Federation Investigative Committee has operative information about offers...
Additional details: The Russian Federation Investigative Committee has operative information about offers of financial compensation in the event of detention for taking part in unauthorized mass action on March 26 in Moscow.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oRlQuE
Disinforming outlet(s): ria.ru
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

No evidence that such direct offers of cash were made: http://bit.ly/2o0dKeM

Keywords: Destabilising Russia
Countries: Russia
More
US and European allies have invaded / occupied Ukraine, as...
Additional details: US and European allies have invaded / occupied Ukraine, as there are 10,000 NATO soldiers in Ukraine. They want to do the same with Belarus, that's why the West instigates protests here.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2plBbj6
Disinforming outlet(s): macedoniaonline.eu
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the Framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

Both US and the EU respect both Ukraine's and Belarus's territorial integrity and sovereignty. Repeating a conspiracy that every protest that goes against Kremlin interest has to be orchestrated by the West - no evidence given. The NATO engagement on Ukraine does not entail 10,000 soldiers, actually it does not entail any combat soldiers at all. In response to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, NATO has reinforced its support for capability development and capacity building in Ukraine. read more about what NATO does in Ukraine here http://bit.ly/1ftrOFh.

Keywords: Protest, NATO, The West
Countries: Europe, The West, Ukraine, Belarus, US
More
NATO broke its promise that it won't enlarge towards the...
Additional details: NATO broke its promise that it won't enlarge towards the East. NATO enlargement resembles Hitler and Napoleon´s attack on Russia. // There is a civil war in Ukraine. West uses Ukraine to detabilize Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pig0SL
Disinforming outlet(s): inosmi.ru
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The claim about NATO "expansion" misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not "expand" but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join. See: http://bit.ly/269ONPz; http://bit.ly/2e6J8oV; http://bit.ly/2eFPg9s. In any case, no such promise was made http://bit.ly/1qQ3wHH. This fact was acknowledged by former President Gorbachev himself in 2014 in an interview for (pro-Kremlin outlet) Russia Beyond the Headlines http://bit.ly/2a6FHvM.// The situation in Ukraine has been under examination by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court preliminary examination since 25 April 2014. In their Report on Preliminary Examination Activities 2016, they state that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf. The EU's new Global Strategy recognises that it is the actions of Russia which have resulted in a threat to European security: http://bit.ly/2biNXYF.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Civil war, Adolf Hitler, NATO
Countries: Ukraine
More
The West accuses Russia of a chemical attack on the...
Additional details: The West accuses Russia of a chemical attack on the residents of the Syrian province of Idlib.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oxMXK7
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (12:56)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Western leaders have accused the Syrian regime of being responsible for the chemical attack in Idlib, and criticism of Russian support of the Syrian regime has also been voiced by Western leaders http://bit.ly/2o0Gkxu.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, The West
Countries: Russia, The West, Syria
More
The Syrian army does not possess chemical weapons and have...
Additional details: The Syrian army does not possess chemical weapons and have never used them.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oUt40L
Disinforming outlet(s): eurasia24.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

There is strong evidence suggesting that chemical weapons are being used by the Syrian army. http://bit.ly/29ZYHKR

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
Boris Johnson said that the West has started a new...
Additional details: Boris Johnson said that the West has started a new "cold war" against Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oN4DBw
Disinforming outlet(s): zvedavec.org
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Boris Johnson said precisely the opposite: http://bit.ly/2pqeF9J

Keywords: Boris Johnson, Cold War
Countries: Russia, The West
More
The US and the UK have blamed Russia for using...
Additional details: The US and the UK have blamed Russia for using chemical weapons in the Syrian province of Idlib // Simultaneously, the US started a mission to destroy the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un by moving a strike group of the US Navy towards the Korean Peninsula.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oR6vJI
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym’
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The US and the UK, among others, have said the Assad regime, which Russia supports, is to blame for the attack with chemical weapons in Idlib http://bbc.in/2nWcGtg. // The US strike group is, according to U.S Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, routine http://cnn.it/2omgVx4.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Anti-Russian, Syrian War
Countries: North Korea, UK, Russia, US, Syria
More
NATO broke its promise that it won't enlarge towards the...
Additional details: NATO broke its promise that it won't enlarge towards the East. NATO enlargement resembles Hitler and Napoleon´s attack on Russia. // There is a civil war in Ukraine. West uses Ukraine to detabilize Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pCo5yj
Disinforming outlet(s): zvedavec.org
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The claim about NATO "expansion" misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not "expand" but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join. See: http://bit.ly/269ONPz; http://bit.ly/2e6J8oV; http://bit.ly/2eFPg9s. In any case, no such promise was made http://bit.ly/1qQ3wHH. This fact was acknowledged by former President Gorbachev himself in 2014 in an interview for (pro-Kremlin outlet) Russia Beyond the Headlines http://bit.ly/2a6FHvM.// The situation in Ukraine has been under examination by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court preliminary examination since 25 April 2014. In their Report on Preliminary Examination Activities 2016, they state that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf. The EU's new Global Strategy recognises that it is the actions of Russia which have resulted in a threat to European security: http://bit.ly/2biNXYF.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Adolf Hitler, NATO
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is delivering weapons to the terrorists in the Middle...
Additional details: Ukraine is delivering weapons to the terrorists in the Middle East via Mariupol. There are chemical weapons in Mariupol as well. In the past, Ukraine used chemical weapons in Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pm4t1N
Disinforming outlet(s): novarepublika.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the TV Zvezda disinformation article mentioned above.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Middle East, War in Ukraine, Donbas, Terrorism
Countries: Ukraine, Middle East
More
American troops in Latvia were poisoned with mustard gas
Additional details: American troops in Latvia were poisoned with mustard gas.
Language / Targeted audience: Lithuania
Link to the disinformation: (see the disproof column)
Disinforming outlet(s): hacked website of the Baltic News Service
Reported by: delfi.lt
Disproof note:

The story is fake and appeared on the website most probably because of a cyber-attack: http://bit.ly/2ouMt7b

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack
Countries: Latvia, US
More
Ukraine is delivering weapons to the terrorists in the Middle...
Additional details: Ukraine is delivering weapons to the terrorists in the Middle East via Mariupol. There are chemical weapons in Mariupol as well. In the past, Ukraine used chemical weapons in Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oxyiMM
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Ukraine transferred all of the chemical weapons on its territory to Russia by January 1992. Ukraine is a signatory to the Chemical Weapons Convention: http://bit.ly/2cUVFhv

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Middle East, Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
The migration wave from the Middle East to Europe is...
Additional details: The migration wave from the Middle East to Europe is controlled, among others, by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Muslim Brotherhood, which also controlled the Obama administration to a large extent; and it is organised also by the EU institutions.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2og8WCq
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. In fact, EU leaders are clearly devoting much attention to trying to solve the problem. In contrast, many concerns have been expressed that Russia is fuelling migration to Europe through its actions in Syria http://bit.ly/2csUQqR.

Keywords: Middle East, Conspiracy, Barack Obama, Migration crisis, Muslim Brotherhood
Countries: Europe, EU, US, Middle East
More
Through the visa-free regime for Ukraine, the EU has approved...
Additional details: Through the visa-free regime for Ukraine, the EU has approved another migration wave aiming to "islamise" the European continent. For the same purpose, the European elites have organised the protests of Soros's guerillas in Budapest.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pmzMfO
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given for these conspiracy theories.

Keywords: Protest, Islamisation, Secret elites / global elites, Visa liberalisation, Migration crisis, George Soros
Countries: Hungary, Ukraine, EU
More
Former CIA officers say chemical attack in Syria wasn´t conducted...
Additional details: Former CIA officers say chemical attack in Syria wasn´t conducted by Assad nor by Russia. Sarin attack in Syria in 2013 was a false flag.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oKjdtr
Disinforming outlet(s): ac24.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the Zerohedge disinformation article mentioned above.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, CIA, Bashar al-Assad
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
According to British intelligence, the Syrian government forces were not...
Additional details: According to British intelligence, the Syrian government forces were not the perpetrators of the 2013 Ghouta attack. // Turkish forces found sarin in flats of Al-Nusra Front members. // No inspectors visited the scene of the Idlib chemical attack.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nRUi86
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

According to British Joint Intelligence Organisation, "it is highly likely that the regime was responsible for the CW attacks." http://bit.ly/1NJczHo // The chemical found was not sarin but antifreeze: http://bit.ly/2ptTVOq // Investigators from the OPCW visited the scene and the OPCW is currently investigating the whole incident: http://bit.ly/2ow9MgZ

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Secret services
Countries: Syria
More
A news anchor reported about the chemical attack in Syria...
Additional details: A news anchor reported about the chemical attack in Syria before it even happened. Other circumstances also point to the fact the whole attack was a false flag.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nRMXpm
Disinforming outlet(s): zvedavec.org
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the Infowars / GlobalResearch disinformation mentioned above.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
It is completely obvious that the chemical attack is a...
Additional details: It is completely obvious that the chemical attack is a Washington orchestrated event.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pFBSEj
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the paulcraigroberts.org disinformation mentioned above.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: US, Syria
More
White Helmets fake their videos, as proven by Swedish Doctors...
Additional details: White Helmets fake their videos, as proven by Swedish Doctors for Human Rights.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pJtm7d
Disinforming outlet(s): ac24.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the theindicter.com disinformation mentioned above.

Keywords: White Helmets, Syrian War
Countries: Syria, Sweden
More
The reason for the US missile strike on the Syrian...
Additional details: The reason for the US missile strike on the Syrian airbase was fabricated by the Trump administration.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pwo1R5
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vesti nedeli"
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Donald Trump
Countries: US, Syria
More
Syrian airforce bombed the sarin resources of the terrorists -...
Additional details: Syrian airforce bombed the sarin resources of the terrorists - that's why people died in Khan Sheikhoun.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pws14e
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vesti nedeli"
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Syria
More
Kyiv has sent a battalion of 500 islamists to Mariupol
Additional details: Kyiv has sent a battalion of 500 islamists to Mariupol.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o62RZg
Disinforming outlet(s): tsargrad.tv
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Repeating a disinformation that has been spread already since autumn 2015, connecting the Ukrainian government with Daesh fighters. No evidence has ever been presented for this.

Keywords: Islamic extremism
Countries: Ukraine
More
The Czech Government and Ministry of Interior will openly conduct...
Additional details: The Czech Government and Ministry of Interior will openly conduct propaganda efforts and censor media in the name of the "fight against disinformation".
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2onxSuc
Disinforming outlet(s): cfp.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The new department within the Czech Ministry of Interior is set up to fight against Russian and Islamist disinformation and propaganda. The department will monitor and debunk disinformation. It won´t prosecute anybody, censor the Internet or delete any content.http://bit.ly/2e5i4bY

Keywords: Censorship, Propaganda, Media
Countries: Czech Republic
More
Former CIA officers say chemical attack in Syria wasn´t conducted...
Additional details: Former CIA officers say chemical attack in Syria wasn´t conducted by Assad nor by Russia. Sarin attack in Syria in 2013 was a false flag.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oRN2J2
Disinforming outlet(s): zerohedge.com
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence for these claims given. Zerohedge notoriously spreads unverifiable conspiracy theories. See the timeline of Syrian chemical weapons activity since 2012: http://bit.ly/2oNf0FO // See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, CIA, Bashar al-Assad
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
The Western elites use global terrorism as a tool to...
Additional details: The Western elites use global terrorism as a tool to enforce their interests and superiority. The St.Petersburg terror attacks are another example of that.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2pFY29q
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Spreading conspiracies which are typical for pro-Kremlin outlets after most terror attacks: http://bit.ly/2oAtl67

Keywords: Secret elites / global elites, Terrorism, The West
Countries: Russia, The West
More
It was rebels who stored chemical weapons in the Khan...
Additional details: It was rebels who stored chemical weapons in the Khan Sheikhoun warehouse. Syrian and Russian forces attacked it and therefore people were hit by the two chemical weapons: sarin and chlorine.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2opQGcN
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Insider
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

U.N. Syria mediator Staffan de Mistura said the "horrific" chemical attack had come from the air. http://reut.rs/2nEvlZW The Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has informed that the OPCW-United Nations Joint Investigative Mechanism was gathering and analysing information from all available sources, and would be prepared to deploy a team at the earliest opportunity. He said the attack had reportedly been carried out through an air strike on a residential area, but the means of delivery could not be confirmed. http://bit.ly/2nc6vUY. Russia has vetoed the most recent UN Security Council resolution that would force Assad to cooperate with an international investigation; it was already the eighth time that Russia has vetoed a resolution regarding Syrian war http://cnn.it/2puhrtD.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
The attack in Khan Sheikhoun was a clear provocation, most...
Additional details: The attack in Khan Sheikhoun was a clear provocation, most probably committed by Western-financed "White Helmets".
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nxY86l
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Khan Sheikhoun, White Helmets, Provocation, The West
Countries: The West, Syria
More
The US attack on the Syrian airbase proves that Donald...
Additional details: The US attack on the Syrian airbase proves that Donald Trump capitulated, he does not govern the US anymore.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2ojRUnx
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

The attack was ordered by Donald Trump: http://cnn.it/2oPgpsU

Keywords: Donald Trump
Countries: US, Syria
More
The chemical attack in Idlib was staged by the White...
Additional details: The chemical attack in Idlib was staged by the White Helmets and the CIA.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o2XGJo
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: White Helmets, Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Secret services, CIA
Countries: US, Syria
More
The main goal of the US in the Middle East...
Additional details: The main goal of the US in the Middle East is not the destruction of the Assad regime, but the genocide of the Muslim population of Syria and Iraq with the aim of destroying the surplus population of the Middle East.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oWvcVJ
Disinforming outlet(s): "Vremya pokazhet" (1:02:35)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given.

Keywords: War crimes, Middle East, Muslim/Islam, Bashar al-Assad
Countries: Iraq, US, Syria
More
The US and the third sector are preparing a state...
Additional details: The US and the third sector are preparing a state coup in Slovakia. They aim to overthrow the government of Robert Fico, create a government of experts controlled by President Andrej Kiska, and subsequently proceed with the planned sale of Slovakia’s drinking water reserves, mineral springs, and land to foreign investors.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o3ZgKs
Disinforming outlet(s): idemvolit.sk
Reported by: Denník SME https://www.sme.sk/
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given.

Keywords: Andrej Kiska, Coup
Countries: Slovakia, US
More
NATO expects Russia to give up its territories and the...
Additional details: NATO expects Russia to give up its territories and the US want to start a war to get over their debt crisis and kickstart their arms industry, according to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oy6EBD
Disinforming outlet(s): Necenzurovane.net
Reported by: Denník SME https://www.sme.sk/
Disproof note:

No evidence given for the claims. The letter is not sent by President Putin.The hoax letter has been circulating on the internet for over two years now, and it has been proved to be a hoax numerous times http://bit.ly/2p4INKk.

Keywords: NATO, Vladimir Putin
Countries: Russia, US
More
The chemical attack in Syria was staged in order to...
Additional details: The chemical attack in Syria was staged in order to push the USA into war with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2p7TLPJ
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

This conspiracy theory has already been debunked: http://bit.ly/2oaRwcQ. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, War preparation
Countries: Russia, US, Syria
More
The visa-free regime with the EU will turn Ukraine into...
Additional details: The visa-free regime with the EU will turn Ukraine into an unspiritual gay-colony of the West.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: removed (see the disproof column for the print-screen)
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Groundless conspiracy theory. See the print-screen of the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2o04iYW

Keywords: Imperialism/colonialism, Visa liberalisation
Countries: The West, Ukraine, EU
More
It will not be easier for Ukrainians to visit the...
Additional details: It will not be easier for Ukrainians to visit the countries of the European Union.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o0dgp6
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today (RT)
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

The visa-free regime will simplify the travel procedure to EU for Ukrainians http://bit.ly/2oiOKSP.

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
The alleged chemical attack is just a provocation of terrorists...
Additional details: The alleged chemical attack is just a provocation of terrorists and extremists in order to discredit the Damascus government.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2oY6AeY
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See the cover note for detailed debunk.

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Provocation, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Syria
More
White Helmets fake their videos, as proven by Swedish Doctors...
Additional details: White Helmets fake their videos, as proven by Swedish Doctors for Human Rights.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2naID0d
Disinforming outlet(s): theindicter.com
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

White Helmets are regularly discredited by pro-Kremlin outlets, see e.g. Disinformation Review Issue 51 http://bit.ly/2hinv4F and 52 http://bit.ly/2hKdAIx. Furthermore, "Swedish Doctors for Human Rights" is a small group of people who on their website supports numerous pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives e.g. the one about MH17 http://bit.ly/2oHYTIX.

Keywords: White Helmets, Syrian War
Countries: Syria, Sweden
More

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