The Yandex brand covers both Russia’s most popular search engine and the news aggregator Yandex Novosti (Photo: Sergey Konkov/TASS)
Thursday saw the announcement of a new limitation to media freedom in Russia.
The country’s leading news aggregator website, Yandex, announced that due to a new law, it will have to add a filter that will prevent news outlets that are not registered as media with Russian authorities to have their stories appearing in Yandex’s popular news timelines.
A strike against smaller independent media
At a first glance, the issue could sound like a technicality, however, this change will have a strong impact on Russian media consumption.
For example, 25% of leading news media Kommersant’s traffic comes via Yandex’s aggregator, which mashes up news stories into timelines of media coverage in real time, using keyword automatic tagging. The new law will at one stroke significantly limit the opportunity for Russian media users to be exposed to stories from smaller independent media, including media that communicate in Russian from outside Russia. For an overview of the implications of the news legislation, see Meduza’s article (in Russian).
The minefield of written and unwritten laws
The new law on news aggregators marks yet another step towards narrowing the corridor in which independent media can reach Russian speaking audiences.
It inscribes itself in a history of 15 years of hostile takeovers, legislative, technical and economic measures taken against independent media, and attacks and murders of Russian journalists. Rather than facing instruments of direct censorship, Russian media find themselves in an increasingly complicated minefield of written and unwritten laws and with a collective memory in the industry of what can happen when media overstep the authorities’ red lines
RUSSIAN MEDIA CRACKDOWN TIMELINE
- 2001: Hostile takeover of NTV after government-critical and satirical broadcasting
- 2002 New law punishes media for relaying “extremist” messages
- 2004 Forbes Russia journalist Paul Klebnikov murdered
- 2006 Novaya Gazeta journalist Anna Politkovskaya murdered
- 2007 BBC Russian Service Radio taken off FM band
- 2009 Novaya Gazeta journalist Anastasiya Baburova murdered
- 2010 Attack on Kommersant journalist Oleg Kashin
- 2014 Independent TV Rain removed from cable after publishing quiz that questioned Soviet leadership during WW2
- 2014 Crackdown on online outlet Lenta.ru for Ukraine coverage, staff moves to Riga and creates exile media Meduza
- 2015 New law limits foreign ownership of Russian media law to 20%
- 2016 Leading online news outlet RBC forced to replace management after reporting on Putin’s inner circle and the Panama Papers
- 2016 News aggregators forced to filter foreign and independent media stories