Inmitten des Getöses von Desinformation, ist die Wiederholung einer extremen Sprache, um zu kritisieren, zu beleidigen oder zu verunglimpfen eine wiederholt auftauchende Technik. Und eine der beliebtesten Anschuldigungen ist die des Nazis.

Diese Woche wurden uns in diesem Zusammenhang einige solcher Beispiele gezeigt. Die kontinuierliche Behauptung, die Ukraine werde von Nazis regiert, ist ein regelmäßig benutztes Werkzeug in der kremlfreundlichen Desinformationskampagne zur Diskreditierung dieses Landes. Diese Woche war zu beobachten, wie diese Anschuldigungen—von einem Medium in italienischer Sprache—auf italienische Politiker übertragen wurden. Konkret wurde behauptet dass diese die ukrainischen Nazi-Truppen im Donbas unterstützen würden, ebenso hinsichtlich eines armenischen Denkmals.

Zusätzlich wurde letzte Woche eine Namensliste durch die USA veröffentlicht, auf der sich die Namen von 210 russische Top-Beamte und Milliardäre befinden. Die Liste selbst verhängt keine neuen Sanktionen gegen Russland. Die Veröffentlichung der Liste wurde vielmehr von dem Countering America’s Adversaries in Zusammenhang mit dem Sanktionengesetz gefordert, als Antwort auf die russische Einflussnahme auf die US-Wahlen 2016.

Als Antwort auf diese Veröffentlichung brachte das russische Fernsehen einen Vergleich der Liste mit dem Holocaust. Die stark emotionale Botschaft war, dass „jeder Bürger Russland auf dieser Liste enden könnte“, „jeder von uns schlecht ist, nur weil wir in Russland leben“ und schlussendlich: Ein Vergleich zwischen der Segregation, dem Nazi-Regime und dem Holocaust.

Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Krim

Gleich zwei mit Deutschland verbundene Desinformationsnarrative waren diese Woche anzutreffen. Der Artikel mit der Überschrift „Von deutschem Steuergeld bezahlte Harems für Flüchtlinge“ entspricht einem gut nachweisbaren Trend des Angstschürens gegenüber der Einwanderungspolitik des Landes. Die einprägsame Überschrift basiert auf anonymen Zitaten aus den sozialen Medien.

Die Desinformation, wonach Harems von deutschen Steuergeldern bezahlt werden, basiert auf anonymen Zitaten aus den sozialen Medien.

Und der Besuch deutscher Landtagsabgeordneter auf der Krim wurde vom Fernsehsender des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums, Swesda, als „offiziell“ beschrieben. Dieser sei Teil fortlaufender Bemühungen zur Normalisierung der illegalen Annexion der Halbinsel, welche nicht von der EU anerkannt wird. Kremlfreundliche Medien schmückten diese Geschichte ordnungsgemäß aus.

Die deutsche Regierung widersprach dieser Behauptung umgehend: „Wir stehen solchen Reisen grundsätzlich kritisch gegenüber. Aber private Reisen sind nicht von Sanktionen erfasst.“ Deutschland sagte auch, dass man weiterhin an der Politik der Nicht-Anerkennung der Krim als Teil Russlands wegen deren illegalen Annexion festhalten werden und dass Deutschland diejenigen, die trotzdem dorthin reisen würden, vor den gesetzlichen Konsequenzen Seitens der Ukraine warne.

Übersetzungen aus dem Englischen: Astrid Schwaderer

Die komplette Tabelle der neuesten Berichte mit Falschmeldungen lesen (auf Englisch)

European women repent their indecent acts and clothes that forced migrants to carry out sexual violence
Additional details: European women repent their indecent acts and clothes that forced migrants to carry out sexual violence.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Novye Izvestia, Panorama, Facebook among others.
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

According to StopFake, Facebook profile of Oleksandr Ivanov, and Google reverse image search, the image published as an evidence of a "campaign" by "European women" is fake. The undoctored photo was published in Ukraine in year 2014 during a flash mob.

 

Keywords: Sexual assault, Migration crisis
Countries: Europe
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Minister of national defense of Lithuania admitted to being gay and was accused of sexual harassment
Additional details: Minister of national defense of Lithuania Raimundas Karoblis admitted to being gay and was accused of sexual harassment.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: blogs.korrespondent.net/blog/world/3930543/
Disinforming outlet(s): Korrespondent.net
Reported by: National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), Lithuania
Disproof note:

Repeating disinformation that appeared when news website tv3.lt was hacked and false information concerning Minister of National Defence published in the evening of January 18. Immediately after that, e-mail letters containing an attachment with a malicious code were sent from an address mimicking the hacked website to a target audience - representatives of Lithuanian state authorities and media organisations. The incident was prevented through cooperation of the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) and tv3.lt experts.

The malicious code was injected into a hidden data field, description of which also shows an error message in Cyrillic (Russian) alphabet
allowing investigators to assume that a Russian version of Microsoft Word software was used for the creation of the document.

Further debunking by NCSC: http://kam.lt/en/news_1098/current_issues/national_cyber_security_centre_provides_analysis_of_the_recent_cyber-incident_in_a_news_website.html

Keywords: Sexual harassment, LGBT
Countries: Lithuania
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Italian leading politicians support Ukrainian Nazis
Additional details: President of the Chamber of Deputies of Italy Laura Boldrini and Senate Speaker Pietro Grasso openly support the Ukrainian Nazis that every day kill innocent people in Donbass.

Boldrini and Grasso condemning the shooting on migrants in Italy's Macerata, [where the gunman had a right-wing background],  is a sign of hypocrisy as they themselves are friends with Andriy Parubiy, leader of Ukrainian Nazis.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Italian
Disinforming outlet(s): Stopeuro.news
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Nazis and Ukraine.

Parubiy is the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament.

There are no Nazis in the government nor in the parliament of Ukraine. Even the far-right ‘Right Sector’ (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter the parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not extremism or Nazism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Donbas, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Italy, Ukraine
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The US is preparing Moldova for a hybrid war with Russia
Additional details: The US will analyse the Moldovan infrastructure and will check its readiness for wartime conditions. The American military will search also for potential allies among the local population. This research will be carried out with the active support of the NATO Liaison Office in Chisinau. 

The US is destroying Moldova's economy.
Language / Targeted audience: Moldova
Disinforming outlet(s): Vkurse.md
Reported by: stopfals.md
Disproof note:

Contacted by Stopfals.md, the NATO Liaison Office in Chisinau denied this information: "The NATO Liaison Office in the Republic of Moldova did not receive any request or question (..), the information is false. Our mission is to facilitate the political dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO and the Republic of Moldova".

No evidence given that the US would destroy Moldova's economy. Since 1992, the United States has provided over $1.4 billion in assistance to Moldova.  Moldova’s $262 million, 5-year Millennium Challenge Corporation compact for economic development and investment projects in irrigation infrastructure, high-value agricultural production, and road rehabilitation ended in 2015. More details on Moldova’s MCC compact are available here

Keywords: Hybrid war, Destabilising Russia, NATO
Countries: Moldova
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US has artificially created a quasi-state of terrorists in Syria
Additional details: US has artificially created a quasi-state of terrorists in Syria and then fought it themselves.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: www.myvideo.ge/v/3510042
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Obiektivi
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the US creating terrorists/Daesh in Syria. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=Daesh&disinfo_issue=&date=

The US is fighting against Daesh together with the Global Coalition against Daesh http://theglobalcoalition.org/en/home/. The US MoD outlines the latest progress on their website https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1322158/strikes-continue-in-effort-to-defeat-isis-in-syria-iraq/. Furthermore, a recent report by the Conflict Armament Research has found that up to 90 per cent of weapons seized from ISIS in Iraq and Syria originated from China, Russia and Eastern Europe http://www.conflictarm.com/publications/. US arms accounted for just 1.8 per cent of items recovered between 2014 and 2017 while 43.5 per cent of weapons originated in China, according to analysts. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5228199/Analysis-shows-origins-ISIS-weapons-came-from.html

Further debunking by the Myth Detector: http://www.mythdetector.ge/en/myth/russian-narrative-member-alliance-patriots-usa-allegedly-promotes-terrorism-pankisi-gorge

Keywords: Terrorism, Daesh
Countries: US, Syria
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Nato forgot all the previously existing agreements, made former socialist countries join it and besieged Russia
Additional details: NATO forgot all the previously existing agreements, made some ungrateful former socialist republics join it and besieged Russia as a cackle of hyenas besieges a dying lion. On the contrary, a dying lion is still a lion. Russia began to regain its health and showed its power to the world. NATO, on the other hand, remains a threat to the mankind and drains the countries embittered by it into the hell of nuclear war
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and the World
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation that NATO would have promised at the time of German reunification that the Alliance will not expand to the East.

Back in 2014, Gorbachev rejected this claim: "The topic of ‘NATO expansion’ was not discussed at all, and it wasn’t brought up in those years. I say this with full responsibility." https://www.rbth.com/international/2014/10/16/mikhail_gorbachev_i_am_against_all_walls_40673.html.

Furthermore, the claim about NATO "expansion" misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not "expand" but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join. https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_109141.htm.

Claim about NATO besieging Russia ignores the facts of geography. Russia's land border is just over 20,000 kilometres long. Of that, 1,215 kilometres, or less than one-sixteenth, face current NATO members. Russia shares land borders with 14 countries (Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, North Korea). Only five of them are NATO members. Outside NATO territory, the Alliance only has a military presence in two places: Kosovo and Afghanistan. Both operations are carried out with a United Nations mandate, and therefore carry the approval of Russia, along with all other Security Council members. In contrast, Russia has military bases and soldiers in three countries – Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine – without the consent of their governments. https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_111767.htm?#cl101

For background about NATO-Russia cooperation see: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50090.htm

 

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Encircling Russia, NATO
Countries: Russia
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A monument to the fascist Garegin Nzhdeh was erected in Armenia
Additional details: A monument to the fascist Garegin Nzhdeh was erected in Armenia in 2016.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Petition: “Stop the glorification of fascism in the post-Soviet space"
Reported by: SUT.am
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/armenia-glorifies-fascism/

Nzhdeh was one of the prominent military leaders of a short-lived independent Armenian republic formed in 1918. In 1920, he mounted armed resistance against the republic’s takeover by Bolshevik Russia in Zangezur, a mountainous region in what is now southeastern Armenia. He is widely credited with preserving Armenian control over Zangezur.

Further debunking and background of the petition where the disinformation appeared: https://sut.am/en/archives/2426

Keywords: Monuments, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Armenia
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US and NATO officially started preparations for war with Russia and China, says British media
Additional details: The Americans will try to destroy Russia and China by others' hands, thanks to their old and new partners. British Army chief Sir Nick Carter openly announced the imminent beginning of a war with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: katyusha.org/view?id=9328
Disinforming outlet(s): Ria Katyusha
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given that US and NATO officially started to prepare for war with Russia and China. The Gen Carter said that the UK needs to "prepare to fight the war we might have to fight". No evidence given about the fact that the Americans try to destroy Russia and China "by others' hands".

Keywords: Military, War preparation
Countries: China, UK, Russia, US
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An official delegation of German deputies visited Crimea
Additional details: German business is ready to work in the Crimea. In order to assess the situation, deputies of the three regional parliaments of Germany arrived in the peninsula for an official visit. The main purpose of the  delegation is to have business meetings.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

This wasn't an official delegation. The reaction of the German government spokesman Steffen Seibert:  "We are fundamentally critical of such visits, but private travel does not fall under sanctions.”

Seibert noted that Germany adheres to non-recognition policy due to illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia and that Germany warns those who decide to travel about the legal consequences from Ukraine's side.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Sanctions, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, Germany
More
Germans will have to pay not only for the refugees but for their harems as well
Additional details: Germans will have to pay not only for the refugees but for their harems as well.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: m.baltnews.lv/news/20180203/1021630931.html
Disinforming outlet(s): Baltnews
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation regarding the migrations crisis.The disinforming outlet links the forming of new government in Germany with the practise of refugee family reunification and concludes that Germany is allowing whole harems to enter the country.

In fact, the German lower house voted to partially reintroduce a law allowing some migrants to bring their closest relatives with them to Germany.

From August 1, a maximum of 1,000 additional migrants will be allowed to settle in Germany per month, provided they are direct relatives of refugees already living in the country.

For background of the family reunification process see: http://www.dw.com/en/refugee-family-reunification-in-germany-what-you-need-to-know/a-40449409

Keywords: Refugees, Migration crisis
Countries: Germany
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Kyiv: NATO troops must enter Ukraine and hit Moscow
Additional details: Kyiv: NATO troops must enter Ukraine and hit Moscow
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Politonline
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The remark does not represent the official position of Kyiv, as suggested in the headline but comes from the Ukrainian journalist Roman Tsymbalyuk.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, NATO
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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Baltic countries don't oppose Nord Stream 2 anymore
Additional details: Until recently, the Baltic countries were fiercely against the Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline. In the end of last year they suddenly stopped opposing.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: vesti7.ru/video/1757351/episode/04-02-2018/
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti nedeli s Dmitriem Kiselyovym @Rossiya 1, 01:23
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

In December 2017, pro-Kremlin outlets like Sputnik published articles about sudden change in Baltic countries' position regarding the Nord Stream 2.

The disinformation about the change is based on a statement by prime ministers of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. They note only that "the Nord Stream 2 project, if implemented. must be in full compliance with the EU acquis and the Energy Union principles."

President of Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaitė stressed in October that the gas pipeline Nord Stream 2 "contravened the Energy Union’s objectives and would further increase European dependence on Gazprom's supplies."

Estonia has also raised concerns about the geopolitical effect of Nord Stream as  a project which goes against the principles of the Energy Union and gives Russia more instruments to use energy as a foreign policy tool.

Further debunking by the Insider.

For background see: https://www.ft.com/content/25a17928-96c3-11e6-a1dc-bdf38d484582, http://www.dw.com/en/nordstream-ii-gas-pipeline-in-deep-water/a-41372833

 

 

 

Keywords: Energy
Countries: Latvia, Baltic states, Estonia, Lithuania
More
US list of Russian billionaires and top officials is similar to racial segregation, Nazism and Holocaust
Additional details: Any citizen of Russia may end up in this list [of Russian billionaires and top officials]. These demands were presented to all of us, to the whole nation. Every one of us is bad only because he/she lives in Russia, is Russian. It is something similar to racial segregation. Almost Nazism. There is an analogy from the last century. In Germany they said: a Jew is an enemy of the German nation only because he is a Jew. And they started the Holocaust.

 

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervyi Kanal
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

//

The US identified 210 Russian billionaires and top officials in a list required under last summer’s sanctions law. Not every citizen of Russia could end up in this list, but only those who are a) senior political figures close to the Russian regime or b) oligarchs with a net worth of $1 billion or more.

The Trump administration was required to publish the list by the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAASTA), which was meant to respond to Russia's interference in the 2016 US election, as well as alleged human rights violations, the annexation of Crimea and ongoing military operations in East of Ukraine. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/01/29/politics/trump-russia-sanctions/index.html

For background see: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-02-06/russian-oligarchs-on-u-s-treasury-list-facing-added-scrutiny, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-30/u-s-releases-sweeping-list-of-russian-billionaires-officials

Further debunking by the Insider.

Keywords: Holocaust, Racism, Anti-Russian, Jews, Sanctions, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Russia, US, Germany
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Boston marathon bombing happened because US doesn't want to cooperate
Additional details: The US gave Russia information about a terror attack preparation in St. Petersburg. Russia shares information with the US secret services equally. Does the US need this or not? Once it appeared that they don't need this, and the Boston marathon bombing happened, and people got killed. So do you need this or not? Are we going to work or not? Do you want it or not?

 

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ria.ru/politics/20180130/1513616960.html
Disinforming outlet(s): Ria Novosti, Vesti @Rossiya 1
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the US reluctance to cooperate in countering terrorism.

The FBI presented in 2013 a different view on what happened before the Boston marathon:

"[The] FBI reviewed its records and determined that in early 2011, a foreign government asked the FBI for information about Tamerlan Tsarnaev. The request stated that it was based on information that he was a follower of radical Islam and a strong believer, and that he had changed drastically since 2010 as he prepared to leave the United States for travel to the country’s region to join unspecified underground groups.

In response to this 2011 request, the FBI checked U.S. government databases and other information to look for such things as derogatory telephone communications, possible use of online sites associated with the promotion of radical activity, associations with other persons of interest, travel history and plans, and education history. The FBI also interviewed Tamerlan Tsarnaev and family members. The FBI did not find any terrorism activity, domestic or foreign, and those results were provided to the foreign government in the summer of 2011. The FBI requested but did not receive more specific or additional information from the foreign government."

Keywords: Terrorism
Countries: Russia, US
More
Soros recognised his defeat in the fight with Russia
Additional details: Soros recognised his defeat in the fight with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ria.ru/analytics/20180123/1513118782.html
Disinforming outlet(s): Ria Novosti
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation regarding George Soros.

In fact, Soros said in a Financial Times interview: “I think you can say I’m quite lucky with my enemies,” he said brightly of the attacks. “It makes me feel more than ready to fight back and stand up for what is right.”

Further debunking by the Insider.

Keywords: George Soros
Countries: Russia
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Soros recognised his defeat in the fight with Russia
Additional details: Soros recognised his defeat in the fight with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Voice of People Today
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation regarding George Soros.

In fact, Soros said in a Financial Times interview: “I think you can say I’m quite lucky with my enemies,” he said brightly of the attacks. “It makes me feel more than ready to fight back and stand up for what is right.”

Further debunking by the Insider.

 

 

Keywords: George Soros
Countries: Russia
More
In Finland, refugees will resist expelling attempts by all means, both within the law and outside it
Additional details: Refugees have come to Finland with the aim to stay and enjoy the privileges and honey in Europe forever. They will resist the expelling attempt by all means, both within the law and outside it.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Press
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Disinformation is most probably based on Finnish news reports from January 2016.

According to the International Organisation for Migration, during the years 2015-2017, over 4 000 asylum seekers returned from Finland voluntarily to their home countries.

 

Keywords: Refugees, Migration crisis
Countries: Finland, Sweden
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EU will allegedly lift sanctions
Additional details: Belgian PM Charles Micheal told the press after his meeting with Dmitrij Medvedev that the EU has had enough of self-inflicted harm and will stop supporting the sanctions. The reason for the conflict in Eastern Ukraine - which brought about the EU sanctions - is the US-led coup. Russia does not even have troops in the Donbas and their support for the two separatist republic is only a way to stop the Ukrainian government.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Link to the disinformation: balrad.ru/2018/01/30/donbassz-276/
Disinforming outlet(s): Bal-Rad
Reported by: Political Capital Institute
Disproof note:

Repeating earlier disinformation about lifting sanctions. Economic sanctions against Russia were last extended on 21 December 2017, until 31 July". http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2017/12/21/russia-eu-prolongs-economic-sanctions-by-six-months/.  This is the last official EU decision relating to EU economic sanctions against the Russian Federation.

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The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were not provoked from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence http://bit.ly/2ftv6iT.

//

Despite the fact that pro-Russian propaganda regularly claims there are no Russian troops in Ukraine, multiple reports and aerial footage suggests there are Russian forces in Donbas. For further links to evidence see our earlier debunk.

 

 

Keywords: Donbas, Sanctions
Countries: Ukraine
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