Im Nachrichtenzyklus der kremlfreundlichen Desinformations bedeutet der richtige Zeitpunkt alles. Jede Gelegenheit kann zur Verstärkung und Hervorhebung der falschen Nachricht benutzt werden.
Diese Woche ergab sich eine Gelegenheit, als die separatistischen Funktionäre der selbsternannten Volksrepublik Donezk „Trümmer und menschliche Überreste“ des Flugs MH17 an die niederländischen Ermittler übergaben. Man könnte mit guten Recht behaupten, dass das etwas Zeit gebraucht hat: Es ist drei Jahre her, dass das Flugzeug der Malaysian Airlines über der Ostukraine abgeschossen wurde und alle 298 Insassen getötet wurden.
Wie wir früher schon festgestellt haben, haben russische Medien und Staatsvertreter mindestens acht verschiedene Versionen der Katastrophe verbreitet, die alle von der russischen Schuld wegdeuten, welche jedoch eindeutig vom gemeinsamen Ermittlerteam unter niederländischer Führung festgestellt wurde.
Jetzt gibt es eine neunte Unwahrheit. Sie wurde vom Fernsehsender des russischen Verteidigungsministeriums, TV Swesda, veröffentlicht. Es wurde behauptet, „ein früherer Major der ukrainischen Armee“, Juri Baturin, habe gesehen, wie das Flugzeug von einer ukrainischen Buk-Rakete abgeschossen wurde. Später entfernte Swesda den Bericht, doch ist er immer noch leicht auffindbar—nämlich versteckt. Die Geschichte verbreitete sich trotzdem auf dutzenden Nachrichtenseiten, sowohl auf Russisch, als auch auf Englisch.
Ein weiterer Bericht auf dem TV-Sender Rossiya 1—welcher nicht entfernt wurde — bestätigte den falschen Bericht, wonach die Buk-Rakete von einem Gebiet unter der Kontrolle der ukrainischen Armee abgefeuert wurde.
Lesen Sie die Widerlegung hier.
Der fiktive Organhandel
Genau wie die falschen Theorien über MH17 haben die absurdesten Lügen über die Ukraine in der kremlfreundlichen Desinformation schon eine mehrjährige Laufbahn hinter sich.
So las man, dass das ukrainische Gesundheitsministerium erlaube, tote Ukrainer für ihre Organe zu verkaufen; dass das Land zu einem Zentrum des internationalen Schwarzmarktes für Transplantationen für reiche Ausländer werden solle; und, wieder einmal, dass es keine Beweise für russische Panzer in der Ukraine gebe.
Zu guter Letzt hörte man, dass zehntausende ukrainische Waffen nach Polen geschmuggelt würden, um damit eine unterirdische ukrainische Armee aufzubauen.
Der falsche Kampf für die richtigen Werte
Die Zustände in Georgien zeigen, wie kremlfreundliche Nachrichten dem lokalen Publikum zugänglich gemacht werden können. Hier fokussiert sich die Desinformationsmaschinerie auf Verschwörungen der „verdorbenen“ westlichen Werte. Man bekam diese Woche mit, dass Homosexualität in ganz Georgien verbreitet und mit Kannibalismus vergleichbar sei und dass eine Reihe verschiedener Techniken benutzt werde, um georgische Bürger zu verrohen. Die Widerlegung lesen.
In Georgien tauchte auch eine neue Version einer alten Geschichte auf. Als Carl Bildt schwedischer Außenminister war, habe er gesagt, die Orthodoxie sei der Hauptfeind des Westens, „da sie versucht, Familienbande zu regulieren, und Schwule und Transgender nicht anerkennt.“ Diese Falschmeldung wurde ebenso wie ein ähnlicher Fall in der Ukraine vor drei Jahren zum ersten Mal widerlegt.
Schließlich geht eine Verschwörungskampagne des russischen Fernsehens weiter, die behauptet, dass die USA den Islamischen Staat (IS) nicht bekämpfen, sondern ihn unterstützen würden, da sie keine Anstalten mache, ihn zu stoppen. Wir hörten, dass der IS ein Projekt der Vereinigten Staaten sei; dass IS-Kämpfer Söldner der USA seien und dass der allmächtige Westen und die USA die islamistische Ideologie sowie die Islamistennetzwerke erschaffen hätten.
Während das russischsprachige Fernsehpublikum mit Anschuldigungen gegenüber den USA beschäftigt wird, hat das russische Verteidigungsministerium nicht viel Lärm um seine Ankündigung gemacht, dass es keine russischen Luftschläge auf die Syrischen Demokratischen Kräfte oder Zivilisten gegeben hätte. Berichte von Menschenrechtsaktivisten legen sowieso das Gegenteil nahe.
Die komplette Tabelle der neuesten Berichte mit Falschmeldungen lesen (auf Englisch)
The EU does not position itself as an enemy of Russia. According to Federica Mogherini, Europe pushes for closer Russia cooperation despite the sanctions existing till today and backs, for instance, “selective engagement” with Moscow to solve conflicts http://www.politico.eu/article/eu-pushes-for-closer-russia-cooperation-federica-mogherini-vladimir-putin-war-syria/
The EU is Russia's main trading and investment partner, while Russia as the EU's fourth is also its largest oil, gas, uranium and coal exporter.
Conspiracy theory, no evidence given.
No evidence given. This summer, Ukraine recorded several raider attacks on farmers - the phenomenon that is widespread in all the former Soviet republics. There is however no evidence or record of those kind of raids being carried out by "participants of the Anti-Terror Operation" in Donbas.
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe considers that the actions of the Russian Federation leading up to the annexation of
Crimea, and in particular the military occupation of the Ukrainian territory and the threat of the use of military
force, the recognition of the results of the illegal so-called referendum and subsequent annexation of Crimea
into the Russian Federation constitute, beyond any doubt, a grave violation of international law, including of the
United Nations Charter and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Helsinki Final
The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/144158.pdf
At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014, NATO leaders condemned in the strongest terms Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine and demanded that Russia stop and withdraw its forces from Ukraine and along the country’s border. NATO leaders also demanded that Russia comply with international law and its international obligations and responsibilities; end its illegitimate occupation of Crimea; refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine; halt the flow of weapons, equipment, people and money across the border to the separatists; and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border. http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50090.htm#
According to the US Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Russian special forces and troops operated to mobilize, lead, equip, and support separatist militias in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine from spring 2014 to the present, although their presence was denied by Moscow. http://www.dia.mil/Portals/27/Documents/News/Military%20Power%20Publications/Russia%20Military%20Power%20Report%202017.pdf?ver=2017-06-28-144235-937
In August 2014, the Ukrainian Army seized 10 Russian armed paratroopers of the 331st regiment of the 98th division ‘Svir’ (military unit No 71211) near the Ukrainian village Zerkalny, the Donetsk region; in July 2017, Victor Ageyev, corporal of the Russian GRU (military secret service) unit was captured in the East of Ukraine. As for the tanks, according to Kyiv Russia has 20 times more of them in Ukraine now after 3 years war. For more information see http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-t-72b3-the-lethal-russian-tank-ukraine-fears-most-16500 or http://www.newsweek.com/russia-has-20-times-more-tanks-ukraine-after-three-years-war-says-kiev-654490 The exhibitions of Russian weapons captured by the Ukrainian Army in Donbas, including Russian tanks, are regularly held in the centre of Kyiv.
Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/17/vladimir-putin-admits-russian-military-presence-ukraine
An old conspiracy debunked many times. No evidence given.
Conspiracy theory, no evidence given.
No evidence given. The US just requires RT to: submit periodic disclosures outlining its agreements with
the foreign principal, disclose income from and expenditures on behalf the principal, and have business
records of its activities available for inspection by the US Department of Justice (DOJ). In addition, a
foreign agent must ensure that all informational materials it distributes are conspicuously labelled and
filed with the DOJ. http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/publications/reports/agent-of-influence-should-russia-srt-register-as-a-foreign-agent
During the Cold War, representatives of Soviet news outlets (TASS,
‘Pravda’, ‘Izvestia’ and others) were also registered agents http://www.newsweek.com/time-shine-lightputins-american-propaganda-arm-542642
According to the opinion poll by the the EU neighbours east, 68% of Moldovans believe the relations with the European Union are good. http://www.euneighbours.eu/en/east/stay-informed/publications/opinion-survey-2017-republic-moldova
According to the World Bank, Moldova has experienced rapid economic growth in the past decade, which has been accompanied by reductions in poverty and good performance in shared prosperity. Nonetheless, Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe and faces challenges in sustaining the progress. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/168451467995808859/Poverty-reduction-and-shared-prosperity-in-Moldova-progress-and-prospects
The EU has not turned its back to Moldova, but instead it is by far the largest donor in Moldova, supporting political and economic reform, and providing humanitarian aid. https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/moldova/1538/republic-moldova-and-eu_en
No evidence given, conspiracy theory. It is a recurring trait in pro-Kremlin disinformation to use tragic events as terrorist attacks or mass shootings for the spreading of disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/how-pro-kremlin-outlets-abuse-the-tragedy-of-terror/.
The US just requires RT to: submit periodic disclosures outlining its agreements with the foreign principal, disclose income from and expenditures on behalf the principal, and have business records of its activities available for inspection by the US Department of Justice (DOJ). In addition, a foreign agent must ensure that all informational materials it distributes are conspicuously labelled and filed with the DOJ. http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/publications/reports/agent-of-influence-should-russia-s-rt-register-as-a-foreign-agent During the Cold War, representatives of Soviet news outlets (TASS, ‘Pravda’, ‘Izvestia’ and others) were also registered agents http://www.newsweek.com/time-shine-light-putins-american-propaganda-arm-542642 Thus, there is no violation of the Amendment I. https://www.congress.gov/content/conan/pdf/GPO-CONAN-2017-10-2.pdf
The UN Security Council had no task of pointing to the aggressor in Donbas, so the resolution 2202 (2015) on Peaceful Settlement in Eastern Ukraine just called on all parties to fully implement the “Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements”. It does not exclude the fact that Russia is an aggressor there. Most of the measures depend heavliy on Russia and its proxies, including the need for a ceasefire, the withdrawal of all heavy weaponry, full monitoring access for the OSCE, and the full restoration of control of the state border to the Ukrainian government. Russia's actions in Ukraine are a clear violation of international law. Article 2, paragraph 4 of the UN Charter declares without ambiguity that "all Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations" http://bit.ly/1rbGaE3. UNGA Resolution 68/262 also affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and underscored the invalidity of the 2014 Crimean referendum http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.
No evidence given. The US is not trying to disintegrate the EU.
As major world powers, the EU and the U.S. share global responsibilities and work together to promote common values.
The United States is the EU’s foremost strategic partner in promoting peace and stability around the world. Also, the EU is a unique and essential partner for NATO. The two organisations share a majority of members and have common values. http://www.nato.int/cps/ua/natohq/topics_49217.htm
The EU-U.S. economic partnership is the single most important driver of global economic growth, trade, and prosperity. The EU and U.S. account for almost 30 percent of global merchandise trade, close to 40 percent of world trade in services, and about half of global GDP. The EU and the U.S. are each other’s main trading partners in goods and services and account for the largest bilateral trade relationship in the world. The transatlantic economic relationship creates and sustains close to 15 million jobs in the EU and the US. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/27291/united-states-and-eu_en
According to another pro-Kremlin political analyst, it is Russia (not the US), who is eager to disintegrate the EU and destabilize its members one by one. For instance, two days before, Oleg Barabanov, Program director of the “Valdai” International Discussion Club Foundation, while commenting the referendum in Catalonia, stated that “the more crises, the more conflicts and the more Evil will be in Europe, the better Russia will be” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lCHvZF4E2GI (time-code 1:02:49 ). The “Valdai” Club was created by Kremlin to promote Russian interests among well-known Western politicians and experts, who are taking part in the Club’s meetings under the invitation of the Russian government.
As for Russophobia, there is in fact a clear record of strong cooperation between the EU and Russia, dating back to 1994, when the two sides negotiated a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Russia was identified as a strategic partner for the EU, and was the only country with which the EU held summits not once, but twice a year.
Despite current difficulties in the relationship with Russia, the EU and its Member States have maintained a clear policy of reaching out to Russian society and youth, mainly through the Erasmus+ student exchange programme and other people to people contacts.
The United States has been clear from the start about the goals of its campaign against Islamic State.
On September 10, 2014, then U.S. President Barack Obama announced the formation of a broad international coalition to defeat Islamic State, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), or Daesh, declaring: “Our objective is clear: We will degrade, and ultimately destroy, ISIL through a comprehensive and sustained counterterrorism strategy.” http://www.centcom.mil/OPERATIONS-AND-EXERCISES/OPERATION-INHERENT-RESOLVE/
The military campaign against Islamic State, called Operation Inherent Resolve, issues daily reports on the number of strikes carried out, identifying their targets and precise locations, and detailing the results of each strike. These reports are available to the public online.http://www.inherentresolve.mil/News/Strike-Releases/
The U.S.-led coalition also issues monthly reports on civilian casualties, including those caused by coalition attacks targeting IS, and provides details from the investigations into such incidents.http://www.inherentresolve.mil/News/News-Releases/Article/1329201/cjtf-oir-monthly-civilian-casualty-report/
The progress of the U.S. and its allies in the fight against Islamic State is well documented in the coalition’s publicly accessible online database.http://theglobalcoalition.org/en/maps-stats/?lang=en. Further debunking here https://www.polygraph.info/a/russian-military-syria-disinformation/28778203.html.
No evidence given, recurring disinformation since at least 2014. https://www.stopfake.org/en/russia-s-top-lies-about-ukraine-part-3/
Ukraine’s Health Ministry plans to introduce a pilot kidney donor transplant program in 2018. According to proposed Ukrainian legislation, individuals can donate their organs after death. That information will be registered in a central donor data base. If there is no record of a deceased individual’s agreement in that data base and if his or her immediate relatives have not given their consent, it is illegal to remove organs for transplant from such a person. Further debunking: https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-ukraine-s-health-ministry-allows-ukrainians-to-be-sold-for-organs/
According to the Venice Commision: "The Constitution of Ukraine, like other constitutions of Council of Europe member states, provides for the indivisibility of the country and does not allow the holding of any local referendum on secession from Ukraine. This results in particular from Articles 1, 2, 73 and 157 of the Constitution. These provisions in conjunction with Chapter X of the Constitution show that this prohibition also applies to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Constitution of Crimea does not allow the Supreme Soviet of Crimea to call such a referendum. Only a consultative referendum on increased autonomy could be permissible under the Ukrainian Constitution.
28. Moreover, circumstances in Crimea did not allow the holding of a referendum in line with European democratic standards. Any referendum on the status of a territory should have been preceded by serious negotiations among all stakeholders. Such negotiations did not take place."
Sergiy Zayets, Oleksandra Matviichuk, Tetyana Pechonchyk, Dariya Svyrydova, Olga Skrypnyk. (2015). The Fear Peninsula: Chronicle of Occupation and Violation of Human Rights in Crimea. Crimea is Ukraine, 2015. 77 pages.
There is numerous evidence that the referendum was held under duress of Russian military intervention. The Venice Commission also stated that "the massive public presence of (para)military forces is not conducive to democratic decision making" and that "the circumstances did not allow the holding of a referendum in line with European democratic standards". http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/?pdf=CDL-AD(2014)002-e
UNGA Resolution 68/262 recalled that "the territory of
a State shall not be the object of acquisition by another State resulting from the
threat or use of force".
On 1 March 2014 Russia's upper house of parliament approved President Putin's request for Russian forces to be used in Ukraine. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26400035
Recurring conspiracy theory, no evidence given. This conspiracy theory concerning the introduction of cannibalism, homosexuality and paedophilia in societies is copied directly from a Russian site called “Interesting Facts”, which is not indicated by the author of Geworld.ge’s publication. Further debunking: http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/conspiracies-theories-spread-geworldge-based-russian-sources-concerning-overton-window
In 2014 Polish authorities confiscated 14 weapons on the Ukraine-Poland border, 26 items in 2015 and 30 in 2016. In 2017 Polish authorities confiscated 49 smuggled weapons. On its website Poland’s Border Service provides information on all arms confiscated on its borders. https://www.strazgraniczna.pl/pl/granica/statystyki-sg/2206,Statystyki-SG.html. No evidence suggesting that an underground army is being created.
Further debunking: https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-ukrainian-arms-flood-into-poland/
Conspiracy theory and recurring disinformation, no evidence given. Read more on EU's migration policy https://ec.europa.eu/commission/priorities/migration_en and about the roots of migration to Europe http://carnegieeurope.eu/2015/10/01/roots-of-europe-s-refugee-crisis-pub-61465
According to Reuters, Russia intensified its air strikes in Syria’s Idlib and Hama provinces in mid-September, hitting heavily populated civilian areas.http://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFKCN1BZ0O5.
The U.S. and their allies, as well as independent observers, have accused Russia of causing multiple casualties among the Syrian Democratic Forces by striking their positions – which, the Pentagon said in a September 16 statement, were “known to the Russians.” http://www.centcom.mil/MEDIA/PRESS-RELEASES/Press-Release-View/Article/1313824/russian-strike-wounds-syrian-democratic-forces-troops/.
The independent watchdog Airwars reported that the Russian strikes caused a “sharp rise of civilian deaths” during the battle for Deir Ezzor. https://airwars.org/news/deir-ezzor/.
While Russia's Defense Ministry provides regular briefings and reports on the success of its operation in Syria, it has never admitted its forces there caused civilian casualties or given any indication that it investigated reports of such casualties.
The Russian airstrikes continued during the last week of September and early October, including a September 24 attack, which, according to multiple sources, killed at least 45 Syrian rebels.http://mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSKCN1C0118, http://m.france24.com/en/20170924-russian-strikes-kill-45-syrian-rebels-monitor. Further debunking here https://www.polygraph.info/a/russian-military-syria-disinformation/28778203.html.
The fake quote was debunked already three years ago, when it was first cited http://www.b92.net/eng/news/region.php?yyyy=2014&mm=05&dd=14&nav_id=90316 and subsequently refuted by Carl Bildt as a complete fake https://twitter.com/carlbildt/status/466563814251847680.
Reccuring MH17-related disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/flight-mh-17-three-years-on-getting-the-truth-out-of-eastern-ukraine/. False information was first published by TV Zvezda that later removed the content https://tvzvezda.ru/news/vstrane_i_mire/content/201710061815-jpeh.htm, cached here https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:xTxOkT4PbdkJ:https://tvzvezda.ru/news/vstrane_i_mire/content/201710061826-z433.htm+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=lv and here https://meduza.io/news/2017/10/07/telekanal-zvezda-udalil-tri-zametki-pro-sbityy-boing-ukrainskiy-mayor-perebezhchik-rasskazyval-v-nih-ob-ukrainskom-buke.
Joint Investigative Team (JIT) has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federation. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/
Further debunk: http://khpg.org/en/index.php?id=1507577040
Recurring disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/flight-mh-17-three-years-on-getting-the-truth-out-of-eastern-ukraine/. The Joint Investigative Team (JIT) has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federation. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/
Further debunk: http://khpg.org/en/index.php?id=1507577040
Twitter has suspended about 200 Russian-linked accounts as it probes online efforts to meddle with the 2016 U.S. election. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-russia-twitter/twitter-suspends-russia-linked-accounts-but-u-s-senator-says-response-inadequate-idUSKCN1C331G
According to Twitter, "of the roughly 450 accounts that Facebook recently shared as a part of their review, we concluded that 22 had corresponding accounts on Twitter. All of those identified accounts had already been or immediately were suspended from Twitter for breaking our rules, most for violating our prohibitions against spam. In addition, from those accounts we found an additional 179 related or linked accounts, and took action on the ones we found in violation of our rules. Neither the original accounts shared by Facebook, nor the additional related accounts we identified, were registered as advertisers on Twitter. However, we continue to investigate these issues, and will take action on anything that violates our Terms of Service." https://blog.twitter.com/official/en_us/topics/company/2017/Update-Russian-Interference-in-2016--Election-Bots-and-Misinformation.html