Es gibt eine Methode der Desinformation, an die sich nur wenige herantrauen: Die Verbreitung von „Tatsachen“, die klar und eindeutig nicht der Wahrheit entsprechen. Aber die kremlfreundliche Desinformation verwendet diese Technik regelmäßig.

„Russland droht mit der Benutzung von Atomwaffen? US-Kommission verbreitet wildeste Gerüchte, um eine militärische Aufrüstung zu rechtfertigen“. So lautete jüngst die Überschrift eines Artikels bei Russia Today, der versucht den Eindruck zu hinterlassen, dass der Kreml nie derartige Drohungen machen würde.

Die Wahrheit ist aktenkundig: „Ich glaube nicht, dass die Dänen sich aller Konsequenzen bewusst sind, wenn Dänemark dem US-geführten Raketenabwehrschild beitreten würde. Wenn das passiert, würden dänische Kriegsschiffe zu Zielen russischer Atomraketen.“ Dies sagte der russische Botschafter in Dänemark. Präsident Putin selbst deutete an, dass er bei Widerstand gegen die russische (illegale) Annexion der Krim bereit war, Atomwaffen einzusetzen. Und letztes Jahr hat er Rumänien und Polen davor gewarnt, dass sie in Russlands Fadenkreuz geraten, falls sie Teile des US-Raketenschilds in ihrem Land stationieren würden.

Letzte Woche stellte die Fernsehsendung Wremja Pokaschet Behauptungen auf, die einfach das genaue Gegenteil der Wahrheit waren. Es wurde gesagt, dass es einen Plan zur Zerstörung des russischen Volkes auf der Krim gegeben habe, weshalb Russland 2014 eingreifen musste; und jetzt, so hörten wir, gebe es einen Plan, Millionen von Menschen im Donbas umzubringen. Und es kommt noch schlimmer: Angela Merkel schweigt dazu – ein Beweis dafür, dass sie etwas damit zu tun hat.

Die Wirklichkeit: Es gab nie einen Plan, der russischen Bevölkerung auf der Krim etwas anzutun—nur verunglimpfende Falschmeldungen in kremlfreundlichen Medien. Und es gibt zurzeit keinen solchen Plan für den Donbas. Dies ist der Grund für das Schweigen.

Währenddessen, laut Komsomolskaja Prawda, kann Russland kein Aggressor sein, da es in den russischen Genen liege, jeden Krieg abzulehnen. Der Internationale Strafgerichtshof hat dazu eine andere Meinung.

Wenn die Gesetze der Logik nicht helfen

Die Ukraine lag letzte Woche wieder sehr stark im Fokus kremlfreundlicher Desinformation. Einige Sendungen im russischen Staatsfernsehen widmeten sich allein diesem Land. Demnach hörte man wieder die Desinformation, dass die russischsprachige Minderheit in der Ukraine unterdrückt werde, dass Ukrainer einfach Russen seien und dass die NATO die Revolution auf dem Maidan inszeniert hätte.

Die russische Reaktion auf die Visafreiheit der Ukraine mit Europa setzt sich fort. Dmitri Kiesljow, Chefpropagandist des Kremls und derzeit auf der Liste der europäischen Sanktionen, hat nachgeforscht und ist zu dem  Ergebnis gekommen, dass es das Ziel der Visafreiheit sei, Ukrainer zu Sklaven Europas zu machen. Damit setzt die kremlfreundliche Desinformation die Reisefreiheit mit der Sklaverei gleich.

Ähnliche Gedanken fanden wir in einem kremlfreundlichen Medium in Georgien: Die EU und die USA hätten gemeinsam das georgische Bildungssystem „zerstört“. Die gleiche Webseite schrieb, die Kredite und Darlehen der Weltbank und des Internationalen Währungsfonds bedeuteten, dass Georgien Sklave dieser beiden internationalen Organisationen sei.

Die komplette Tabelle der neuesten Berichte mit Falschmeldungen lesen (auf Englisch):

The EU inception was initiated by Nazis and American NGOs
Additional details: The EU inception was initiated by Nazis and American NGOs. // In France, 600 entreprises and 200 farms are closed daily. There are 7 million unemployed people, 9 million people live in exceptionally poor conditions and other 11 million below the poverty line.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qKNyZs
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The European Union is set up as a peace project in the aftermath of the Second World War. http://bit.ly/2cnX6Dg // Claims debunked by Le Decodeur http://lemde.fr/2bUV61o, http://bit.ly/2iw9zbC

Keywords: NGO, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: EU, US, France
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Ukraine is not a sovereign state but relies 100% on...
Additional details: Ukraine is not a sovereign state but relies 100% on foreign aid.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qj10Ap
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. According to the official data of Ukraine, 90.45% of the Ukrainian state budget are tax revenues http://bit.ly/2qan84P

Keywords: Sovereignty, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Ukraine
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90% of Ukrainians cannot take advantage of the visa-free travel...
Additional details: 90% of Ukrainians cannot take advantage of the visa-free travel to the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rPp8wB
Disinforming outlet(s): SMNews
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The adoption of the visa-free regime was warmly welcomed in Ukraine: http://bit.ly/2sdjioY // The entry is forbidden to people who are internationally prosecuted, or to people who are threat to public order: http://bit.ly/2oETFP9

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine, EU
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In 20 or 30 years, sex with children will be...
Additional details: In 20 or 30 years, sex with children will be as common as homosexual intercourse these days. In Norway children are allowed to fall in love with adult people.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qck5VB
Disinforming outlet(s): AC24
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Norway is often described as a pedofile state in pro-Kremlin outlets, but in fact sex with children is forbidden there.

Keywords: Perversion
Countries: Norway
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9/11 was orchestrated by the US deep state
Additional details: 9/11 was orchestrated by the US deep state.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qQzXjM
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Often used conspiracy theory disproven by e.g. the independent bipartisan 9/11 Commission Report http://bit.ly/2j6K3JT, http://bit.ly/2iwak0Q.

Keywords: 9/11, Deep state
Countries: US
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Demonstrations against Czech Minister of Finance Andrej Babis and president...
Additional details: Demonstrations against Czech Minister of Finance Andrej Babis and president Milos Zeman were financed by Brussels and Soros. // The Czech Television spreads fake news.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rwjuCa
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Protests were organized spontaneously by individuals from civil society. // No evidence that Czech Television spreads fake news.

Keywords: Miloš Zeman, George Soros
Countries: Czech Republic
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Slovakia is closer to exiting NATO
Additional details: Slovakia is closer to exiting NATO. Support for the alliance has dropped, Slovakia could announce its departure by 2020.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rauAKs
Disinforming outlet(s): Izvestia
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

The polls do not indicate anything supporting this scenario: http://bit.ly/2rcIXAd

Keywords: NATO
Countries: Slovakia
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The recent chemical attack in Syria was a false flag...
Additional details: The recent chemical attack in Syria was a false flag attack perpetrated by US-supported rebels.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rOJIMS
Disinforming outlet(s): AC24
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Re-occuring disinformation, no evidence given http://bit.ly/2oaRwcQ, http://bit.ly/2pyEOGP

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: US, Syria
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NATO is making up the Russian threat to justify its...
Additional details: NATO is making up the Russian threat to justify its own existence.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: https://on.rt.com/8bus
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

NATO's purpose is set out in the preamble to the Washington Treaty, the Alliance's Founding document. This states that Allies are determined "to safeguard the freedom, common heritage and civilisation of their peoples, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law." In direct response to Russia’s use of military force against its neighbours, NATO is deploying four multinational battlegroups to the Baltic States and Poland. These forces are rotational, defensive and proportionate. They cannot compare to the three divisions Russia has established in its Western Military and Southern Military Districts. Before Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea, there were no plans to deploy Allied troops to the eastern part of the Alliance. http://bit.ly/2q9nEMs.

Keywords: NATO
Countries: Russia
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A dismantling of democracy is happening in the Czech Republic
Additional details: A dismantling of democracy is happening in the Czech Republic. The Parliament has transformed into a tool for the elimination of political competition. Today´s state can be compared to the coup organized by the communists and the Fascists.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rwjcey
Disinforming outlet(s): Nová republika
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The Czech Republic is a representative democracy.

Keywords: Democracy, Coup, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Czech Republic
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The laboratories in Yerevan, Gyumri and Ijevan which opened in...
Additional details: The laboratories in Yerevan, Gyumri and Ijevan which opened in 2016 with the funding provided by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency of the US Department of Defense have dual function and may create biological weapons.
Language / Targeted audience: Armenian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2q38ood
Disinforming outlet(s): Regnum
Reported by: SUT.am
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Similar disinformation has been spread about South Caucasus countries previously (see e.g issue 13 of the Disinfo Review, issue 40, issue 62). Both the Ministry of Health and the US Embassy in Yerevan denied the information: http://bit.ly/2q9OqnX, http://bit.ly/2q3auEy.

Keywords: Biological weapons
Countries: Armenia, US
More
Germany and Italy want to take control of Libya-Niger border...
Additional details: Germany and Italy want to take control of Libya-Niger border to stem flow of migrants.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: https://on.rt.com/8bo7
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) in Libya is not a German-Italian initiative, but an EU presence. It is in the area to support the government in managing their border with full agreement of Libyan authorities http://bit.ly/2rIEq6e. The Mission's current staff ceiling is 23 internationals (http://bit.ly/2rntEVf).

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Italy, Libya, Germany
More
American soldiers are bringing drugs to Poland, drinking alcohol in...
Additional details: American soldiers are bringing drugs to Poland, drinking alcohol in Polish cities and causing public scandals. American soldiers may do whatever they want because they cannot be punished according to Polish law.
Language / Targeted audience: Polish
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qOEhOo
Disinforming outlet(s): dziennik-polityczny.com
Reported by: Centre for International Relations in the framework of the Centre or International Relations' project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund (www.visegradfund.org)
Disproof note:

No evidence given. American armored brigades stationed in Poland are subject, in accordance with NATO's rules, to the Polish jurisdiction. In the case of criminal liability, the jurisdiction of Polish courts apply.

Keywords: Drugs, Military
Countries: US, Poland
More
Polish schoolgirls have beaten up a Ukrainian colleague, they were...
Additional details: Polish schoolgirls have beaten up a Ukrainian colleague, they were calling her a "banderist whore".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qrdxa8
Disinforming outlet(s): hardnews.info
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

The incident occurred between Polish pupils, no Ukrainian was involved, nothing about "banderists" was said: http://bit.ly/2renZRt

Keywords: Stepan Bandera
Countries: Ukraine, Poland
More
The virus Wanna Cry’s attack was backed by the National...
Additional details: The virus Wanna Cry’s attack was backed by the National Security Agency of the US in order to camouflage its activity all over the world and to blame Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rwAtV2
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Mesto vstrechi’ (10:00)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The investigation is still ongoing http://bit.ly/2qfUA6N.

Keywords: Cyber, NSA
Countries: Russia, US
More
It has been revealed that the Pope is a member...
Additional details: It has been revealed that the Pope is a member of the Freemasons.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rzfMUI
Disinforming outlet(s): Hídfő
Reported by: Political Capital Institute
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Freemasons are a common target of conspiracy theories.

Keywords: Secret elites / global elites, Pope Francis
Countries: Vatican
More
The US wants to launch a preventive nuclear attack on...
Additional details: The US wants to launch a preventive nuclear attack on Russia, and NATO plans to invade Russia in the Baltic region.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rOQLoO
Disinforming outlet(s): Aeronet
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. NATO has a whole section on its website dedicated to re-occuring pro-Kremlin myths http://bit.ly/2rd8tpz

Keywords: Nuclear issues, NATO
Countries: Russia, Baltic states, US
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Russia has not threatened to use tactical nuclear arms //...
Additional details: Russia has not threatened to use tactical nuclear arms // Russia never interferes in the affairs of other countries.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: https://on.rt.com/8bz5
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The Russian ambassador to Denmark has for example threatened to attack Denmark with nuclear arms, should they decide to join the missile shield with the US http://ind.pn/1xbRAJs. // There are several recent examples of Russian media and other pro-Kremlin outlets spreading disinformation regarding foreign elections http://theatln.tc/2rOGRna not to mention the current interference in Ukraine, where Russia has annexed a part of the country and supports separatists in another part.

Keywords: Nuclear issues
Countries: Russia
More
Ukraine needs NATO in order to implement the "Bismarck plan"...
Additional details: Ukraine needs NATO in order to implement the "Bismarck plan" and create tension on the border with Russia. That is why the conflict in Donbas was created. NATO is also building military bases in Ukraine as preparation for an attack on Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qiOMIg
Disinforming outlet(s): Rueconomics.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. According to NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg, NATO provides strong political support and strong practical support for Ukraine. NATO supports the territorial integrity of Ukraine, and fully supports the implementation of the Minsk Agreements in order to resolve the crisis in the East of Ukraine http://bit.ly/2rSGGHa. NATO has many times underlined that it is not preparing for aggression towards Russia http://bit.ly/2q9nEMs.

Keywords: Donbas, NATO
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The US ambassador in Georgia solely composes the list of...
Additional details: The US ambassador in Georgia solely composes the list of candidates who should enter the Parliament of Georgia.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rcysdO
Disinforming outlet(s): geworld.ge
Reported by: Givi Gigitashvili, Latvian Institute of International Affairs
Disproof note:

Political parties select their candidates independently and there is no evidence to claim that any ambassador intervenes into their internal party politics.

Keywords: US presence in Europe
Countries: US, Georgia
More
Georgia is a hostage of the World Bank and the...
Additional details: Georgia is a hostage of the World Bank and the IMF. These institutions give Georgia money, but Georgia cannot spend it.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rcysdO
Disinforming outlet(s): geworld.ge
Reported by: Givi Gigitashvili, Latvian Institute of International Affairs
Disproof note:

Since 1992, the World Bank Group, as a leading development partner, has provided concessional credits and loans to finance 55 projects in different sectors of the economy, totaling over $1.8 billion: http://bit.ly/2sdxWMb // In March 2017, Georgia and the International Monetary Fund agreed a three-year programme worth $285 million to underpin economic reforms and encourage investors: http://reut.rs/2quC7CX // No evidence that Georgia would not be able to spend the money.

Keywords: World Bank, IMF
Countries: Georgia
More
The United States wages war in the Middle East to...
Additional details: The United States wages war in the Middle East to destroy these countries economically and deliberately pushes more refugees towards Europe. By doing so, the US intends to weaken the EU’s positions on the international level for its own advantage.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rcysdO
Disinforming outlet(s): geworld.ge
Reported by: Givi Gigitashvili, Latvian Institute of International Affairs
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Many EU member states are also members of the US-led coalition fighting Daesh.

Keywords: Refugees, Middle East, Economic difficulties, Migration crisis
Countries: Europe, US, Middle East
More
The United States and Europe jointly destroyed the Georgian education...
Additional details: The United States and Europe jointly destroyed the Georgian education system.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rcysdO
Disinforming outlet(s): geworld.ge
Reported by: Givi Gigitashvili, Latvian Institute of International Affairs
Disproof note:

The EU supports education in Georgia through direct contributions to the state budget and by providing funds for specific projects: http://bit.ly/2rx76Cg // In 2013, the U.S. Government’s Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors approved a five-year, $140 million second compact with Georgia to increase the quality of human capital by investing in science and technology education and workforce development: http://bit.ly/2rcoLMP

Keywords: Eastern Partnership
Countries: Europe, Georgia
More
NATO organised the Ukrainian revolution to establish a new military...
Additional details: NATO organised the Ukrainian revolution to establish a new military base in Crimea.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2saAhrk
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto Vstrechi @ NTV (time 1:20:44)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. // The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of large parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013 - there was no "organising" by NATO.

Keywords: NATO, Euromaidan, Crimea
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is destroying people based on their ethnic origin
Additional details: Ukraine is destroying people based on their ethnic origin.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ruTM1u
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:16:36)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There were never any confirmed reports of any ethnic Russians being threatened in Ukraine; only allegations perpetuated by pro-Kremlin outlets. The new Ukrainian government has placed a priority on peace and reconciliation from the outset.

Keywords: State oppression
Countries: Ukraine
More
In Ukraine, radicals are hunting people who speak Russian and...
Additional details: In Ukraine, radicals are hunting people who speak Russian and beat them to death for not speaking Ukrainian; the waiters in restaurants and bars are tipping them off.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2saAhrk
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto Vstrechi @ NTV (time 38:10)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Everyone is absolutely free to speak Russian in Ukraine.

Keywords: Russian language, Ethnic Russians
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Russia cannot be an aggressor, since it is in the...
Additional details: Russia cannot be an aggressor, since it is in the Russian genetic code to refuse war.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rv1kkL
Disinforming outlet(s): Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Russia and its proxies are currently engaged in a conflict in Ukraine.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Information war
Countries: Russia
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Europeans are already fighting not only against Russia and Russian...
Additional details: Europeans are already fighting not only against Russia and Russian influence, but also against Russians. The Data Science Challenge where a Russian was denied prize-money is a proof of that.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ruYiwJ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya TV (time 08:57)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Vladimir Iglovikov was denied money because of the rules of the competition: "No payment shall be made (whether directly or via a third party/country) to an individual who is a national and/or resident of, or located in, any country with a score of 37 or less according to Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index 2014" (Russia had a score of 27: http://bit.ly/1AgRivL). See http://bit.ly/2saA3Aa

Keywords: Anti-Russian, Russophobia
Countries: Europe, Russia
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The visa-free regime with the EU is converting Ukrainians into...
Additional details: The visa-free regime with the EU is converting Ukrainians into slaves of Europe.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2r9SmGw
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti nedeli @ Rossiya TV (time 07:16)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Groundless accusation. The visa-free regime is granting Ukrainians a visa-free entry to the EU.

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
The Holocaust is a fraud
Additional details: The Holocaust is a fraud.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2rM0ccj
Disinforming outlet(s): infovojna.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

Groundless conspiracy. Steven Anderson, author of the video, also claims that all homosexuals are paedophiles who should be killed (http://bit.ly/2ruMEC6). He was expelled from several European and African countries, see e.g. http://bit.ly/2qpAqus, or http://bbc.in/2cOz9oL

Keywords: Holocaust, Historical revisionism
More
Former FBI director James Comey was working with the Deep...
Additional details: Former FBI director James Comey was working with the Deep State behind Trump´s back. Under Robert Mueller, FBI became an organisation very similar to Czechoslovak Communist police StB.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qSek0v
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: James Comey, Robert Mueller, Deep state, FBI, Donald Trump
Countries: Czech Republic, US
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Petro Poroshenko plans to kill several million people in Donbas
Additional details: Petro Poroshenko plans to kill several million people in Donbas. Angela Merkel is his accomplice, because she is silent about this plan.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2saFVcN
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:34:46)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There is no such "plan" - which is also the most probable reason why Angela Merkel is silent about it.

Keywords: Donbas, Petro Poroshenko, Angela Merkel
Countries: Ukraine
More
After the coup in Kyiv, there was a plan to...
Additional details: After the coup in Kyiv, there was a plan to destroy the Russian nation in Crimea, which is why Russia had to take preventive measures.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2saFVcN
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:25:25)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There were never any confirmed reports of any ethnic Russians being threatened in Ukraine; only allegations perpetuated by pro-Kremlin outlets.

Keywords: Coup, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
American soldiers are selling weapons to Daesh
Additional details: American soldiers are selling weapons to Daesh.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2qkg3dd
Disinforming outlet(s): mid.ru
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The author of the statement links to a non-existent report from an obscure website: http://bit.ly/2qx5h3z

Keywords: Daesh
Countries: US
More
Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians are a single nation
Additional details: Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians are a single nation.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2saFVcN
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (time 1:22:13 and 1:25:18)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Both Ukraine and Belarus are recognised in international law as sovereign nation states, with their own flag, nationality, language etc. Ukrainian citizens are citizens of Ukraine, not Russia; the same for Belarus. Russia has no claim on them or right to legislate for them.

Keywords: Russian expansionism
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus
More
Eastern European countries are currently occupied by the US, since...
Additional details: Eastern European countries are currently occupied by the US, since there are NATO military bases.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ruTM1u
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (45:37)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Every NATO ally has become an ally voluntarily - thus, this cannot constitute occupation.

Keywords: NATO
Countries: Eastern Europe, US
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