Stellen Sie sich vor, Sie schreibe für die kremlfreundliche Desinformation und haben eine Schreibblockade. Was dann? Von würden Sie sich inspirieren lassen?

Denken Sie an Dänemark. Seine Tierwelt wird Sie niemals im Stich lassen.

Auf den ersten Blick mag es überraschen, doch die Desinformation sucht oftmals ihre Inspiration in der Tierwelt Dänemarks. Diese Woche behauptete die englischsprachige Ausgabe von Sputnik, Dänemark sammle ungewollte Haustiere seiner Bevölkerung um sie Raubtieren zu verfüttern. Es wird lebhaft beschrieben, wie für „diejenigen, die ihre Haustiere nicht mehr haben wollen, hungrige Raubtiere des Kopenhagener und Givskuder Zoos mehr als bereit sind, diese Sache zu übernehmen“.

Tatsächlich können Tiere nicht einfach beim Zoo angeliefert werden und die beschriebene Praxis ist keine Möglichkeit, unliebsame Haustiere loszuwerden. Es ist nicht ungewöhnlich, Raubtiere mit eingeschläferten Tieren zu füttern und die korrekte Fütterung ist eine Voraussetzung für das Wohlergehen der Tiere.

So zeigt dieses Beispiel das bekannte Muster, wie Desinformation funktioniert. Indem der Artikel bereits existierende Vorurteile der Zielgruppe benutzt, verstärkt er das verzerrte Bild von Dänemark als einen für Tiere außergewöhnlich grausamen Ort. Und das ist nicht das erste Mal.

Sputnik illustrierte den Desinformationsartikel mit einem Tweet aus dem Jahr 2014, als sich russische Medien umfassend mit der Geschichte einer Giraffe in einem dänischen Zoo beschäftigten, welche eingeschläfert und seziert wurde.

Die Zensur von Bedrohungen

Man betrachte die Øresund-Brücke zwischen Dänemark und Schweden: Schon steht eine vielfältige Sammlung von Vorurteilen der kremlfreundlichen Desinformationskampagne zur Verfügung.

Ein georgisches Desinformationsmedium verfälschte ein BBC-Interview mit dem Chef der schwedischen Sicherheitsbehörde, Anders Thornberg. Die Teile des Interviews wurden herausgeschnitten, in denen Thornberg vor ausländischer politischer Einmischung im Vorfeld der dortigen Wahlen warnte. „Es ist sehr wichtig für uns dies zu verfolgen und wir in Schweden sind nicht schüchtern—wir sagen, dass Russland in dieser Hinsicht die größte Bedrohung für unsere Sicherheit darstellt,“ sagte er. Jedoch ist in der georgischen Desinformation die einzige Bedrohung, auf die sich Thornberg bezieht, die zunehmende Bedrohung des Extremismus. Damit wird die Idee von Schweden als einem Land gestützt, das aufgrund von Einwanderung an der Schwelle eines Krieges steht.

In Russland wurden dieselben Erwartungen des Publikums mit einer anderen Geschichte genährt: Schweden führe ein neues Gesetz ein, das von Personen mit sexuellen Beziehungen verlange, sie müssten die beiderseitige Zustimmung zum Sex aufzeichnen oder schriftlich notieren. Dies wegen der vielen Vergewaltigungen, die von Migranten in Schweden begangen worden seien. Ria Novosti formulierte zu dem Artikel eine Abänderung eines russischen Sprichwortes: „Was ist leichter? Die Einwanderungspolitik ändern oder das eigene Volk einschüchtern, damit sich andere fürchten?“ Der Artikel basiert auf einer Fehlinterpretation der Mechanismen demokratischer Entscheidungsfindung und verleitet den Leser zu dem Glauben, Schweden wolle wirklich Einwanderer bestrafen. In Wirklichkeit verhängt es Beschränkungen für das Sexualleben aller schwedischen Bürger.

Ukraine und USA als Ziel

Diese Woche hat die Desinformationskampagne auch aktiv die Probleme der Ukraine übertrieben. Man vernahm, dass ukrainische Bürger in Massen aus der EU vertrieben würden. Das einzige Problem dieser Meldung besteht darin, dass die vorgelegten Zahlen in dem Desinformationsartikel diese Schlussfolgerung nicht unterstützen. Genauso unbegründet ist die Behauptung, wonach die Europäische Kommission die Ukraine beschuldige, die EU mit Heroin zu überfluten.

Die USA als weiteres traditionelles Ziel der Desinformationskampagne wurde wieder einmal ohne Beweise beschuldigt, den IS zu trainieren und zu bewaffnen sowie der humanitärer Hilfe in Syrien zu blockieren.

Am Ende bleibt die Frage, was die Desinformationskampagne für Auswirkungen hat. Das unabhängige russische Meinungsforschungsinstitut Levada veröffentlichte am Mittwoch darauf eine Antwort bezüglich der Auswirkungen auf das russische Publikum. Gemäß der Umfrage glauben 66% der russischen Befragten, dass Russland Feinde habe. Und die Top 3-Feinde fallen exakt mit den Ländern zusammen, die am meisten von Desinformation betroffen sind: 1. USA (68%), 2. Ukraine (29%) 3. Europa/Europäische Union (14%).

Die komplette Tabelle der neuesten Berichte mit Falschmeldungen lesen (auf Englisch)

Danish zoo collecting people's unwanted house pets as feed for carnivores
Additional details: Denmark, which has previously sparked controversy with its unorthodox ways of slaughtering animals deemed unfit for breeding and dissecting them in front of the public, has taken things to a whole new level by collecting people's unwanted house pets as feed for carnivores.For those willing to do away with their pet, hungry predators at the Copenhagen Zoo and Givskud Zoo are more than ready to take over. Both zoos are eagerly accepting pet animals as feed for carnivores like lions, tigers, wolves and Tasmanian devils.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: Givskud Zoo
Disproof note:

According to the Givskud Zoo mentioned in the article, you can’t just drop off animals. All donations requires prior agreement and must be approved by the vet. The practice is not a way for people to get rid of unwanted pets. The zoo does not accept more animals than needed, only rodents are accepted. Initially, RT also reported about this, but later added a disclaimer from the two zoo's implicated in the article https://www.rt.com/news/414309-denmark-zoos-dont-feed-pets-lions/.

Keywords: animal cruelty, Western values, Sputnik
Countries: Denmark
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Finnish blogger shocked Facebook: "This is why half of the world owes its life to Russia"
Additional details: The Western history books are pouring total filth on everything that is connected to Russia. What are the real results of the Russian "aggression"? Finnish blogger Veikko Korhonen from the city of Oulu writes that half of Europe and part of Asia got their statehood from Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Zen.yandex.ru
Reported by: Fontanka.fi
Disproof note:

There is no such blogger from the Finnish city of Oulu, according to the fact-checking by the website Fontanka.fi. The photograph attached to the article represents actually Atte Korhola, a professor of environmental change at the University of Helsinki.

A similar disinfo article appeared already in 2015 on the website Cont.ws. The article claimed that India, China, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland should be grateful to Russia for their sovereignty, which is recurring pro-Kremlin historical revisionism. Further debunking by newspaper Ilta-Sanomat.

Keywords: Historical revisionism, Russian superiority, Asia, Sovereignty, Europe
Countries: India, China, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Finland, Poland
More
UN are fabricating human rights violations in Crimea
Additional details: Ukrainians living in Crimea accuse the United Nations of making up human rights violations on the peninsula. This claim was in response to a UN resolution adopted on November 19 condemning human rights violations in Crimea which refers to Russia as the “occupying power”. The resolution is based on myths as there are no human rights violations taking place in Crimea. According to Anastasia Gridchina, the president of the Ukrainian Community in Crimea, the “UN has never visited Crimea, has not spoken to Ukrainians or Crimean Tatars about life there and is inventing myths and stories about non-existent persecution”.
Language / Targeted audience: Spain
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik. Aside from Sputnik, TASS, Pravda.ru, RIA Novosti, Rambler and other pro-Kremlin sites carried this fake story.
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

First of all, the Ukrainian Community in Crimea is a Kremlin controlled organization, headed by members of Russia’s ruling party United Russia. The organization was established in 2016, two years after Russia annexed Crimea and its purpose is to showcase a positive life for Ukrainians on the occupied peninsula.

Gridchina’s accusation that the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission did not visit Crimea is telling as the UN resolution condemns Russia for failing to provide access to Crimea for the Mission, despite the Mission’s mandate calling for such access.

Claims that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights did not speak with Crimean Tatars and victims of human rights violations are untrue. According to Fiona Fraser, the head of the United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, data was collected through personal interviews and monitoring of court proceedings and trials in Crimea. Presenting the Mission’s report in Kyiv on December 12, Fraser outlined concrete examples of human rights violations against Crimean Tatars, indiscriminate arrests, detentions, torture, ill-treatment and restrictions on freedom of assembly and expression.  Only in November of this year, the UN recorded 49 arrests of Crimean Tatars for holding individual peaceful protests, 10  unlawful searches and 18 raids of Crimean Tatars’ homes.

Further debunking by Stopfake https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-un-fabricating-human-rights-violations-in-crimea/.

Keywords: Human rights, Crimean Tatars, UN, Crimea
Countries: Ukraine
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Almost half of the Russian youth thinks Putin's press conference was interesting
Additional details:
Almost half of the Russian youth thinks President Vladimir Putin's press conference was interesting and his answers honest and sincere, according to a poll by the Centre for Student Sociology.

Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ria.ru
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

The Centre for Student Sociology is not a reliable pollster. It is part of the Young Guard of United Russia, the youth wing of the ruling United Russia party. According to fact-checking by the Insider, the polling was conducted on a Testograf website that allows users to answer the query repeatedly and does not verify the identity of the respondent. The Centre did not publish the results of the poll on its website.

Keywords: Vladimir Putin
Countries: Russia
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The European Commission accuses Ukraine of flooding the EU with heroin
Additional details: The European Commission has published a document in which it accuses Ukraine of flooding the EU with heroin.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Zvezda TV
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Zvezda TV, owned by Russia’s Ministry of Defence, is well known to spread disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/dependent-media-russias-military-tv-zvezda/. The document in question is the European Commission’s first report to the European Parliament and the EU Council on EU visa liberalization pertaining to the Western Balkans and Eastern Partnership countries https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/what-is-new/news/20171220_first_report_under_suspension_mechanism_en.pdf. The report concerns three former Soviet republics, Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine, all of whom have a visa free arrangement with the European Union. As regards Ukraine, the report states that Ukraine is “a transit country for various illicit commodities trafficked to the EU”. Nowhere in the report is Ukraine accused of flooding EU countries with heroin nor does the report allege that crime has increased since Ukraine entered into a visa free regime with the EU.

Keywords: European Commission, Drugs
Countries: Europe, Ukraine, EU
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Arab refugees tried to kill two Czech boys
Additional details: Just before Christmas, three Arab refugees attacked two Czechs. In front of a club in Brno, a fight broke out in the early morning, when the refugees verbally attacked a girl. Two Czechs wanted to protect this girl so they got involved. They were then attacked with a knife and seriously injured by the Arabs. The attackers clearly aimed at the arteries on their throats and wanted to kill the Czechs, they failed only because of the rapid and good reaction of the Czechs.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): Aeronet.cz
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

The Czech police have issued a statement that they are clearly not refugees. All of the perpetrators have been living in the Czech Republic for several years and they speak Czech. All offenders were caught and will be tried under Czech law, like any other Czech citizen. http://www.policie.cz/clanek/hadka-mela-krvavou-dohru.aspx, https://twitter.com/CTHH_MV/status/945990424803532802

Keywords: Refugees, Migration crisis
Countries: Czech Republic
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Czech safety is out of the governmental control due to the EU's multicultural policy
Additional details: The head of the SPD movement Tomio Okamura says that the Czech Republic is under a threat of a terrorist attacks. According to him, if there was no danger, no anti-terrorist barracks would be placed in public places, and no policemen would go with the machine gun among the public places. In addition Czech safety is out of the governmental control, because Czech citizens have become hostages of the EU's multicultural policy.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://www.vlasteneckenoviny.cz/?p=194582
Disinforming outlet(s): vlasteneckenoviny.cz
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

Roadblocks and policemen with machine guns are only precautions. However, the threat of terrorist attacks in the Czech Republic is very low. Also according to the annual report of the Czech Security Information Service the Muslim community in the Czech Republic maintains a very moderate character, the August 2016  march called "Muslims against Terrorism" showed their disagreement with jihadist terrorist attacks. The Czech Security Intelligence Service BIS has stated that the only radical issue connected with the Czech Muslim community is Islamophobia directed against Muslims. https://www.bis.cz/vyrocni-zprava16e1.html?ArticleID=1136#2.5._Terorismus

Keywords: Terrorism, Migration crisis
Countries: Czech Republic
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Due to migration, Sweden introduces new law on sexual consent
Additional details: Due to the many rapes committed by migrants in Sweden, the Government is introducing a new law that will require the persons involved in the sexual act to record or write a statement that both are agreeing to sex before the act.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The new sexual consent law in Sweden does not mention migration at all. It is a legal instrument introduced in order to enable more rape and sexual assault cases to be prosecuted. - regardless of the ethnicity of the people involved. Under current Swedish law, the Swedish term for "rape" covers a multitude of sexual offences that may or may not have occured under threat or violent circumstances. Under the new sexual consent law, due to be legislated during 2018, perpetrators may be prosecuted even without the presence of violence or the threat of violence. As the Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven said in a press conference, "It should be obvious. Sex should be voluntary. If it is not voluntary, then it is illegal." "If you are unsure, then refrain!" https://www.thelocal.se/20171218/swedish-pm-backs-new-sexual-consent-law, http://www.government.se/48e153/contentassets/bd47f8d9200f49fe95fb9821cb749363/consent--the-basic-requirement-of-new-sexual-offences-legislation.pdf

Keywords: Sexual assault, Migration crisis
Countries: Sweden
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The US trained and armed Daesh/IS
Additional details: ''The Islamic State'' was the first terrorist organisation which in the history of terrorism had a desire to create a state. Had it become a reality, not only the Middle East, but also the whole world would have encountered an extremely serious problem. This was a wicked plan of the US special services and politicians. They wanted to strengthen positions by means of ''the Islamic State''.The implementation of these far reaching plans needed a lot of money. As President Trump says, the former US Administration spent 5 trillion USD on the Middle East programme. It is obvious that this sum includes creation, training and armament of ''the Islamic State''. But this did not work because of the Kremlin's involvement. The actions of Russia saved Bashar al-Assad (hated by the west and namely by the US), Syria and the whole Middle East from terrorist Caliphate.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper page 11
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and the World
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation that the US is protecting or working together with ISIS/Daesh https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=Daesh&disinfo_issue=&date=. The US is fighting against Daesh together with the Global Coalition against Daesh http://theglobalcoalition.org/en/home/. The US MoD outlines the latest progress on their website https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1322158/strikes-continue-in-effort-to-defeat-isis-in-syria-iraq/. Furthermore, a recent report by the Conflict Armament Research has found that up to 90 per cent of weapons seized from ISIS in Iraq and Syria originated from China, Russia and Eastern Europe http://www.conflictarm.com/publications/. US arms accounted for just 1.8 per cent of items recovered between 2014 and 2017 while 43.5 per cent of weapons originated in China, according to analysts. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5228199/Analysis-shows-origins-ISIS-weapons-came-from.html

Keywords: Syrian War, Daesh
Countries: US
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''The Islamic State armed groups'' were created with the immediate support and participation of America
Additional details: Europe - America supported creation and strengthening of ''the Islamic State'' in the east, years ago also Europe-America had supported and strengthened the fascist state in the west…''The Islamic State armed groups'' were created with the immediate support and participation of America. This was aimed at overthrowing the post-Soviet regimes, approaching Russia's borders and undermining Russia, but suddenly ''the Islamic State' turned into the worst enemy of humanity.  Russia interfered and successfully restrained this disaster.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper page 8
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and the World
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation that the US is protecting or working together with ISIS/Daesh https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=Daesh&disinfo_issue=&date=. The US is fighting against Daesh together with the Global Coalition against Daesh http://theglobalcoalition.org/en/home/. The US MoD outlines the latest progress on their website https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1322158/strikes-continue-in-effort-to-defeat-isis-in-syria-iraq/. Furthermore, a recent report by the Conflict Armament Research has found that up to 90 per cent of weapons seized from ISIS in Iraq and Syria originated from China, Russia and Eastern Europe http://www.conflictarm.com/publications/. US arms accounted for just 1.8 per cent of items recovered between 2014 and 2017 while 43.5 per cent of weapons originated in China, according to analysts. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5228199/Analysis-shows-origins-ISIS-weapons-came-from.html

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist, Daesh
Countries: Europe, Russia, US
More
Russophobia is a very dangerous tool used to achieve the military encirclement of Russia
Additional details: Russophobia is a very dangerous tool for military and political preparations, military encirclement of Russia and the escalation of tension. Ukraine has undergone a terrorist coup d'état with the assistance of foreign forces. South-East Ukraine has opposed the enforcement of orders derived from Bandera's time.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): https://cz.sputniknews.com
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/?s=russophobia, https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=coup&disinfo_issue=&date=.

Keywords: Military, Stepan Bandera, Russophobia
Countries: Czech Republic, Russia
More
US Ambassador urged Moldovan Parliament to pass the law against "Russian propaganda"
Additional details: The US Ambassador to Moldova, James Pettit, demanded that the Parliament prohibit the broadcasting of Russian TV channels. He expressed the hope that this is "a step in the fight against disinformation".
Language / Targeted audience: Moldavian
Disinforming outlet(s): Transnistrian News, Point.md, Eadaily.com, RTR Moldova, Bloknot-moldova.md, Pravdanews.info, Mirtesen.ru, Ruposters.ru
Reported by: Api.md
Disproof note:

In fact, the US ambassador did not speak about the law passed by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova on December 7, 2017. He just called for a new Code of Television and Radio, which would fully comply with the EU standards, both with regard to foreign propaganda and internal propaganda. According the fact-checking by API, he stated that foreign propaganda is a problem in Moldova, and the United States understand the risks of Russian disinformation. But, he continued, Moldova also faces a problem of internal control over the media. This situation does not only threaten the independence of the media in Moldova, but also generates news that can be characterised as different forms of propaganda from internal sources, the ambassador said.

Keywords: Propaganda, Anti-Russian
Countries: Moldova, Russia, US
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France is banning Christmas symbols
Additional details: France is banning Christmas symbols. It has announced to set up a counter-terror prosecutor's office, but actually France is not fighting with terrorists and jihadists but with its own Christian past.

No one says it out loud that all this is done to please the liberals and their "best friends" - radical islamists.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.kp.ru/daily/26772/3805787/
Disinforming outlet(s): Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation. In France religious symbols are prohibited from public institutions as an application of the principle of the separation of church and state. For background on the legislation, that also bans Muslim headscarves and Jewish skullcaps, read more here.

Further debunking by the Insider.

Keywords: Jihad, Islamic extremism, Christmas, Terrorism, Christianity
Countries: France
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Citizens of Ukraine are deported from the EU in masses
Additional details: Ukrainians are deported from the EU in masses, and these figures have only been growing since the launch of the visa-free regime.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The figures presented in the disinforming article do not provide any evidence to the claim about mass deportation. The numbers in the article refer to a period from April to June in 2017, when visa-free travel for Ukrainian citizens entered into force on 11 June 2017. The disinforming outlet Ria Novosti refers to "international media", when in fact the source is Rossiiskie Vesti, another outlet frequently spreading disinformation. It also refers to the data of the EU agency Frontex. According to the latest available data from June-October 2017, there were no fundamental changes in the amount of illegal border crossings between Ukraine and the EU. http://frontex.europa.eu/trends-and-routes/migratory-routes-map/

Further debunking at Stopfake.org https://www.stopfake.org/fejk-grazhdan-ukrainy-massovo-deportiruyut-iz-es-i-izrailya/.

Keywords: Eastern Partnership, Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
No evidence whatsoever that Russia interfered the US elections in 2016
Additional details: Despite numerous investigations by various commissions, there is still no evidence about Russia's influence in the 2016 US presidential elections.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti @Rossiya 1, 07:34
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

There is numerous evidence presented on the Russian attempts to influence the US elections. See the US Intelligence Community report "Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections”, Twitter's has banned ads on RT and Sputnik over election interference. Facebook acknowledged that it had discovered 3,000 ads from 470 accounts connected to Internet Research Agency (the name of the infamous troll factory in St Petersburg https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/07/magazine/the-agency.html). It's since revealed that those accounts collectively created 80,000 pieces of content that may have been shared, both organically and through ads, with 126 million people.

Keywords: election meddling
Countries: Russia, US
More
The only threat to Sweden is an increased threat of extremism
Additional details: According to Anders Thornberg, the head of Sweden’s security service, the only threat to Sweden is that the country is facing an increased threat of extremism.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Alt-info.com
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

Anders Thorberg, the head of Sweden's security service (Säpo), was recently interviewed by BBC, but the headline of the interview referred to is in fact "Swedish security chief warning on fake news". He specifically mentioned that "It's very important for us to follow this and we are not shy in Sweden - we say that the biggest threat to our security in that perspective is Russia," which is left out in the Georgian article. He also mentions radicalisation and right-wing extremism as rising threats. Further debunking at Myth Detector.

Keywords: security threat, fake news, Islamic extremism
Countries: Russia, Georgia, Sweden
More
The US threatened Georgia with sanctions due to UN vote
Additional details: The UN General Assembly vote on recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel led to that, as Georgian representation did not participate in the vote, the Americans have introduced a legal bill on imposing sanctions on Georgia, formulated by the congressmen of the US.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://geworld.ge/NEW/PDF/geworld-48-2017.pdf
Disinforming outlet(s): Geworld.ge
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

In fact,  a press-release published on Steve Russell’s official webpage on December 6 notes that the International Anti-Corruption Legal Bill is a response to the violation of contracts with the American companies and the US’ allies by the Government of Georgia https://russell.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/rep-russell-introduces-international-anti-corruption-bill. Further debunking by Myth Detector http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/disinformation-geworldge-usa-allegedly-threatened-georgia-sanctions.

Keywords: Corruption, UN, Sanctions
Countries: Israel, US, Georgia
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Estonia and Lithuania seek to improve relations with Russia without preconditions
Additional details: President of Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaite, and the Foreign Minister of Estonia Sven Mikser have both stated that they are seeking to improve relations with Russia, as is the European Union. Grybauskaite had no preconditions for cooperation with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Argumenti y fakti, Ukraina.ru
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Both politicians' statements were distorted. President Grybauskaite emphasized in the interview that "the abandonment of the occupied territories, less aggression, lack of interest in manifesting power ... .., influence on elections in our countries ... will make possible cooperation with all our neighbours". The Foreign Minister stated in the cited interview that: "Both Estonia and the EU as a whole are interested in good relations with Russia. To improve relations, it is necessary to restore the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine. We can not be blind to the fact that Russia in the most serious manner violates international law in Ukraine. No democratic state is ready to recognize in the 21st century the change of borders by armed means. "

Read the full debunk at Stopfake.org https://www.stopfake.org/fejk-evrosoyuz-stremitsya-uluchshit-otnosheniya-s-rossiej-lyuboj-tsenoj/.

Keywords: EU, Cold War
Countries: Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, EU
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New proof that MH17 was shot down from a territory controlled by Ukraine
Additional details: An eyewitness of Ukrainian troop movements in Donbas during the days around the tragedy proves that MH17 was shot down from Zaroschenskoe, then controlled by Ukraine.

 

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Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.vesti.ru/m/doc.html?id=2971804
Disinforming outlet(s): Rossiya 1
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation related to the MH17 tragedy. According to the Insider, satellite imagery used as proof in Rossiya-1’s broadcast in fact contradicts the testimony of an interviewee in the very same broadcast; the person in question claims to be an eyewitness of Ukrainian troop movements in Donbas during the days around the tragedy. On top of that, the claims made by the alleged eyewitness entirely contradict the results in Bellingcat’s open source investigation referred to above. Read more on our website.

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team, has concluded that a BUK missile, which had been transported into Ukraine from Russian territory, killed the innocent passengers on board the Malaysian Airlines flight.

Keywords: Donbas, MH17
Countries: Ukraine
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Russia does not interfere in the domestic affairs of sovereign states.
Additional details: Russia “does not interfere in the domestic affairs of sovereign states”.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.bfm.ru/news/374104
Disinforming outlet(s): Andrei Klimov, Deputy Chairman, Russian Federation Council foreign affairs committee
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

Russia has recently interfered in the domestic affairs of a number of countries, the most obvious being Ukraine and Georgia. Further debunking by Polygraph https://www.polygraph.info/a/iran-protests-russia-interference/28951783.html.

Keywords: Military, War in Ukraine, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, Georgia
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In the West the Christian confessions face an anti-Christian culture
Additional details: Today's apocalypse: A closed Lutheran church in Edinburgh became a night club and pub named "Sin". It seems that in the West the Christian confessions face an "anti-Christian culture". And since the maintenance of the places of worship is expensive, churches and cathedrals all over Europe are closed, being leased or bought for commercial projects.
Language / Targeted audience: Moldavian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Moldova
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Indeed, the maintenance of the places of worship is expensive, and churches are closed or being leased for commercial projects, but this does not evidence of an apocalypse.  The nightclub "Sin" in Edinburgh is currently permanently closed, according to the official Facebook page.

 

Keywords: Christianity
Countries: Europe, UK, The West
More
The American coalition against ISIS has only recently started to openly report on their activities
Additional details: The information department of the Russian Defense Ministry and the General Staff have practically daily informed the public after almost every missile/bomb attack on the terrorists in Syria. The American coalition against ISIS also started to inform about eight months ago, they  provide a summary. Of course, the difference is fundamental. They [do it] from time to time, but we [do it] on a daily basis.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.kp.ru/daily/26775/3808693/
Disinforming outlet(s): Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia in Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

The U.S.-led coalition’s mission against Islamic State, called the Combined Joint Task Force “Operation Inherent Resolve,” started releasing information on every airstrike in January 1, 2015 http://www.inherentresolve.mil/Portals/14/Documents/Strike%20Releases/2015/01January/1%20Jan%20Strike%20Release.pdf?ver=2017-01-13-131049-843, not “eight months ago,” and the reports are as detailed as it gets -- not “summaries,” as Gerasimov claims.

The coalition's “Strike Release” reports have been issued and published on a daily basis, not “from time to time,” as Gerasimov says. Every day of “Operation Inherent Resolve” since January 2015 to the present has been accounted for transparently, and the reports are available to the public. http://www.inherentresolve.mil/News/Strike-Releases/. Further debunking at Polygraph https://www.polygraph.info/a/russia-syria-us/28944455.html

Keywords: Military, Syrian War, Daesh
Countries: Russia, US, Syria
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The US are blocking humanitarian aid in Syria
Additional details: Somewhere 25 kilometers west of al-Tanf there are more than 50,000 Syrian refugees. The Center for Reconciliation was created as part of the Russian military group in Syria, which is in fact coordinating and directing the delivery of all humanitarian aid, humanitarian convoys -- our Russian ones, U.N ones. These convoys go everywhere, but it is not working out in Rukban: the Americans do not allow them there - neither Syrian nor other convoys. The people are suffering.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.kp.ru/daily/26775/3808693/
Disinforming outlet(s): Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia in Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

No evidence to suggest that the US would be blocking humanitarian aid. Already debunked disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/the-us-blocks-humanitarian-aid-in-syria/, https://www.polygraph.info/a/us-tanf-syria-russia-rukban/28886915.html.

Keywords: humanitarian aid, Human rights, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, US, Syria
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European Union does not attract its Eastern neighbours any more, Moldova dreams of returning to the Russian market
Additional details: Moldova signed the association agreement with the European Union, but now it dreams of returning to the Russian market.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti @Rossiya 1, 24:06
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. According to a poll by the International Republican Institute, in October 2017 49 % of Moldovans preferred to join the European Union, 38 % the Customs Union/Eurasian Union (answering a question "If Moldova could only join one international economic union, which one should it be?).

The Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) is compatible with all other free trade agreements that Moldova is part of, and does not limit Moldova's ability to export its products to other countries. Moldova also retains full sovereignty over its trade policy since it is not a member of any customs union. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage_en/4011/EU-Moldova%20relations,%20Factsheet

The EU is Moldova’s first trading partner and biggest investor in the country. In 2016, it accounted for 66% of Moldova’s overall
exports and 55% of total trade. In 2016, EU imports from Moldova grew by 7.7% compared to 2015. This is an increase of 13.5% since 2014, the year when the
Association Agreement along with its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) entered into force. https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/eap_summit_factsheet_moldova_eng.pdf

Further debunking by API.

Keywords: Economic difficulties, AA/DCFTA
Countries: Moldova, Russia, EU
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