We have seen plenty of disinformation targeting Europe this week. A Czech disinformation outlet wrote that the Council of Europe enforced a rule that Czech children are stolen from their mothers, in order to privilege the LGBT community and help the islamization of the nation, thus playing into two common anti-Western narratives in one go.

A Slovak outlet accused the German Press Council of censoring media, which are allegedly banned from mentioning the religion and ethnicity of people in their reporting. In fact, the non-binding rules were changed directly to the opposite: “The German Press Council on Wednesday eased slightly the rules about mentioning the religious or ethnic background of a criminal suspect,” writes thelocal.de.

A Bulgarian outlet spread the message that Turkey is preparing a military attack on Bulgaria. The Disinformation Review has reported over a dozen cases of such alleged planned attacks, none of which happened, but which blur the realities of aggression that has taken place in Europe’s Eastern neighbourhood.

Finally, a Georgian outlet told its readers that EU membership has had such devastating consequences for Estonia that the country has lost 800,000 citizens. The pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative of Europe’s depopulation has been seen before, targeting Scandinavia. Estonia’s population is around 1,3 million. We suspect that if the country really had lost two thirds of its citizens, someone there might have noticed.

The Minsk agreements are anti-Russian. Only Russia honours them

The disinformation campaign against Ukraine continues this week. Russia’s main TV shows all repeated the three-year-old disinformation narratives about Ukrainians being fascists and an alleged genocide against Russian speakers, and the almost two-year-old disinformation that Ukraine supports Daesh fighters.

But even smear campaigns need some refreshment. Thus, we saw some embellishment too, with pro-Kremlin outlets claiming that the US was targeting the Russian space industry when it “organised Maidan in Ukraine” (sic) and that Europe has always provided Ukraine with misfortune, grief and death – despite the EU being both currently and historically the biggest donor to Ukraine.

The recent decision about Russia’s contestant to Eurovision was also covered. Ukraine announced that since Yulia Samoylova had violated Ukrainian law by entering Crimea from Russia, she would not be allowed into Ukraine. Pro-Kremlin outlets turned this into a claim that Ukraine was against disabled people.

The message that Hungary will annex part of Ukraine was revived once again. Pro-Kremlin outlets repeat this disinformation every couple of weeks in one form or another (sometimes Hungary, sometimes Poland or Romania). But there is only one country that has violated Ukraine’s territorial integrity in the modern age, and that is Russia.

Russia’s own actions got some coverage on Russian TV (although less than the events outside Russia): we heard in the Vremya Pokazhet show that it is only Russia that fulfils the Minsk agreements, unlike e.g. the EU. Yet the 28 member states of the EU have recently prolonged sanctions against Russia – precisely for not fulfilling the Minsk agreements.

The story shows some inconsistency in pro-Kremlin disinformation: two weeks ago, another disinformation oriented outlet claimed that the Minsk agreements were just a Western tool designed to prevent Russia from fulfilling its geopolitical mission. But as we have explained in the past, the aim of Russian disinformation does not have to be to persuade an audience to believe, but rather to confuse, distort, blur, and undermine the very concept of truth (see e.g. here).

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week

The Open Society Foundation would prefer not to consult Hungarian...
Additional details: The Open Society Foundation would prefer not to consult Hungarian people about settling Middle East migrants to Europe.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nsTwN2
Disinforming outlet(s): hidfo.ru
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Hidfo distorted the original interview on index.hu. The Open Society Foundation representative was in fact simply arguing for a different, more structured form of public consultation http://bit.ly/2mISJ

Keywords: NGO, Middle East
Countries: Europe, Middle East
More
If Russia had not annexed Crimea, Ukraine would have drowned...
Additional details: If Russia had not annexed Crimea, Ukraine would have drowned this peninsula in blood.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nEGZGU
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ TV Rossiya (0:50)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation took place in February-March 2014, almost two months before the pro-Russian protests in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts escalated into an armed separatist insurgency: http://bbc.in/1FfegIv. So this was clearly not a case of preventing the escalation of a conflict which had not even started. // There were no confirmed reports prior to Russian intervention of any ethnic Russians being threatened in Ukraine; only allegations perpetuated by pro-Kremlin outlets.

Keywords: Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The Ukrainian government is totalitarian, because it tells its citizens...
Additional details: The Ukrainian government is totalitarian, because it tells its citizens what they should feel.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nEKdds
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (07:27)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Dictatorship, State oppression
Countries: Ukraine
More
President Poroshenko created Nazi groups in Ukraine in order to...
Additional details: President Poroshenko created Nazi groups in Ukraine in order to strengthen personal power and organize the fascist regime in this country.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nEKdds
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (43:52)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. President Poroshenko and the Ukrainian Parliament are the legitimate bodies of power elected by the citizens of Ukraine. The far-right ‘Right Sector’ (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that.

Keywords: Petro Poroshenko, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
The occupation regime, introduced by the victorious countries in Germany...
Additional details: The occupation regime, introduced by the victorious countries in Germany after the Second World War, has not been canceled so far.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nn6ryD
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (19:13)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The occupation status of Germany was ended by General Treaty signed in 1952 and taking effect in 1955: http://bit.ly/2opzYXJ

Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII
Countries: Germany
More
Turkey is going to attack Bulgaria militarily
Additional details: Turkey is going to attack Bulgaria militarily.
Language / Targeted audience: Bulgaria
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nWJTqR
Disinforming outlet(s): partiakoi.com
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Countries: Turkey, Bulgaria
More
Ukraine is showing more and more signs of being a...
Additional details: Ukraine is showing more and more signs of being a terrorist organization.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nXvICd
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Ukraine is a legitimate state with a legitimate government.

Keywords: Deep state, Terrorism
Countries: Ukraine
More
Political power in Ukraine is passing from President Poroshenko to...
Additional details: Political power in Ukraine is passing from President Poroshenko to nationalists and radicals.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2n9GgdG
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti Nedeli
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. President Poroshenko and the Ukrainian Parliament are the legitimate bodies of power elected by the citizens of Ukraine. The far-right ‘Right Sector’ (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that.

Keywords: Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine
More
There is a nazi and fascist regime in Ukraine, because...
Additional details: There is a nazi and fascist regime in Ukraine, because they are anti-Russian.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nEGZGU
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ TV Rossiya (26:23)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Repeating an older disinformation that has been debunked many times. See above.

Keywords: Anti-Russian, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
President Poroshenko admitted that Ukraine has lost Donbas
Additional details: President Poroshenko admitted that Ukraine has lost Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nn2cTo
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda (and others, see the disproof column)
Reported by: StopFake.org
Disproof note:

President Poroshenko merely said that Ukraine has lost control over Donbas, not that Donbas is lost for Ukraine: http://bit.ly/2nmVm08

Keywords: Donbas, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine
More
The coup d´etat attempt in Turkey was the West's reaction...
Additional details: The coup d´etat attempt in Turkey was the West's reaction to the change of foreign policy in Ankara, which was regarded a a betrayal.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2mHT3I7
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence for this conspiracy given.

Keywords: Coup
Countries: Turkey, The West
More
The school shooting in the French city of Grasse was...
Additional details: The school shooting in the French city of Grasse was a false flag operation which the government will use to justify stricter laws for control of the Internet.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o8Q48K
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the Framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

The shooting did indeed happen, but there is no evidence for the conspiracy given. The education minister called the attack “the crazy act of a fragile young man fascinated by firearms”: http://bit.ly/2nrehKo

Keywords: Internet, Censorship
Countries: France
More
The massive violent protests against right-wing politician Matteo Salvini in...
Additional details: The massive violent protests against right-wing politician Matteo Salvini in Naples were organized by the coalition of anarchists and EU officials who are trying to suppress their opponents, and who wish to continue their migration experiment.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o9fKSv
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the Framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

The protests were largely peaceful and violence was caused only by a small group of protesters. No evidence for the conspiracy given: http://bbc.in/2nXpdz4

Keywords: Protest, Migration crisis
Countries: Italy, EU
More
There is a nazi regime in Kyiv
Additional details: There is a nazi regime in Kyiv. The people of Luhansk are merely defending themselves against genocide.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o0p9zg
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

President Poroshenko and the Ukrainian Parliament are the legitimate bodies of power elected by the citizens of Ukraine. The far-right ‘Right Sector’ (often depicted as "fascists" or "Nazis" by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that. // No evidence of genocide has been provided.

Keywords: Genocide, LPR, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
The Zakarpattia oblast will detach from Ukraine and join Hungary
Additional details: The Zakarpattia oblast will detach from Ukraine and join Hungary.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nXug2K
Disinforming outlet(s): Svodki ot opolcheniya Novorossii @ VK
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence given. There is only one country that has annexed any part of modern Ukraine: Russia. The EU as a whole and all its Member States unequivocally support the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. Suggestions to the contrary have never been supported by any documents, decisions or other evidence.

Keywords: Ukrainian disintegration
Countries: Hungary, Ukraine
More
The US were targeting the Russian space industry when they...
Additional details: The US were targeting the Russian space industry when they organised Maidan in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o0jvgt
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were not provoked from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence. // No evidence about Russian space industry being targeted by Maidan.

Keywords: Euromaidan
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
Ukrainians are banned from travelling to Russia by the government
Additional details: Ukrainians are banned from travelling to Russia by the government.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nEKdds
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (05:50)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No, there is no such ban.

Keywords: Anti-Russian
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
David Rockefeller has died, not even the secret rituals with...
Additional details: David Rockefeller has died, not even the secret rituals with child and umbilical cord blood saved him.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o9cA12
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The article is built on the PizzaGate conspiracy that has already been debunked before: http://nyti.ms/2nn1tlr

Keywords: Rockefeller, Secret elites / global elites
More
The Ukrainian army is using white phosphorus ammunition in Luhanska...
Additional details: The Ukrainian army is using white phosphorus ammunition in Luhanska oblast.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2onYcRZ
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence given, the OSCE Special Monitoring Missions do not report that: http://bit.ly/2dG8OLk

Keywords: Chemical weapons/attack, LPR
Countries: Ukraine
More
It is now confirmed that Donald Trump's team was surveilled...
Additional details: It is now confirmed that Donald Trump's team was surveilled by the US secret services.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nZok9C
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

It is not confirmed: http://reut.rs/2mtljhr. According to CNN, the Department of Justice report does not confirm that: https://cnn.it/2oxmHMP

Keywords: Donald Trump, Secret services
Countries: US
More
Ukraine is providing weapons to Daesh fighters
Additional details: Ukraine is providing weapons to Daesh fighters.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nXBIuo
Disinforming outlet(s): Voyennaya Tayna (REN TV) @ Youtube, 1:11:35
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Repeating and older disinformation. No independent sources confirmed this message.

Keywords: Daesh
Countries: Ukraine
More
Moldovan opposition politicians were receiving instructions about organizing large-scale protests...
Additional details: Moldovan opposition politicians were receiving instructions about organizing large-scale protests against the newly elected President from an EU official.
Language / Targeted audience: Romania
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o8TYOW
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Moldova
Reported by: EEAS Moldova
Disproof note:

No evidence for this conspiracy given. The EU official was not discussing protests with the Moldovan opposition politicians; and he met also other stakeholders during his regular mission to Moldova.

Keywords: Protest
Countries: Moldova, EU
More
The US hawks are changing their strategy - they are...
Additional details: The US hawks are changing their strategy - they are now thinking about invading Canada.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nEEOmz
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. US-Canada relations are stable, both countries are members of NATO and share a lot of interests, values, and economical ties: http://bit.ly/Uvy3Rz

Keywords: War preparation
Countries: Canada, US
More
The Council of Europe has imposed such rules on the...
Additional details: The Council of Europe has imposed such rules on the Czech Republic that kids are being stolen from their mothers - all this in order to privilege the LGBT community and islamization of the European population.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nmVs8e
Disinforming outlet(s): czechfreepress.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Groundless conspiracy theory. Council of Europe is an international organisation focused on protecting human rights, democracy and rule of law. Czech Republic is a member.

Keywords: Council of Europe, Islamisation, LGBT
Countries: Europe, Czech Republic
More
The murder of Denis Voronenkov, former deputy in Russian Duma,...
Additional details: The murder of Denis Voronenkov, former deputy in Russian Duma, who was shot down in Kyiv, has been organized by the Security Service of Ukraine under the leadership of the CIA.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2o9NE9K
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:04:12)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory.

Keywords: CIA
Countries: Ukraine
More
The West has created radical islamism
Additional details: The West has created radical islamism. The West does not fight terrorism, because some of Western governments need it and use it destructively.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nsQqZt
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (10:29 and 16:58)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence for this accusation given. The Western coalition led by the US in fact fights against Daesh, see e.g.: http://bit.ly/2nEXzGM

Keywords: Terrorism, The West
Countries: The West
More
The German media must censor the ethnicity and religion of...
Additional details: The German media must censor the ethnicity and religion of people in their reporting.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nrzAtO
Disinforming outlet(s): hlavnespravy.sk
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA)
Disproof note:

"The German Press Council on Wednesday eased slightly the rules about mentioning the religious or ethnic background of a criminal suspect." Besides, the guidelines are non-binding: http://bit.ly/2nEa4lV

Keywords: Censorship, Media
Countries: Germany
More
The fascist military junta in Ukraine wants to incite civil...
Additional details: The fascist military junta in Ukraine wants to incite civil war in Transcarpathia. The Ukrainian government will send bloodthirsty Galician Nazis there.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2mz6SZc
Disinforming outlet(s): Support Donbass from Hungary
Reported by: Political Capital Institute
Disproof note:

No evidence for this accusation given. Repeating a myth debunked many times about "fascist junta" in Ukraine.

Keywords: Civil war, Junta, Transcarpathia, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
The Ukrainian army is performing false flag shootings against itself...
Additional details: The Ukrainian army is performing false flag shootings against itself near the line of conflict in Luhanska oblast.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2n8Gh0I
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence for this conspiracy given.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, LPR
Countries: Ukraine
More
Global elites want to move the Arabic world to Europe...
Additional details: Global elites want to move the Arabic world to Europe in order to demographically transform Europe. The statement of Peter Sutherland about migration proves it.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nn7QFm
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Mr Sutherland's statement does not prove anything from this conspiracy theory. He said that migration is a crucial dynamic for economic growth: http://bbc.in/1HfOZRe

Keywords: Secret elites / global elites, Migration crisis
Countries: Europe
More
By banning the Russian contestant from the Eurovision Song Contest,...
Additional details: By banning the Russian contestant from the Eurovision Song Contest, Ukraine has shown that the regime fights against disabled people and against Russians.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2n9rumx
Disinforming outlet(s): Mesto vstrechi @ NTV (17:39)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The Russian contestant was banned from entering Ukraine because she violated Ukrainian law (entered Crimea from Russia). The organisers offered to her to participate via satellite - which was rejected by Russia: http://wapo.st/2nYmfuh and http://bbc.in/2nOKTxB

Keywords: Eurovision
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Europe has always provided Ukraine with misfortunes, grief and deaths
Additional details: Europe has always provided Ukraine with misfortunes, grief and deaths. Whenever Ukraine united with Russia, they always prospered.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2mIOLAf
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (48:26)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The EU is both currently and historically the biggest international donor to Ukraine, and has proposed an overall support package of at least €11bn to help stabilise the economic and financial situation. // For Ukraine's "prospering" during the period of USSR, see e.g. Timothy Snyder's "Bloodlands".

Keywords: Historical revisionism
Countries: Europe, Russia, Ukraine
More
Europe will ban Ukraine from growing wheat, as the Baltic...
Additional details: Europe will ban Ukraine from growing wheat, as the Baltic States have been forbidden to develop their agriculture before. Therefore, Ukraine will be left only with one thing, to poison Europeans with drugs.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2mIOLAf
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:00:50)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Groundless conspiracy theory. The Baltic states were not forbidden to develop their agriculture.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Trade
Countries: Europe, Ukraine, Baltic states
More
Russia, unlike the EU, fulfils the Minsk agreements
Additional details: Russia, unlike the EU, fulfils the Minsk agreements.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2nsx7iT
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (40:02)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Russia does not fulfil the Minsk agreements, which is why the EU sanctions over action against Ukraine's territorial integrity were prolonged: http://bit.ly/2opMgiQ // The EU is not a part of the Minsk agreements and cannot "fulfil" them.

Keywords: Minsk agreements
Countries: Russia, EU
More
The growth in Estonia’s GDP per capita since its accession...
Additional details: The growth in Estonia’s GDP per capita since its accession to the EU is due to the decrease in population. In recent years, Estonia’s population decreased nearly by 800 thousand people.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and World
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

The increase of Estonia’s GDP per capita since becoming the member of the EU is due to the significant development of its economy. In addition, according to Statistics Estonia, the country’s population decreased only by 44,700, not 800,000. As the total population of Estonia is around 1,3 million, a decrease of 800,000 would leave very few people in the country. Last year, the population increased http://bit.ly/2nQ56Df.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Economic difficulties
Countries: Estonia, EU
More

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