During the course of the last week we have seen several old recurring narratives in pro-Kremlin disinformation. One favourite is to focus on the alleged occurrence of a nuclear accident in Ukraine. While not forgetting or denying the real accident in Chernobyl in 1986, disinformation about other nuclear power plants accidents in Ukraine is something we have seen since the start of the conflict in Ukraine in 2014 (e.g. here).

What was new this time around was that France was also targeted. As usual, a grain of truth is to be found in the middle of all of the disinformation: a small trace of radioactive Iodine-131 of unknown origin was indeed in January detected over large areas in Europe – but it was deemed by most as so small and without any health implications that it had no news value. Finnish authorities did report the trace and made clear that it posed no threat to health and also that it is not known where the trace originated – it could have come from a varied range of medicine producers or from a nuclear reactor.

Pro-Kremlin outlets, however, reported that European countries had accused Ukraine of being responsible for the leak – Russian state sponsored RIA Novosti even justified their report with a false quote from the Independent Barents Observer, who in their turn made clear that the attribution was false. The pattern was repeated by another outlet, claiming that several nuclear accidents had occurred over the past year in Ukraine and referring to Deutsche Welle as the source of the information. Deutsche Welle also refuted the claim, which was indeed subsequently removed, as reported by Stopfake. Meanwhile, a Czech outlet claimed that a nuclear accident in France was the reason for the (imaginary) “nuclear cloud” over Europe.

Repeating a lie makes it true?

Other old favourites in the pro-Kremlin disinformation catalogue that resurfaced this week were allegations that a laboratory in Georgia, that had previously been accused of spreading the H1N1 virus among other things, was now performing human experiments. The claim that Sweden imports black soil from Ukraine also re-emerged last week, a disinformation that started spreading in 2015.
And one of the most infamous disinformation examples – obfuscation over the tragic downing of flight MH17 – was once again brought up, with claims that Ukraine was to blame for the tragedy or that no one had concluded that the plane was wilfully shot down – despite the evidence presented by the Joint Investigative Team. Let us just remind you of the various disinformations that pro-Kremlin outlets have spread about MH17.

jord

Image: Alamy. Importing soil to Sweden seems far fetched, according to The Federation of Swedish Farmers, as there is enough in the country already.

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week

In 2006, the treacherous West organized an unprecedented drought in...
Additional details: In 2006, the treacherous West organized an unprecedented drought in Syria using a secret climate weapon.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2n1pgtb
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym’ (1:15:49)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence for these claims.

Keywords: Climate, The West
Countries: The West, Syria
More
Two thirds to three quarters of Ukrainian citizens want Russian...
Additional details: Two thirds to three quarters of Ukrainian citizens want Russian passports.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2miKYFy
Disinforming outlet(s): Igor Strelkov on Chervonec_001 @ Livejournal.com
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence for this claim given, no polls, no sociologic research.

Keywords: Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
There was a coup in Ukraine. Viktor Yanukovych is still...
Additional details: There was a coup in Ukraine. Viktor Yanukovych is still the legitimate president of the country.
Language / Targeted audience: French
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2n08V8h
Disinforming outlet(s): agoravox.fr
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of large parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013 http://bit.ly/1Tl9X7W. // Democratic, competitive and generally well-organised presidential and parliamentary elections were held in 2014 and local elections in 2015.

Keywords: Coup, Viktor Yanukovych
Countries: Ukraine
More
German media are against holding the 2017 Eurovision Song contest...
Additional details: German media are against holding the 2017 Eurovision Song contest in Kyiv.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mESmy6
Disinforming outlet(s): Politexpert
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The story does not cite an actual German publication nor does it link to any article and offers no direct or indirect quotes to support the author’s claim. http://bit.ly/2mmx06k

Keywords: Eurovision, Media
Countries: Ukraine, Germany
More
The government of Ukraine is destroying their own industry in...
Additional details: The government of Ukraine is destroying their own industry in the interest of the EU, which does not need Ukrainian enterprises.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mSDMmO
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (36:20)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The EU is supporting, not destabilising Ukraine, through one of the most ambitious reform programmes it has ever undertaken. The provisional application of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area offers Ukraine privileged access to a market of over 500 million consumers. The EU is helping, as both currently and historically the biggest international donor to Ukraine. It has proposed an overall support package of at least €11bn to help stabilise the economic and financial situation.

Keywords: AA/DCFTA
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Ukraine is preparing Shahids (= term for Muslims who have...
Additional details: Ukraine is preparing Shahids (= term for Muslims who have died when fulfilling a religious commandment, especially jihad) for terror attacks in Russia. Ukrainian volunteer battalions are the same as moderate Syrian opposition and suicide attack terrorists from all Middle East. The Ukrainian terrorists plan to blow themselves up in the centre of Moscow.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2miCaPO
Disinforming outlet(s): planet-today.ru
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence for these accusations given.

Keywords: Middle East, Muslim/Islam
Countries: Ukraine, Syria
More
Ukraine is governed by nazis and a terrorist government
Additional details: Ukraine is governed by nazis and a terrorist government.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nl1QML
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

The reoccuring disinformation that Ukraine is ruled by nazis is disproven by the facts. The far-right Right Sector often depicted as "fascists" or nazis by pro-Kremlin outlets gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi // Miaistok is a notorious disinformation spreading outlet.

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is ruled by armed bandits
Additional details: Ukraine is ruled by armed bandits.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mSDMmO
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (06:05)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The 2014 presidential election in Ukraine was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and respecting fundamental freedoms, despite the hostile security environment in two eastern regions of the country.

Keywords: Deep state
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukrainians will not get the visa free travel to the...
Additional details: Ukrainians will not get the visa free travel to the EU that Kyiv has been negotiating with Brussels for.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lSxDru
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Sputnik announced that Ukranians will not get the right to work in the EU. However, work visas for Ukrainians were never part of the visa free negotiations between the EU and Ukraine. The visas in question are 90-day tourist visas for the Schengen zone; work or residency visas for the Schengen zone were never part of the agreement.

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Moscow is in "no shape or form a party of...
Additional details: Moscow is in “no shape or form a party of the conflict" in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mCH2Aw
Disinforming outlet(s): Kremlin press secretary Dmitry Peskov in RIA Novosti
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

There is evidence of regular Russian army forces operating in Donbas, including video and photos from Russian soldiers and pro-Russian sources showing Russian soldiers and equipment operated exclusively by the Russian military in Donbas. Polygraph.info documented proof of Russia sending tanks into Donbas.http://bit.ly/1mac7cv, http://bit.ly/1cYjhft, http://bit.ly/2n1HECg. Further debunking at Polygraph http://bit.ly/2ngav6j.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
European countries accuse Ukraine of releasing a radioactive isotope into...
Additional details: European countries accuse Ukraine of releasing a radioactive isotope into the continent’s atmosphere.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m2R7or
Disinforming outlet(s): Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

No European publication has reported that the leak originated in Ukraine. Only Russian media, such as RIA Novosti Ukraina, Komsomolskaya Pravda, Anna News, Forum.msk.ru, Operativnaya Linia, Otkrytaya elektronnaya gazeta claimed that the source of the leak was Ukraine. According to the Independent http://ind.pn/2m70708, the traces found in Northern Europe could have been inadvertently released by a pharmaceutical company that produces radioactive medicines. Russian media regularly publish stories about what it calls extremely dangerous Ukrainian nuclear power plants, predicting that Ukraine’s atomic sector is on the point of collapse and it has been debunked before by StopFake. Ukraine’s Nuclear Regulatory Agency states that there were no nuclear mishaps in Ukraine that could have resulted in an iodine-131 leak. http://bit.ly/2n30sBD

Keywords: Nuclear issues
Countries: Ukraine
More
There has been a nuclear accident in France, that is...
Additional details: There has been a nuclear accident in France, that is the reason for the nuclear cloud over Europe.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m76Yqy
Disinforming outlet(s): Aeronet
Reported by: Denník SME https://www.sme.sk/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Aeronet is a notorious distributor of pro-Kremlin disinformation. There is no nuclear cloud over Europe, and no evidence of any nuclear accident in France http://bit.ly/28ZZZHS.

Keywords: Nuclear issues, Europe
Countries: France
More
There is a civil war going on in France, in...
Additional details: There is a civil war going on in France, in 20 cities, rendering at least half of the French army on the streets.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mIQ1C3
Disinforming outlet(s): tadesco.cz
Reported by: Denník SME https://www.sme.sk/
Disproof note:

There is no civil war in France. It is a common narrative in pro-Kremlin disinformation to present European countries as if they are disintegrating.

Keywords: Civil war
Countries: France
More
Ukraine is to blame for the radiation leaks in January,...
Additional details: Ukraine is to blame for the radiation leaks in January, because Ukraine's nuclear plants do not meet the necessary standards, writes Barents Observer.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m87S1j
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: The Barents Observer
Disproof note:

RIA Novosti fabricated the Barents Observer quote, the outlet has not said anything about Ukraine in its article about the radiation leaks: http://bit.ly/2lWC3NP

Keywords: Radiation, Nuclear issues
Countries: Ukraine
More
Nuclear accidents occurred at Ukraine’s Southern Nuclear Power Plant in...
Additional details: Nuclear accidents occurred at Ukraine’s Southern Nuclear Power Plant in April, May, June and November 2016, according to European scientists.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m2Ne2I
Disinforming outlet(s): Operativnaya Linia
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Russian media regularly publish stories about what it calls extremely dangerous Ukrainian nuclear power plants, predicting that Ukraine’s atomic sector is on the point of collapse, and it has been debunked several times before by Stopfake. Ukraine’s Nuclear Regulatory Agency states that there were no nuclear mishaps in Ukraine. it is also not clear from the text who the "European scientist" are, but no other reports of this is to be found. The publication first cited Deutsche Welle as their source, publishing what it said was a screen shot of a story about nuclear dangers in Ukraine. Deutsche Welle had never featured such a story. The Deutsche Welle screen shot has since been removed from Operativnaya Linia’s site. http://bit.ly/2n30sBD

Keywords: Nuclear issues, Europe
Countries: Ukraine
More
Dangerous laboratory experiments are performed on living human subjects at...
Additional details: Dangerous laboratory experiments are performed on living human subjects at the Richard Lugar Microbiological Laboratory in Georgia and the existence of this laboratory is a pretext for confrontation between Georgia and Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper
Disinforming outlet(s): Saqartvelo da Msoflio
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

The laboratories are a reoccuring target for disinformation by pro-Kremlin outlets, in 2016 pro-Kremlin outlets claimed that the laboratories spread H1N1 virus. An outline of previous disinformation can be sen at Myth Detetctor http://bit.ly/2mj0iB8. Lugar Laboratory Center is the only one in Georgia, in the Caucasus and Central Asia, which has a Level 3 Biosafety standard and they are accredited by the World Health Organisation.

Keywords: Biological weapons
Countries: Russia, Georgia
More
Trade with Ukraine is 10 times more profitable for the...
Additional details: Trade with Ukraine is 10 times more profitable for the EU than for Kyiv.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mmwkOy
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today (RT)
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

RT compares annual growth rates and declares that “the free trade zone is 10 times more profitable for the EU”. The EU’s statistics body Eurostat shows that exports have grown both from Ukraine to the EU and from the EU to Ukraine. The EU is a block of 28 countries and a much larger market than Ukraine hence comparing the two is futile and statistically does not make sense. The Ukraine-EU Association and Free Trade Agreement went into effect January 1, 2016; Ukraine’s GDP for 2016 grew at 1.5%. In 2015 Ukraine’s exports to the EU were in the minus (-6.5%), after the Association agreement went into effect Ukrainian exports to the EU grew by 2%. EU exports to Ukraine rose to 17% in 2016.http://bit.ly/2n2U8tZ, http://bit.ly/2mmzEJh

Keywords: Trade, AA/DCFTA
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Ukraine received 10 times less than promised from its trade...
Additional details: Ukraine received 10 times less than promised from its trade with the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nijz6P
Disinforming outlet(s): Aktualnye Novosti
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The Ukraine-EU Association and Free Trade Agreement went into effect January 1, 2016; Ukraine’s GDP for 2016 grew at 1.5%. In 2015 Ukraine’s exports to the EU were in the minus (-6.5%), after the Association agreement went into effect Ukrainian exports to the EU grew by 2%. EU exports to Ukraine rose to 17% in 2016.One year into the Association agreement Ukrainian media saw only positives for Ukraine from the trade relationship, focusing on the increasing rate of Ukrainian exports to EU countries.http://bit.ly/2n2U8tZ, http://bit.ly/2mmzEJh

Keywords: Trade, AA/DCFTA
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Ukraine presented a staged video as evidence for Russia transporting...
Additional details: Ukraine presented a staged video as evidence for Russia transporting heavy artillery for the militia in Eastern Ukraine at a hearing before the UN International Court of Justice in The Hague.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: Screenshot at http://bit.ly/2mCRnhu
Disinforming outlet(s): Moskovskyi Komsomolets
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The animation that Russian media has deliberately misrepresented as a staged video/video game is a documentary visualization prepared by the Joint Investigation Team, the team that spent more than two years compiling evidence on the 2014 downing of Malaysian flight MH17. The video is part of their findings concluding that the MH17 was shot down by a missile brought in from Russia. The documentary visualization was presented to the court as a computer-generated graphic and nothing else. It uses evidence gathered by the investigation team showing the route taken by the Russian missile launcher in a convoy into Ukraine. The full session of the ICJ hearing is available on the court’s web site where the documentary visualization is also available. (1:48:00-1:54:00).http://bit.ly/2mivgdu

Keywords: ICC
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
There have been massive demonstrations in Europe supporting Donbas
Additional details: There have been massive demonstrations in Europe supporting Donbas
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2neRXDt
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

To allege that Europeans massively took to the streets protesting the war in Eastern Ukraine is clearly a gross overstatement of what were essentially a few small and insignificant pro-Russian gatherings that only Kremlin propaganda reported. Snezhana Aendo’s site Yadonbas.rus http://bit.ly/2nj0DIW contains video from the various sparsely attended rallies.

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Europe, Ukraine
More
The infant mortality rate in Russia has fallen recently to...
Additional details: The infant mortality rate in Russia has fallen recently to a rate “lower than in Europe.”
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lU0ITc
Disinforming outlet(s): President Putin on the Kremlin website.
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

According to the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME), the infant mortality rate in Russia – meaning the probability of a child dying between birth and exactly one year of age – was 8.2 per 1,000 live births in 2015. That was approximately three times higher than the estimated infant mortality rates of most EU countries in 2015. The World Bank estimated Russia's infant mortality rate for 2015 at 8 per 1,000, while a majority of EU countries ranged between 2.4 and 4 per 1,000. Further debunking at Polygraph http://bit.ly/2mCwrpd

Keywords: Other
Countries: Europe, Russia
More
Swedish star reporter finds war-ravaged Mosul safer for women than...
Additional details: Swedish star reporter finds war-ravaged Mosul safer for women than Stockholm.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m8rzq9
Disinforming outlet(s): Magyar Midok
Reported by: Szabolcs Vörös, journalist, Hungary
Disproof note:

Hungarian translation of the Sputnik disinformation article above.

Keywords: Sexual harassment, Migration crisis
Countries: Iraq, Sweden
More
Sweden is already buying and importing black soil from Ukraine...
Additional details: Sweden is already buying and importing black soil from Ukraine for 100 millions of dollars per ton. This reflects what would happen if the West annexed Russia – Swedens actions are equivalent to what Hitler was doing.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mr8KQq
Disinforming outlet(s): Slovensko-ruska Spolocnost
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA), Slovakia
Disproof note:

Reoccuring disinformation that emerged already in 2015 http://bit.ly/2mwjLCn. Furtheremore, there is no indication that the "West" would want to annex Russia.

Keywords: Adolf Hitler
Countries: The West, Ukraine, Sweden
More
The US Department of Defense wants to build a military...
Additional details: The US Department of Defense wants to build a military compound in Slovakia.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2niX3e9
Disinforming outlet(s): ceskoaktualne.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within a project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund and led by the Centre for International Relations (CSM)
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the Slovak disinformation mentioned above.

Keywords: US presence in Europe
Countries: Slovakia, US
More
Russia does not supply and never has supplied weapons to...
Additional details: Russia does not supply and never has supplied weapons to Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2n1FhPQ
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (30:44)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There is overwhelming evidence to the contrary: http://bit.ly/1RbWQU5 // http://bit.ly/2mCAGBg // http://bit.ly/2mjJNVt // http://reut.rs/2mjiuM4 // http://bbc.in/XVjzgr

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Minsk agreements are just a Western tool to stop Russia...
Additional details: Minsk agreements are just a Western tool to stop Russia from fulfilling its geopolitical mission in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nfxi2o
Disinforming outlet(s): News-Front @ VKontakte
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Minsk agreements were co-signed by Russia. // Their objective is to stop the war in Ukraine. // Ukraine is a sovereign and independent country, not Russia's vassal.

Keywords: Minsk agreements
Countries: Ukraine
More
NATO instructors had trained Ukrainian agents who killed the "separatist"...
Additional details: NATO instructors had trained Ukrainian agents who killed the "separatist" military leader Oleg Anashenko.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nfnxkz
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence for this accusation given. // Miaistok is a notorious disinformation spreading outlet.

Keywords: Oleg Anashenko, War in Ukraine, NATO
Countries: Ukraine
More
French media tells Russia how to deal with Donbas and...
Additional details: French media tells Russia how to deal with Donbas and the Ukrainian President.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mizD7L
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

It was not "the French media", it was one disinformation article spreading on agoravox.fr (see above). // Miaistok is a notorious disinformation spreading outlet.

Keywords: Media, Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, France
More
CIA has learned how to imitate Russian hacking techniques, and...
Additional details: CIA has learned how to imitate Russian hacking techniques, and thus they can leave "Russian fingerprints" after their operations.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mJ6PsX
Disinforming outlet(s): Slovensko-ruska Spolocnost
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA), Slovakia
Disproof note:

No credible source confirms this information that has appeared in pro-Kremlin sources only.

Keywords: CIA
Countries: Russia, US
More
The demoralized Ukrainian army prepares a military coup in the...
Additional details: The demoralized Ukrainian army prepares a military coup in the country. Nazis are governing Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mJkm3A
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within a project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund and led by the Centre for International Relations (CSM)
Disproof note:

No evidence for this conspiracy given. // The reoccuring disinformation that Ukraine is ruled by nazis is disproven by the facts. The far-right Right Sector often depicted as "fascists" or nazis by pro-Kremlin outlets gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Coup, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
There is a nazi regime in Ukraine
Additional details: There is a nazi regime in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nwMfZG
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym’ (30:20)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The reoccuring disinformation that Ukraine is ruled by nazis is disproven by the facts. The far-right Right Sector often depicted as "fascists" or nazis by pro-Kremlin outlets gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Nobody knows who shot down MH17, but Ukraine is to...
Additional details: Nobody knows who shot down MH17, but Ukraine is to blame for the catastrophe as it did not close its airspace.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mjHgeV
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervaya Studiya @ Pervyi Kanal (44:30)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The technical report of the Joint Investigative Team concluded that the missile that shot down MH17 was fired from a Russian vehicle that crossed into Ukraine and then back to Russia again afterwards: http://bit.ly/2d980Nz, http://bit.ly/1yFmdmk. Recordings from intercepted phone calls and multiple eye-witnesses have substantiated their findings.http://bit.ly/2jqPAZu

Keywords: MH17
Countries: Ukraine
More
Swedish star reporter finds war-ravaged Mosul safer for women than...
Additional details: Swedish star reporter finds war-ravaged Mosul safer for women than Stockholm.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m6tQD3
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: Szabolcs Vörös, journalist, Hungary
Disproof note:

The reporter tweeted, as an answer to a question if she feels safe in Iraq, that in the Iraqi cities that are unaffected by the war she thinks the streets are calm and that it is safer in her view than in Stockholm. She does not comment in cities in conflict, such as Mosul

Keywords: Sexual harassment, Migration crisis
Countries: Sweden
More
The crash of MH17 cannot be considered an act of...
Additional details: The crash of MH17 cannot be considered an act of terrorism because neither the Dutch Safety Board nor the Joint Investigative Team have arrived at the conclusion the liner was shot down deliberately or that the equipment had been allegedly provided for this particular purpose.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mSM79S
Disinforming outlet(s): Ilya Rogachyov, director of the Russian Foreign Ministry's Department for New Challenges and Threats, at the preliminary hearing on the Ukrainian lawsuit. Russia Today (RT)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Further MH17-related obfuscation. The technical report of the Joint Investigative Team concluded that the missile that shot down MH17 was fired from a Russian vehicle that crossed into Ukraine and then back to Russia again afterwards: http://bit.ly/2d980Nz. Recordings from intercepted phone calls and multiple eye-witnesses have substantiated their findings.http://bit.ly/2jqPAZu

Keywords: Terrorism, MH17
Countries: Ukraine, The Netherlands
More
The elites in Europe are Russophobia and have been under...
Additional details: The elites in Europe are Russophobia and have been under the control of US foreign policy for 25 years, whereas ordinary Europeans want to live in peace and alliance with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nwLP5x
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (1:00:11)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Disinformation campaign often aims at creating divisions in society, for example between the "elite" and "ordinary people"; without actually having any sociological data for such claims. Despite current difficulties in the relationship with Russia, the EU and its Member States have maintained a clear policy of reaching out to Russian society and youth, e.g.through the Erasmus+ student exchange programme and other people to people contacts.

Keywords: Secret elites / global elites, Russophobia
Countries: Europe, Russia, US
More
The US Department of Defense wants to build a military...
Additional details: The US Department of Defense wants to build a military compound in Slovakia. Nobody is asking us (meaning Slovaks, not Russians - ed.), it is Munich 1938 all over again.
Language / Targeted audience: Slovak
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ndRRc7
Disinforming outlet(s): Slovensko-ruska Spolocnost
Reported by: Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA), Slovakia
Disproof note:

In fact, the Slovak Ministry of Defense only wants to use US funds to modernize its military airports: http://bit.ly/2mJgiR1

Keywords: WWII
Countries: Slovakia, US
More
The Government of Ukraine conducts terror against ethnic Russians in...
Additional details: The Government of Ukraine conducts terror against ethnic Russians in this country,
so Russia must demand that the International Court of Justice recognizes Ukraine as a
terrorist state and that the Russian population is being persecuted.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2nwLP5x
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ (08:50)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

This disinformation has been repeated since 2014 without a single piece of evidence confirming it. Prior to the Russian intervention and the disinformation campaign accompanying it, there were no confirmed reports of any ethnic Russians being threatened in Ukraine; only allegations perpetuated by pro-Kremlin outlets. The new Ukrainian government has placed a priority on peace and reconciliation from the outset. According to the Council of Europe, "In respect of the Russian language, most undertakings chosen by Ukraine under the European Charter for regional or minority Languages were fulfilled or partly fulfilled." http://bit.ly/2en7tsa.

Keywords: ICJ, Terrorism, Ethnic Russians
Countries: Ukraine
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There was no annexation of Crimea, it was a voluntary...
Additional details: There was no annexation of Crimea, it was a voluntary joining of Russia based on free will of the citizens as expressed in the referendum.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2miKqPb
Disinforming outlet(s): IA Novorossiya @ VKontakte
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Any decision relating to Ukraine's sovereignty or sovereign choices can only be taken without undue external pressure. This so-called referendum was organised in a matter of weeks by a self-proclaimed Crimean leadership lacking democratic legitimacy and installed by armed Russian military personnel following the seizure of public buildings. The EU does not recognise it. The United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 68/262, adopted on 27 March 2014 and supported by 100 states, clearly says that Russia's actions in the peninsula as well as the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea violate international law http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf.

Keywords: Referendum, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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