Pro-Kremlin outlets have engaged on the “fake news” debate this week, managing to find angles to criticise Western countries and present Russia in a positive light.

The English version of Sputnik informed that the EU is spreading fake news about Russia among its citizens and now intends to spread it also among Russians. As an example of such fake news it gives e.g. the “annexation of Crimea” or the “Russian invasion of Ukraine”. Just one problem – Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and military intervention in the East of Ukraine both happen to be true; you will find the debunks in the table again.

The current global discussion of fake news was also covered in Vladimir Solovyov’s show. The anchor himself mocked how the West was trying to teach Russians basic standards of journalism: “The West itself now calls its media ‘a lying press’”. A few days later REN TV’s anchor announced that “many experts” now confirm an unprecedented popularity of Russians abroad – with Vladimir Putin being the most popular of them all. He did not tell us the names of these experts. We found an opinion poll that would suggest otherwise.

 
DR 61

 

Hatred and lies. “News” about Ukraine

With the heightened level of hostilities in Donbas, the disinformation campaign targeting Ukraine remains the main issue for the pro-Kremlin oriented outlets. And the language remains significantly violent.

The usual disinformation about Ukraine being a nazi state – governed allegedly by “the same people” who collaborated with Nazi Germany (or their descendants) – was accompanied by calls for a “denazification” of Ukraine, to be performed by Russia. The similarly repeated disinformation about Ukraine performing a genocide of Russians in Donbas was accompanied by calls for annexation of the whole Ukraine.

In other outlets, it is actually “the West” which, we learn, intends to clean Ukraine of its population. According to the official TV channel of the Russian Ministry of Defence, Westerners need this purge in order to gain space where they can send refugees.

There were also some more amusing pieces of disinformation. We learned that Ukrainian children have been making cannons for their fathers (based on a picture taken seven years ago in a kindergarten – in Russia); and, based on no evidence whatsoever, that a religious holiday will be liquidated.

In this atmosphere, it will probably come as no surprise that in Solovyov’s show we heard that Russia and NATO have in fact been dividing Ukraine for the past 300-400 years: self-evidently untrue.

cannons

The cannons made by Russian kindergarten kids seven years ago.

Columbian Chemical Plant Revival

In September 2014, the hoax about an alleged chemical plant disaster was spread in the US information space. This sophisticated disinformation operation, which was conducted mostly via social media, was orchestrated by the troll factory in Saint Petersburg. As part of this campaign, also fake news sites were used “confirming” the accident.

The same tool was used also at the end of February – a fake website pretending to be the Belgian newspaper Le Soir was created, claiming that Emmanuel Macron’s campaign has been funded by Saudi Arabia, since he is their preferred presidential candidate in France. Of course, the real Le Soir denied they had ever produced such a story. Another attack on Mr. Macron similar to the previous ones confirms that he is among the most prominent targets of the pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign in Europe these days.

crosscheckmacron

Crosscheck quickly debunked the false claims.

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week

The Ukrainian collaborants of Nazi Germany, or their descendants, have...
Additional details: The Ukrainian collaborants of Nazi Germany, or their descendants, have come back to power in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lw0tOh
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (21:50)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence for this accusation given.

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine, Germany
More
The West itself calls its own media a lying press
Additional details: The West itself calls its own media a lying press.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lw0tOh
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (50:06)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Media, The West
Countries: The West
More
The McLaren report on Russian doping is no evidence, it...
Additional details: The McLaren report on Russian doping is no evidence, it is more like a novel, it is certainly not trustworthy.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lw0tOh
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:33:42)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The McLaren report is an independent investigative report http://bit.ly/2gK2uzB. After months of denying, Russian officials themselves have already admitted there was a widespread doping programme: http://ind.pn/2mWIgWZ

Keywords: McLaren Report, Doping
Countries: Russia
More
Emmanuel Macron's campaign has been funded by Saudi Arabia, since...
Additional details: Emmanuel Macron's campaign has been funded by Saudi Arabia, since he is their preferred candidate in the French presidential election.
Language / Targeted audience: French
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ll67mb
Disinforming outlet(s): Fake version of Belgian newspaper Le Soir
Reported by: Crosscheck
Disproof note:

The site on which the story appears is a perfect copy of that of the Belgian newspaper Le Soir — with a different URL. The official website of Le Soir quickly denied that the story had come from their newsroom http://bit.ly/2mNdzn4. // This messaging is in line with the pro-Kremlin messaging.

Keywords: Emmanuel Macron, Elections
Countries: Saudi Arabia, France
More
Russia has been dividing Ukraine with NATO for the past...
Additional details: Russia has been dividing Ukraine with NATO for the past 300-400 years.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lw0tOh
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnyi vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (21:26)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

NATO was established 68 years ago. Moreover, NATO has never divided Ukraine, or any other land, neither with Russia nor with anybody else.

Keywords: Historical revisionism, NATO, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
There was no people's revolution in Ukraine during Euromaidan
Additional details: There was no people's revolution in Ukraine during Euromaidan. It was merely 5-6 thousand militants and someone had to pay them serious money.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2n5Y7BK
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti nedeli
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of large parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. The total number of members of radical groups, e.g. the "Right Sector", never amounted to more than a few hundred to a maximum of a thousand people. The vast majority of the protesters (up to two million at one time nationwide) consisted of peaceful Ukrainian citizens http://bit.ly/1Tl9X7W.

Keywords: Euromaidan
Countries: Ukraine
More
The children in one of Ukraine’s kindergartens were tasked to...
Additional details: The children in one of Ukraine’s kindergartens were tasked to craft cannons for their dads due to February 23 (Defender of the Fatherland Day).
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mTQbU4
Disinforming outlet(s): TB 24
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

The photo presented as a "proof" actually travels through social media at least since 2010, and was taken in one of Russia's kindergartens.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
There was a fascist coup in Ukraine and now there...
Additional details: There was a fascist coup in Ukraine and now there is a civil war.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mvDhiB
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti nedeli
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of large parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. The total number of members of radical groups, e.g. the "Right Sector", never amounted to more than a few hundred to a maximum of a thousand people. The vast majority of the protesters (up to two million at one time nationwide) consisted of peaceful Ukrainian citizens http://bit.ly/1Tl9X7W.

Keywords: Civil war, Coup, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Economy of Ukraine has collapsed, civil liberties have disappeared, corruption...
Additional details: Economy of Ukraine has collapsed, civil liberties have disappeared, corruption is unprecedented and the population lives in fear.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mvDhiB
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti nedeli
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Ukraine achieved macro stabilisation, with the economy set to post real GDP growth in 2016. Inflation is down to single digits and the currency stabilised. The country successfully rescheduled its debt and created space for structural reforms. It restructured its banking sector in record time with the closure of one third of insolvent banks. Ukraine also successfully embarked on the restructuring of the energy sector, slashing its dependency on imports of gas from Russia. http://bit.ly/1RCJ76Q, http://ceip.org/24qcT6I. Ukraine’s progress in reforming the police, and the first tangible results of the work of the National anti-corruption office (NABU), show that progress is now being made in the fight against corruption at all levels.

Keywords: Corruption, Economic difficulties
Countries: Ukraine
More
Russian ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin was murdered by...
Additional details: Russian ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin was murdered by the American “deep state” (the term used for conspiracy of secret services, billionaires and politicians from the American establishment).
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lZ2uS1
Disinforming outlet(s): washingtonsblog.com
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

According to Russian sources, Mr. Churkin died from a heart attack: http://bit.ly/2lHDaNq

Keywords: Vitaly Churkin, Big business, Deep state, UN, Secret services, Conspiracy
Countries: Russia, US
More
Ukraine intends to liquidate Maslenitsa (Eastern Slavic religious and folk...
Additional details: Ukraine intends to liquidate Maslenitsa (Eastern Slavic religious and folk holiday) as a Soviet-era anachronism.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mWmzGL
Disinforming outlet(s): strana.ua
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

The disinformation article links to an ethnographic study about the difference between traditional Ukrainian and Russian holiday. No "liquidation" is suggested there: http://bit.ly/2mauaRX

Keywords: USSR, Slavic
Countries: Ukraine
More
The 700 tanks in the Donbas area could come from...
Additional details: The 700 tanks in the Donbas area could come from three sources: spoils of war captured from the Ukrainian military, sold illegally by Ukrainian commanders or they could have simply been present on the seized territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mNU8dG
Disinforming outlet(s): Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

There is evidence that Russia has supplied and continues to supply the self-proclaimed separatist republics in Ukraine with military equipment. NATO published satellite photos showing Russian combat troops with sophisticated heavy weaponry inside Ukraine. There are also documents showing that when separatists seized Eastern Ukraine, only 25 T-64 tanks remained in the region. Further debunking at Stopfake http://bit.ly/2mNVdSU

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
The number of non-combat casualties in the Ukrainian army has...
Additional details: The number of non-combat casualties in the Ukrainian army has risen, as the Ukrainian soldiers use more drugs.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lNzSHB
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence given. MiaIstok is well-known for spreading pro-Kremlin disinformation.

Keywords: Drugs
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine has run out of heat and the Emergency Situations...
Additional details: Ukraine has run out of heat and the Emergency Situations Service is rushing to open heating centers throughout the country.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mNW2LB
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

A recurring disinformation about Ukraine. While the Ukraina.ru does quote the head of the Emergency Situations Service accurately, the story headline - Ukraine without heat and organizing warming centers - is completely inaccurate and distorted. On February 16 Ukraine’s Emergency Service met to discuss plans in case an emergency heating shortage happened. Service director Mykola Chechetkin outlined the proactive measures being taken to minimize the effects of such a possibility. According to the chairman of Ukraine’s UkrEnergo national energy company, in current temperatures Ukraine has enough resources to meet heating needs through March. Further debunking at Stopfake http://bit.ly/2miDwx7

Keywords: Energy
Countries: Ukraine
More
A French priest was attacked in Avignon last Monday by...
Additional details: A French priest was attacked in Avignon last Monday by a North African person, but there was no information in the media.
Language / Targeted audience: French
Link to the disinformation: Screenshot at http://bit.ly/2mGMdiz
Disinforming outlet(s): Facebook account
Reported by: Crosscheck
Disproof note:

It wasn't reported because it didn't happen. Father Grégoire was indeed the victim of an attack of this type, but in May 2013. Several news outlets, including AFP, Midi Libre, Provence and Dauphiné, reported on this case at the time. In February 2015, this attack was also falsely reported on the Prêchi-Prêcha – a right-wing website.

Keywords: North Africa, Media
Countries: France
More
The residents of Kyiv will be paying more for electricity...
Additional details: The residents of Kyiv will be paying more for electricity in order to finance the Eurovision 2017 song contest that the Ukrainian capital is hosting in May.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m2W8k8
Disinforming outlet(s): Zvezda
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The Kyiv city administration announced at the end of January that city residents would not be called on to finance the international contest and any information to the contrary was simply false. Further debunking at Stopfake http://bit.ly/2mlVxLr.

Keywords: Energy, Eurovision
Countries: Ukraine
More
Despite the 2014 Ukrainian ban on doing business with the...
Additional details: Despite the 2014 Ukrainian ban on doing business with the Russian Federation, Russia is the largest importer of weapons from Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Ukrainian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lH0PNQ
Disinforming outlet(s): Korrespondent
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Translation to Ukranian of the Life.ru disinformation article above.

Keywords: Big business
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
NATO expanded aggressively after 1989 // NATO promised not to...
Additional details: NATO expanded aggressively after 1989 // NATO promised not to move to the East in 1990.
Language / Targeted audience: German
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mJzoE0
Disinforming outlet(s): freitag.de
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

The claim about NATO "expansion" misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not "expand" but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join. See: http://bit.ly/269ONPz; http://bit.ly/2e6J8oV; http://bit.ly/2eFPg9s. In any case, no such promise was made http://bit.ly/1qQ3wHH. This fact was acknowledged by former Russian President Gorbachev himself in 2014 in an interview for (pro-Kremlin outlet) Russia Beyond the Headlines http://bit.ly/2a6FHvM.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, NATO
Countries: Eastern Europe
More
Ukraine will sell its fertile soil in order to get...
Additional details: Ukraine will sell its fertile soil in order to get a tranche from Internation Monetary Fund.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mdAR7h
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given.

Keywords: IMF, Economic difficulties
Countries: Ukraine
More
Despite the 2014 Ukrainian ban on doing business with the...
Additional details: Despite the 2014 Ukrainian ban on doing business with the Russian Federation, Russia is the largest importer of weapons from Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lm0kMY
Disinforming outlet(s): Life.ru
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

After 2014 Ukraine and Russia have not signed any arms sales agreements. Further debunking at Stopfake http://bit.ly/2mAtGaJ.

Keywords: Big business
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The US ambassador to Russia took part in a protest...
Additional details: The US ambassador to Russia took part in a protest to commemorate Boris Nemstov.
Language / Targeted audience: French
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ml0kfX
Disinforming outlet(s): Fake image spread on several Russian social networks and the French blog Russie politics
Reported by: Crosscheck
Disproof note:

The image has been altered: John Tefft is standing exactly the same way in a photo published on 22 April 2015 in the Moscow Times. http://bit.ly/2mGMdiz

Keywords: Protest, Boris Nemtsov
Countries: Russia, US
More
Moldova, an agrarian country, finally has found out that nobody...
Additional details: Moldova, an agrarian country, finally has found out that nobody waits for the Moldovan agricultural products in Europe.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mW1Cvd
Disinforming outlet(s): izborsk.md
Reported by: BDR Associates
Disproof note:

Moldovan agricultural exports to the EU rose by 22% in 2016: page 6 in this report http://bit.ly/2mSiTZD.

Keywords: Trade, AA/DCFTA
Countries: Moldova
More
Russia is feeding the Ukrainian state where nazis are in...
Additional details: Russia is feeding the Ukrainian state where nazis are in power, a state that kills Russian people in Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lwtUj8
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (23:12)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The reoccuring disinformation that Ukraine is ruled by nazis is disproven by the facts. The far-right Right Sector often depicted as "fascists" or nazis by pro-Kremlin outlets gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Donbas, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukraine is not a sovereign state, thus their next president...
Additional details: Ukraine is not a sovereign state, thus their next president will not be chosen in the elections, but appointed by someone else.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lwtUj8
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (35:10)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Ukraine is a sovereign state with democratic and free elections.

Keywords: Sovereignty, Elections, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Ukraine
More
The current government of Ukraine is conducting the policy of...
Additional details: The current government of Ukraine is conducting the policy of a physical elimination of the population of Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lwtUj8
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:15:21)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Ukraine is merely defending its own territory against Russian military invasion, which was recently confirmed also e.g. by the International Criminal Court: http://bit.ly/2mtdPKk

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is a separatist part of historical Russia, thus Moscow...
Additional details: Ukraine is a separatist part of historical Russia, thus Moscow should not negotiate with Kyiv, but gradually annex all the territories of Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lwtUj8
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1:28:53)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Ukraine is a sovereign and independent state. Russians themselves have promised to respect Ukraine's independence and sovereignty in the Budapest Memorandum in 1994.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukraine has begun exporting its fertile soil to Sweden
Additional details: Ukraine has begun exporting its fertile soil to Sweden.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mdIevK
Disinforming outlet(s): politnavigator.net
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Reoccuring disinformation that emerged already in 2015 http://bit.ly/2mwjLCn.

Keywords: Trade
Countries: Ukraine, Sweden
More
If you count GDP per capita, Ukraine has 5,5 times...
Additional details: If you count GDP per capita, Ukraine has 5,5 times lower standard of living than Russia, and is on the same level as Bangladesh.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lNpWxJ
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @ Rossiya-1 (time 25:40)
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

According to IMF, Russia has GDP per capita 27,000; Ukraine 8,600 (approximately three times lower than Russia); Bangladesh 4,200 http://bit.ly/2mkt9d3 // According to the World Bank, the numbers are Russia: 24,500; Ukraine: 7,900; Bangladesh: 3,300 http://bit.ly/29khGBy. All numbers are in international dollar, which would buy in the cited country a comparable amount of goods and services a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States.http://bit.ly/2mAWeQZ

Keywords: Economic difficulties
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Many experts confirm an unprecedented popularity of Russians abroad
Additional details: Many experts confirm an unprecedented popularity of Russians abroad. And most popular of them all is Vladimir Putin.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lNGPs7
Disinforming outlet(s): Voyennaya Tayna @ REN TV (time 02:18)
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

In only three countries of the world is Russia viewed positively by more than 50 per cent of the population (Vietnam, Ghana, China). The image of Vladimir Putin scores lower: http://pewrsr.ch/1MRj50s

Keywords: Vladimir Putin
Countries: Russia
More
The EU spreads fake news about Russia among its own...
Additional details: The EU spreads fake news about Russia among its own population and intends to spread it also among Russian speakers. One example of that is "Russian annexation" of Crimea, or unproven "Russian invasion of Ukraine".
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2n5Ec67
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

The EU does not spread "fake news" about Russia. // UNGA Resolution 68/262, which condemned Russia's illegal actions in Ukraine, was supported by 100 United Nations member states. Only 10 states opposed it. http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court have concluded that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government http://bit.ly/2ftv6iT. President Putin himself admitted to the presence of Russian “people there, who deal with certain matters, including in the military area” [aka soldiers] in December 2015 http://bit.ly/1kC94ch and again in October 2016 http://bit.ly/2enbpt2.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Crimea, Ethnic Russians
Countries: Ukraine
More
Serbian Parliament has refused the EU during Federica Mogherini's visit
Additional details: Serbian Parliament has refused the EU during Federica Mogherini's visit.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2md9URb
Disinforming outlet(s): tsargrad.tv
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

According to the website of the Serbian Parliament, only the deputies from the Serbian Radical Party were shouting "Serbia, Russia, we don't need the EU": http://bit.ly/2ms6L0x // Serbian Radical Party holds 22 out of 250 seats, and thus cannot represent the whole Parliament.

Keywords: Federica Mogherini
Countries: Serbia, EU
More
The UN report says that Russia has not committed a...
Additional details: The UN report says that Russia has not committed a single war crime in Syria.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lmAyrV
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today in Russian
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

According to the report, The Syrian government and Russia mainly used unguided, indiscriminate munitions on civilian areas, killing 300 people, including 96 children, in the first four days of a September offensive alone: http://bit.ly/2lTFMu7.

Keywords: War crimes, UN, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
The UN report says that Russia has not committed a...
Additional details: The UN report says that Russia has not committed a single war crime in Syria.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mUdRI6
Disinforming outlet(s): novarepublika.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the RT disinformation article mentioned above.

Keywords: War crimes, UN, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
The current authorities of Ukraine unleashed a war in Donbas...
Additional details: The current authorities of Ukraine unleashed a war in Donbas to ban the ‘Donbas nation’ from speaking Russian, replace it with the Ukrainian and impose a different culture and values there.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2msQxEf
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:04:23)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The EU High Representative's Official Spokesperson has made it clear that "Ukraine has a right to take legitimate actions in defence of its sovereignty, territorial integrity and citizens, in full respect of its international obligations. It is Ukraine’s duty to preserve law and order within its borders while maintaining a measured approach, in particular protecting civilian lives" http://bit.ly/1RMKnDr. According to Ukraine’s Constitution and the Law on languages, every person is guaranteed the right to choose the language he or she wishes to speak and no restrictions have ever been enacted limiting that choice (see Article 10: http://bit.ly/2ep35dP ; Ukrainian original here: http://bit.ly/2ecPlAT.

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
British Prime Minister Theresa May plans to stop the free...
Additional details: British Prime Minister Theresa May plans to stop the free access of foreign individuals to Great Britain from the end of March. Czech Republic might be flooded by 100,000 returnees, mostly gypsies.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m3DDfz
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

According to UK´s plans, EU citizens newly arriving in the UK will no longer have an automatic right for the permanent residence in the country: http://bit.ly/2m3BvnZ // Aeronet.cz is a notoriously pro-Kremlin source.

Keywords: Theresa May
Countries: Czech Republic, UK
More
Russian ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin was murdered by...
Additional details: Russian ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin was murdered by the American “deep state” (the term used for conspiracy of secrete services, billionaires and politicians from the American establishment).
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m3tvBK
Disinforming outlet(s): zvedavec.org
Reported by: Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within framework of the Centre for International Relations´ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the Washingtonsblog disinformation article mentioned above.

Keywords: Vitaly Churkin, Big business, Deep state, UN, Secret services, Conspiracy
Countries: Russia, US
More
NATO expanded aggressively after 1989 // NATO promised not to...
Additional details: NATO expanded aggressively after 1989 // NATO promised not to move to the East in 1990.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mdrQLQ
Disinforming outlet(s): baltnews.lt
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Repeating the Freitag.de disinformation article mentioned above.

Keywords: NATO
Countries: Eastern Europe
More
The nation of Donbas is fighting against Ukraine, defending its...
Additional details: The nation of Donbas is fighting against Ukraine, defending its right to live as it wants, and Russia is helping the nation of Donbas by all legal means.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2msQxEf
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (12:55)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Donbas is not a nation. The war in Donbas was started by Russian officer Igor "Strelkov" Girkin and his people, as Strelkov himself had admitted before: http://bit.ly/2mezNQH // Russia still controls the intensity of hostilities in Donbas, as confirmed e.g. by the Estonian foreign intelligence service: http://bit.ly/2kCYUJD

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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The war in Ukraine is favourable for Europe, as Europe...
Additional details: The war in Ukraine is favourable for Europe, as Europe intends to clean Ukraine of its population and send refugees there instead.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mm6sEH
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: Alya Shandra, euromaidanpress.com
Disproof note:

Groundless conspiracy theory. In fact, the EU fully supports Ukrainian sovereignty and supports the Minsk agreements aimed at stopping the military conflict.

Keywords: Refugees, Migration crisis
Countries: Europe, Ukraine
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The new American administration will aim to control Russia, or...
Additional details: The new American administration will aim to control Russia, or to destroy her. The intermediate goal will be to drag Russia into armed conflicts around Russia's border with the perspective to move the fight on Russian territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2msmHzA
Disinforming outlet(s): Voenno Promyshlenyi Kurier
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given. The US respects Russia's sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Keywords: Destabilising Russia, Sovereignty
Countries: Russia, US
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Petro Poroshenko aims to establish his personal dictatorship in Ukraine
Additional details: Petro Poroshenko aims to establish his personal dictatorship in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lwlFDL
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (13:27)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Dictatorship, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine
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The population of Ukraine is mainly ethnic Russians, majority of...
Additional details: The population of Ukraine is mainly ethnic Russians, majority of them sees the current government as a banderite occupation. One of Russia's main goals has to be de-nazification of Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lwlFDL
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (42:53)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

In the last Ukrainian census, carried out in 2001, 8.3 million people (17.3% of the population) identified as ethnic Russians http://bit.ly/1gKrIph. The elections in 2014 were characterised by the OSCE as showing the "clear resolve of the authorities to hold what was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and with a respect for fundamental freedoms."// The reoccuring disinformation that Ukraine is ruled by nazis is disproven by the facts. The far-right Right Sector often depicted as "fascists" or nazis by pro-Kremlin outlets gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Ethnic Russians, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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The German MFA has issued a warning against travelling to...
Additional details: The German MFA has issued a warning against travelling to Sweden in March 2017.
Language / Targeted audience: German
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lOeOR8
Disinforming outlet(s): AfD Berlin @ Facebook
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

German MFA: "There is no warning against travelling to Sweden." http://bit.ly/2msLLXy

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Sweden
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