New Year is a time for resolutions, but can also be a time of uncertainty. What better moment to play on fear of the unknown and to dig out old, well-known deterrents?

This time, pro-Kremlin disinformation put migrants in the bogeymen role. Migrants flooding Georgia were supposed to be the consequence of the UN Global Migration Compact; the West would allegedly force Georgia to accept immigrants without the country’s control. However, the publicly available Migration Compact does not talk about forcing anybody to do anything.

Migrants were also portrayed as people who cause significant increases in public disorder, robberies and rapes in Germany, as well as turning Europe into an Islamic region, a narrative we are well familiar with. These claims might well play on real concerns but they distort and exacerbate feelings and are not supported by any statistics or reliable evidence.

Illegal immigrants were also presented as a problem which would allegedly cause the suspension of the EU visa-free regime for Ukraine. A wide coverage of the matter made references to the report of the European Commission on the visa liberalisation in 26 countries. The fact that this report does not mention any intention to suspend the arrangement with Ukraine apparently did not deter the disinforming sources.

Ukraine shown as an aggressor again

The pro-Kremlin media continued its well-known information attacks on Ukraine: the country was presented as the provocateur in the Kerch Strait. At the same time, the disinforming outlets claimed that tensions in Ukraine will be used for religious persecution by the country’s president, Petro Poroshenko, and by NATO.

On a more peaceful note – did you know that the West allegedly has a pro-LGBT motive in backing the Ukrainian Orthodox Church? And the situation in Ukraine will continue to deteriorate, we were told, but not as a result of the Russian occupation of eastern Ukraine. Instead it is the fault of moral decay – a diagnosis often used for incriminating Western countries.

As elections are nearing in Ukraine, the authorities in Kyiv were accused of rendering them illegitimate because of the decision to close polling stations in Russia. On the other hand – the pro-Kremlin media told us that the outcome of the Ukrainian election will be decided in Washington, and the US invested in the Euromaidan protests and is now waiting for the dividend. How the two disinfo narratives combine, is impossible to assess.

Check the case here

Staying in the spirit of Christmas, here’s another disinfo example: 27% of Americans are in favour of transforming Santa Claus into a woman or a gender-neutral character. What the disinforming outlets forgot to mention that this number came out of an online survey by a graphic design company, conducted for entertainment purposes, with responses from 514 Americans.

And all this to portray the EU, NATO and the West as morally decadent, full of chaos and crime, on the brink of demise, and forcing other countries to act against their sovereign will. We have seen it all before, and we will see it again, as this is one of the numerous ways that pro-Kremlin disinformation is trying to convince the audience that there can only be one result of East-West cooperation – a negative one.

As you can see, moving into 2019 Russian doctrine is as serious as ever about taking advantage of the word, camera, photo and internet as ‘another type of weapon’.

The outcome of Ukrainian election will be decided in Washington
Additional details: The outcome of Ukrainian presidential election will be decided in Washington. And it is very likely that Washington will come to the conclusion that Tymoshenko is a better option than Poroshenko. And then Poroshenko will announce that he has fulfiled his duty and not run in the election again and Tymoshenko will take his place.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=0N6VatdT8y8
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimiram Solovyovm @Rossiya 1 (21:00 - 22:30)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory to undermine the legitimacy of democratic election in Ukraine.

Similar pro-Kremlin disinformation messages have appeared in the past. See more here and here.

Keywords: Yulia Tymoshenko, Petro Poroshenko, Elections
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
New law in Estonia: punishment for negative attitudes towards the state
Additional details: Negative attitude towards the state will become a crime in Estonia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Interfax
Gazeta.ru
Ren TV
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Estonia does not punish for negative attitudes towards the state.

The law does mention crimes "aimed at creating or maintaining ties against the Republic of Estonia and exerting anti-state influence on the officials".

Further debunking by The Insider.

Keywords: Freedom of speech
Countries: Estonia
More
The Association Agreement with Georgia benefits only the EU
Additional details: The only benefit of the Association Agreement between the EU and Georgia is visa liberalization. However, it is beneficial only to Europe, as Georgian tourists represent an additional source of income.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and World
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The claim is ungrounded. Since Georgia signed the Association Agreement with the European Union, its export to the EU countries increased by USD 599.7 million. The EU allocated EUR 179.5 million for improving the agricultural sector in the 2013-2022 period. Since 2014, 3,607 Georgian students received education in European higher education institutions through the EU funding.

Further debunking by Mythdetector.

For more information about the Association Agreement, see here.

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: EU, Georgia
More
Over a quarter of Americans want Santa-Claus to be a gender-neutral character
Additional details: According to a survey carried out by Graphic Springs, 27% of Americans are for transforming Santa-Claus to a gender-neutral character.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Alt-Info
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The survey was not representative, it had been conducted via internet by a graphic design company for entertainment purposes. The question about Santa’s gender was answered by 514 Americans.

Further debunking by Mythdetector.

Keywords: Christmas
Countries: US, Georgia
More
UN report: Georgians may become minorities in their own homeland by 2050
Additional details: According to a UN report, Georgians may become minorities in their own homeland by 2050, as birth rate among ethnic Georgians is low compared to other ethnic groups living in Georgia.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): National Power
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

There are no UN statistics saying that Georgians will become a minority by 2050.

Further debunking by Myth Detector.

Keywords: fake statistics
Countries: Georgia
More
By signing the UN Global Compact for Migration, Georgia will be forced to let in migrants from Syria and Africa
Additional details: Georgia signed the UN Global Compact for Migration, contrary to many other countries who want to protect their borders from migrants.

The UN Global Compact foresees that migrants' rights are fundamental. For that reason, any criticism of migrants will cause being named a racist or a xenophobe.

Signing the agreement means also that foreign countries can tell Georgia to let in migrants from Syria and Africa.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Asaval – Dasavali, Sputnik Georgia, myvideo.ge
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The Global Compact is non-legally binding - and this fact is clearly stated in the document itself (paragraph 7: This Global Compact presents a non-legally binding, cooperative framework that builds on the commitments agreed upon by Member States in the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. It fosters international cooperation among all relevant actors on migration, acknowledging that no State can address migration alone, and upholds the sovereignty of States and their obligations under international law). This information can also be found in the document's description on the UN website.

Since the UN Global Compact for Migration is non-legally binding, it cannot force Georgia or any other country to let in any migrants. Other states cannot force each other to do so, either. Moreover, it is not the pact's purpose. The aim of the UN Global Compact is to better manage migration at local, national, regional and global levels, in a cooperative manner.

The document does, however, recognise the problem of hate speech and hate crimes aimed at migrants. Therefore, UN countries can come up with national legislation that addresses this issue, by penalising crimes (but NOT criticism) against migrants, as well as to empower migrants and communities to denounce any acts of incitement to violence directed towards migrants. There are several other measures which might be taken by UN member states in this respect - but they do not include penalising every form of criticism towards migration.

Further debunking by Myth Detector.

Keywords: Global Compact for Migration, Racism, UN
Countries: United Nations, Georgia
More
Migrants responsible for increase in robberies, murders and rapes in Germany
Additional details: After Germany allowed mass migration, its statistics on murder, rape, robbery and hooliganism increased by 300-500%.

The consequences could be seen on 2017 New Year's Eve, when migrants raped more than 100 German women at the main square of Cologne.

These arguments were used to criticise Georgia for signing the UN Global Compact on Migration.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Asaval – Dasavali
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No statistics regarding the specific increase in crimes and assaults were presented. No correlation between them and a bigger number of migrants was introduced.

Due to strict police measures, no severe incidents nor rapes were reported on the New Year's Eve 2017: bit.ly/2ilJD1t.

Recurring narratives on migrants as threats to security and manipulation of stories on sexual assaults in Cologne in 2015/2016.

Keywords: Cologne assaults, Migration crisis
Countries: Germany, Georgia
More
Tensions in Ukraine will be used for religious persecution by Poroshenko and NATO
Additional details: Tensions within the Ukrainian Orthodox Church and the Ukrainian society were brought about by Petro Poroshenko and NATO intelligence services, as Kiev ratchets up its military actions against the people of east Ukraine in Donbas. This can lead not only to arrests and detentions of religious leaders and their supporters, but also to assassinations of their opponents.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given about religious persecution and NATO's or its intelligence services' role in it. Recurring Kremlin narrative about Ukraine being an aggressor.

Keywords: autocephaly
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukrainian citizens having Russian relatives to be declared "enemies of Ukraine"
Additional details: Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko is fighting against the country's own citizens. Everyone who has relatives with Russian citizenship will be declared "enemy of Ukraine" and punished immediately.

Poroshenko wants to sow discord between relatives and families. He uses this "anti-Russian hysteria" to win the upcoming presidential elections.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=3096292&cid=5#
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about Ukraine allegedly forcing its citizens to reject their relatives with connections to Russia.

In fact, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko declared that the Security Service of Ukraine will launch checks on officials whose relatives live in Crimea. Recently the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine opened a criminal case against the first deputy head of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine after the publication of a journalistic investigation. According to the local media, his family owes a $8 million house and most members of his family have Russian citizenship.

Further debunking by The Insider.

Keywords: Anti-Russian, Petro Poroshenko, Elections, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukrainian Orthodox Church is a provocation, OSCE Secretary General says
Additional details: Thomas Greminger, Secretary General of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, called the creation of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church a provocation of the Ukrainian state, aimed at deterioration of relations with Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ukraina.ru/news/20181224/1022188049.html?
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The source referred to by the disinforming outlet is Thomas Greminger's interview for the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung. In the original text, Mr Greminger mentions numerous divisive issues between Russia and Ukraine, including the independence of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. He continues with examples of occupied Crimean peninsula, illegal 'elections' in the eastern Ukraine and the situation in Donbas, where he claims to have observed provocations from both sides.

Further debunking by StopFake.org.

Keywords: autocephaly, Provocation, Orthodox Church, OSCE
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The EU threatens to freeze the visa-free regime for Ukraine
Additional details: The European Commission threatened to freeze the visa-free regime for Ukraine. In its report from 19 December 2018, it found a significant number of violations of the regime from the Ukrainian side. Europe is unhappy with the flood of illegal Ukrainian migrants. Therefore, Ukraine should significantly reduce the number of illegal immigrants crossing its borders if it wants the visa-free regime to be continued.

The European Union will soon become the only chance for the ordinary Ukrainian citizens to earn money, as the current Kiev authorities intend to abandon any communication/cooperation with the Russian Federation. Therefore, the visa-free regime freeze will make Ukrainians hostages in their own impoverished and hungry country.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ren.tv, Nahnews.org
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The European Commission report  summarizes functioning of the so-called Visa Suspension Mechanism. It provides a detailed analysis of recent developments relating to the implementation of the visa liberalisation benchmarks in 26 countries, including Ukraine. In the report, the European Commission does not declare any plans to freeze or abolish the visa-free regime. Neither does it introduce conditions to be fulfilled by Ukraine for the continuation of the visa-free movement.

Further debunking by StopFake_PL.

Keywords: migration, Visa liberalisation
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, EU
More
The intoxication of Russian tourists in Georgia might be linked to Lugar Center
Additional details: The intestinal infection, which hit Russian tourists in Georgia last summer, could have been developed in a laboratory. Shortly after this case, the Lugar Center, financed by the US, has been thrown into the center of a scandal. There are documents confirming that the laboratory conducted dangerous experiments including, possibly, on humans.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervyi Kanal
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given about any possible link between the Lugar laboratory and the intoxication of Russian tourists.

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the US creating biological weapons in the Lugar laboratory in Georgia.

Richard Lugar Center for Public Health Research is a facility of the National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC), which became operational in August 2013. The Lugar center is top-tiered institution in NCDC’s laboratory network and serves as a reference laboratory of the Georgia’s public health system. www.ncdc.ge/en-US/LaboratoryNetworksAndBS

For background and earlier disinformation about "biological weapons targeting only Russians" click here.

Further debunking by The insider.

Keywords: Lugar, Biological weapons
Countries: Russia, US, Georgia
More
American soldiers tore Lithuanian flag into pieces
Additional details: American troops stationed in the Baltic States tore Lithuanian flag away from the State Prosecutor's building in Kaunas, and shredded it into pieces. The incident occurred in April 2018, but was kept away from the public.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): https://ria.ru/20190106/1549072777.html
https://www.gazeta.ru/army/2019/01/06/12119845.shtml
https://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=3101974&3101974
https://news-front.info/2019/01/06/soldaty-armii-ssha-razorvali-flag-litvy-sorvav-ego-so-zdaniya-prokuratury-v-kaunase/
https://tvzvezda.ru/news/vstrane_i_mire/content/201901061441-1g4b.htm
https://sputniknews.lt/society/20190106/8002357/ziniasklaida-usa-kariai-nuplese-lithuania-veliava-nuo-kauno-prokuraturos-pastato.html?fbclid=IwAR2rbbEE5NjTaXCCZRsSja_2DH80UEumoD-_AHWT8_cbjbboXvvgO2VFxeU
https://www.5-tv.ru/news/235206/amerikanskie-soldaty-nadrugalis-nad-flagom-litvy/
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence provided that such incident ever took place.

USA troops have not been stationed in Lithuania since 2017, following the commencement of the deployment of the NATO eFP battalion. https://twitter.com/LT_MFA_Stratcom/status/1082255481761087489?s=19

Keywords: Military, NATO
Countries: Lithuania, US
More
Terrible experiments conducted on Russian tourists in Tbilisi
Additional details: Terrible experiments have been conducted on Russian tourists in Tbilisi.

The US-funded centre Lugar based in Tbilisi has a decisive influence on all sanitary and epidemiological activities in Georgia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rambler News
Svobodnaya Pressa
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the US creating biological weapons in the Lugar laboratory in Georgia.

For background and earlier disinformation about "biological weapons targeting only Russians" click here.

Keywords: Lugar, Anti-Russian
Countries: Russia, US, Georgia
More
Japan is not fully sovereign
Additional details: Japan is not fully sovereign because it is keeping the US troops on its territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi Kanal, time 00.47
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

False.

Japan is a fully sovereign state recognised by the international community.

US military presence in Japan is regulated by the 1954 Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement.

The Constitution of Japan forbids the formation of traditional military force. Read more by the Council of Foreign Relations. 

The disinformation message appeared as the TV show participants discussed the annual video conference of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, and his response regarding the question of Kuril islands. Alleged lack of Japan's sovereignty is discussed as an obstacle to negotiations regarding the Kuril islands dispute.

 

Keywords: Sovereignty
Countries: Japan, Russia, US
More
Kyiv has sent living biological weapons to Donbas
Additional details: Kyiv has sent living biological weapons to Donbas. An epidemic of hepatitis A was registered in a dislocation point of the Ukrainian army.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Mirovoe Obozrenie, Politnavigator, RIA FAN
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about biological weapons and alleged "epidemic of hepatitis A" in Ukraine.

Keywords: Biological weapons, War in Ukraine, Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
ISIL was created by American Secret Services
Additional details: ISIL was created by the American secret service.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi Kanal (1:05:20)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

False.

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that either US or the West is behind the creation of ISIL/Daesh. See for example here and here.

Keywords: Secret services, Daesh
Countries: US
More
The West has a pro-LGBT motive in backing Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Additional details: The US government officials who support the creation of independent Orthodox church in Ukraine, such as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, also advocate support for the LGBT rights. It is no coincidence that the 'Kiev pride' parade was financially supported inter alia by the American and German embassies and Canadian government. With malign political and moral agenda, Ukraine can only expect its situation to deteriorate.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Insider
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

An absurd link made between supporting Ukrainian Orthodox Church and LGBT advocacy.

Pro-Kremlin outlet's aim in this case is to appeal to the Orthodox audiences by portraying the West as unreliable and morally decadent - there have been numerous cases of analogous disinformation narratives.

The West's advocacy for the rights of the LGBT persons is based on the principle of equal rights and dignity for all human beings, which is perfectly in line with the Christian doctrine.

You can read more about the EU position on LGBTI rights here.

Keywords: autocephaly, Western values, Orthodox Church, The West, LGBT
Countries: The West, Ukraine, US
More
US occupied a part of Cuba
Additional details: Part of Cuba  - the Guantanamo Bay - is occupied by the US in breach of international law.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=OhTzThaltFM
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @ Rossiya 1 (45:10 - 45:30)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

False.

The United States is leasing a part of Cuban territory based on the agreements signed in 1903 and 1934. The treaties acknowledge Cuba's sovereignty over the territory, while granting US jurisdiction over the property.

The disinformation message appeared as a classic case of "whataboutism", as the participants of the discussion were talking about the sanctions imposed on Russia over the violation of international borders.

 

Keywords: Sovereignty
Countries: Cuba, US
More
Men massively flee from Ukraine to avoid enlistment
Additional details: Ukrainian men are massively fleeing the country to avoid being enlisted and fight the war with Russia.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence for mass desertion given. The Vesti material comprises statements by a few Ukrainian men working abroad and willing to avoid enlistment.

 

Keywords: migration, War preparation
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The Russian-Ukrainian conflict is artificial and provoked by Ukraine
Additional details: The Russian-Ukrainian conflict is artificial, provoked by the corrupt Ukrainian government that ignores the impoverished people.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Insider
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring false narrative about Ukraine provoking the conflict with Russia.

Keywords: Provocation, War preparation, Corruption
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The UN Global Compact for Migration enables Estonians to flee their country in case of an accident in a nuclear power plant
Additional details: The UN Global Compact for Migration will enable Estonians to flee their country in case there is an accident at the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant, said the President of Estonia Kersti Kaljulaid. Her alleged statement was supposed to "calm" the population, which is dissatisfied with the decision on the authorities to join the UN Global Compact on Migration.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The actual quote of the Estonian president Kersti Kaljulaid is: "Imagine that something happens to the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant and there are a lot of people beyond our border who are seriously injured - including women and children. What will we turn to? To the same UN funds meant for assistance to migrants, refugees and victims of emergency situations."

Keywords: Global Compact for Migration
Countries: Estonia
More
Kerch Strait incident is Poroshenko's provocation to win the election
Additional details: Kerch Strait incident is provocation to boost Poroshenko's ratings at the expense of country's interests.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=OhTzThaltFM
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 Minut @Rossiya 1 (49:40 - 50:10)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the Kerch Strait incident.

Notably, the narrative about the incident is changing from Ukrainian authorities allegedly attempting to postpone election, to Ukraine's President aiming to increase his ratings.

Read more on the evolution of disinformation narratives about the Azov Sea. 

Keywords: Azov sea, Kerch, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine
More
The closure of polling places in Russia makes the Ukrainian elections illegitimate
Additional details: The Kyiv's authorities decision to close polling places in Russia makes the Ukrainian elections illegitimate. Kyiv restricts the constitutional rights of Ukrainian citizens living in Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Regnum
Ukraina.ru
TV Zvezda
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The decision approved by the Ukrainian Central Election Commission is not meant to restrict the constitutional rights of Ukrainian citizens.

According to Ukrainian foreign minister Pavlo Klimkin, the polling stations in Russia will be closed for security reasons. Five foreign polling stations from Russia will be transferred to the embassies of Ukraine in Georgia, Kazakhstan and Finland to "ensure security and safety of Ukrainian citizens".

"We believe that holding free and fair elections on the territory of the aggressor state is impossible and devoid of political and legal sense, while for those who decide to take part, it is simply dangerous," declared Klimkin.
Further debunking by Stop Fake.
Keywords: Manipulated elections/referendum, Elections
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The corridors of power in Ukraine are filled with Russophobes
Additional details: The corridors of power in Ukraine are filled with Russophobes, which is preventing the improvement of Ukrainian - Russian relations.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=OhTzThaltFM
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 Minut @ Rossiya 1 (1:42:40 - 1:42:50)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Russophobic Ukraine. Russia's military aggression in Ukraine is preventing the improvement of relations.

 

Keywords: Russophobia
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is preparing a new provocation in the Kerch Strait
Additional details: Kyiv is preparing a new provocation in the Kerch Strait. According to a video, Kyiv has transferred military boats to Odessa.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ren TV
Tsargrad
Pravda
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on Ukraine and "provocation" in Kerch strait.

According to Stop Fake, the Youtube video quoted by Russian media shows tugs and pontoons, not military boats. The Ministry of Defense of Ukraine reported that in November specialists of the Ukrainian Armed Forces participated in competitions for the best pontoon platoon.

For background:

On November 25 border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized three Ukrainian naval vessels and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters.

However a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004, governs the use of the Kerch strait and the Sea of Azov, which in the treaty is considered to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine.

The construction of the Kerch Bridge took place without Ukraine's consent and constitutes a violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity. It has led, in parallel with the militarisation of the Azov Sea, to tougher controls on naval traffic in the strait. The European Union stated that it expects  Russia to stop the inspections.

For further reporting see the BellingcatDFRLab and Polygraph.

Keywords: Azov sea, Kerch, Provocation
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
By 2050, the European Union will become Islamic
Additional details: By 2050, the European Union will become Islamic and will have a "crescent moon" symbol on the Christmas tree. Some people in Europe already are replacing the "star" on the Christmas tree with "crescent moon".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Novye Izvestia
EAD Daily
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Islamization and European values.

Keywords: Islamisation, Christmas, Christianity
Countries: Europe, EU
More
The US invested in the Euromaidan protests
Additional details: The US invested in the Euromaidan protests and is still waiting to get the 'dividend' from them.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: tass.com/world/1037274
Disinforming outlet(s): TASS
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given for the US being involved in the Euromaidan in 2014 protests, which were a civilian movement.

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on the West fuelling the protests in Ukraine and campaigning against Russia.

Further debunking by Polygraph.

Keywords: Protest, Euromaidan
Countries: The West, Ukraine, US
More
Europe wants to take away visa-free regime from Ukraine
Additional details: Europe wants to take away visa-free regime from Ukraine, even after people died for it on Maidan. Europe is fed up with the numbers of illegal migrants from Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=OhTzThaltFM
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 Minut @Rossiya 1 (1:55:40 - 1:58:40)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation.

In the Second Report of the Visa Suspension mechanism the European Commission notes that Ukraine continues to fulfil the benchmarks for visa liberalisation.

The European Commission does not declare any plans to freeze or abolish the visa-free regime. Neither does it introduce conditions to be fulfilled by Ukraine for the continuation of the visa-free movement.

The annual European Commission report  summarises functioning of the so-called Visa Suspension Mechanism. It provides a detailed analysis of recent developments relating to the implementation of the visa liberalisation benchmarks in 26 countries, including Ukraine.

 

 

 

Keywords: migration, Visa liberalisation, Euromaidan
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Ukraine boats in Kerch Strait were a provocation by Kiev
Additional details: The provocation by Kiev in the Kerch Strait led to a lengthy naval chase and culminated in Russian coastguards using force to stop the perpetrators.

The incident occurred in the area that used to be Russian territorial waters, even before its reunification with Crimea in 2014.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

On November 25 border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tug boat and their crews after opening fire at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters. However according to a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004, governs the use of the Kerch strait and the Sea of Azov, which in the treaty is considered to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine.

See recurring disinformation examples about the Azov Sea.

Keywords: Azov sea, Kerch, Provocation
Countries: Ukraine
More

share with