What do you do when one of your heaviest disinformation attacks backfires? You send out way more disinformation attacks and hope that they will silence the outrage about such obvious attempts to deceive and mislead the international community.

We have seen exactly this pattern during the last week in Russia’s disinformation ecosystem. The pro-Kremlin outlets were still hectically spreading all kinds of contradictory stories about the Skripal case and the suspects that had been identified by the British authorities  when they received  a “helping hand”: an interview with so-called Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov (the duo suspected of poisoning Sergei Skripal and his daughter), conducted by Margarita Simonyan, the head of the main international disinformation organisation of the Kremlin, Russia Today (renamed RT).

The obvious contradictions and feeble attempts to misrepresent reality were quickly debunked by solid media outlets (see the numerous articles linked in the disinformation cases), ridiculed on social media (see here and here), and caused an unusually angry reaction from the British government too. Downing Street called the claims an “insult to the public’s intelligence” and “blatant lies”, and wondered how Russia could allow “lies and blatant fabrications” to be aired on a state-funded broadcaster.

The statements made in the interview were so obviously false that some media marked it as a turning point in how the Skripal case is viewed by Russia Today viewers: “The previous data show that RT viewers were generally sceptical of the official British account of the Skripal poisoning. But [the] interview with the suspects marked a dramatic change — the top 100 most-liked comments included many from viewers who felt the interview was ridiculous and that the suspects’ stories were implausible. Fully 74 percent were critical of the claims presented by the suspects. Some viewers even noted that the interview itself had changed their opinion of the whole affair,” wrote the Washington Post. Simonyan failed to manage the situation and even hung up during a live interview with BBC Newsnight.

 

Was that too nonsensical? Let’s spread some other nonsense then!

The reaction of the Russian government was simple – let’s add more fuel to the blaze of disinformation. Falling back on one of the most tried and tested disinformation subjects of past years, the Ministry of Defence held a press conference just four days after the interview in order to spread new “alternative” versions of what had happened to Flight MH17. And no wonder, once again we have heard versions that contradicted even the Ministry’s own claims.

The claims are stemming from the new theory that it was a Ukrainian missile that shot down MH17. You will find all the claims among the disinformation cases: the Russian independent outlet The Insider has found no less than six attempts to disinform in this particular press conference. At this point we should recall, by the way, that in 2014 the very same Ministry of Defence presented “irrefutable evidence” that it was a Ukrainian jet-fighter (not a missile) that shot down the MH17.

This disinformation flood of contradictions is something we and other researchers have described many times before, and not only about MH17 (see here or here) but also in the Skripal case (apart from our article linked above, see e.g. here); in the case of the attack on the humanitarian aid convoy in Syria in 2016; or in the case of the murder of Boris Nemtsov in 2015 (watch the Lithuanian movie War 2020, Russia’s Information Aggression from 43rd minute).

It seems that every time reality gets too difficult, the Kremlin disinformation machine has one and the same manuscript: pollute the information space with as many contradictions and disinformation messages as possible, so that the average media consumer loses track of what is a fact- and evidence-based attempt to describe reality, and what is just a disinformation attack trying to confuse and mislead.

Ukrainian Authorities Deliberately Sent MH17 Airliner Into Warzone
Additional details: Ukrainian authorities deliberately sent MH17 airliner into war zone.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=mh17&disinfo_issue=&date=

The airspace was closed over the area up to 32,000 feet. The commercial flight MH17 was passing the area at 33,000 feet. There was nothing to suggest at the time that the presumed ill-equipped pro-Russian separatists would have access to sophisticated weapons that would be able to shoot down an airplane at that height. euvsdisinfo.eu/retracing-the-steps-of-a-disinformation-campaign/

Background:

The Joint Investigation Team investigation has meticulously traced the BUK that shot down MH17 on its way from Russia and back.  For a full explanation of the findings from the JIT, watch their video where they conclude that the BUK that shot down MH17 came from the Russian Armed Forces. It was transported into pro-Russian separatist controlled area by a Russian convoy. There is forensic and visual evidence, and three independent investigations have all come to the same conclusion. Meanwhile, Russia used its veto to block a draft resolution to set up an international tribunal into the MH17 air disaster.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, MH17
Countries: Ukraine
More
A real horror is going on in Northern Europe as a result of joining the EU, Sweden and Finland economically collapsed
Additional details: There has been a complete collapse of industry in Sweden after joining the EU, there was a similar collapse in Finland where GDP fell by 25 per cent after the collapse of the USSR.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=caL0pR5MJcA, time 1:07:30
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Mesto vstrechi’ (in Russian: ‘The Meeting Point’ / «Место встречи»), political talk show
Andrey Norkin, show host:
NTV TV-channel (“NTV” - in Russian: «НТВ» - is an abbreviation of the Russian words interpreted as the “Independent Tele-Vision” or in Russian - «Независимое Теле-Видение»)
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Although there had been a slight decline in Finland's GDP after 1991, this was followed by a much longer period of stable growth and currently, Finland's GDP is approximately 100-150 per cent higher than it used to be in the beginning of the 1990s: see the historical data here. "Collapsed" Sweden has 22nd-23rd highest GDP in the world (depending on whether the ranking is by IMF, World Bank, or the UN).

Keywords: EU, Economic difficulties
Countries: Finland, Sweden
More
Hasidic men raped an underage girl in Ukraine
Additional details: Several Hasidic men had raped a local underage girl during the celebration of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year in the central Ukrainian city of Uman.
Language / Targeted audience: Ukrainian
Disinforming outlet(s): Інформатор (informator.news)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Uman Regional Police meanwhile dismissed the claim as a fake, saying no sexual assaults had been reported during the Jewish holiday.

More information on StopFake: https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-hasidim-rape-underage-girl-in-uman/

Keywords: fake rape, Jews, Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
Kyiv has no intention of exchanging prisoners with Kremlin
Additional details: Kyiv is not ready for negotiations with the Kremlin on prisoner exchange.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Tass
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Ukraine’s Presidential Humanitarian Envoy at the Minsk peace talks regarding the war in Donbas MP Iryna Herashchenko says Ukraine has contacted Russia regarding the exchange of prisoners countless time. According to StopFake, Herashchenko said that she has personally sent letters to Russian representatives regarding Russian prisoners in Ukraine three times. She mentions that she has raised the issue at Minsk meetings many times and notes that Russian consuls have never visited detained Russians and they continue to propagate the lie that Russian military personnel, captured or not, are simply not in Ukraine.

The Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine is a group of representatives from Ukraine, the Russian Federation, and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. On August 23 it informed that the Humanitarian Working group had considered issues related to the exchange of detainees. https://www.osce.org/chairmanship/391322

And in June, presidents of Ukraine and Russia raised the issue during a telephone conversation. https://www.president.gov.ua/en/news/prezident-ukrayini-proviv-telefonnu-rozmovu-z-prezidentom-ro-48282

http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/57822

 

Keywords: Dmitry Peskov, Eastern Ukraine, Ukraine, War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Russia's Defence Ministry: White Helmets are already filming the fake chemical attack in Syria
Additional details: Russia's Defence Ministry: White Helmets are already filming the fake chemical attack in Syria, later al-Assad and Russia will be accused for the attack.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @Channel One, 18:12
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on White Helmets and chemical attacks in Syria. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77488&date= euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=syria&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77353&date=

Earlier, pro-Kremlin disinformation has claimed that both the 2017 attack in Khan Sheikhoun and 2018 in Douma were faked. UN-OPCW Joint Investigative Mechanism found Syria’s Government responsible for last year’s attack in Khan Shaykhun. On April 10 2018 Russia vetoed a U.S.-drafted U.N. Security Council resolution that would have created a new inquiry to ascertain responsibility for chemical weapons attacks in Syria.

Read more: www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2018/08/31/attaques-chimiques-en-syrie-les-intox-de-la-russie-pour-brouiller-les-pistes_5348708_4355770.html#xtor=AL-32280270

Background:

On 7 April 2018, a high number of civilians were killed in the besieged Syrian city of Douma, with evidence pointing towards another chemical attack by the regime, according to the EU.

According to the World Health Organisation, during the shelling of Douma on Saturday, an estimated 500 patients presented to health facilities exhibiting signs and symptoms consistent with exposure to toxic chemicals. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2018/chemical-attacks-syria/en/

See also Bellingcat's open source survey on the suspected chemical attack: https://www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/04/11/open-source-survey-alleged-chemical-attacks-douma-7th-april-2018/

In September 2017, the UN Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic summarized 33 separate incidents where it had found use of chemical weapons. Since then there have been several additional suspected chemical attacks. Between March 2013 and March 2017, the Commission documented 25 incidents of chemical weapons use in the Syrian Arab Republic, of which 20 were proven to have been perpetrated by government forces and used primarily against civilians.

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/IICISyria/Pages/IndependentInternationalCommission.aspx

Keywords: Russia's Ministry of Defence, White Helmets, Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Bashar al-Assad
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
Promising to Make a 'Good Juicy Chop' of Opposition Leader is No Physical Threat
Additional details: The words of Viktor Zolotov (Director of the National Guard, "Rossgvardiya") addressed to Alexei Navalny are no physical threat.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti / ria.ru
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Zolotov challenged Navalny (by that time imprisoned) to a duel, demanding satisfaction and promising to make a “good juicy chop” of him in a matter of minutes. “Mr. Navalny, I promise you, before I step over you and wipe my feet on you, I will stage a show for the entire Rosgvardiya staff, and I assure you, after that you will be ashamed to go outside. And I know how to keep my word,” Zolotov said.

See the full article by Polygraph.

Keywords: Viktor Zolotov, Dmitry Peskov, Alexei Navalny
Countries: Russia
More
Largest Opposition Party in Macedonia is Boycotting Name Referendum
Additional details: Twenty eight political movements and organizations, including the largest opposition party, VMRO-DPMNE, signed a memorandum on cooperation and creating a campaign headquarters for boycotting the referendum.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ria.ru/world/20180808/1526193198.html
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti / ria.ru
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

While 30 Macedonia political parties, groups and individuals signed such a memorandum, VMRO-DPMNE did not.

“The official stance of VMRO-DPMNE regarding the referendum is – we have no position. It is not our job to tell the people if and how they should vote,” Mickoski said during a recent rally.

For more details, see the article by Polygraph.

Keywords: Elections, Referendum
Countries: FYROM
More
Opponents of Brexit will be forcefully dispersed by Britain’s military and police
Additional details: Opponents of Brexit will be forcefully dispersed by Britain’s military and police announced Russia’s Strategic Culture Foundation. The anti-Brexit protests may lead to high crime rate, food shortages, lack of medical supplies, rising costs of goods and services and road and port blockages. The British police "already has a plan for suppressing street riots".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia’s Strategic Culture Foundation (fondsk.ru)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The original article in English cites a leaked police document that says civil disorder is possible at Britain’s borders and ports in the event of a no-deal Brexit, the possibility of not signing documents regulating various aspects of British withdrawal from the EU. So it is not about police forces quashing demonstrations by people opposing Brexit.

Further debunk by StopFake: https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-british-authorities-preparing-anti-terrorist-operation-for-brexit/

Keywords: Brexit, Protest
Countries: UK
More
The EU is conducting a hybrid war against Moscow
Additional details: Since the European Union is actively participating in the hybrid war against us [against Russia], it is important for us that it has no consolidated position - so that not all of them together could impose sanctions on us. [...] Therefore, we are just interested in getting the European Union weakened.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=caL0pR5MJcA, time 57:49
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Mesto vstrechi’ @ NTV TV-channel
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

The EU is not conducting a "hybrid war" against Russia. The EU's most recent policy vis-a-vis Russia has been formulated in 2016 in the Five Guiding Principles that include selective engagement with Russia on issues like migration, counter-terrorism, or climate change; or support for Russia's civil society. See remarks by HRVP Federica Mogherini: https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/5490/remarks-high-representativevice-president-federica-mogherini-press-conference-following-foreign_en

Keywords: EU, Anti-Russian, Hybrid war, Sanctions
Countries: Russia, EU
More
Life expectancy in Russia has increased by seven years over the past decade
Additional details: Life expectancy in Russia has increased by seven years over the past decade, says the World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervyi Kanal
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The WHO Regional office for Europe's report for 2018 presents life expectancy at the European level, and not by country. According to the Russian Federal State Statistics Service data, life expectancy in 2016 was 67,99 years and in 2017 - 72,3 years, so it increased by 4,31 years over the past decade.

Further debunk by The insider. Similar case debunked earlier this year by Polygraph.

Keywords: fake statistics
Countries: Europe, Russia
More
Bad weather did not let the Skripal case suspects enjoy the sightseeing in Salisbury
Additional details: The suspects in the Skripal case could not walk in Salisbury since the whole city was covered in snow. On the 4th March there was heavy rain and snow, so they had to leave Salisbury early.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today (RT)
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

CCTV images show the pair walking with apparent ease on almost completely clear pavements. According to the weather forecasts, there was no snow or rain on the 4th March. Further debunk by The Insider.

To see more about the discrepancies in the statements of "Alexander Petrov" and "Ruslan Boshirov", see the articles in The Independent, The Guardian, or Deutsche Welle.

Keywords: Sergei Skripal
Countries: UK, Russia
More
Petrov and Boshirov went to Salisbury to see the Salisbury Cathedral
Additional details: Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov visited Salisbury merely to see the local Cathedral.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): RT news network (of eight Russian TV channels sponsored by Kremlin) [in Russian: ‘Russia Today’ or ‘Rossiya segodnya’ / «Раша тудэй» или «Россия сегодня»]
(TRANSCRIPT of the exclusive interview with Skripal case suspects Petrov & Boshirov made by RT editor-in-chief Margarita Simonyan)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin
Disproof note:

Two Novichok suspects claimed they were visiting Salisbury Cathedral but, according to the street cameras, they went two miles along the wrong route that is opposite to this place and leads to the house of Skripal   https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/novichok-suspects-claimed-were-visiting-13238741

 

Keywords: Sergei Skripal
Countries: UK, Russia
More
Neither Alexander Petrov nor Ruslan Boshirov named by the UK as Novichok suspects can be regarded as GRU agents
Additional details: Neither Alexander Petrov nor Ruslan Boshirov named by the UK as suspects in the Skripal case are agents of the GRU ("Main Intelligence Directorate"; older name for the military intelligence service, currently known as "Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation").
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today (RT)
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

‘The Insider’ and the research group ‘Bellingcat’ got an access to the files of these two suspects According to the investigation, at least one man’s file contains various “top-secret” markings, which are typically reserved for members of secret services or top state operatives: the Petrov’s passport dossier is marked with a stamp containing the instruction “Do not provide any information”.  A source working in the Russian police force who regularly works with the central database confirmed to Bellingcat and The Insider that they have never seen such a stamp on any passport form in their career  https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/09/14/skripal-poisoning-suspects-passport-data-shows-link-security-services/

As Novaya Gazeta pointed out, the phone number in one of the suspect's documents leads directly to the Ministry of Defence, under which the military intelligence operates: https://www.novayagazeta.ru/news/2018/09/14/145085-novaya-gazeta-obnaruzhila-dopolnitelnye-dokazatelstva-vozmozhnoy-svyazi-cheloveka-obvinyaemogo-v-otravlenii-skripaley-s-ministerstvom-oborony-rossii

Keywords: Sergei Skripal
Countries: UK, Russia
More
The salaries in the UK are so small that people live like slaves and cannot survive with this money
Additional details: The salaries in the UK are like for a slave labour, in the service sector they are so small that people just cannot live with these.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yoYlH86EmQ, time 1:32:40
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vecher c Vladimirom Solovievym’ @ Rossia 1 TV-channel
Reported by: Pavel Spirin
Disproof note:

The minimum wage in the UK is ten times higher than in Russia.

Keywords: The West
Countries: UK
More
The absolute majority of Orthodox Ukrainians consider themselves to belong to the Moscow Patriarchate
Additional details: The absolute, overwhelming majority of Orthodox people in Ukraine belong to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXHFnMbMXXg&t=944s, time 14:58
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ Pervyi kanal
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

According to the sociological research of the Razumkov Center, since 2014, after the annexation of Crimea and the beginning of the war in Donbas, the number of Ukrainian citizens who identify themselves with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate, which is independent of Russia, has significantly exceeded the number of supporters of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church under the control of the Moscow Patriarchate, and the gap is widening. See table on page 17:

Question: To which Orthodox Church do you belong (percentage of those who consider themselves Orthodox)?

2010 2013 2014 2016 2017 2018
Church of the Moscow Patriarchate 34.5 27.7 24.8 23.0 17.4 19.1
Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate 22.1 25.9 31.9 38.1 38.8 42.6
Ukrainian Autocephalous Church 1.3 1.2 0.9 2.7 1.5 0.4

 

Keywords: fake statistics, Orthodox Church, Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Neither the USSR nor the post-Soviet Russia has ever killed their opponents, so nobody can blame Moscow for poisoning the Skripals.
Additional details: During the last decades, neither Russia nor the Soviet Union has been engaged in extrajudicial killings; neither in the territory of Russia, nor abroad.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kQf5kh8aUk, time 08:30
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ Pervyi kanal, time 08:30
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Killing opponents of the regime was a practice familiar to the USSR, see e.g. the case of Leon Trotsky. There has also been a case of murdering a former Russian spy already - in 2006, Alexander Litvinenko was poisoned by two Russians in London. As the UK public inquiry has found, "the FSB operation to kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved by [Nikolai] Patrushev [head of the security service in 2006] and also by President Putin”: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/21/alexander-litvinenko-was-probably-murdered-on-personal-orders-of-putin 

Keywords: Sergei Skripal, USSR, Russian world, Alexander Litvinenko
Countries: USSR, Russia
More
The speaker of Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada calls Hitler “the biggest” democrat
Additional details: Andriy Parubiy, speaker of Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada, praised Adolf Hitler during a talk show, calling him "the biggest" democrat.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Komsomolskaya Pravda
TV Zvezda
NTV
RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

In fact, Parubiy did not call call Hitler “the biggest” democrat and he did not ask to remember Hitler’s “contribution”. He reminded people of how Hitler had actively used direct democracy for his own purposes.

Original statement: "You’re right, with respect to the law on referendums. This is one of the questions which we must resolve, and resolve very competently and fairly. (..) However there is ongoing discussion over the law on Ukrainian referendums. I am myself a strong supporter of direct democracy. I even studied it at an academic level. Incidentally, I can tell you that the person who most practised direct democracy was Adolf Aloisovich in the 1930s. And we should remember this since during those 1930 years this was one of the key means of manipulation. This law, therefore, must be responsible, including giving the possibility (of voting) at the local level". 

Further debunk by StopFake: https://www.stopfake.org/en/russian-propaganda-fakes-praise-for-hitler-by-ukrainian-speaker-parubiy/

Keywords: Adolf Hitler, Ukraine, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Allegations about the Syrian government troops using chemical weapons: aimed at Germany to stop Nord Stream 2
Additional details: There is no reason to use chemical weapons in the cities in Syria, it has no effect, and there are no chemical weapons in the country. Allegations about the Syrian government troops using chemical weapons are totally absurd. --- The allegations are aimed at putting pressure on Germany to stop the construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and preserving the US hegemony in the world.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @Channel One, 21.50
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on chemical attacks in Syria. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77488&date= euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=syria&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77353&date=

There is no logical connection between Syrian regime using chemical weapons and some third countries putting pressure on Germany to stop Nord Stream 2.

Background:

On 7 April 2018, a high number of civilians were killed in the besieged Syrian city of Douma, with evidence pointing towards another chemical attack by the regime, according to the EU.

According to the World Health Organisation, during the shelling of Douma on Saturday, an estimated 500 patients presented to health facilities exhibiting signs and symptoms consistent with exposure to toxic chemicals.

More than 70 people sheltering in basements have reportedly died, with 43 of those deaths related to symptoms consistent with exposure to highly toxic chemicals. Two health facilities were also reportedly affected by these attacks. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2018/chemical-attacks-syria/en/

See also Bellingcat's open source survey on the suspected chemical attack: https://www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/04/11/open-source-survey-alleged-chemical-attacks-douma-7th-april-2018/

In September 2017, the UN Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic summarized 33 separate incidents where it had found use of chemical weapons. Since then there have been several additional suspected chemical attacks. Between March 2013 and March 2017, the Commission documented 25 incidents of chemical weapons use in the Syrian Arab Republic, of which 20 were proven to have been perpetrated by government forces and used primarily against civilians.

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/IICISyria/Pages/IndependentInternationalCommission.aspx

Keywords: Nord Stream 2, false flag, Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, Germany, Syria
More
Douma incident was a propaganda stunt orchestrated by the Western-backed White Helmets
Additional details: Douma incident was a propaganda stunt orchestrated by the Western-backed White Helmets, which have time and again liaised with terrorist groups for information warfare.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: www.informationclearinghouse.info/50183.htm
Disinforming outlet(s): Informationclearinghouse.info
The article was written by an author who also reports for Russian state-funded Sputnik https://sputniknews.com/authors/finian_cunningham/
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on White Helmets and chemical attacks in Syria. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77488&date= euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=syria&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77353&date=

Earlier, pro-Kremlin disinformation has claimed that both the 2017 attack in Khan Sheikhoun and 2018 in Douma were faked. UN-OPCW Joint Investigative Mechanism found Syria’s Government responsible for last year’s attack in Khan Shaykhun. On April 10 2018 Russia vetoed a U.S.-drafted U.N. Security Council resolution that would have created a new inquiry to ascertain responsibility for chemical weapons attacks in Syria.

Read more: www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2018/08/31/attaques-chimiques-en-syrie-les-intox-de-la-russie-pour-brouiller-les-pistes_5348708_4355770.html#xtor=AL-32280270

Background:

On 7 April 2018, a high number of civilians were killed in the besieged Syrian city of Douma, with evidence pointing towards another chemical attack by the regime, according to the EU.

According to the World Health Organisation, during the shelling of Douma on Saturday, an estimated 500 patients presented to health facilities exhibiting signs and symptoms consistent with exposure to toxic chemicals. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2018/chemical-attacks-syria/en/

See also Bellingcat's open source survey on the suspected chemical attack: https://www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/04/11/open-source-survey-alleged-chemical-attacks-douma-7th-april-2018/

In September 2017, the UN Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic summarized 33 separate incidents where it had found use of chemical weapons. Since then there have been several additional suspected chemical attacks. Between March 2013 and March 2017, the Commission documented 25 incidents of chemical weapons use in the Syrian Arab Republic, of which 20 were proven to have been perpetrated by government forces and used primarily against civilians.

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/IICISyria/Pages/IndependentInternationalCommission.aspx

Keywords: false flag, Douma, White Helmets, Chemical weapons/attack, Propaganda, Syrian War, Information war, Terrorism, The West
Countries: Syria
More
Missile that shot down flight MH17 belonged to Ukraine, not to Russia
Additional details: Nikolai Parshin, chief of the Russian Defense Ministry Main Rocket and Artillery Directorate said that a surface-to-air missile launched from a Buk air defense system that downed the Malaysia Airline flight MH17 in 2014 was manufactured in Dolgoprudny outside Moscow in 1986 and sent to Ukraine, from where it has never returned to Russia. [Meaning the MH17 flight could not have been shot down by the BUK missile system that arrived from Russia just before the tragedy and returned to Russia right after the tragedy, as the JIT investigation shows.]

"The missile with the side number 886847379 designed for the Buk air defense missile system was transported by rail to military unit 20152 on December 29, 1986. The actual name of this military unit is the 223rd Air Defense Missile Brigade of the Carpathian Military District, stationed in the Ternopil region. After the Soviet Union's breakup, it was not transferred outside Ukraine", said Parshin.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti.ru
RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=mh17&disinfo_issue=&date=

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federationhttps://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/

24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. Several images of the BUK-TELAR with which MH17 was downed are available. Analysis of those produces a number of characteristics. The combination of those is so special that that can be considered as a fingerprint. This fingerprint has been compared with numerous images of BUK-TELARS, both Ukrainian and Russian ones. The only BUK-TELAR on which this combination of characteristics also was found, is a BUK-TELAR that was recorded several times when it joined a convoy of the 53rd brigade on 23 – 25 June 2014. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@103196/update-criminal-0/

Furthermore, a joint international open source investigation led by Bellingcat has identified conclusively that the person of interest known as ‘Andrey Ivanovich’ or ‘Orion’ whose identity is sought by the Joint Investigating Team in connection with the criminal investigation into the downing of MH17, is in fact Russian citizen Oleg Vladimirovich Ivannikov. Ivannikov was an officer of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defence (GRU), and served in that function until at least as late as September 2017. During his undercover deployment to LNR, he coordinated and supervised the military activities of Russian militants, pro-Russian separatists and “private army” contingents from the Wagner group. Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia Ukraine border. He held these functions at the time of the downing of MH17. https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/05/25/mh17-russian-gru-commander-orion-identified-oleg-ivannikov/

The European Union an NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/05/25/declaration-by-the-high-representative-on-behalf-of-the-eu-on-the-findings-of-the-joint-investigation-team-on-the-downing-of-flight-mh17/ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_154585.htm

On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2018/05/25/mh17-the-netherlands-and-australia-hold-russia-responsible

The US have supported the decisions by the Netherlands and Australia https://twitter.com/statedeptspox/status/1000039780384755712

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, MH17
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
MH17 was shot down by a Ukrainian missile: declassified archive documents are irrefutable evidence of this
Additional details: MH17 was shot down by a Ukrainian missile: declassified archive documents are irrefutable evidence of this.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti @ Rossiya 1, 09:52
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=mh17&disinfo_issue=&date=

No credible evidence given for "declassified archive documents", see further debunk by the Insider.

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federationhttps://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/

24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. Several images of the BUK-TELAR with which MH17 was downed are available. Analysis of those produces a number of characteristics. The combination of those is so special that that can be considered as a fingerprint. This fingerprint has been compared with numerous images of BUK-TELARS, both Ukrainian and Russian ones. The only BUK-TELAR on which this combination of characteristics also was found, is a BUK-TELAR that was recorded several times when it joined a convoy of the 53rd brigade on 23 – 25 June 2014. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@103196/update-criminal-0/

Furthermore, a joint international open source investigation led by Bellingcat has identified conclusively that the person of interest known as ‘Andrey Ivanovich’ or ‘Orion’ whose identity is sought by the Joint Investigating Team in connection with the criminal investigation into the downing of MH17, is in fact Russian citizen Oleg Vladimirovich Ivannikov. Ivannikov was an officer of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defence (GRU), and served in that function until at least as late as September 2017. During his undercover deployment to LNR, he coordinated and supervised the military activities of Russian militants, pro-Russian separatists and “private army” contingents from the Wagner group. Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia Ukraine border. He held these functions at the time of the downing of MH17. https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/05/25/mh17-russian-gru-commander-orion-identified-oleg-ivannikov/

The European Union an NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/05/25/declaration-by-the-high-representative-on-behalf-of-the-eu-on-the-findings-of-the-joint-investigation-team-on-the-downing-of-flight-mh17/ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_154585.htm

On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2018/05/25/mh17-the-netherlands-and-australia-hold-russia-responsible

The US have supported the decisions by the Netherlands and Australia https://twitter.com/statedeptspox/status/1000039780384755712

Keywords: MH17
Countries: Ukraine
More
White Helmets are a "rebranding of Al Qaeda"
Additional details: The next chemical attack provocation in Syria is already filmed. [---] The White Helmets are a "rebranding of Al Qaeda". There is no doubt that the White Helmets are working for Al Qaeda.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Itogi Nedeli @ NTV, 33:10, 34:15
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on the White Helmets. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=douma&disinfo_issue=&date=, https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=white+helmets&disinfo_issue=&date=

The White Helmets are a volunteer search and rescue group made up of Syrian civilians, which has been attacked by the pro-Kremlin and pro-Assad media on numerous occasions. medium.com/dfrlab/syriahoax-part-two-kremlin-targets-white-helmets-c6ab692d4a21

It was the White Helmets’ footage that documented the chemical attack in Khan Sheikhoun in April, which killed at least 83 people, a third of them children. UN war crimes investigators later concluded the attack was carried out by the Syrian regime. www.theguardian.com/world/2017/dec/18/syria-white-helmets-conspiracy-theories

Keywords: false flag, White Helmets, Chemical weapons/attack, Provocation, Al-Qaeda, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Syria
More
Rumours of the existence of secret protocols to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact appeared soon after the pact was signed, but the originals of these "secret additions" have not been found still today
Additional details:
Rumours of the existence of secret protocols to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact appeared soon after the pact was signed, but the originals of these "secret additions" have not been found still today.




 

Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik in Estonia
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation and historical revisionism. The article does mention that in 1989, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies "condemned these protocols", but fails to state that it also confirmed that the secret protocols were authentic. https://www.lawmix.ru/docs_cccp/1241

The original documents were burned by the Nazis at the end of the war, but a microfilm copy was saved and turned over to British and American authorities, who revealed its contents. For more, read https://www.nytimes.com/1989/12/25/world/upheaval-east-soviet-congress-condemns-39-pact-that-led-annexation-baltics.html

The German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact was concluded before the beginning of World War II and divided eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. To the public pact of nonaggression was appended a secret protocol, which divided the whole of eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Poland east of the line formed by the Narew, Vistula, and San rivers would fall under the Soviet sphere of influence. The protocol also assigned Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Finland to the Soviet sphere of influence. https://www.britannica.com/event/German-Soviet-Nonaggression-Pact

Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII
Countries: USSR, Russia, Germany
More
MH17: JIT used fake video to show the missile had come from Russia
Additional details: Joint Investigation Team on the downing of flight MH17 used doctored footage of a Buk missile being transported on a white truck in order to show that the missile came from Russia, said Nikolai Parshin, chief of the Russian Defense Ministry Main Rocket and Artillery Directorate.


On the video provided by JIT, the images of the truck and "Buk" are collated on the image of a street section. We see that "the right section on the truck's surface is painted white, while the whole car is in the shadow", said Parshin.


Also, according to the Russian Defense Ministry, the truck carring Buk missile is moving in the wrong direction in the JIT video.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Bellingcat says Russian defense officials have misinterpreted shadows and objects in an attempt to show there was a problem with lighting in videos produced by the Joint Investigation Team.

The Russian side uses images to claim the white part of the cabin of the truck, which, according to the JIT's conclusions, transported a Buk missile system from Russia to Russian-occupied Donbas, shouldn't be visible in shadows. The Buk was used by Russian-led forced to shoot down a Malaysia Airlines Boeing. "…We see the white part of the top of the cabin turns black when it enters the shadow, but the top right part doesn't. But this is based on the idea the top of the truck that goes dark is white, but it's not. It's a dark band that's reflecting sunlight making it look white in the low quality footage, and without the reflecting light, it's much darker," Eliot Higgins, founder of Bellingcat explains. Read more on Unian: https://www.unian.info/world/10264413-bellingcat-founder-russians-misinterpret-shadows-and-objects-in-jit-s-mh17-related-videos.html
Regarding the wrong direction of the truck, Higgins notes that the Russian MoD is correct in saying it's moving in the wrong direction in the JIT animation, but this does not serve as evidence that

one of the photographs is fake, as the location the photograph was actually taken is different. "The camera was facing south, and the Buk is pointing east, which means it's actually travelling in the correct direction, just the JIT animation was wrong. The Russian MoD uses this to falsely claim the photo is fake".

Further debunk by The Insider.

Background:

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=mh17&disinfo_issue=&date=

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federationhttps://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/

24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. Several images of the BUK-TELAR with which MH17 was downed are available. Analysis of those produces a number of characteristics. The combination of those is so special that that can be considered as a fingerprint. This fingerprint has been compared with numerous images of BUK-TELARS, both Ukrainian and Russian ones. The only BUK-TELAR on which this combination of characteristics also was found, is a BUK-TELAR that was recorded several times when it joined a convoy of the 53rd brigade on 23 – 25 June 2014. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@103196/update-criminal-0/

Furthermore, a joint international open source investigation led by Bellingcat has identified conclusively that the person of interest known as ‘Andrey Ivanovich’ or ‘Orion’ whose identity is sought by the Joint Investigating Team in connection with the criminal investigation into the downing of MH17, is in fact Russian citizen Oleg Vladimirovich Ivannikov. Ivannikov was an officer of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defence (GRU), and served in that function until at least as late as September 2017. During his undercover deployment to LNR, he coordinated and supervised the military activities of Russian militants, pro-Russian separatists and “private army” contingents from the Wagner group. Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia Ukraine border. He held these functions at the time of the downing of MH17. https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/05/25/mh17-russian-gru-commander-orion-identified-oleg-ivannikov/

The European Union an NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/05/25/declaration-by-the-high-representative-on-behalf-of-the-eu-on-the-findings-of-the-joint-investigation-team-on-the-downing-of-flight-mh17/ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_154585.htm

On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2018/05/25/mh17-the-netherlands-and-australia-hold-russia-responsible

The US have supported the decisions by the Netherlands and Australia https://twitter.com/statedeptspox/status/1000039780384755712

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Ukraine, War in Ukraine, MH17
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, The Netherlands
More
Ukraine didn't provide information for the investigation of MH17
Additional details: Ukraine did not provide information for the investigation into the downing of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17, which indirectly proves its guilt, said Nikolai Parshin, chief of the Russian Defense Ministry Main Rocket and Artillery Directorate.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

"In the JIT Australia, Belgium, Ukraine, Malaysia and the Netherlands are working together," said the JIT itself in its most recent statement: https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@103196/update-criminal-0/

According to The Insider, Ukraine was fully cooperating with the Joint Investigation Team. Moscow claimed that the JIT ignored evidence provided by Russia and, for that reason, it has refused to cooperate with the investigation.

Background:

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=mh17&disinfo_issue=&date=

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federationhttps://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/

24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. Several images of the BUK-TELAR with which MH17 was downed are available. Analysis of those produces a number of characteristics. The combination of those is so special that that can be considered as a fingerprint. This fingerprint has been compared with numerous images of BUK-TELARS, both Ukrainian and Russian ones. The only BUK-TELAR on which this combination of characteristics also was found, is a BUK-TELAR that was recorded several times when it joined a convoy of the 53rd brigade on 23 – 25 June 2014. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@103196/update-criminal-0/

Furthermore, a joint international open source investigation led by Bellingcat has identified conclusively that the person of interest known as ‘Andrey Ivanovich’ or ‘Orion’ whose identity is sought by the Joint Investigating Team in connection with the criminal investigation into the downing of MH17, is in fact Russian citizen Oleg Vladimirovich Ivannikov. Ivannikov was an officer of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defence (GRU), and served in that function until at least as late as September 2017. During his undercover deployment to LNR, he coordinated and supervised the military activities of Russian militants, pro-Russian separatists and “private army” contingents from the Wagner group. Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia Ukraine border. He held these functions at the time of the downing of MH17. https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/05/25/mh17-russian-gru-commander-orion-identified-oleg-ivannikov/

The European Union an NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/05/25/declaration-by-the-high-representative-on-behalf-of-the-eu-on-the-findings-of-the-joint-investigation-team-on-the-downing-of-flight-mh17/ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_154585.htm

On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2018/05/25/mh17-the-netherlands-and-australia-hold-russia-responsible

The US have supported the decisions by the Netherlands and Australia https://twitter.com/statedeptspox/status/1000039780384755712

Keywords: Ukraine, War in Ukraine, MH17
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
It was a Ukrainian regiment that shot down MH17
Additional details: The missile that shot down MH17 came from an the Ukrainian missile regiment, said Nikolai Parshin, chief of the Russian Defense Ministry Main Rocket and Artillery Directorate.

According to Parshin, this Ukrainian military unit is now called the 223rd anti-aircraft defense regiment of the Ukrainian armed forces, was renamed by a decree from the Ukraine presidential office. “Currently, this unit is located in the city of Stryi in the Lviv region, [and] they still have the Buk systems. It is noteworthy that units of the 223 regiment have, since 2014, repeatedly been involved in the so-called anti-terror operation in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions.”, he added.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti.ru
RT
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Bellingcat has identified that on the photos in VKontakte of an Ukrainian volunteer, it's evident that the 223rd Stryi Missile Regiment was in 2014 in the Poltava region. "The Poltava region is central Ukraine. Missile's range would be" too short, says Kirill Mihailov, researcher at Conflict Intelligence Team.

"The only operational Buk missile launcher observed within firing range of MH17 on July 17, 2014, was the Russian Buk 332, from the Kursk-based 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade," a surface-to-air combat unit of the Russian ground forces that was stationed in eastern Ukraine at the time, Bellingcat reported.

Further debunk by The Insider.

Background:

Many competing and contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=mh17&disinfo_issue=&date=

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH-17, was taken back to the Russian Federationhttps://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@96068/jit-flight-mh17-shot/

24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. Several images of the BUK-TELAR with which MH17 was downed are available. Analysis of those produces a number of characteristics. The combination of those is so special that that can be considered as a fingerprint. This fingerprint has been compared with numerous images of BUK-TELARS, both Ukrainian and Russian ones. The only BUK-TELAR on which this combination of characteristics also was found, is a BUK-TELAR that was recorded several times when it joined a convoy of the 53rd brigade on 23 – 25 June 2014. https://www.om.nl/onderwerpen/mh17-crash/@103196/update-criminal-0/

Furthermore, a joint international open source investigation led by Bellingcat has identified conclusively that the person of interest known as ‘Andrey Ivanovich’ or ‘Orion’ whose identity is sought by the Joint Investigating Team in connection with the criminal investigation into the downing of MH17, is in fact Russian citizen Oleg Vladimirovich Ivannikov. Ivannikov was an officer of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defence (GRU), and served in that function until at least as late as September 2017. During his undercover deployment to LNR, he coordinated and supervised the military activities of Russian militants, pro-Russian separatists and “private army” contingents from the Wagner group. Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia Ukraine border. He held these functions at the time of the downing of MH17. https://www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/05/25/mh17-russian-gru-commander-orion-identified-oleg-ivannikov/

The European Union an NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/05/25/declaration-by-the-high-representative-on-behalf-of-the-eu-on-the-findings-of-the-joint-investigation-team-on-the-downing-of-flight-mh17/ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_154585.htm

On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable. https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2018/05/25/mh17-the-netherlands-and-australia-hold-russia-responsible

The US have supported the decisions by the Netherlands and Australia https://twitter.com/statedeptspox/status/1000039780384755712

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, MH17
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukrainian MFA commits a "water genocide" against Crimean residents
Additional details: Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs Pavlo Klimkin is organizing a "water genocide" against Crimean residents. Klimkin said that Ukraine would never allow water supplies to Crimea.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Moskovskij Komsomolets
News Front
Argumenty i Fakty
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The word genocide is frequently used in pro-Kremlin disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=genocide&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_language%5B%5D=rus&date= but it seldom corresponds to the actual definition of a genocide http://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/genocide.html

Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs Pavlo Klimkin said that "Ukraine was aware of questionable Russian plans to build a new water supply route and would never allow water supplies to the occupied peninsula under a contract where Crimea was deemed to be part of Russia".

Further debunk on Stop Fake: https://www.stopfake.org/manipulyatsiya-ukrainskij-ministr-predlagaet-vodnyj-genotsid-dlya-krymchan/

 

Keywords: Genocide, Ukraine, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Russian universities are among the top in the world
Additional details: The Moscow State University and St. Petersburg University are in the top 50 best universities in the world with Moscow university ranking at number 20.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Pervyi Kanal
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Pervyi Kanal does not mention the name of the ranking. The newest statistics were published recently by QS Graduate Employability Rankings. According to QS, Moscow State University is ranked number 90 and St. Petersburg University - 235. Neither the other rankings mention Russian universities in high positions. More information on The Insider: https://theins.ru/antifake/116646

Keywords: fake statistics, education
Countries: Russia
More
Idlib: Another provocation, which is likely to be carried out by the so-called White Helmets, is being prepared
Additional details: Another provocation, which is likely to be carried out by the so-called White Helmets, is being prepared. --- The White Helmets and Nusra Front terrorists have approved videos of two scenes which will be transferred to the United Nations and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; the rest will be distributed in social networks, the Russian Center for Syrian Reconciliation noted.

///

White Helmets Stage Attacks to Give Pretext to US to Attack Syria.

///

The White Helmets, together with terrorists, have chosen 22 families with children, as well as orphans kidnapped from refugee camps to participate in their staged filming.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik in English
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on White Helmets and chemical attacks in Syria. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77488&date= euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=syria&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77353&date=

Earlier, pro-Kremlin disinformation has claimed that both the 2017 attack in Khan Sheikhoun and 2018 in Douma were faked. UN-OPCW Joint Investigative Mechanism found Syria’s Government responsible for last year’s attack in Khan Shaykhun. On April 10 2018 Russia vetoed a U.S.-drafted U.N. Security Council resolution that would have created a new inquiry to ascertain responsibility for chemical weapons attacks in Syria.

Read more: www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2018/08/31/attaques-chimiques-en-syrie-les-intox-de-la-russie-pour-brouiller-les-pistes_5348708_4355770.html#xtor=AL-32280270

Background:

On 7 April 2018, a high number of civilians were killed in the besieged Syrian city of Douma, with evidence pointing towards another chemical attack by the regime, according to the EU.

According to the World Health Organisation, during the shelling of Douma on Saturday, an estimated 500 patients presented to health facilities exhibiting signs and symptoms consistent with exposure to toxic chemicals. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2018/chemical-attacks-syria/en/

See also Bellingcat's open source survey on the suspected chemical attack: https://www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/04/11/open-source-survey-alleged-chemical-attacks-douma-7th-april-2018/

In September 2017, the UN Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic summarized 33 separate incidents where it had found use of chemical weapons. Since then there have been several additional suspected chemical attacks. Between March 2013 and March 2017, the Commission documented 25 incidents of chemical weapons use in the Syrian Arab Republic, of which 20 were proven to have been perpetrated by government forces and used primarily against civilians.

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/IICISyria/Pages/IndependentInternationalCommission.aspx

Keywords: false flag, White Helmets, Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: US, Syria
More
A network of US military laboratories deployed across Georgia to deal with biological weapons
Additional details: The lab in Georgia is nothing else but "a military biological base of the US Army on Georgian soil".

//

US-funded medical facility, known as the Richard G. Lugar Center for Public Health Research, in Georgia could be a cover for a bioweapons laboratory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @Russia 1 TV, 37:30
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation that the US/the West is building biological laboratories in the Caucasus region in order to use them as a test site https://euvsdisinfo.eu/shock-conspiracy-chemical-attack/ euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77462&date=

No evidence given.

The Central Public Health Reference Laboratory (CPHRL), the so called Lugar Laboratory was opened in 2011 under the Framework Agreement signed in 1997 and the Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Prevention of Proliferation of Technology, Pathogens and Expertise Related to the Development of Biological Weapons signed between the U.S. Department of Defense and the Georgian Defense Ministry in 2002. The United States provided a total of USD 350 million for the construction and technical equipment of the laboratory. In 2013 the laboratory moved to subordination of the National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC) and from 2018 the Government of Georgia will assume responsibility for full funding and operation of the Lugar center and laboratory network. Further debunking by Myth Detector: www.mythdetector.ge/en/myth/sakinform-and-zakharova-looking-georgian-trace-skripal-poisoning

See also a debunk regarding similar narrative in Armenia: uicarmenia.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Report-english.pdf

Keywords: Igor Giorgadze, Gennady Onishchenko, Biological weapons
Countries: US, Georgia
More
There was no Russian occupation in Georgia
Additional details: A host of TV Obiektivi, Valeri Kvaratskhelia, denied the occupation of Georgia by Russia: "When you are asked a question about occupation, why do not you answer straightly that there has been no such thing as occupation? There is not even a hint of occupation."

"If we recognize that Abkhazia and Ossetia are occupied by Russia, then the remaining part of Georgia is occupied by Americans. They are everywhere. They rule Georgia", said Kvaratskhelia.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Video provided by Mythdetector:
www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FSJA0lX4Tc
Disinforming outlet(s): Valeri Kvaratskhelia at the International South Caucasus Media Forum
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Georgia being allegedly occupied by the US.

Georgia is a sovereign country. Many international organizations condemned the occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, see e.g. the OSCE statements here and here and European Parliament's declaration.

More information on Mythdetector: http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/tv-obiektivi-host-kremlin-journalists-there-was-no-russian-occupation

Keywords: Occupation, Russo-Georgian War
Countries: Russia, US, Georgia
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Human Rights Watch asks the Georgian government to decriminalize personal use of all drugs
Additional details: Human Rights Watch is a dangerous threat to the government. It calls on the Government of Georgia to decriminalize personal use of all drugs and acquisition or possession of a small quantity for personal use.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: marshalpress.ge/archives/191392
Disinforming outlet(s): Marshalpress
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on civil society and NGOs https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=georgia+ngo&disinfo_issue=&date=

 

In fact, HRW's report calls on the Georgian government to focus on effective public health measures. It shows the damage associated with drug abuse and addiction for the users. HRW emphasizes that: "this is not a call for legalization, as drug consumption and possession for personal use could remain an administrative offense that trigger administrative penalties, such as fines".

Further debunk by Mythdetector: http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/marshalpress-manipulates-hrw-report-drug-policy

Keywords: Drugs, NGO, Human Rights Watch
Countries: Georgia
More
Merkel called on Georgia to accept Syrian refugees
Additional details: During her visit to Georgia on 22 August, the German Chancellor Angela Merkel called the country to receive Syrian refugees.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: www.myvideo.ge/v/3663951
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Caucasia
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=refugee&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_language%5B%5D=geo&date=

Angela Merkel did indeed speak, about migration during her visit in Georgia, but she mentioned the asylum-seekers from Georgia, and not the Syrian refugees. According to Merkel, the number of asylum-seekers from Georgia drastically increased in Germany after the introduction of visa-free regime. According to Mythdetektor, she also added that Germany would recognize Georgia as a safe country of origin for the return of migrants.

Keywords: Refugees, Angela Merkel
Countries: Germany, Georgia, Syria
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Ukrainian children were offered to play as Hitler's accomplices
Additional details: Ukrainian children were offered to play as Hitler's collaborators. A such game has been developed by the Institute of National Memory to glorify the Nazi activity of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

According to an official statement by the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory, the discussed game will deepen knowledge regarding the struggle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army against (...) two great enemies - Nazis and Soviet punitive units of the NKVD.

Keywords: Historical revisionism, Adolf Hitler, Ukraine, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
Kyiv is moving from a civil war to a terrorist war, Crimea was used by ISIS members as a hub
Additional details: Kyiv is moving from a civil war to a terrorist war.

---

When Crimea belonged to Ukraine, IS members used it as their "rest and recuperation centre and transhipment hub".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym, 1:30, 00:08
Reported by: East Stratcom network
Disproof note:

Repeating recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about war in Ukraine. euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=&disinfo_issue=&disinfo_keywords%5B%5D=77110&date=

Further debunk on previous false claims on Ukraine's support to Daesh: www.stopfake.org/en/fake-isis-training-camps-in-southern-ukraine/

Background:

It was Russia that provoked the war in East of Ukraine, and it is not a civil war. See e.g. https://www.forbes.com/sites/paulroderickgregory/2016/11/20/international-criminal-court-russias-invasion-of-ukraine-is-a-crime-not-a-civil-war/#3c73124c7ddb

The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/144158.pdf
At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014, NATO leaders condemned in the strongest terms Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine and demanded that Russia stop and withdraw its forces from Ukraine and along the country’s border. NATO leaders also demanded that Russia comply with international law and its international obligations and responsibilities; end its illegitimate occupation of Crimea; refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine; halt the flow of weapons, equipment, people and money across the border to the separatists; and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border. http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50090.htm#

According to the US Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Russian special forces and troops operated to mobilize, lead, equip, and support separatist militias in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine from spring 2014 to the present, although their presence was denied by Moscow. http://www.dia.mil/Portals/27/Documents/News/Military%20Power%20Publications/Russia%20Military%20Power%20Report%202017.pdf?ver=2017-06-28-144235-937

Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/17/vladimir-putin-admits-russian-military-presence-ukraine

The European Union does not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea and continues to condemn this violation of international law, and that Russia’s illegal actions remain a direct challenge to international security, with grave implications for the international legal order that protects the unity and sovereignty of all States.

Keywords: Civil war, War in Ukraine, Terrorism, Crimea, Daesh
Countries: Ukraine
More
A staged chemical weapon attack was shot in Idlib
Additional details: Nine videos were shot imitating a chemical attack against civilians in Idlib, they will be used to hold the Syrian government responsible for the attacks. The videos were shot with the "White Helmet propaganda Islamist organisation".
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Disinforming outlet(s): Orientalista
Reported by: East StratCom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation from the past couple of week about an allegedly staged chemical attack that the West would use as a justification for attacking the Syrian government. Based on the previous statements of Russian officials, the alleged staged chemical attack should already have taken place: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/english-speaking-experts-arrived-to-idlib-to-perform-chemical-attack/

White Helmets is regularly targeted by Russian and pro-Kremlin disinformation-oriented sources, see the cases in our database: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=white+helmets&disinfo_issue=&date=

Keywords: false flag, Idlib, White Helmets, Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, Syria
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