We have described in the past how pro-Kremlin media have attacked efforts to counter disinformation, see for example http://bit.ly/2fNSKqe or http://bit.ly/2hiVJFx. According to Zerohedge.com (http://bit.ly/2hJA9JY), the war on fake news is a war on free speech. In an article which was quickly translated into Czech (http://bit.ly/2hJiZNR), all such fakes and distortions are described simply as “alternative” news sources. In the website paulcraigroberts.org, we saw material (again promptly translated into Czech: http://bit.ly/2hx3avK) quoting Zerohedge and claiming that the proposed American law countering disinformation and propaganda (http://bit.ly/1R5VOqv) is “a law against telling the truth” (http://bit.ly/2heUOFY).

Escalation in Ukraine

Already two weeks ago, we showed you the parallel between the rise of disinformation targeting Ukraine in the information space, and military activity on the ground (http://bit.ly/2hrUtDG). This trend has continued. As the fighting in Donetsk and Luhansk escalated (http://bit.ly/2hMoX2W), so did the discrediting of Ukraine in pro-Kremlin media. Ukrainian forces were accused of hitting a civilian car with a tank (http://bit.ly/2hVWJTU) – but the residents in the village have heard nothing of the alleged deaths nor has the OSCE monitoring mission (http://bit.ly/2gZMHAY). Ukraine was also accused of violating Russian airspace over Crimea (http://bit.ly/2gVFDSP), though of course the airspace over Crimea is not Russian but Ukrainian (http://bit.ly/2gTMOcn). Further claims, disproved in this week’s table, were that Ukraine is paying over the odds for European gas (http://bit.ly/2hxmCrV); that the Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister accused the EU of betrayal (http://bit.ly/2gP7yCf); that Ukrainian soldiers sell fuel in order to buy clothes (http://bit.ly/2gZ7wuI); and that there are only three ways forward for Ukraine: to be returned to Russia, to be divided or to be subjected to a coup (http://bit.ly/2hr1C6s).

Aleppo

Many of the themes that we have reported on regularly with regard to the conflict in Ukraine (e.g. http://bit.ly/2h5e9M3) have been seen this week with regard to the situation in Aleppo (http://bit.ly/2hRA73E, http://bit.ly/2hPC03t, http://bit.ly/2i46HTd).

One video, which was widely shared via well-known conspiracy theory sites, pro-Kremlin media and social networks, was presented in these outlets as an independent journalist telling off mainstream media at a UN press conference (http://bit.ly/2h44h6X). In fact this was not a UN-organised press conference but an event organised by the Permanent Mission of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations. The “independent journalist”, moreover, is in fact someone openly in favour of the Syrian government and who recently went on a tour of Aleppo invited by the Syrian government. She also frequently appears on Russia Today (where she has been cited for her claims that mainstream media is lying about Syria, that there are no international organisations on the ground and that the White helmets are not saving lives in Aleppo http://bit.ly/2hwDwIc); and she is cited by well-known conspiracy theory sites.

Among the claims she makes in the video is that the bombing of Al Quds hospital in Aleppo earlier this year was a fake and never happened. For her proof she cites Russian satellite images which have been disproven by the Atlantic Council’s Digital Forensic Research Lab (http://bit.ly/2gJhVaN). Moreover the bombing was also confirmed as true by Medicines Sans Frontiers at the scene (http://bit.ly/2hhIvsE).

The EU was criticised by several Kremlin representatives this week for its lack of humanitarian support in Syria. The MFA’s spokesperson blamed EU High Representative Federica Mogherini and EU Council President Donald Tusk for spreading disinformation concerning humanitarian aid to Syria (http://bit.ly/2gT3KzY). A Russian MoD spokesperson called claims that thousands of people were trapped in Aleppo “Russophobic chatter” (http://bit.ly/2gDyJVg), while Foreign Minister Lavrov claimed that the West is lying about Russia hindering access for humanitarian aid in the area (http://bit.ly/2gKfsQm). The Russian ambassador to the EU and an MoD spokesperson both claimed that the EU does not engage in delivering humanitarian aid to Syria (http://bit.ly/2hCcL4S, http://bit.ly/2hBY2qm), while Deputy Foreign Minister Rybakov blamed UN special envoy for Syria Staffan di Mistura for the failure in Syria (http://bit.ly/2hAZjv8). In fact Russia has twice vetoed UN Security Council resolutions aiming to secure the delivery of humanitarian aid to Aleppo (http://bit.ly/1O5yESF). The EU is the leading donor in the international response to the Syrian crisis since the beginning of the conflict (http://bit.ly/2hr9zZ3).

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week

A Ukrainian colonel was sentenced to 13 years imprisonment for...
Additional details: A Ukrainian colonel was sentenced to 13 years imprisonment for shooting civillians in the Donbas.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hJgIlG
Disinforming outlet(s): Baltnews.lv
Reported by: BIEDRIBA Novosti
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The name of the colonel is not given, nor information on the court decision.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukraine is paying too much for European gas
Additional details: Ukraine is paying too much for European gas. It could be buying cheaper gas from Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hxmCrV
Disinforming outlet(s): rian.com.ua
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

The Chief Commercial Officer of Naftogaz Ukraine Yuri Vitrenko said that the price of European and Russian gas is very similar after recent discounts by Gazprom. "European gas prices constantly fluctuate, in August and September there was significant supply with the price below that of Gazprom." http://bit.ly/2i3uqi9

Keywords: Energy
Countries: Europe, Russia, Ukraine
More
The Czech government is increasing defence spending to prepare the...
Additional details: The Czech government is increasing defence spending to prepare the army for the upcoming "Operation Barbarossa II", replicating Adolf Hitler's attack on Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hWT8F4
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentní listy
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence for this accusation given. Increase of the defence spending shall raise the defense capabilities of Czech Republic, as well as move the country towards fulfilling its NATO commitments: http://bit.ly/2gS6ZYh. Czech republic still doesn't meet the target of spending 2% of the GDP on defence: http://bit.ly/2gS8WEh

Keywords: Operation Barbarossa, Adolf Hitler
Countries: Czech Republic, Russia
More
There are three scenarios for the future of Ukraine
Additional details: There are three scenarios for the future of Ukraine. It will either be returned to Russia, or it will be divided, or a coup will be organized there.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hr1C6s
Disinforming outlet(s): Svpressa.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc. Ukrainian citizens are citizens of Ukraine, not Russia. Russia has no right to claim them. Furthermore there are no indications that a coup would be organised in Ukraine, as Ukraine is making progress in reforms in key areas, notably constitutional reform, decentralisation, the fight against corruption and the judiciary. The EU welcomes these steps and is providing substantial support in all these areas.

Keywords: Coup
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
George Soros is behind many political convulsions around the world,...
Additional details: George Soros is behind many political convulsions around the world, e.g. creating anti-establishment parties such as SYRIZA (Greece) and PODEMOS (Spain).
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gZrWp2
Disinforming outlet(s): Svět kolem nás
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: SYRIZA, PODEMOS, George Soros
Countries: Greece, Spain
More
The Hague does not want to support Ukraine with EU...
Additional details: The Hague does not want to support Ukraine with EU financial and military assistance.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hIKQOk
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

The text of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU includes a separate section VI, entitled "Financial cooperation and provisions on the fight against fraud." Article 453 of the section says that "Ukraine receives financial assistance through the appropriate mechanisms and EU funding instruments. This financial assistance will help to achieve the objectives of this Agreement and will be provided in accordance with the following Articles of this Agreement." http://bit.ly/2hIVJlk // The EU leaders have accepted the Dutch demands and adopted an annex that e.g. says that Ukraine is not granted an EU membership: http://reut.rs/2h51KVU

Keywords: ICC
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Mainstream media is lying about Syria, there are no international...
Additional details: Mainstream media is lying about Syria, there are no international organisations on the ground in Aleppo, the White Helmets are not saving lives in Aleppo.
Language / Targeted audience: German
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hwDwIc
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The video of alledgedly "independent" journalist has gone viral and is claimed by various conspiracy sites to show how mainstream media is lying to the world about Syria. Eva Bartlett, the woman in the video, writes for various conspiracy sites including SOTT.net, The Duran, MintPress and Globalresearch.ca and she appears regularly on Russia Today. Bartlett was recently a guest of the Assad regime, attended a regime sponsored PR conference and went on a tour of regime-controlled areas http://bit.ly/2hC7IyB. In the video, Bartlett was speaking at a pro-Syrian government event on 9 December 2016 at the United Nations, where she was billed as an "independent Canadian journalist." http://bit.ly/2gHPLN1.

Keywords: Aleppo, White Helmets, Media, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
The authorized representative of the LPR in the Minsk talks,...
Additional details: The authorized representative of the LPR in the Minsk talks, Vladislav Dana, said that an armed coup is more likely in Ukraine than a peaceful uprising.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hIJ0Nm
Disinforming outlet(s): miaistok.su
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Miaistok is notorious for spreading pro-Kremlin disinformation.

Keywords: Coup, LPR
Countries: Ukraine
More
Accusations by Western countries claiming that Moscow is hindering the...
Additional details: Accusations by Western countries claiming that Moscow is hindering the deliveries of humanitarian aid to Syria are untrue.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gKfsQm
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov in Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom
Disproof note:

Actually, Russia has twice vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions, in October and December, that demanded an immediate end to air strikes and military flights over Syria's Aleppo city and called for a truce and humanitarian aid access throughout Syria http://bit.ly/1O5yESF. The EU through Federica Mogherini is working with the UN to call on the Russian and Syrian authorities to protect civilians so that the UN can complete the delivery of humanitarian aid http://bit.ly/2hC79rk. // On December 19, the UNSC (including Russia) has passed a resolution sending observers to Aleppo: http://bit.ly/2i5sPg2

Keywords: Syrian War, The West
Countries: Russia, The West, Syria
More
Ukraine's MFA accuses the EU of betrayal
Additional details: Ukraine's MFA accuses the EU of betrayal. The source for these claims is an interview that Ukraine’s Deputy Foreign Minister for European Integration Olena Zerkal gave to the British newspaper Financial Times.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gP7yCf
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

While visa free travel for Ukrainians has in principle been agreed upon with the EU, it has yet to officially begin. Ms. Zerkal was simply expressing frustration with the process; she was not accusing the EU of betrayal. http://bit.ly/2hxuxWf

Keywords: The Financial Times
Countries: UK, Ukraine, EU
More
The fact that Česká spořitelna and its Austrian shareholders decided...
Additional details: The fact that Česká spořitelna and its Austrian shareholders decided to withdraw ads from websites identified as disinforming is a form of censorship. Reporting about the event, as Aktualne.cz, Czech Radio and Czech TV have done, is evidence of propaganda and disinformation.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gZLisE
Disinforming outlet(s): Nová Republika
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Withdrawing advertisements from websites is the right of every company. Interpreting this act as an act of censorship is misleading. Reporting about such events cannot be qualified as disinformation or propaganda.

Keywords: Censorship, Propaganda
Countries: Austria, Czech Republic
More
The effort to fight fake news is an effort to...
Additional details: The effort to fight fake news is an effort to censor information not convenient for the government. It is not a fight against easily refutable hoaxes.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hJA9JY
Disinforming outlet(s): zerohedge.com
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The fight against fake news is a fight against manipulation in the news in general.

Keywords: Censorship
More
The CIA and establishment politicians are attacking independent media who...
Additional details: The CIA and establishment politicians are attacking independent media who tell it like it is. They already created a blacklist of 200 independent media outlets.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gOTw3k
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentní listy
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the disinformation article above.

Keywords: Media, CIA
Countries: US
More
The modernisation of the Czech Armed Forces is a first...
Additional details: The modernisation of the Czech Armed Forces is a first step towards preparing for war with Russia, and is organised by the USA and Brussels (EU).
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gYYm1j
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given as regards preparing for war with Russia. The Czech Republic is a sovereign state and hence make their own decisions concerning how to organise its army.

Keywords: Military
Countries: Czech Republic, Russia, EU, US
More
NGOs are smuggling migrants into Europe "on an industrial scale",...
Additional details: NGOs are smuggling migrants into Europe "on an industrial scale", as evidenced by video footage.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2h6aTNJ
Disinforming outlet(s): GEFIRA
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Repeating the disinformation debunked in the last review: http://bit.ly/2hinv4F // The origin of the ships or the purpose of their travel could not be verified. http://bit.ly/2gAy9WB

Keywords: NGO, Migration crisis
Countries: Europe
More
A Czech living in Sweden provides information on the situation...
Additional details: A Czech living in Sweden provides information on the situation in Sweden: the police will no longer protect citizens from crimes committed by immigrants - burning cars goes without punishment and gang rapes are punished by community service.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hIOo5j
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentní listy
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The name of the man could not be found anywhere outside of disinformation outlets. No evidence or sources are given to support his statements.

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Czech Republic, Sweden
More
Volunteers, often people with a shady past, are supplying weapons,...
Additional details: Volunteers, often people with a shady past, are supplying weapons, ammunition, medicines and food to the Ukrainian army and getting rich in the process.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hIO6Ja
Disinforming outlet(s): ukraina.ru
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

The article focuses on well-known Ukrainian volunteer Yuriy Biriukov, who is currently an aide to Ukraine’s Defense Minister. Biriukov really was a businessman who owned companies, but he built those companies long before he began to do volunteer work. Responding to StopFake’s inquiry, Biriukov explained that he sold his companies in 2014. Further debunking at Stopfake http://bit.ly/2hVTiMV.

Keywords: Trade
Countries: Ukraine
More
Kyiv attempts to enter Russian airspace, flying over Crimea
Additional details: Kyiv attempts to enter Russian airspace, flying over Crimea.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gVFDSP
Disinforming outlet(s): ukraina.ru
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

According to Ukraine, Kyiv has not violated Russian airspace and according to ICAO rules, Ukraine can do what it likes within the confines of its own airspace without any coordination with neighboring countries. In 2014 the International Civil Aviation Organization officially confirmed that the airspace over Crimea belongs to Ukraine. http://bit.ly/2gZLDgA

Keywords: Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
A Ukrainian army tank crushed a civilian car with three...
Additional details: A Ukrainian army tank crushed a civilian car with three passengers in southeastern Ukraine, as confirmed by deputy defense minister and defense spokesman of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic Eduard Basurin.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hVWJTU
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti.ru
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

The residents of the town however could not confirm such an incident had taken place and the local police called the event fabricated. No photographs have been found of the alleged accident, there is no mention of such an incident in social media and OSCE monitors have not recorded such an event in their daily reports. http://bit.ly/2gZMHAY

Keywords: War crimes, DPR
Countries: Ukraine
More
Jews around the world control governments and create conflicts
Additional details: Jews around the world control governments and create conflicts.The Czech elite is under control of the Masons, as well.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hIHMEb
Disinforming outlet(s): Svobodné noviny
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Antisemite conspiracy theory unsupported by evidence.

Keywords: Jews, Secret elites / global elites, Conspiracy
Countries: Czech Republic
More
The CIA and establishment politicians are attacking independent media who...
Additional details: The CIA and establishment politicians are attacking independent media who tell it like it is. They already created a blacklist of 200 independent media outlets.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2g9XgRF
Disinforming outlet(s): Paul Craig Roberts
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The list of 200 biggest Russian propaganda disseminators was created by the organization PropOrNot, which is not a government agency. http://bit.ly/2gCykSM

Keywords: Media, CIA
Countries: US
More
The German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said that "the parties...
Additional details: The German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said that "the parties of the conflict in Ukraine consider the truce a recommendation, not an obligation".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hNrSWe
Disinforming outlet(s): TASS
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

While he did say that all sides of the conflict must follow the terms of the Minsk agreements, Steinmeier did not say that both sides, Ukraine and Russia, treat the agreements as recommendations. http://bit.ly/2hfk2nB

Keywords: Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Countries: Ukraine, Germany
More
NGOs are smuggling migrants into Europe "on an industrial scale",...
Additional details: NGOs are smuggling migrants into Europe "on an industrial scale", as evidenced by video footage.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hf89OC
Disinforming outlet(s): Česko aktuálně
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the disinformation article above.

Keywords: NGO, Migration crisis
Countries: Europe
More
The US are unhappy with Ukraine and are looking for...
Additional details: The US are unhappy with Ukraine and are looking for Poroshenko's successor.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gZRmTm
Disinforming outlet(s): life.ru
Reported by: StopFake
Disproof note:

Ukrainian Ambassador to the US, Valeriy Chaly, commenting on the adoption by Congress of the US budget for national defense, said: "Despite the skepticism of some Ukrainian politicians, the result is that the US Congress increased assistance to Ukraine to $350 million." http://bit.ly/2hVTJH4

Keywords: Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
The election of Van der Bellen as President of Austria...
Additional details: The election of Van der Bellen as President of Austria kicked off a process of transformation towards totalitarianism.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hrwncc
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentní listy
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. There is nothing that indicates that a process of totalitarianism has started in Austria.

Keywords: Van der Bellen, Elections
Countries: Austria
More
Russia has several times urged Western states and international organisations...
Additional details: Russia has several times urged Western states and international organisations to provide humanitarian aid to civilians from Aleppo, but has received no reply.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hEJNhF
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom
Disproof note:

The EU is the leading donor in the international response to the Syrian crisis, with over €8.9 billion from the EU and Member States collectively allocated in humanitarian, stabilisation and development assistance since the start of the conflict http://bit.ly/2hr9zZ3. Furthermore, Russia has twice vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions, in October and December, that demanded an immediate end to air strikes and military flights over Syria's Aleppo city and called for a truce and humanitarian aid access throughout Syria http://bit.ly/1O5yESF

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War, The West
Countries: Russia, The West, Syria
More
Tales of 250,000 trapped Aleppo civilians are just a Russophobia...
Additional details: Tales of 250,000 trapped Aleppo civilians are just a Russophobia chatter.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gDyJVg
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Defense Ministry's spokesman Maj. Gen. Igor Konashenkov
in Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom
Disproof note:

According to the UN, the number 250,0000 was the accurate number for September http://bit.ly/2hVi8IB. The article does not say who is claiming that number but the UN and other international organisations agree that many thousands civilians remain unprotected in Aleppo and about 700 000 people remain in 15 besieged areas beyond east Aleppo http://bit.ly/2gHUa2K. The assessment of the number of people trapped in Aleppo has nothing to do with how anyone feels about Russia or Russians. It is worth noting that the Russian MFA's use of the word Russophobia soared massively since 2014 when the international community critizised Russia for their illegal actions in Ukraine, whereas it was barely used before that http://bit.ly/2hrHp06.

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War, Russophobia
Countries: Russia, Syria
More
No one has yet seen the humanitarian aid the European...
Additional details: No one has yet seen the humanitarian aid the European Union is providing in Syria.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation:
http://bit.ly/2hBY2qm
Disinforming outlet(s): The Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson in Interfax
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The EU is the leading donor in the international response to the Syrian crisis, with over €8.9 billion from the EU and Member States collectively allocated in humanitarian, stabilisation and development assistance since the start of the conflict http://bit.ly/2hr9zZ3. Furthermore, Russia has twice vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions, in October and December, that demanded an immediate end to air strikes and military flights over Syria's Aleppo city and called for a truce and humanitarian aid access throughout Syria http://bit.ly/1O5yESF

Keywords: Syrian War
Countries: EU, Syria
More
Western values means having no moral
Additional details: Western values means having no moral. Moral dignity should not exist according to these values, only "human rights" are important. For example, you can walk naked in the street and this will be your right. Somebody can marry a cat or a dog and this will be his/her right.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and the World
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

Yes, "Western values" inlude defending, protecting and promoting human rights. No, walking naked on the street and marrying a pet are not human rights http://bit.ly/1O8f0nS

Keywords: Western values, Human rights
Countries: The West
More
EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini and European Council President Donald...
Additional details: EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini and European Council President Donald Tusk are spreading disinformation on the situation concerning humanitarian aid to Syria. Russia has been providing humanitarian aid to Aleppo for years and also urging the UN to solve the situation for the civilian population but someone is discouraging the UN from acting.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gT3KzY
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Foreign ministry Spokeswoman Maria Zakharova in TASS
Reported by: East stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Actually, Russia has twice vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions, in October and December, that demanded an immediate end to air strikes and military flights over Syria's Aleppo city and called for a truce and humanitarian aid access throughout Syria http://bit.ly/1O5yESF. The EU through Federica Mogherini is working with the UN to call on the Russian and Syrian authorities to protect civilians so that the UN can complete the delivery of humanitarian aid http://bit.ly/2hC79rk, http://bit.ly/2hmNlEO. // On December 19, the UNSC (including Russia) has passed a resolution sending observers to Aleppo: http://bit.ly/2i5sPg2

Keywords: Aleppo, Federica Mogherini, Donald Tusk, UN, Syrian War
Countries: Russia, EU, Syria
More
Aleppo has been liberated from terrorists armed with chemical weapons
Additional details: Aleppo has been liberated from terrorists armed with chemical weapons.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gIdTPF
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom
Disproof note:

The rules of war have been broken by both sides of the conflict. According to a UN report http://bbc.in/2gGIv7m “Syrian pro-government forces in eastern Aleppo have been killing people, including women and children, on the spot in their homes and on the street”. There is no evidence that the opposition has chemical weapons, but there is evidence that Assad has used chemical weapons against his own people.http://politi.co/2bPeu0L. The findings of the Joint Investigative Mechanism of the use of chemical waepons in Syria point to the Syrian Government and Da'esh http://bit.ly/2cOYL79.

Keywords: Aleppo, Chemical weapons/attack, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Syria
More
The EU itself doesn't engage into humanitarian aid delivery in...
Additional details: The EU itself doesn't engage into humanitarian aid delivery in Syria and it never did.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hCcL4S
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Ambassador to the EU Vladimir Chizhov in TASS
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The EU is the leading donor in the international response to the Syrian crisis, with over €8.9 billion from the EU and Member States collectively allocated in humanitarian, stabilisation and development assistance since the start of the conflict http://bit.ly/2hr9zZ3. Furthermore, Russia has twice vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions, in October and December, that demanded an immediate end to air strikes and military flights over Syria's Aleppo city and called for a truce and humanitarian aid access throughout Syria http://bit.ly/1O5yESF

Keywords: Syrian War
Countries: EU, Syria
More
United Nations Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de...
Additional details: United Nations Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura is not living up to his mandate concerning the organization of intra-Syrian dialogue.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hAZjv8
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Rybakov in TASS
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Actually, Russia has twice vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions, in October and December, that demanded an immediate end to air strikes and military flights over Syria's Aleppo city and called for a truce and humanitarian aid access throughout Syria http://bit.ly/1O5yESF. The Syrian government delegation has not shown any readiness to engage in negotiations on a power-sharing and necessary reforms, including the security sector, in line with the Geneva Communique 2012 and the UNSCR, notably 2254. Russia, Bashar Assad's ally, subscribed to these international commitments as well.

Keywords: UN, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
At Least 10 ‘NATO’ Military Officers Captured by Syrian Special...
Additional details: At Least 10 ‘NATO’ Military Officers Captured by Syrian Special Forces in East Aleppo Bunker
Language / Targeted audience: German
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hetbg2
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

There are no NATO troops on the ground in Syria http://reut.rs/1Od3Go4.

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War, NATO
Countries: Syria
More
The stories about attacks on hopitals and schools in Aleppo...
Additional details: The stories about attacks on hopitals and schools in Aleppo were fake
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hzF6Zb
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi Kanal, time 08:08
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

There is a lot of open source information, satellite imagery, and information gathered from local groups confirming the hospitals in Syria were bombed, see e.g. http://bit.ly/2fCDKKz

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
The fighters have been running East Aleppo as a quasi...
Additional details: The fighters have been running East Aleppo as a quasi Sharia state, receiving support from the Western countries, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hzF6Zb
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi Kanal, time 09:08
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The local councils and all directorates in Aleppo, including the Local Council of Aleppo Governorate, are exclusively civil, vetted and financed by the West. No member of the military groups has any presence or decision-making power within the council or the directorates. Members are all civilians, selected without any interference from the armed groups. There is no cooperation between the competing “Islamic Directorate of Services” and the local council or any of its institutions. Brita Hagi Hasan, the President of the Local Council of East Aleppo has been shortlisted for the 2016 World Mayor Prize http://bit.ly/2gahRVy

Keywords: Aleppo, Sharia law, The West
Countries: Turkey, The West, Saudi Arabia
More
The Ukrainian Armed Forces in Luhansk are selling fuel to...
Additional details: The Ukrainian Armed Forces in Luhansk are selling fuel to buy clothing, food, and alcohol.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gZ7wuI
Disinforming outlet(s): riafan.ru
Reported by: Oleksandr Nykonorov, journalist for Depo.ua, blogger, researcher
Disproof note:

No evidence for this claim given. Riafan.ru is notorious for spreading anti-Ukrainian disinformation.

Keywords: LPR
Countries: Ukraine
More
At Least 10 ‘NATO’ Military Officers Captured by Syrian Special...
Additional details: At Least 10 ‘NATO’ Military Officers Captured by Syrian Special Forces in East Aleppo Bunker
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2i3jqS2
Disinforming outlet(s): Theinternationalreporter.org
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

There are no NATO troops on the ground in Syria http://reut.rs/1Od3Go4.

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War, NATO
Countries: Syria
More
Visa liberalization with Ukraine will inevitably lead to a massive...
Additional details: Visa liberalization with Ukraine will inevitably lead to a massive influx of Ukrainians to the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hVjuHF
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik CZ
Reported by: The Prague Security Studies Institute within the framework of the Centre for International Relations‘ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

The article does not mention that visa will not be required only for short stays (for up to 90 days). It is also overlooks the fact that the EU can restore visa requirements should it deem it necessary to do so.

Keywords: Visa liberalisation
Countries: Ukraine, EU
More
Ukrainian border guards shot at a passenger bus in Mayorskoye
Additional details: Ukrainian border guards shot at a passenger bus in Mayorskoye. This demonstrates the unwillingness of the authorities in Kyiv to respect the right to life and security of Donbas residents.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hxEd3b
Disinforming outlet(s): Baltnews.ee
Reported by: BIEDRIBA Novosti
Disproof note:

The incident was a staged provocation by militants in Donbas. http://bit.ly/2h0gREl

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
Trade with the EU market has actually not given Moldova...
Additional details: Trade with the EU market has actually not given Moldova anything.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gSIJdh
Disinforming outlet(s): RuBaltic
Reported by: EEAS Chisinau
Disproof note:

The EU's imports from Moldova increased by 5% from €1.16 billion to €1.22 billion in 2015. The Association Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova was signed in June 2014 and has been in full effect since July 2016.http://bit.ly/2fq1Euh

Keywords: Trade, AA/DCFTA
Countries: Moldova, EU
More
Al Quds hospital in Aleppo was never bombed
Additional details: Al Quds hospital in Aleppo was never bombed.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hOYa6F
Disinforming outlet(s): End time hour account on Youtube
Reported by: East Stratcom
Disproof note:

Al Quds hospital was bombed, and the proof can be found here http://bit.ly/2gJhVaN. This was also confirmed by MSF at the scene http://bit.ly/2hhIvsE. The video of alledgedly "independent" journalist has gone viral and is claimed by various conspiracy sites to show how mainstream media is lying to the world about Syria. Eva Bartlett, the woman in the video, writes for various conspiracy sites including SOTT.net, The Duran, MintPress and Globalresearch.ca and she appears regularly on Russia Today. Bartlett was recently a guest of the Assad regime, attended a regime sponsored PR conference and went on a tour of regime-controlled areas http://bit.ly/2hC7IyB. http://bit.ly/2gHPLN1.

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
Spontaneous celebrations took place in Aleppo after terrorists, supported by...
Additional details: Spontaneous celebrations took place in Aleppo after terrorists, supported by the Western powers, were defeated and the city was freed, as shown by video footage. The video is in opposition to claims by mainstream media which only report the suffering in Aleppo.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hMOSod
Disinforming outlet(s): Nová Republika
Reported by: The Prague Security Studies Institute within the framework of the Centre for International Relations‘ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

It is unclear - and unlikely - that the video was taken in Aleppo. Moreover, the video was made by Iranian Press TV, which is dubious. Iran is directly engaged in Syria on the side of Bashar al Assad's regime and its media are not independent (http://bit.ly/2gZrBTs).

Keywords: Aleppo, Mainstream media, Syrian War, Terrorism, The West
Countries: The West, Syria
More
Ukrainian border guards shot at a passenger bus in Mayorskoye
Additional details: Ukrainian border guards shot at a passenger bus in Mayorskoye. This demonstrates the unwillingness of the authorities in Kyiv to respect the right to life and security of Donbas residents.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gPF7Ux
Disinforming outlet(s): Baltnews.lv
Reported by: BIEDRIBA Novosti
Disproof note:

The incident was a staged provocation by militants in Donbas. http://bit.ly/2h0gREl

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Ukraine
More
The German tabloid Bild claims that Putin was behind the...
Additional details: The German tabloid Bild claims that Putin was behind the Cologne sexual assault attacks last year. This is proof that Western media are demonising Vladimir Putin.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2h1yuSu
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentní Listy
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Wrong translation from the English source (http://bit.ly/2gPNmAg). According to Express.co.uk, an expert said to Bild that Putin could create such incidents in the future in order to influence German elections.

Keywords: Media, Cologne assaults, Vladimir Putin
Countries: West, Germany
More
Western governments’ efforts to spread Russophobia are obvious but futile
Additional details: Western governments’ efforts to spread Russophobia are obvious but futile.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hVUOuq
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov in Russia Today
Reported by: East Statcom
Disproof note:

Despite current difficulties in the relationship with Russia, the EU and its Member States have maintained a clear policy of reaching out to Russian society and youth, mainly through the Erasmus+ student exchange programme and other people to people contacts. It is worth noting that the Russian MFA's use of the word Russophobia soared massively since 2014 when the international community critizised Russia for their illegal actions in Ukraine, whereas it was barely used before that http://bit.ly/2hrHp06.

Keywords: Russophobia, The West
Countries: Russia, The West
More
Sweden tells municipalities to prepare for war and 150 troops...
Additional details: Sweden tells municipalities to prepare for war and 150 troops were put on permanent service on the island of Gotland, not far from Russian territory.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gRNkMO
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: Official from an EU country
Disproof note:

Although it is true that a Swedish state agency has informed the municipalities about their responsibilities in rebuilding the civil defence in Sweden, this is aimed at increasing the ability of the society to deal with destabilization in the form of antagonistic actions in peacetime (such as political, psychological, economic and military influence operations), to increase the ability to identify and counter intelligence operations, cyber attacks and information operations against the country, as well as increase the ability to resist an armed attack on Sweden from qualified opponents http://bit.ly/2gIIDQw. Furthermore, Gotland is part of Sweden's sovereign territory and has had military precence since 1645 as it is of strategic geographical importance. As Russia and Sweden are neighboring countries, naturally it is not far from Russian territory.

Keywords: War preparation
Countries: Russia, Sweden
More
The effort to fight fake news is an effort to...
Additional details: The effort to fight fake news is an effort to censor information not convenient for the government. It is not a fight against easily refutable hoaxes.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hJiZNR
Disinforming outlet(s): AC24
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

The fight against fake news is a fight against manipulation of the news in general.

Keywords: Censorship
More
Western media's concern about the civilian lives in Aleppo are...
Additional details: Western media's concern about the civilian lives in Aleppo are a propaganda campaign to spoil Russia's glorious victory. The audience should not be concerned about the civilian casualties, because all inhabitants of Aleppo are relatives of terrorists. Western media is not reporting on the similar situation in IS-held Mosul.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2gPJjUe
Disinforming outlet(s): Protiproud
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Westerm media has reported on the situation throughout the conflict in Syria and there is no glorious victory on either side, since there has been massive loss of civilian lives. There is no evidence that inhabitants of Aleppo are relatives of terrorists. There is coverage of the dismal situation of civilians in Mosul by most of the top Western media houses (http://bit.ly/2gZDneX).

Keywords: Aleppo, Propaganda, Media, Terrorism, Daesh
Countries: Russia, The West, Syria
More
The Syrian White Helmets are working only when there is...
Additional details: The Syrian White Helmets are working only when there is a camera crew around. They also have ties to terrorists, they are looting and even killing the victims of bombing raids.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hWXhsy
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given. RT has been spreading defamatory news about the White helmets several times http://bit.ly/2hDBF1y. Furthermore, The White Helmets are the only independent observers present in the part of Syria where Russia is fighting alongside Assad. Russia has consistently tried to compromise the NGO with accusations. The NGO is widely respected and recently received this year's Right Livelihood Award http://bit.ly/2h5udy1.

Keywords: White Helmets, Diseases, Syrian War
Countries: Syria
More
The Syrian White Helmets are working only when there is...
Additional details: The Syrian White Helmets are working only when there is a camera crew around. They also have ties to terrorists, they are looting and even killing the victims of bombing raids.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hJL4qN
Disinforming outlet(s): AC24
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

Czech translation of the disinformation article above.

Keywords: War crimes, White Helmets, Diseases, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Syria
More
Aleppo has been liberated from terrorists
Additional details: Aleppo has been liberated from terrorists.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2hzF6Zb
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi Kanal, time 02:19
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The Russia-backed Syrian army's victory over fighters in Eastern Aleppo can hardly be called a liberation, as this word implies freedom. The Syrian government has in its actions and policies not proven capable of providing any form of freedom to its people, on the contrary, according to Amnesty International, the Syrian regime stands behind numerous human rights violations http://bit.ly/1OR8Jwi

Keywords: Aleppo, Syrian War, Terrorism
Countries: Syria
More

share with