Manipulation, Censorship and Disinformation traps: several challenges to Democracy


Journalists on Disinformation. Part 3: Armenia

Credible journalism is at the core of a democratic society. To celebrate the World Press Freedom Day, EUvsDisinfo publishes a series of articles, giving voice to independent journalism in the Eastern Partnership countries. Part 3. Armenia.

EUvsDisinfo talked with three Armenian journalists with diverse professional backgrounds: Tatev Danielyan; journalist and Editor-in-Chief of “News” at the Armenian Public Broadcaster and commentator on the Sunday News, Ami Chichakyan; journalist with the “Aravot” daily and with Naira Nalbandyan; local TV journalist and now with Radio Liberty.

They have experienced the reality of working in a war-affected environment. They recognise that disinformation pops up almost everywhere and every day and they understand the challenges in producing good, quality news. Here we bring their views and recommendations.

Why is journalism important?

Ami Chichakyan

Journalism is one of the elements of democracy. Thanks to journalists, people can receive objective, unbiased information about events. Be informed about their rights and responsibilities and get a platform where they can raise their concerns and tell their story.

Tatev Danielyan:

Journalism, I believe, has a role not only to inform but also to protect through raising awareness. I love journalism; first of all, when you help the public orient themselves, find out the footnote of the words spoken and the steps taken.

Tatev Danielyan; journalist and Editor-in-Chief of “News” at the Armenian Public Broadcaster and commentator on the Sunday News

Naira Nalbandyan:

The journalist has an important role in ensuring the transparency of the work of the authorities and public accountability. Put the questions.

Obtaining accurate, comprehensive, verified information has become more complicated, as the platforms and opportunities for spreading misinformation have increased. Even people with higher education can have difficulty distinguish disinformation from real news.

How often do you run into disinformation?

Ami Chichakyan:

It is very hard to avoid disinformation today, it haunts us everywhere,

Naira Nalbandyan:

We face it on a daily basis today. We also notice guided and systematic cases of dissemination of disinformation. When an actual photograph, case or a government decision is quoted in the disseminated disinformation, in order to give it credibility, other information containing complete disinformation is presented at the same time.

How can disinformation be harmful?

Tatev Danielyan:

I encounter disinformation every day. The main danger is manipulation. The primary purpose of disinformation is to make people manageable. Therefore, it can have serious political consequences. Besides, it can have a visible effect. When a media outlet or a blogger with a large readership talks about, for example, the harm of vaccines or promotes a low-quality drug.

Ami Chichakyan:

Disinformation is a trap; and it is easy to fall into this trap. It is aimed at manipulating the public by spreading false information about other people and/or events, thus, it can have a direct impact on people’s perceptions and behaviour.

Ami Chichakyan; journalist with the “Aravot” daily

The challenges in times of conflict

Armenia recently faced the challenges, which follows in times of conflict. Apart from the casualties, human suffering and destruction this also affects journalists’ news reporting.

Naira Nalbandyan:

The 44-day war [Ed.: around Nagorno-Karabakh] cannot be taken away from reality. I worked for weeks under martial law restricting us from informing about everything I saw. The public was not ready to receive information other than the official one and most of us did not have the opportunity to verify the official information provided. The public was not ready to perceive and accept the fact of defeat.

What is your advice to counter or avoid disinformation?

Ami Chichakyan:

  • Do not believe everything that you read
  • Check the information you read on other platforms
  • Establish a list of trusted media outlets
  • Pay attention to where the article is published
  • Avoid obvious scandalous headlines.

Naira Nalbandyan:

  • Identify and follow high-status media
  • Have reservations about the information shared by unknown users on separate social networks
  • Do not do research only by reading titles, get into reading footnotes
  • Get acquainted with the coverage of the same event or information in several news outlets

Tatev Danielyan:

  • Try to think critically of any information provided to you
  • Be reasonable, try to understand what the sender of this or that information wants you to think when passing you the information.

What is your message to people on World Press Freedom Day?

Naira Nalbandyan; local TV journalist and now with Radio Liberty

Naira Nalbandyan:

A free, pluralistic press is the cornerstone of a democratic society; never subordinate the right to being informed to your other rights.

Tatev Danielyan:

I want to urge people to respect the work of journalists, regardless of their political affiliation. The level of democracy in the country depends on the public attitude towards that profession.




Stay tuned for the articles in this series celebrating the World Press Freedom Day. Next time, we talk with five journalists in Ukraine. Previous articles: Part 1. Belarus; Part 2. Georgia.

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Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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