On Friday this week the Eastern Partnership summit will take place in Brussels between the EU and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. In the build up, we have seen plenty of pre-emptive distortion concerning the facts about the EU’s cooperation with its Eastern Partners.

For example, there is the claim that the new agreement between Armenia and the EU, half of which focuses on building a stronger economy, will not in fact have any affect on the economy. The EU was accused of restricting Georgian products, whereas in fact Georgia enjoys a zero customs duty policy on the import of goods into EU countries, save for one product: garlic. It was also claimed that only Europe benefits from the agreement with Georgia, whereas actually trade relations between the EU and its partner countries are mutually beneficial.

The most common myths about the Eastern Partnership have been compiled and debunked here, available in all EU languages and Russian.

As we have pointed out before, disinformation is a tool that can be used for many purposes; to confuse, to cover the facts, to discredit something or someone. Or, as Ben Nimmo explains it with the 4 D:s; dismiss, distort, distract, dismay.

What was said in pro-Kremlin channels about Theresa May after she stated that Russia seeks to weaponise information is a recent example of pro-Kremlin disinformation efforts to dismiss a critic. But as shown this week, disinformation is not always a reaction-sometimes it is rather proactive.

Disinformation – live in conflict

Another Eastern Partner, Ukraine, continued to get the usual extra attention in pro-Kremlin outlets. This week, the focus seemed to be on alleging the preparation of future atrocities to be committed by either the US or the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

On Russian state controlled TV, the US was accused of paying Ukraine to keep the conflict going, actively preventing peace in the east of Ukraine, but also of provoking the war in Ukraine in order to stop the new “Great Silk Road”. Neither theory was backed up by any evidence.

The “real” reason for the conflict in Ukraine? There is a more truthful explanation.

And Ukrainian authorities were accused of having conducted ethnic cleansing in Donbas as well as of planning, in cooperation with the US, to conduct large-scale ethnic cleansing in that area. Again, there are no indications to back these assertions up.

A similar unsubstantiated claim in pro-Kremlin disinformation was that the Ukrainian National Security and Defence Council have death squads at their command. If these are simply cases of distortion, or if it is also a case of distracting the attention from something else, remains to be seen.

There is no evidence that Russian athletes have been using doping
Additional details: WADA continues its “war against Russia", there is no evidence that Russian athletes have been using doping.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/dtrHtj_buPg?t=1828
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresnoye Vremya @ Pervyi Kanal
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The regulations of the World Anti-Doping Agency apply equally to every athlete, regardless of his or her country of origin. Russia was sanctioned because of its massive programme of state-sponsored doping with a view to gaining unfair sporting advantage. Concerns over Russian doping had existed for many years https://www.rferl.org/a/russian-officials-refuse-accept-charges-state-sponsored-doping-wada-mclaren-mutko/28658126 , html http://bit.ly/2anCHeu, 

Keywords: WADA, The West
Countries: Russia
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The US is paying Ukraine to continue the war
Additional details: The US is going to allocate $ 350 million to Ukraine to counteract Russia's aggression only in order to pay for the continuation of the war there and prevent the establishment of peace in Donbas in the East of Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/aFuAKpVC5k8?t=1570
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal, 26:08
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The US is firmly committed to supporting Ukrainian security and stability http://bit.ly/1qCWSfd

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
Czech Republic is undergoing islamisation with the help of the state
Additional details: The attention of the media and the public is clinging to illegal migration, while the Czech Republic is Islamized by legal Muslim migrants. It is estimated that there are about 100,000 migrants from Arab countries in the Czech Republic and thousands more of them come each year. Most Arab migrants, according to the Ministry of the Interior, come from Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Everything is happening unnoticed because migrants receive visas from Czech embassies in Arab states.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): aeronet.cz
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

The total number of applications for a long-term visa in the Czech Republic in 2016 was 16 153. Americans (3191), Ukrainians (2819) and Russians (2143) are the nationalities that most often applied for long-term visas. The number of applications for long-term residence permits was even lower, namely 8226, which is a 25% decrease compared to 2015. The Embassy of the Czech Republic does not have the power to grant any kind of visa. The functions of Czech embassies abroad are more informative and diplomatic. Ambassadors are tasked to represent the Czech Republic and Czech culture abroad, to establish contacts, to ensure consular activity and to monitor the implementation of international treaties. As of September 30, 2017, the number of immigrants from Saudi Arabia recorded for temporary stay was 150 and 24 for a permanent period. There is only 1 Qatar immigrant in the Czech Republic, and only for a temporary period. http://www.mzv.cz/jnp/cz/o_ministerstvu/adresar_diplomatickych_mis/urady_ceske_republiky_v_zahranici.html, http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/cizinci-s-povolenym-pobytem.aspx?q=Y2hudW09MQ%3d%3d, http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/zpravy-o-situaci-v-oblasti-migrace-a-integrace-cizincu-v-ceske-republice-za-roky-2001-2016.aspx.

Keywords: Islamisation, Muslim/Islam, Migration crisis
Countries: Czech Republic
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Every accepted refugee has the right to family reunification, no proof is needed
Additional details: Every third-country refugee accepted to EU territory has the right under the Family Reunification Directive to bring all his relatives later on. Demonstration of family ties is considered to be humiliating and therefore the refugee can invite whoever he/she wants and it does not have to be proven.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): novarepublika.cz
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

The Family Reunification Directive literally says that "the right to request family reunification is only granted to holders of a residence permit for at least one year and who can reasonably be expected to have permanent residence." It is clear that it is not about the right to family reunification, but the right to apply for family reunification. The application must be accompanied by family ties, such as those concerning close relatives (husband / wife, child, mother, father). The applicant for family reunification must be able to prove on request that he has accommodation that complies with the general safety and health standards, health insurance and permanent income for his / her own nutrition and for the maintenance of his / her family members. Moreover, it is clearly stated that "the Directive does not apply to applicants for refugee status" http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/CS/TXT/?uri=LEGISSUM%3Al33118.

Keywords: Refugees
Countries: Czech Republic, EU
More
The European Parliament is violating the UN Convention in order to force us to accept the Muslim immigrants.
Additional details: The European Parliament's quota decisions contradict the "Convention on the Status of Refugees" adopted by all UN member states. Article 26 on Freedom of Movement states that "Each Contracting State shall allow refugees lawfully in their territory to choose a place of residence and move freely within its territory, subject to certain exceptions laid down in proceedings under the same circumstances as foreigners". This means that nobody, not even the European Parliament, should be able to redistribute refugees.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: www.vlasteneckenoviny.cz/?p=192646
Disinforming outlet(s): Vlastenecké noviny
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

The EU asylum policy's objectives are to develop a common policy on asylum, subsidiary protection and temporary protection, with a view to offering an appropriate status to all third-country nationals who need international protection, and to ensure that the principle of non-refoulement is observed. This policy must be consistent with the 1951 Geneva Convention and the 1967 Protocol thereto. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/atyourservice/en/displayFtu.html?ftuId=FTU_5.12.2.html

The freedom of movement as defined in Article 26 of the Convention on the Status of Refugees clearly states that each state must ensure that a refugee who is legally present on its territory has freedom of movement within the borders of that state. This means that the Czech Republic must ensure that a refugee who is legally resident in the Czech Republic can move freely within the Czech Republic.
https://www.osn.cz/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/uprchlici.pdf
https://www.amo.cz/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/PSS-Mezin%C3%A1rodn%C3%AD-smlouvy-DISEC.pdf

 

Keywords: Refugees, UN
Countries: International, Czech Republic, EU
More
Paris cancels the annual Christmas markets, instead, it will only hold Ramadan
Additional details: According to a municipality spokesman, the French capital wants the Champs-Élysées to focus on the aesthetic and cultural dimension in the Christmas season, reflecting the uniqueness of the location. Marcel Campion, who has been organizing this Christmas market since 2008, has prevented the deterioration of the quality of the markets, and he does not understand why the city management has decided to cancel them. It is strange that the city organizes a celebration of Ramadan but will not organize one simple Christmas market.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): svobodnenoviny.eu
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

These kind of disinformation stories regularly appear as Christmas approaches https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=Christmas&disinfo_issue=&date=. There is no link between the decision to renew the Christmas fare and Ramadan. For the past nine years, 77-year-old Marcel Campion, known as "king of the fairground" has been in charge of the event but in the summer Paris City Council voted unanimously not to renew the deal with Campion. "Paris wants to host a Christmas market on the Champs-Elysées, but we want to take the time to reflect on the best solution for Parisians and tourists," a City Hall spokesperson told Le Parisien. https://www.thelocal.fr/20171108/why-there-wont-be-a-christmas-market-on-the-champs-elysees-this-year.

Keywords: Islamisation, Christmas
Countries: Czech Republic, France
More
There are death squads in Ukraine, under the leadership of secretary of the National Security and Defence Council
Additional details: Alexander Turchynov, the secretary of the Ukrainian National Security and Defence Council, does not only have the usual tools at hand, he also holds the leadership over the death squads.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5zEVyMAPiM
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal, 19:43
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: War in Ukraine, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
The US is provoking a civil war in Ukraine
Additional details: The US is provoking a civil war in Ukraine in order to force this country to break off railway communication with Russia and thereby prevent Beijing from reviving the ‘Great Silk Road‘ from China to Europe through Russia.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5zEVyMAPiM
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal, 32:25
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given. The war in Ukraine is a war between Russian-backed separatists and the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
The US and Ukraine are planning mass ethnic cleansing in Donbas
Additional details: The US and Ukraine are planning to organize a large-scale provocation, namely, mass ethnic cleansing in Donbass and for this purpose are going to introduce 20,000 peacekeepers, which will prevent Russia from defending the civilians there.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/avOxtFyB3rs?t=500
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal, 8:19, 8:50
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, recurring disinformation. If a peacekeeping mission would be deployed in the East of Ukraine it would consist of an international contingent under UN mandate. There are no indications that such a mission would result in any ethnic cleansing, quite the contrary. https://www.rferl.org/a/canada-making-diplomatic-push-ukraine-un-peacekeeping-plan/28845877.html, https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-to-seek-russian-approval-for-peacekeepers-in-eastern-ukraine-1510258304.

Keywords: ethnic cleansing, War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
The authorities of Ukraine have already conducted ethnic cleansing in Donbas
Additional details: The authorities of Ukraine have already conducted ethnic cleansing in Donbas, moving its residents in buses.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/avOxtFyB3rs?t=1143
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal, 19:00
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There is no evidence indicating that the authorities of Ukraine have ever carried out ethnic cleansing - whether in buses or elsewhere.

Keywords: ethnic cleansing, Ukraine, War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
The US is saving Daesh from a final defeat
Additional details: The US is saving Daesh from a final defeat: Washington is evacuating the elite of these terrorists to Europe now while ordinary militants are moved to Afghanistan.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/4evQBuN9Kx4?t=2405
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal, 40:02
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring disinformation that the US is protecting or working together with ISIS/Daesh https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=Daesh&disinfo_issue=&date=. The US is fighting against Daesh together with the Global Coalition against Daesh http://theglobalcoalition.org/en/home/. The US MoD outlines the latest progress on their website https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1322158/strikes-continue-in-effort-to-defeat-isis-in-syria-iraq/.

Keywords: Terrorism, Daesh
Countries: Europe, Russia, US
More
Dutch Parliament passed new law concerning sex with minors
Additional details: The Dutch Parliament passed a new law – a homosexual has the right to have homosexual relations with a 12-year-old, if the homosexual has the minor's consent.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper Asaval Dasavali page 17
Disinforming outlet(s): Asaval Dasavali
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

The legal age of consent is 16 in the Netherlands, regardless of the sexual orientation of the persons involved have https://www.ageofconsent.net/world/netherlands.

Keywords: LGBT
Countries: The Netherlands, Georgia
More
The EU imposes restrictions on Georgian and Ukrainian products
Additional details: While European products are put on the Georgian market, limits are enforced on the import of Georgian products inside the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2zcit5D
Disinforming outlet(s): Geworld.ge
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

Georgia and Ukraine enjoy a zero customs duty policy on import of goods to EU countries, except for 1 product (garlic). There is no limit on the volume of Georgian goods exported to the EU. Only a few products represent exceptions, Georgia initially has zero customs duty for these products within a certain quota, after the expiry of which the import tariff must be paid. http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/two-lies-about-association-agreement-european-union

Keywords: Eastern Partnership, Trade
Countries: Ukraine, EU, Georgia
More
Georgian kindergartens receive directives from UNICEF
Additional details: The Georgian Education Minister Jejelava started bringing up male and female homosexuals in kindergartens. This is done under the mask of ''civilized'', ''tolerant'', ''Western experience'' and the directives are received by UNICEF.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: Printed newspaper Asaval – Dasavali page 32
Disinforming outlet(s): Asaval – Dasavali
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

No evidence given. UNICEF cannot decide over Georgia's school programme. Read more about what UNICEF workes with in Georgia: https://www.unicef.org/about/annualreport/files/Georgia_2016_COAR.pdf

Keywords: Western values, UN
Countries: Georgia
More
The US occupies Syria
Additional details: The American troops are in Syria against the will of the legal government of the country, in practise they are occupants.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=2954970&cid=5#
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti.ru
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation. On 20th of November 2015, the UN Security Council determined that the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant/Sham (ISIL/ISIS) constituted an “unprecedented” threat to international peace and security, calling upon Member States with the requisite capacity to take “all necessary measures” to prevent and suppress its terrorist acts on territory under its control in Syria and Iraq.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2249 (2015), the 15-member body (which includes Russia) condemned in the strongest terms ISIL’s gross, systematic and widespread abuses of human rights, as well as its destruction and looting of cultural heritage.  Those who committed, or were otherwise responsible for, terrorist acts or human rights violations must be held accountable. By other terms, the Council urged Member States to intensify their efforts to stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters into Iraq and Syria, and to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorism.

Further debunking by the Insider.

Keywords: Occupation, Syrian War, Daesh
Countries: US, Syria
More
The United States has recognised Donetsk People’s Republic
Additional details: The US Treasury’s Office of Foreign Asset Control, which enforces economic and trade sanctions against countries and individuals, recognised the Donetsk People’s Republic.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ukraina.ru/news/20171110/1019504049.html
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru, Informuburo, Ukrop
Reported by: StopFake.org
Disproof note:

Reccurring disinformation. As the DPR appears on the US Office of Foreign Asset Control sanctions list as a separate entity, without any qualifiers such as self-proclaimed or so-called, Ukraina.ru interprets that as de-facto recognition. At the same time, Ukraina.ru adds that according to the US Treasury, the DPR is an administrative part of Ukraine.

The self-proclaimed republics of Luhansk and Donetsk are indeed listed as separate entities on the OFAC sanctions list, without any quotation marks or explainers attached.

According to the US Embassy in Ukraine the self-proclaimed separatist republics are not recognised by anyone although they are listed separately on the OFAC sanctions list. Further debunking by StopFake.

Keywords: Donetsk, DPR, Sanctions
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
The Armenia-EU agreement does not affect the economy
Additional details: The enhancement of cooperation with the European Union concerns modernization of our society in the first place. It is about good governance, human rights. It almost does not deal with economy.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.bfm.ru/news/368936
Disinforming outlet(s): bmf.ru
Reported by: SUT.am https://sut.am/en/archives/2002
Disproof note:

We have already seen several disinformation stories concerning the cooperation between the EU and the Eastern Partnership countries; many of those myths are debunked here https://eeas.europa.eu/eap-myths. In fact, the comprehensive and enhanced partnership agreement between the EU and Armenia (CEPA) is mainly about economy. For example, the Agreement will provide a better regulatory environment, that will improve the business climate and investment opportunities for Armenian and EU companies, it also foresees liberalisation of bilateral trade in many services sectors which means that Armenian businesses will be able to participate in public procurement tenders in the EU and vice versa and it includes measures to reduce unnecessary barriers to trade. For example, public consultations on regulations affecting consumer products will be extended to companies of the other party, and cumbersome labelling requirements will be avoided. As a result, more companies will be able to offer their products in Armenian and the EU markets, ensuring competitive prices.

Keywords: Eurasian economic union, Eastern Partnership, EU
Countries: Armenia, EU
More
Armenia glorifies fascism
Additional details: The association with the European Union is not the only thing Armenia does like Ukraine: it's hard to believe, but Yerevan also glorifies the accomplices of fascism. In May 2016, in particular, a monument to Garegin Nzhdeh - an Armenian Bandera  - was erected in Yerevan. He is a hero for the ruling Republican Party of Armenia with its ideology of national conservatism, and the RPA logo resembles the symbols of the Third Reich.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: Zvezda has removed the content from their youtube channel, but it can be seen here armenia.im/6/175641785448798.html
Disinforming outlet(s): Zvezda TV
Reported by: EEAS Yerevan
Disproof note:

Zvezda TV, owned by Russia’s Ministry of Defence, is well known to spread disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/dependent-media-russias-military-tv-zvezda/. Armenia is not a fascist country, however it is a common narrative that pro-Kremlin outlets uses about countries/persons that the Kremlin disagrees with, for example Ukraine https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=fascism&disinfo_issue=&date=.

Nzhdeh was one of the prominent military leaders of a short-lived independent Armenian republic formed in 1918. In 1920, he mounted armed resistance against the republic’s takeover by Bolshevik Russia in Zangezur, a mountainous region in what is now southeastern Armenia. He is widely credited with preserving Armenian control over Zangezur. The Spokesperson of the Armenian Embassy in Russia had a meeting with the Director of the Zvezda TV channel, who had explained that it was a mistake, a negligence by the editorial staff and apologized, and then in a few hours the official apology letter was sent to the Armenian Embassy. The full text of the letter was read in Armenian during the report. During the meeting the Director has informed that the TV channel is currently undergoing staff related issues and this negligence is caused by that factor.

 

Keywords: TV Zvezda, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Armenia, Russia
More
Ukraine not wanted in NATO
Additional details: During this year’s Halifax International Security Forum NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenbeg said NATO does not want to accept Ukraine and Georgia into the Alliance.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Speaking at the Halifax Forum, Jens Stoltenberg said that NATO's doors are open, but in order to become a NATO member, a country must fulfill the necessary requirements. NATO is currently helping both Ukraine and Georgia with the implementation of reforms needed to meet criteria for entry into the military alliance. The decision to accept or reject new members will be taken by 29 NATO member countries, Stoltenberg pointed out according to Interfax.

 

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, Jens Stoltenberg, NATO
Countries: Ukraine, Georgia
More
Poland blocks cargo transports from Ukraine to Europe
Additional details: Poland is not allowing Ukrainian cargo transports through its territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Politnavigator.net
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The source used in the article is former Ukrainian Transport Minister Yevhen Chervonenko, who during a television program on Ukraine’s ZIK channel announced that thousands of trucks are stuck on Ukraine’s western borders and not allowed entry into Europe. Chervonenko claimed that he was in Lviv with the current Ukrainian Infrastructure minister Volodymyr Omelyan trying to solve this alleged problem.

Minister Omelyan told StopFake that cargo traffic between countries is carried out on bilaterial quota principles and the last few years have seen a significant increase in the number of transports to Poland. Ukraine currently has 10,000 transport permits granted by Poland, approximately equivalent to 10.000 trucks crossing the Polish border and hopes for another 10,000 by the year’s end, Omelyan said.

Long lines with “thousands of trucks on the western borders”, that Russian media are writing about were also dismissed by the Ukrainian Border Service. Border Service press spokesman Oleg Slobodyan told StopFake that there are no backups at the Ukrainian Polish border. On both the Ukrainian and Polish sides, its business as usual, he said. Further debunking by StopFake.

Keywords: Trade
Countries: Ukraine, Poland
More
PESCO indicates Europe's lack of independence from the US
Additional details: The Permanent Structured Cooperation on security and defence (PESCO) is nothing but a set-up enabling the US to supervise yet another major infrastructure project in Europe" and to withdraw cash from Europe. The project does not indicate Europe's independence.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: youtu.be/cbhMaUTL75g
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya 1
Reported by: EEAS Yerevan
Disproof note:

Actually, the main aim of a Permanent Structured Cooperation on security and defence (PESCO), as outlined in the Treaty of the EU, Articles 42 (6) and 46, as well as Protocol 10 is EU Member States' closer cooperation in security and defence. Member States agreed to step up the European Union's work in this area and acknowledged that enhanced coordination, increased investment in defence and cooperation in developing defence capabilities are key requirements to achieve it.

Through PESCO, Member States increase their effectiveness in addressing security challenges and advancing towards further integrating and strengthening defence cooperation within the EU framework. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-Homepage/34226/permanent-structured-cooperation-pesco-factsheet_en

Keywords: PESCO
Countries: Russia, EU, US
More
Only Europe gains from the association agreement with Georgia
Additional details: The Association Agreement with the EU is very profitable for Europe because it can easily peddle its goods in our countries, while Georgian products are submitted to a quota that Ukraine,for example, has already exhausted.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: bit.ly/2zcit5D
Disinforming outlet(s): Geworld.ge
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

The EU provides Georgian companies with funding, training, and export support to new markets through the EU4Business initiative. Trade relations between the EU and partner countries are mutually beneficial. For example, the Eastern Partnership countries offer new markets and consumers to European businesses, and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine allow citizens in those countries to benefit from greater choice, quality and safety of products available to them thanks to increased standards of consumer protection.Georgia enjoy a zero customs duty policy on import of goods to EU countries, except for 1 product (garlic). There is no limit on the volume of Georgian goods exported to the EU. Only a few products represent exceptions, Georgia initially has zero customs duty for these products within a certain quota, after the expiry of which the import tariff must be paid.  Customs controls at the EU's external borders mean that imported products must still comply with EU standards and requirements. The EU can also take measures if an EU-based industry complains about the damage caused by unfair practices such as dumping or subsidies. Furthermore, Ukraine can not use up quotas for Georgia, since the quota are country specific. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/35712/myths-about-eastern-partnership-factsheet_en. Further debunking at Myth Detector http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/two-lies-about-association-agreement-european-union.

Keywords: Eastern Partnership, Trade
Countries: Ukraine, EU, Georgia
More
President Poroshenko's wife steals money from disabled children
Additional details: Marina Poroshenko, the wife of Ukrainian president, steals money from funds provided by international humanitarian assistance to Ukraine from European countries and the US designated to support disabled children. She creates fake foundations throughout Ukraine and collects money via that, according to an investigation by European media.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Capital, Golos Pravdi, Journalistskaya Pravda etc.
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

The article was indeed published, but only in a media outlet called the Luxembourg Herald (which appears to have no link to Luxembourg), where it appeared as an opinion piece without an author's name. The article was very swiftly picked up and carried by various Russian media.  No evidence or documents were given in the text. http://luxherald.com/1459-president-poroshenkos-wife-involved-looting-money-needy-children.html. More detail from the fact-checking website the Insider. 

Keywords: Ukraine
Countries: Luxembourg, Ukraine
More

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