Elections & referenda

Referenda 2016 targeted

The Netherlands

Behind the Dutch Terror Threat Video: The St. Petersburg “Troll Factory” Connection
by Bellingcat Investigation Team

The Dutch just showed the world how Russia influences Western European elections
by Anne Applebaum, Washington Post

Kremlin Disinformation and the Dutch Referendum
by Robert van der Noordaa, for Integrity Initiative, via StopFake


Brexit: foreign states may have interfered in vote, report says
by Rajeev Syal, Guardian

Lobbying for Brexit: How the Kremlin’s media are distorting the UK’s debate
by Ben Nimmo, The Institute for Statecraft

Putin’s Media Are Pushing Britain For The Brexit
by Ben Nimmo, The Interpreter

Why Russia (probably) isn’t hacking the general election

by Andrew Foxall, CapX

Brexit, the ministers, the professor and the spy: how Russia pulls strings in UK

by Carole Cadwalladr, The Guardian

Putin’s fake news HQ: Inside the building where cyber trolls sowed seeds of division that may have helped Trump and, as a whistleblower now claims, poisoned the Brexit debate too

by Will Stewart and Nick Craven, Mail Online

Russia’s Brexit Subversion

by Neil Barnett, The American Interest

Here’s the first evidence Russia used Twitter to influence Brexit

by Matt Burgess, Wired

Russian trolls pushed pro-Brexit spin on day of referendum

by Donie O’Sullivan

Intelligence watchdog urged to look at Russian influence on Brexit vote

by Robert Booth and Alex Hern, The Guardian

UK, the Latest Target of Fake Russian Twitter Accounts

by EUvsDisinfo

Russia used a network of 150,000 Twitter accounts to meddle in Brexit

by Adam Payne, Business Insider


Italy’s Most Popular Political Party Is Leading Europe In Fake News And Kremlin Propaganda
by Alberto Nardelli and Craig Silverman, BuzzFeed

The Russian propaganda against Renzi: and Grillo’s web backs it up
by Jacopo Iacoboni, La Stampa

Italy, Bracing for Electoral Season of Fake News, Demands Facebook’s Help

by Jason Horowitz, The New York Times

US elections 2016

Unless The Government Acts Soon, Fake News Will Produce Deep Information Inequality
by Philip N. Howard, Huffington Post

Why This Russian Wants to Give Donald Trump 100,000 Rubles
by Julia Ioffe, Politico

The Kremlin’s Candidate
by Michael Crowley, Politico

Watching the hearings, I learned my “Bernie bro” harassers may have been Russian bots
by Leah McElrath, Shareblue

Trolling for Trump: how Russia is trying to destroy our democracy
by Andrew Weisburd, Clint Watts and Jm Berger, War on the Rocks

Enhanced Analysis of GRIZZLY STEPPE Activity
by US Homeland Security (.pdf)

Trump, Putin, and the new cold war
by Evan Osnos, David Remnick, and Joshua Yaffa, New Yorker

by Thomas Rid, Hearings before the Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate (.pdf)

Disinformation: A Primer In Russian Active Measures And Influence Campaigns
by Clint Watts, Statement Prepared for the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence hearing (.pdf)

Putin-linked think tank drew up plan to sway 2016 US election – documents
by Ned Parker, Jonathan Landay and John Walcott, Reuters

Inside Russia’s Social Media War on America
by Massimo Calabresi, TIME

Putin’s Hidden Insurgency Tore Up Ukraine. Now It’s Coming for Your Inbox.
by Clint Watts, Daily Beast

Obama’s secret struggle to punish Russia for Putin’s election assault
by Greg Miller, Ellen Nakashima and Adam Entous, Washington Post

Investigators explore if Russia colluded with pro-Trump sites during US election
by Julian Borger, Guardian

Trump-Russia investigators probe Jared Kushner-run digital operation
by Peter Stone and Greg Gordon, McClatchy

It looks like Russia hired internet trolls to pose as pro-Trump Americans
by Natasha Bertrand, Business Insider

Ex-CIA Director Hayden: Russia election meddling was ‘most successful covert operation in history’
by Julia Munslow, Yahoo News

Inside the Secret Plan to Stop Vladimir Putin’s U.S. Election Plot

by Massimo Calabresi, Time

Russia’s Facebook Fake News Could Have Reached 70 Million Americans

by  Ben Collins, Kevin Poulsen, Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

The Fake Americans Russia Created to Influence the Election

by Scott Shane, The New York Times

FORUM Q&A: Philip Howard on Computational Propaganda’s Challenge to Democracy

by NED

Mystery of Russian Fake on Facebook Solved, by a Brazilian

by Scott Shane, The New York Times

Inside a Fake News Sausage Factory: ‘This Is All About Income’

by Andrew Higgins, Mike Mcintire And Gabriel J.X. Dance, The New York Times

Fake Russian Facebook Accounts Bought $100,000 in Political Ads

by Scott Shane and Vindu Goelб The New York Times

An Update On Information Operations On Facebook

by Alex Stamos, Newsroom Facebook

The city getting rich from fake news

by Emma Jane Kirby, BBC News

Inside a Fake News Sausage Factory: ‘This Is All About Income’

by Andrew Higgins, Mike Mcintire And Gabriel J.X. Dance, The New York Times

Russia Recruited YouTubers to Bash ‘Racist B*tch’ Hillary Clinton Over Rap Beats

by Ben Collins, Gideon Resnick, Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

Fake News on Twitter Flooded Swing States That Helped Trump Win

by Denise Clifton

Google uncovers Russian-bought ads on YouTube, Gmail and other platforms

by Elizabeth Dwoskin, Adam Entous and Craig Timberg, The Washington Post

Russian propaganda may have been shared hundreds of millions of times, new research says

by Craig Timberg, The Washington Post

How Russia Harvested American Rage to Reshape U.S. Politics

by Nicholas Confessore and Daisuke Wakabayashi, The New York Times

I Watched Over 100 Covert Russian Propaganda Videos On YouTube — Here’s What I Saw

by Caroline O., Arc Digital

«У нас была цель… вызвать беспорядки»: интервью с экс-сотрудником «фабрики троллей» в Санкт-Петербурге

by Evgenya Kotlyar, TV Rain (RU)

The Fake Americans Russia Created to Influence the Election

by Scott Shane, The New York Times

From Troll Farm to Trump

by @DFRLab

Russia-linked posts ‘reached 126m Facebook users in US’

by BBC News

Putin’s fake news HQ: Inside the building where cyber trolls sowed seeds of division that may have helped Trump and, as a whistleblower now claims, poisoned the Brexit debate too

by Will Stewart and Nick Craven, Mail Online

Exclusive: Russia Activated Twitter Sleeper Cells for 2016 Election Day Blitz

by Kevin Poulsen, Daily Beast

Russia’s Brexit Subversion

by Neil Barnett, The American Interest

How A Russian Troll Fooled America

by @DFRLab

Russian Twitter trolls stoked voter fraud fear before election

by Ben Popken, NBC News

How the Kremlin Tried to Pose as American News Sites on Twitter

by Selina Wang, Bloomberg

Russian TV Editor Says His Network Got Calls from The Kremlin To Attack Clinton

by Graham Lanktree, Newsweek

The Intel Community’s Russia Report: A One Year Look Back

by The Moscow Project

Kremlin trolls burned across the Internet as Washington debated options

by Adam Entous, Ellen Nakashima and Greg Jaffe, The Washington Post

German elections 2017

Beacon Project Versus Insights
by Beacon Project (.pdf)

German media worries about Russian-led disinformation campaign
by DW

How a fake story about Angela Merkel led to a far-right cluster on Reddit
by @DFRLab

Germany sees rise in Russian propaganda, cyber attacks
by Reuters

Commission: Russian propaganda focused on denigrating Merkel
by Georgi Gotev, EURACTIV.com

Europe is trying to keep Russia from influencing its elections
by The Economist

Illicit Russian money poses threat to EU democracy
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

War without blood
by Patrick Beuth, Marc Brost, Peter Dausend, Steffen Dobbert, Götz Hamann, Die Zeit

German spy chief warns Kremlin on election hack
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Germany fears Russia stole information to disrupt election
by Janosch Delcker, Politico

Merkel and the Fancy Bear
by Patrick Beuth, Kai Biermann, Martin Klingst, Holger Stark, Die Zeit

The Kremlin’s Amplifiers in Germany
by @DFRLab

Germany Builds an Election Firewall to Fight Russian Hackers
by Stefan Nicola, Carol Matlack, Birgit Jennen, Bloomberg

Germany expects Russian leaking to start in ‘weeks’
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

The impact of Russian interference on Germany’s 2017 elections
by Constanze Stelzenmüller, Brookings

Germany’s anti-fake news lab yields mixed results
by Laurens Cerulus, Politico

Germany Confronts Russian Hybrid Warfare

by Kaan Sahin, Carnegie Europe

Merkel ally cites thousands of cyber attacks from Russian IP addresses

by Reuters

German Election: Russian Botnet Boosts Far-Right Posts

by @DFRLab

Junk News and Bots during the German Parliamentary Election: What are German Voters Sharing over Twitter?

by Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford

No chance for fake news

by Jutta Kramm, for Correctiv, via StopFake

Intelligence chief warns of foreign interference in German coalition talks

by Joseph Fitsanakis, Intelnews.org

#ElectionWatch: Disinformation in Deutschland

by @DFRLab

Right-Wing Activists Take Aim at German Election

by Spiegel Online

Russian Propaganda In Germany: More Effective Than You Think

by Maria Snegovaya, The American Interest

Fears of fake news overshadowed its effect — in Germany

by Marcel Fürstenau, DW

Far-right German voters more likely to believe fake news, study says

by Mark Scott, POLITICO

Finland 2018

Someone Is Building A Finnish-Themed Twitter Botnet

by Andy Patel, F-Secure

French elections 2017

Emmanuel Macron aide blames Russia for hacking attempts
by Nicholas Vinocur, Politico

Frankly unfair?
by @DFRLab

Russia Launches Operation ‘Anyone But Macron’
by Ola Cichowlas, Moscow Times

by David Gilbert, Vice News

Le Monde identifies 600 unreliable websites in fake-news crackdown
by Jessica Davies, DigiDay

Europe is trying to keep Russia from influencing its elections
by The Economist

Facebook cracks down on 30,000 fake accounts in France
by Eric Auchard, Joseph Menn, Reuters

The Kremlin’s Audience in France
by @DFRLab

Trump Supporters Online Are Pretending To Be French To Manipulate France’s Election
by Ryan Broderick, BuzzFeed

Experts say automated accounts sharing fake news ahead of French election
by Mark Hosenball, Joseph Menn, Reuters

Illicit Russian money poses threat to EU democracy
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Russia’s fake news machine is targeting the French elections
by David Gilbert, Vice News

Macron campaign was target of cyber-attacks by spy-linked group

Russian Hackers Who Targeted Clinton Appear to Attach France’s Macron
by Nicole Perlroth, New York Times

Russia-linked fake news floods French social media
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

The French election through Kremlin eyes
by @DFRLab

How Russia hacked the French election
by Laura Daniels, Politico

В метаданных взломанных писем Макрона обнаружилось имя русского хакера
by Анастасия Кириленко, The Insider (RU)

Hashtag Campaign: #MacronLeaks
by @DFRLab

Analyzing a counter intelligence cyber operation: How Macron just changed cyber security forever
by Gadi Evron, Hackernoon

by Andy Greenberg, Wired

How online activists tried to harm Macron

Can the Kremlin Influence the French Election?
by CÉCILE VAISSIÉ, New York Times

Pro-Trump Twitter bots were also used to target Macron, research shows
by Amar Toor, Verge

Dutch elections 2017

Russia spread fake news during Dutch election: report
by CYNTHIA KROET, Politico

Catalonian referendum

Los ‘bots rusos’ entran en la campaña por el referéndum del 1 de octubre

by Álex Barredo, La Vanguardia (ES)

La maquinaria de injerencias rusa penetra la crisis catalana

by David Alandete, El Pais (ES)

The lies of the Catalan regional premier

by Susana Urra and George Mills, El Pais

EL PAÍS analyzes 10 claims commonly made by separatists to support their cause

by Xavier Vidal-Folch and José Ignacio Torreblanca, El Pais

Three myths about Catalonia’s independence movement

by Francisco de Borja Lasheras, ECFR

Catalonia, a postmodern coup

by Daniel Gascón, Letras Libres

Shifting Stories on the “Spanish Donbas”

by @DRFLab

Russian network used Venezuelan accounts to deepen Catalan crisis

by David Alandete, EL PAIS

Government confirms intervention of Russian hackers in Catalan crisis

by Anabel Diez and Juan Jose Mateo, EL PAIS

NATO intelligence reports show spike in disinformation about Catalonia

by David Alandente, EL PAIS

The ‘combination’: an instrument in Russia’s information war in Catalonia

by Mira Milosevich-Juaristi, Real Instituto Elcano

Scottish independence referendum

Analysis: Why Scotland has to wake up to Russian trolling on independence

by Ben Nimmo, The Herald

#ElectionWatch: Scottish Vote, Pro-Kremlin Trolls

by @DFRLab

Multiple countries

Alleged Russian political meddling documented in 27 countries since 2004

by Oren Dorell, USA Today

Does Russia interfere in Czech, Austrian and Hungarian elections?

by Lóránt Győri, Péter Krekó, Jakub Janda and Bernhard Weidinger, Political Capital (.pdf)


Fears grow that Russia could meddle in Mexican election

RT, Sputnik and Russia’s New Theory of War

by Jim Rutenberg, The New York Times Magazine

McMaster: US has seen signs of Russian ‘subversion and disinformation’ in upcoming Mexican election

by Christopher Woody, Business Insider