Mechanisms & tools

How one message gets spread via a wide network of sites

How the alt-right brought #SyriaHoax to America
by @DFRLab

Three thousand fake tanks
by @DFRLab

Information Wars: A Window into the Alternative Media Ecosystem
by Kate Starbird

Russian Narratives on NATO’s Deployment
by @DFRLab

Sex and lies: Russia’s EU news
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Troll/bot network amplifying pro-Kremlin messaging

Disinformation: A Primer In Russian Active Measures And Influence Campaigns
by Clint Watts (.pdf), Statement Prepared for the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence hearing

Hashtag Campaign: #MacronLeaks
by @DFRLab

The big business of disinformation
by Carl Miller, WIRED

Pro-Putin bots are dominating Russian political talk on Twitter
by Andrew Roth, Washington Post

The Same Twitter Bots That Helped Trump Tried to Sink Macron, Researcher Says
by Jordan Pearson, Motherboard

Russia’s Facebook Fake News Could Have Reached 70 Million Americans

by  Ben Collins, Kevin Poulsen, Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

Exclusive: Russia Used Facebook Events to Organize Anti-Immigrant Rallies on U.S. Soil

by  Ben Collins, Kevin Poulsen, Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

The Fake Americans Russia Created to Influence the Election

by Scott Shane, The New York Times

FORUM Q&A: Philip Howard on Computational Propaganda’s Challenge to Democracy

by NED

How fake news outperform real news

Unless The Government Acts Soon, Fake News Will Produce Deep Information Inequality
by Philip N. Howard, Huffington Post

This Analysis Shows How Viral Fake Election News Stories Outperformed Real News On Facebook
by Craig Silverman, BuzzFeed

Žebříček českých neověřených článků: dezinformační texty mají nad pravdivými navrch
by iROZHLAS.cz (CZ)

How non-Kremlin actors (unwitting or intentionally) multiply Kremlin’s disinformation

Russian Agitprop Pervades Central and Eastern Europe
by Sergey Sukhankin, Jamestown

За антиукраинскими акциями в Польше стоит Кремль. Анализ вскрытой переписки
by Кирилл Мефодиев, InformNapalm (RU)

DISINFORMATION: A PRIMER IN RUSSIAN ACTIVE MEASURES AND INFLUENCE CAMPAIGNS
by Thomas Rid, Hearings before the Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate

Never Mind The Russians, Meet The Bot King Who Helps Trump Win Twitter
by Joseph Bernstein, BuzzFeed

Annual Review of the Estonian Internal Security Service
Edition 2016, page 9 (.pdf)

Agents of the Russian World: Proxy Groups in the Contested Neighbourhood
by Orysia Lutsevych, Chatham House

Inside Russia’s Social Media War on America
by Massimo Calabresi, TIME

In This Info-War, The Problem Is Not Only Russia
by Nathalie Vogel, The Interpreter

E-Mail Hack Gives Glimpse Into Russia’s Influence Drive In Eastern Europe
by Yaroslav Shimov, Aleksy Dzikawicki, RFE/RL

Putin’s Useful Idiots: Britain’s Left, Right and Russia
By Andrew Foxall, The Henry Jackson Society (.pdf)

The Kremlin’s Sleight of Hand: Russia’s Soft Power Offensive in the UK
By Andrew Foxall, The Henry Jackson Society (.pdf)

The man who wanted more

by Paweł Reszka and Pavla Holcova, VSQUARE.org

InfoWars Has Republished More Than 1,000 Articles From RT Without Permission

by Jane Lytvynenko, BuzzFeed News

Russian ‘troll army’ tweets cited more than 80 times in UK media

by Alex Hern, Pamela Duncan and Helena Bengtsson, The Guardian

Pro-Kremlin disinformation penetrates Western outlets

How Moscow is spreading its propaganda using EU-funded media
by vasgri, InformNapalm

Russia’s Fake “Electronic Bomb”
by @DFRLab

On “The Masks of the Revolution” – and on the ethics of journalism
by Sebastian Gobert, Nouvelles de l’Est

The Washington Post, Miami Herald, InfoWars and other U.S. sites spread Russian propaganda from Twitter

by Tony Romm and Rani Molla, Recode

Jenna Abrams, Russia’s Clown Troll Princess, Duped the Mainstream Media and the World

by Ben Collins and Joseph Cox, Daily Beast

Inside a Russian disinformation campaign in Ukraine in 2014

by Ellen Nakashima, The Washington Post

How much resource is used

500 bloggers ready to attack Ukraine and the EU
by East Stratcom Task Force

В Минобороны РФ создали войска информационных операций
by Interfax, webarchived 27/07/2017 (RU)

Russian Propaganda: ‘The Weaponization of Information
by Molly McKitterick, VOA

Russia’s National Guard to engage in information warfare
by Meduza

Russia’s National Guard to Monitor Social Networks
by Moscow Times, via StopFake

“Alternative narratives” of crisis events

Information Wars: A Window into the Alternative Media Ecosystem
by Kate Starbird

How pro-Kremlin outlets abuse the tragedy of terror
by East Stratcom Task Force

Who is vulnerable and how

Russlands geheimer Feldzug gegen den Westen
by Eckart Lohse, Reinhard Veser, Markus Wehner and Matthias Wyssuwa, FAZ (DE)

Success and effect

Russian propaganda wins EU hearts and minds
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Even the strongest are in danger
by East Stratcom Task Force

NATO Publics Blame Russia for Ukrainian Crisis, but Reluctant to Provide Military Aid
by Katie Simmons, Bruce Stokes and Jacob Poushter, Pew Research Centre

Mixed messages and Signs of Hope from Central and Eastern Europe
by GLOBSEC Trends 2017 (.pdf)

Even small news outlets can affect public debate, Harvard study finds

by Martin Finucane, Boston Globe

#ElectionWatch: Scottish Vote, Pro-Kremlin Trolls

by @DFRLab

Far-left, far-right, extremists, separatists

Russian model helps extreme right to become mainstream
by Anton Shekhovtsov, RAAMOPRUSLAND

Spread it on Reddit
by @DFRLab

Information Wars: A Window into the Alternative Media Ecosystem
by Kate Starbird

В Москве второй раз пройдет международный съезд сепаратистов
by rbc.ru, webarchived 27/07/2017

Russian Agitprop Pervades Central and Eastern Europe
by Sergey Sukhankin, Jamestown

More European Far Right Conferences in Russia
by Richard Arnold, Jamestown

Фашисты, друзья России
by Юрий Федоров, RFE/RL (RU)

Russian Internet: Fake News Haven?
@DFRLab

Putin’s friends in Europe
by Fredrik Wesslau, European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)

The world according to Europe’s insurgent parties: Putin, migration and people power
by Susi Dennison and Dina Pardijs, European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)

Russia and the European Far Left
Péter Krekó, Lóránt Győri, Political Capital Institute (.pdf)

Don’t ignore the left! Connections between Europe’s radical left and Russia
by Péter Krekó, Lóránt Győri, openDemocracy

Illicit Russian money poses threat to EU democracy
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Montenegro Coup Suspect Linked to Russian-backed “Ultranationalist” Organisation
by Bellingcat

Foot Soldiers in a Shadowy Battle Between Russia and the West
by Andrew Higgins, New York Times

The activity of pro-Russian extremist groups in Central-Eastern Europe
by Political Capital

Brothers in Arms
by Leonid Ragozin, Coda

These Swedish Nazis Trained In Russia Before Bombing A Center For Asylum Seekers
by J. Lester Feder, Edgar Mannheimer, Jane Lytvynenko, BuzzFeed

Russia’s Facebook Fake News Could Have Reached 70 Million Americans

by  Ben Collins, Kevin Poulsen, Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

Exclusive: Russia Used Facebook Events to Organize Anti-Immigrant Rallies on U.S. Soil

by  Ben Collins, Kevin Poulsen, Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

An Unholy Alliance. The European Far Right and Putin’s Russia

by Antonis Klapsis, Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies (.pdf)

A pocket revolution bought with Russian money

by Paweł Reszka and Pavla Holcova, Vsquare.org

Information warfare. Journalists are the target, manipulation is a tool

by Edyta Żemła, Vsquare.org

Right-Wing Activists Take Aim at German Election

by Spiegel Online

These Americans Were Tricked Into Working For Russia. They Say They Had No Idea

by Rosalind Adams and Hayes Brown, BuzzFeed News

Prominent “GOP” Twitter Account, Allegedly A Russian Troll, Was Widely Quoted In US Media

by Kevin Collier, BuzzFeed News

From Troll Farm to Trump

by @DFRLab

Conventional bedfellows: The Russian propaganda machine and the western far right

by Anton Shekhovtsov, Eurozine

Italy, Bracing for Electoral Season of Fake News, Demands Facebook’s Help

by Jason Horowitz, The New York Times

Exploiting migrant crisis

Hungarian secret agent reveals in detail how serious the Russian threat is
by Szabolcs Panyi, Belfold

Russian Internet: Fake News Haven?
by @DFRLab

Estonian Internal Security Service Annual Review 2016
by the Estonian Internal Security Service

Lithuanian National Security Threat Assessment 2017
by the Lithuanian State Security Department and the Second Investigation Department under the MoD (.pdf)

Sex and lies: Russia’s EU news
by Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

INFORMATION WARFARE IN THE INTERNET
by Centre for International Relations Foundation (CIR) (.pdf)

Faked work of real people

The authors are real. The articles are fake. Who is behind the sinister ‘CGS’ website?
by Michael Isikoff, Yahoo News

Russian publisher prints books about Putin under names of western authors
by Howard Amos, Guardian

Pro-Kremlin politicians -> better coverage

How Russian Propaganda Portrays European Leaders
by František Vrabel and Jakub Janda, Semantic Visions, European Values (.pdf)

Anti-fracking campaign

Russia’s War on Fracking
by Tom Rogan, National Review

Intelligence: Putin is funding the anti-fracking campaign
by Drew Johnson, Newsweek

Russia’s Financial Support for Anti-Fracking Groups Is No Coincidence
by Austin Yack, National Review

Republicans brewing Russian scandal to target greens
by Ben Lefebvre, Politico

Chain e-mails spreading disinformation

Muslimové smí jíst ženy, lžou hromadné e-maily. Dezinformace útočí na seniory, jsou nejzranitelnější
by Jakub Zelenka, Aktuálně.cz

Email Chains and Other Propaganda Tools in Central and Eastern Europe
by East Stratcom Task Force

Foes of Russia Say Child Pornography Is Planted to Ruin Them

by Andrew Higgins