Disinfo: 2014 Ukraine coup was orchestrated by neo-Nazis


Militant neo-Nazi groups, including Right Sector and the Azov Battalion, helped orchestrate the 2014 Ukrainian coup d’etat.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative painting the 2013-14 Ukrainian revolution as a coup d'etat, and Ukrainian politics dominated by fascist/Nazi groups and ideology.

The Euromaidan was not a coup attempt but a nationwide popular protest against the government's sudden announcement that it would not sign the EU Association Agreement. See the full debunk here.

Far-right groups had a very limited presence during the protests and have suffered spectacular defeats in every national election since 2014.

The Azov Battalion was established in May 2014 and could not have possibly taken part in the supposed "coup" of February 2014.


  • Reported in: Issue 176
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 02/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: English
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Coup, Euromaidan, Nazi/Fascist


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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NATO does not counter terrorism

NATO does not aim to сounter terrorism. The Alliance does not stand with united fronts against terrorists, in particular, against ISIS.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the West, not taking up the fight against terrorism.

The Alliance's leadership sees terrorism as a major threat to the security of NATO and the West as a whole. This philosophy is enshrined in NATO’s current strategic concept.

Hungary recognised Crimea as Russian

In Hungary, Crimea was recognised as Russian territory.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative claiming that the European Union recognises the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimea.

The Hungarian television channel M1, showed a video clip from the annexed Crimea, marking it as part of neighbouring Russia. In a short video under the No Comment section, the TV channel shows hundreds of jellyfish that were thrown onto the Azov coast of Crimea. The description under the video “Krím-Félsziget, Oroszország - 2019. November 27” is translated as “Crimea Peninsula, Russia - 2019. November 27.” This was broadcast on 29 November. The Embassy of Ukraine in Hungary turned to the M1 TV channel with a request to correct the inscription in the video. At the moment, the video has been removed from the channel’s website and from social media.

Russia did not violate the Budapest memorandum

The Budapest memorandum does not work and it is Ukraine’s own fault, Ukraine has allowed a civil war on its territory. Russia did not violate this treaty because it did not use nuclear weapons against Ukraine.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation that there is a civil war in Ukraine. The war in eastern Ukraine is not a civil conflict, but a well-documented act of aggression by Russian armed forces, ongoing since February 2014.

The mentioned Budapest Memorandum is a diplomatic document that was signed in December 1994 by Ukraine, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Under the memorandum, Ukraine promised to remove all Soviet-era nuclear weapons, which Ukraine received after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The arsenal Ukraine was left with was the third largest nuclear arsenal in the world, including intercontinental ballistic missiles and strategic bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons. On 24 October 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a statement on the country's nuclear-free status. Three years later, Ukraine actually joined the nuclear non-proliferation treaties. In exchange, the leaders of the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom signed the Budapest memorandum with guarantees of the integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.