Disinfo: A colour revolution is the best way for a country to lose part of its territory

Summary

Several ex-soviet Republics opted for colour revolutions under foreign pressure and funding. This political move implies automatically a loss of territory, but not because of Russian influence. Russia is never involved in any way. It is rather because one part of the country that endures such a colour revolution cannot stand the degradation of their own homeland. In the majority of case, the revolutionaries are nationalist or even Nazis that oppress other minorities.

There are many examples: Georgia lost Abkhazia and South Ossetia after the “roses revolution.”

Ukraine lost Crimea and part of the Donbass after the “Euro-Maidan”.

The last example is Armenia in the recent war in Nagorno Karabakh after the colour revolution in Erevan.

It would be nice if people in Minsk, à Moscow, or Bichkek thought twice about which part of their territory they are ready to loose before taking part in demonstrations.

Disproof

This recurring pro-Kremlin narrative paints all manifestations of popular discontent as colour revolutions, portrays entire nations of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe as pathologically Russophobic, and alleges that the West is attempting to encircle Russia and create instability around all Russian border.

There was no coup d'etat in 2018 in Armenia, but peaceful protests of hundreds of thousand people in response to Serzh Sargsyan's third consecutive term, and the country's prime minister and former president for a decade. Sargsyan resigned in response to overwhelming opposition pressure, including deserting soldiers, admitting that he was "wrong".

Some of the so-called "colour revolutions" in former Soviet Union countries include the so-called "Rose Revolution" in Georgia in 2003, "Tulip Revolution" in Kyrgyzstan in 2005, and "Orange Revolution" in Ukraine in 2005.

Behind the "Rose Revolution" in Georgia, there were different political, economical and social reasons. The protests in Tbilisi continued from 2 November to 23 November and, as the result, the former president of Georgia Eduard Shevardnadze resigned and Mikheil Saakashvili came to power.

The "Tulip Revolution" in Kyrgyzstan began after the second round of the parliamentary elections on 13 March 2005, when the demonstrations started in large cities. The protesters occupied government buildings and president Asker Akayev fled to Kazakhstan. As the result of mass demonstrations, president of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev resigned and new elections were appointed.

As for the "Orange Revolution", on 22 November 2005, protests in Ukraine began in several cities after the presidential elections. The protesters were against the results of the elections which resulted in Viktor Yanukovych becoming the newly elected president. These demonstrations lasted until new elections were held. The new elections brought victory to another candidate, Viktor Yushchenko.

Peaceful protests, cooperation with the West, and NGOs do not lead to the destruction of states in the post-Soviet region. Many conflicts in the region are a result of direct armed aggression of Russia, such as in the case of Ukraine or Georgia.

Russian involvement in the military operations in Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Crimea and Eastern Ukraine has been established.

Read also: Colour revolutions and NGOs lead to the destruction of states, Armenia is an example , Colour revolutions and NGOs lead to the destruction of states, Armenia is an example , Conflicts in post-Soviet space are part of the policy of containment of Russia .

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 223
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 01/12/2020
  • Language/target audience: French, Russian, English
  • Country: Georgia, Kirgizstan, Armenia, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Protest, Colour revolutions, Crimea, Euromaidan, Donbas
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A civil war began in Ukraine after the clique seized power in the country

The Maidan turned in to a civil war. The clique seized power in the capital and immediately began suppressing the citizens who opposed the overthrow of the legitimate government. The junta began to suppress the peaceful resistance of the Southern and Eastern oblasts of Ukraine. That eventually led to a civil war in Ukraine. On the one hand, there was a fascist clique with its own Bandera ideals, on the other, those who did not recognise the coup that had taken place in the country.

Disproof

This is an example of recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the 2013-2014 Maidan protests and the war in Ukraine.

The war in eastern Ukraine was not caused by the Euromaidan. Protests in favour of EU association and reforms were held in all major cities of Donbas. The war is not a civil conflict but a well-documented act of aggression by Russian armed forces.

Germany violated the Chemical Weapons Convention

Germany violated the Chemical Weapons Convention by refusing to collaborate with Russia in the situation over the Alexei Navalny poisoning.

Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation claiming that Germany did not collaborate with Russia in the investigation into the poisoning of Alexei Navalny and that Germany violated the Chemical Weapons Convention.

Regarding the collaboration between Germany and Russia during the investigation, Berlin provided data on Navalny to the Hague-based Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, of which Russia is a member. Berlin’s Justice Ministry also approved a request from Moscow for legal assistance in the investigation of the poisoning, and tasked state prosecutors with working with the Russian authorities.

By supporting protesting Belarusians Lithuania hopes to get more money from Brussels

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania presented an initiative to provide cost-free visas for Belarusians persecuted by the political regime in the home country. Lithuania is trying to show that many Belarusians do not support Alyaksandr Lukashenka as president and hope to get more money from Brussels. This initiative is bait for people who do not think about the consequences of their activities. The Lithuanian government aspires to create anti-Lukashenka and anti-Belarusian sentiment in society. The real interest of Vilnius is financial. Lithuania, as the main manipulator in the Belarusian events, seeks to get support from Brussels.

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Lithuania actively intervening into events in Belarus since the beginning of protests against Alyaksandr Lukashenka. Vilnius supports the Belarusian opposition and urges to hold new elections in the neighbour country. Belarusian authorities say that Vilnius, Warsaw and other countries are interfering in the internal affairs of Belarus and are trying to control the opposition.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Western attempts to organise a colour revolution in Belarus.

The claim that Lithuania is "intervening into events in Belarus” and seeking financial interests is unfounded. Lithuania is a neighbour of Belarus and it continues to support the Belarusian people. In the context of brutal persecution of protesters in Belarus, Lithuania made some steps to support civil society in the neighbour country. Earlier Lithuania opened the special “humanitarian corridor” for Belarusians and allow them to arrive under the so-called humanitarian exception. Vilnius University offered free studies and scholarship to Belarusian students. The proposal of issuing free national visas to Belarusians who are persecuted by the regime is only one more step to support people in needs.