Disinfo: A failed mediation in Ukraine led to a bloody coup

Summary

Any pressure on the issue of mediation in Belarus brings back to mind the agreement of February 21, 2014, between the government and the opposition in Ukraine, when mediators from Germany, France and Poland failed to prevent the implementation of a bloody coup scenario in Kyiv and forgot their pledges.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative depicting the 2013-14 protests in Kyiv as a coup d’état. 

The onset of the Euromaidan protests was a spontaneous and endogenous reaction by numerous segments of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden withdrawal from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk of this disinformation claim here.

The Agreement on the settlement of the political crisis in Ukraine is the document signed on 21 February 2014 by then-President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych and the leaders of the parliamentary opposition under the mediation of the European Union and the Russian Federation.

On 26 February 2014, the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory in Crimea without the consent of the Ukrainian Government, in which the UNGA confirmed its non-recognition of the illegal annexation.

Moving on, Lithuania, Poland and Latvia recently said they were ready to mediate between the Belarusian government and the opposition after Sunday’s, 9 August, presidential election prompted bloody street protests.

The EU continues a step-by-step approach in its engagement with Belarus, supporting its civil society and victims of repression. The protests in Belarus erupted to contest the results of the presidential election in Belarus on the 9 August, which are considered fraudulent by a large part of Belarusian society.

Read a similar case claiming that The West organised the Maidan coup to make Ukraine an anti-Russian state, or that the West dreams of tearing Belarus apart from Russia and to organise a Ukraine-like scenario, and that pro-Western Belarusian opposition prepares a revolution with the assistance of armed Ukrainian nationalists.

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  • Reported in: Issue 209
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 28/08/2020
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Ukraine, Belarus, Germany, Poland, France
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Eastern Ukraine, Coup, Euromaidan, The West, Crimea

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Belarus will follow the path of Poland, losing its national property to Western corporations

It is unfortunate that Poland becomes a counsellor for changes in Belarus – these changes show that Belarus will follow the path of Poland. It means that the national property will be taken over, there will appear unemployed, the neo-Liberal system will start to function in the interest of Western corporations.

Disproof

This message is a pro-Communist disiformation narrative promoting the idea that liberal economic reforms cause exceptionally negative economic downsides, such as the loss of the “national” property, unemployment and “evil” presence of Western corporations.
In addition, this message distorts the presentation of the socio-economic situation in Belarus presenting this country as a highly developed Communist-style welfare state, while the Capitalist/EU countries face challenges such as unemployment and homelessness.
For years, the “unique” economic model of Alyaksandar Lukashenka has been based on direct Russian subsidies – when Russia reduced the volume of these subsidies, the Lukashenka’s economic model started to collapse very fast.

One of the main reasons for the current protests in Belarus is the dramatic reduction in the level of life of the population, which has been taking place during recent years. At the present moment, Belarus is one of the poorest countries in Europe – it has a lower GDP per capita than any EU member state. Other socio-economic indicators also prove that Belarus has a substantially lower level of life than any other EU member state – life expectancy (74 – one of the lowest in Europe), minimal salary – 124 EUR (lowest in Europe), unemployment benefit – from 9 to 18 euros per month (a “symbolic” payment); average salary – 440 EUR.

The “Capital” wants to destroy Belarus because it presents an alternative to Capitalism

For years, the Polish public debate has been censored in order to promote the message that “There is no alternative to Capitalism”.  At the present moment, Belarus, one of such alternatives, is being destroyed. Belarus, as a state, does not pose any threats to its neighbours. So, this situation is taking place because of the economic model realised by President Lukashenka – it may potentially be interesting for other countries, so it is perceived as a “bad example”. It shows that the enterprises can be used as a communal property; that it is possible to carry out egalitarian policies providing all citizens with minimum social benefits. For 26 years, Belarus has been ruining the beliefs dominating the minds of young Europeans – that is why the Capital wants to destroy it.

Disproof

This narrative is promoting the idea that some external forces continue to destroy various non-Capitalist “alternatives” to the Capitalist system.

In addition, this message distorts the presentation of the socio-economic situation in Belarus presenting this country as a highly developed Communist-style welfare state, while the Capitalist/EU countries face challenges such as unemployment and homelessness.
The statements that Belarusian authorities implement “egalitarian policies” do not have anything in common with the real socio-economic situation in the country.

The West made it clear to Ukraine that Crimea is Russia

The Head of the Crimea State Committee for Interethnic Relations Albert Kangiev assures that the refusal of Western countries to discuss the issue of Crimea [in the Normandy format] is a signal to the current Kyiv authorities. Foreign states have long come to terms with the fact that the peninsula is part of Russia. Therefore, he said, there simply cannot be any negotiations on this matter.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea.

The EU still does not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by the Russian Federation and continues to condemn this violation of international law. In June 2020 the European Council decided to renew the sanctions introduced in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by the Russian Federation until 23 June 2021.