Around 2500 people were killed in NATO’s bombing campaign

Summary

In 1999, the NATO coalition, including the United States, bombed Yugoslavia for almost three months. According to the Serbian authorities, around 2500 people were killed. 12,500 people were injured.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the number of civilian casualties of the NATO bombing and war in former Yugoslavia.

According to the Humanitarian Law center, in Serbia (excluding Kosovo) and Montenegro, 275 persons lost their lives in the NATO bombings: 180 civilians, 90 members of the Yugoslav Armed Forces and five members of the Ministry of Interior of Serbia. In Kosovo, 484 people were killed: 267 civilians (209 Albanian and 58 non-Albanian), 171 members of the YA, 20 members of the Serbian MUP and 26 members of the KLA (19 of whom died in the NATO bombing of the Dubrava prison, near Istok).

Human Rights Watch concludes that as few as 489 and as many as 528 Yugoslav civilians were killed in the ninety separate incidents in Operation Allied Force.

The primary purpose of the campaign was to end violence and repression and force Slobodan Milosevic to withdraw his military, police and para-military forces from Kosovo (see NATO statement from 1999).

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 173
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 31/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Armenian, Russian
  • Country: US, Yugoslavia, Kosovo, Serbia
  • Keywords: Yugoslavia, NATO
  • Outlet: Sputnik Armenia
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Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the history of Ukraine and Ukrainian statehood.

The history of Ukraine dates back to the times of the Kyivan Rus’ in the IX-XIII centuries. As a nation-state, Ukraine was formed during the XVI-XIX centuries when it was divided by major European states: the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita) and the Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires. However, in the middle of the XVII century, parts of Ukraine's territories received independence from Poland and created an independent Cossacks Hetmanate. Later, it signed a military and political cooperation deal with Moscow, which was then used by Russian rulers to deprive Hetmanate of its sovereign rights.

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This strange behaviour forces Russian analysts to suppose that the Ukrainian company is acting against the national interests because of direct instructions from Washington. The latter does not want a competitive European gas market and, therefore, does not need a Ukrainian gas transmission system.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative blaming Ukraine for the disruption of the gas talks between Russia and Ukraine and plans to cut gas transit from Russia to the EU. Mixed in there is another often encountered pro-Kremlin disinformation claim blaming the US for trying to monopolise the EU gas market.

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Disproof

Conspiracy theory perpetuating a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that the US has created and is supporting terrorist organisations.

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