Disinfo: Baltic countries interpret their status in the USSR as an occupation, ignoring that their Parliaments chose it

Summary

80 years ago the parliaments of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania proclaimed the creation of their respective Soviet Socialist Republics. Today, those countries interpret their status inside the USSR as an occupation, but for many people, at that time the Union was real salvation from the Nazis. Experts in the Baltic countries tend to read the integration of these nations in the USSR in 1940 as some kind of intervention of Soviet forces in the internal affairs of those countries. However, most of them ignore or don’t consider the events that led to this scenario.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States. On 23 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a non-aggression (Molotov-Ribbentrop) pact whose secret protocols divided the territories belonging to Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Romania into Soviet and Nazi spheres of influence. Soviet occupation of the Baltic States lasted for 50 years and resulted in mass deportations and repressions against local populations. On 24 December 1989, the Parliament of the USSR, the Congress of the People’s Deputies, adopted a resolution, acknowledging the annexation of the Baltic states as a violation of the USSR's obligations. See other examples of disinformation narratives on the Baltic States, such as claims such as the “myth of Soviet occupation”; that Russian-speaking communities there are as discriminated as African Americans; that NATO wants to turn the Baltic countries into an empty field against Russia, and the US will betray and hand them over to Russia; that Lithuania is a hostage of US interests, Latvia is a US vassal state and Estonian foreign policy is controlled by Washington; or that the Pentagon is working out a biological war strategy in the Baltics.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 207
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 03/08/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Spanish, Castilian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Latvia
  • Keywords: USSR, Baltic states
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The EU does not allow Ukraine to export its products on the European market

Europe and the United States are not ready to fully cooperate with Ukraine, but only want to use it as a market for their products. Ukraine abandoned the Russian market, where it supplied its goods until 2014. At the same time, the turn towards the West did not open European markets for Ukrainian products, and the Europeans only allowed Ukrainians to buy their goods.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on EU-Ukraine relations. The EU is Ukraine's largest trading partner, accounting for more than 40% of its trade in 2019. Ukraine is the 18th largest trading partner of the EU accounting for around 1.1% of EU's total trade. Total trade between EU and Ukraine reached €43.3 billion in 2019. Ukrainian exports to the EU amounted to €19.1 billion in 2019. The main Ukrainian exports are raw materials (iron, steel, mining products, agricultural products), chemical products and machinery. This is a considerable increase of 48.5% since 2016. The number of Ukrainian companies exporting to the EU has increased at an impressive rate, from approximately 11,700 in 2015 to over 14,500 in 2019. Since 23 April 2014, Ukraine benefits from the EU Autonomous trade preferences (ATP) which were introduced by the Regulation (EU) No 374/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 as an element of a broad package of the EU economic and financial support of Ukraine. The above-mentioned preferences eliminate EU import duties on 94.7% of industrial goods and 83.4% of agricultural goods and foodstuff originating in Ukraine. It also foresees the application of the duty-free tariff quotas towards a number of agricultural products. See other disinformation cases in our database relating to the statehood of Ukraine: that the West controls the Ukrainian economy and pumps out its resources, that the EU Association Agreement made Ukraine a colony of the EU, that Ukraine is a fake country and Ukrainian ideology was created to split the Russian nation, and that Ukraine is a collapsing, degrading state with no sovereignty and rule of law.

Contemporary liberalism is now striving to cancel Western culture

The New York Times has recently stated the need to cancel Aristotle. This is an example of the explicitly totalitarian face of liberal ideology. The demonisation of Western culture and the calls to suppress Plato, Aristotle, Hegel, Nietzsche, Heidegger and other great Western thinkers and philosophers are clear symptoms of incipient totalitarianism. Nazism called for the cancellation of Jews, Soviet totalitarianism required the elimination of dissidents. Today, the global liberal order and its underlying liberal ideology strive to cancel almost everything, except for Black Lives Matter, Soros, LGBT, and some selected minorities. The modern West is seeking to destroy the principles and the sources of the pre-modern West.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory. No evidence is provided to support the article’s claim that liberalism (or the “liberal world order”) is seeking to suppress Western culture and to cancel great Western thinkers. This message is consistent with the recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that seeks to discredit liberalism claiming that liberal societies are (or are becoming) totalitarian systems ruled by “globalist elites” and “shadow governments”. This narrative portrays the liberal societies of the West as ideological dictatorships that have imposed a dominant “liberal globalist” ideology and alleges that “the elites” and mainstream media in these societies censor and persecute anyone who expresses views that dissent from dominant “politically correct” liberal-globalist thinking. The article also repeats the pro-Kremlin disinformation theme about the West’s moral decadence, materialism, perverted values and hostility to traditional values and religion, which Western governments allegedly seek to undermine and to replace with pseudo-religions (such as LGBT ideology). The article claims that a recent op-ed in The New York Times states the need for cancelling Aristotle. The New York Times op-ed states precisely the opposite. Although it criticises Artistotle because the latter defended slavery and opposed the notion of human equality, the op-ed stresses that “we have no reason at all to cancel Aristotle”, that “Aristotle’s place in philosophy syllabuses should be defended” and that “his ethical system may capture truths — for instance, about the importance of aiming for extraordinary excellence”. Furthermore, liberalism does not espouse the “cancellation” of the great philosophers and thinkers of Western or non-Western civilisations. Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on the principle of freedom of conscience and expression, consent of the governed, individual rights (including civil rights and human rights), and equality before the law. One of the major achievements of the liberal-democratic societies, and of Europe in particular, is the institutionalisation of tolerance and pluralism, which means the peaceful coexistence of different religions, world-views and value-systems within the same society. Read similar cases claiming that Europe has long lost its civilisation abandoning its Christian roots and its culture and that the West seeks to degrade and discredit traditional values.

Globalists want their candidate to win the 2020 US presidential elections at any cost

Globalism is collapsing. We can see this collapse in the United States, for example [in the context of racial justice protests]. Globalists view the Trump administration as an existential threat. Globalists want their candidate to win the 2020 US presidential elections and to preserve the global liberal order, at any cost, even at the cost of destroying the United States itself.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory. No evidence is provided to support the article’s claims. The article suggests that “globalists” are destroying the United States by orchestrating the anti-racist protests in the US in order to undermine the Trump administration and assure the victory of their candidate in the 2020 US presidential elections. It is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that depicts the racial justice protests in the US as a civil war, or as the disintegration or systemic collapse of American society. This narrative is also consistent with pro-Kremlin disinformation message claiming that the world is run by secret global elites . See related disinformation messages, alleging that social distancing is globalism's latest attempt to destroy the family; and that the elites have set up a system of cyber manipulation to prevent the awakening of mass political consciousness.