Disinfo: USSR made enormous efforts to create an anti-Nazi alliance with Western states before WWII, but the latter failed to support this idea

Summary

Before the outbreak of the Second World War, the USSR made enormous efforts to create an anti-Nazi alliance with Western states, but the latter failed to support this idea. Moreover, the main Western powers signed the Munich Pact in 1938, which led to the destruction of Czechoslovakia.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism which  attempts to portray Russia's role in World War II as non-aggressive, to blame the West for the outbreak of World War II, to relativise and erode the disastrous historical role of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact (the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union) by stating that other countries signed various international agreements with Adolf Hitler throughout the 1930s, and to argue that it was the Munich Agreement that triggered WWII.

The article blames Western states for the failure to establish an anti-Nazi alliance with the USSR prior to the outbreak of World War II. It also suggests that the 1938 Munich Pact was the major factor in triggering the war, without mentioning the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and its secret protocols.

The claim that the failure to create an anti-Nazi alliance in the late 1930s is entirely the West’s fault is not true. This failure was due to mutual mistrust between the West and the Soviet Union, aggravated by the fact that Stalin played a “double game”, negotiating the creation of an anti-Nazi alliance with France and the UK, and at the same time discussing with Berlin a possible Soviet-Nazi rapproachment.

The Munich Pact has always been a symbol of cowardly “appeasement policy", it was widely criticised and proved to be a disastrous move. Great Britain, and France, without inviting Czechoslovakia decided that, for the sake of peace in Europe, the Sudetenland region, which was predominantly inhabited by Germans, must be surrendered to Germany. However, when Germany itself destroyed the Munich Pact and occupied Prague in March 1939, Anglo-French policy towards Nazi Germany changed fundamentally from appeasement to resistance. Britain and France approached various governments, including Russia, about the need for forming a coalition to oppose further German aggression.

The Molotov-Ribentropp Pact was signed on August 23, 1939. Its secret protocols divided Eastern and Central Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. The signing of this Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of World War II. Read more about the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: A 'honeymoon' for two dictators (Deutche Welle); The Night Stalin and Hitler Redrew the Map of Europe (RFERL).

Read previous cases claiming that Western countries revise the history of the Second World War in order to get rid of repsonsibility for allowing Hitler to gather strength for the attack against the USSR  that Western democracies are primarily responsible for the outbreak of World War II and that the Munich agreement triggered World War II.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 197
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 13/05/2020
  • Language/target audience: Italian
  • Country: UK, Russia, Germany, France
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, USSR, Historical revisionism, WWII, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Nazi/Fascist

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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