Disinfo: Belarus faces a hybrid war


Belarusian neighbours should understand that Zapad-2021 is a scheduled exercise. If the hybrid war, which is being waged against Belarus, turns into a hot phase, the armed forces of Russia and Belarus must be reformatted taking into account all characteristics of possible armed conflicts.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the belligerent West claiming that it is plotting against Belarus and its citizens, trying to destabilise and destroy the country. Unfounded statement about the Western “hybrid war” activities against Belarus.

This is a disinformation narrative that pro-Kremlin outlets have been repeating over the past year about the West’s subversive activities against Belarus aimed at toppling its unrecognised dictator Alexander Lukashenka. In reality, all these reports have been created with the sole aim of helping Lukashenka stay in power amid people's growing discontent with his policies, especially after he had the results of last year’s presidential elections rigged and proclaimed himself the winner.

Western countries are not unleashing a hybrid war, but reacting to events in Belarus, including oppression against civil society and, for example, the forced landing of Ryanair flight FR4978 in Minsk, on 23 May 2021.

The EU has not recognised the falsified results of the Belarusian Presidential election on 9 August 2020, nor the new mandate claimed by Alexander Lukashenka. On the first anniversary of the 9 August 2020 fraudulent presidential elections in Belarus the EU stated that it "will continue to support a democratic, independent, sovereign, prosperous and stable Belarus. The voices and the will of the people of Belarus will not be silenced."

This decision of the new package of EU sanctions in June 2021 was made in view of the escalation of serious human rights violations in Belarus and the violent repression of civil society, democratic opposition and journalists. Moreover, seven individuals and one entity subject to this new round of restrictive measures were designated in connection to the forced and unlawful landing of flight FR4978. The goal of these sanctions is to put pressure on the Belarusian political leadership to initiate a genuine and inclusive national dialogue with broader society and to avoid further repression.

The West does not seek to destroy or impoverish Belarus. The European Commission has offered a comprehensive plan of economic support to a future, democratic Belarus. The plan, of up to €3 billion, reflects the European Union's commitment to supporting the Belarusian people's wishes for a peaceful democratic transition in the country.

Once Belarus embarks on a democratic transition, the EU will activate the €3 billion package, a mix of grants and loans leveraging public and private investments, to help Belarus to stabilise its economy, reform its institutions to make them more democratic and help increase the economy's resilience, growth potential and job creation.

Read similar cases: The EU wants to bring down the Belarusian economy and create conditions for a new coupThe EU wants to take the Belarusians by hunger through the economic warRussia has neutralised many Western attempts to topple the Belarusian governmentEuropean policy of interference in Belarus continues and deepensThe US and Europe are demonising Belarus.


  • Reported in: Issue 258
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 07/09/2021
  • Article language(s) Polish
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Belarus, Russia, EU
  • Keywords: Hybrid war, Union State of Belarus and Russia, Military, security threat, Military exercise
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Disinfo: Lithuania is using Tatar minority as a weapon against Moscow

The Tatar minority in Lithuania became a “weapon” in the political struggle against Moscow in the context of the status of Crimea. Vilnius showed special interest in its Tatar minority after Crimea joined Russia in 2014. Lithuania started to support the radical flank of Tatars, who refuse to recognise the results of the referendum regarding the status of the peninsula. It shows that Lithuanian authorities are manipulating the feelings of Tatars to satisfy their own political ambitions.


Recurring disinformation linked to Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea.

Lithuania, as the whole EU and other international bodies, has not recognised the so-called referendum in Crimea. The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution entitled “Territorial integrity of Ukraine”, stating that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. On 17 December 2018, the UN General Assembly confirmed its non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea.

Disinfo: 2014 Vrbětice explosion is being used as part of a planned disinformation campaign

Vrbětice explosion case is part of a planned disinformation campaign targeting Russia. There is an ongoing anti-Russian campaign waged in Czechia.


Part of a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative according to which Russia is a victim of a Western anti-Russian campaign driven by Russophobia. This narrative is employed as a way to deflect accusations of wrongdoing levied against Russia.

There is a significant body of evidence proving that Russia was involved in the 2014 Vrbětice explosion, therefore there is no ground to claim that the Vrbětice case was a planned disinformation campaign.

Disinfo: Russia not bound by Minsk deals, only Ukraine and DNR/LNR are warring sides

Russia has no obligations under the Minsk agreements because it is not a party to them. The Package of Measures is binding only for Kyiv on the one hand and Donetsk and Luhansk on the other hand.


This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin outlets claiming that Russia is a mediator in Eastern Ukraine along with France, Germany and the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), while Ukraine and the separatists are the only warring sides.

In reality, it is an established fact that Russia is a party to the Donbas conflict. Ukrainian troops have seized several Russian active-duty soldiers in Donbas since the war broke out in 2014. Russia has been supplying the separatists with weapons. Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2015 acknowledged Russian military presence in Donbas, adding that they were not servicemen. However, he admitted Moscow’s military involvement in Eastern Ukraine. Separatist leaders themselves admit that there are a lot of Russian servicemen in Donbas, who fight there while on vacation from duty in Russia. Although these people may be on vacation, it does not deny the fact that Russian soldiers and officers do serve in Donbas.