Disinfo: Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine are three Russian political nations


Moscow Rus’ is torn apart between gathering the territories, isolationism, Western pressure, and an attempt to turn East. Ukrainian Rus’ and Belarusian Rus’ are turning into the frontier oscillating between different civilizations and even into the real war frontier as it happened in Donbas.

Lately the ideology of unified Russian people consisting of Belarusians, Russians, and Ukrainians is losing its popularity. A new Russian identity should deal with this new reality about three Russian states and three Russian political nations. Controversies among them can only be overcome when they have a common goal, that is perceiving themselves as one civilisation. Ukraine is not lost as long as Belarus stays with Russia. In case Belarus is weakened and falls into the situation similar to present-time Ukraine, the Russian civilisation will be shaken and the existence of Russia itself will be put in question.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about all-Russian nation and Russian world / civilization. The "all-Russian nation" is an imperial Russian and Russian irredentist ideology that is a favoured pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at weakening the national identity of Belarusians and Ukrainians, as well as their sovereignty.

Ukraine and Belarus are well-defined nation-states with a long history; both nations preserved language, literature and identity, despite foreign rule for long periods.

Other examples of pro-Kremlin disinformation outlets' attempts to question the Ukrainian and Belarusian nations can be seen here, here and here.


  • Reported in: Issue 170
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 22/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, Russian superiority, Russian expansionism, Donbas, Russian world, Ukrainian statehood


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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US adopted Hitler’s hatred towards Russia, war-preparation since 1945

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This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it accuses the West of continuing the anti-Russian policies of Hitler and the Nazis. See other cases covering the “Nazi” accusations against the United States and the EU – here, here and here.

After the end of WWII, the Allied forces implemented the extensive Denazification policy in Western Germany, which resulted in the destruction of the Nazi ideology.

Buzzfeed and Bellingcat deliberately spread anti-Russian disinformation

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Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at discrediting Western media.

Both Buzzfeed and Bellingcat  have conducted independent journalistic investigations into the MH17 case and discovered evidence of Russia’s involvement, which was later confirmed by Joint Investigation Team (JIT).

NATO justifies its actions with alleged Russian meddling in Ukraine

The new joint command for special operation forces of Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia comes at a time when NATO continues to increase military presence in Europe, especially the eastern countries. This has started after the coup in Ukraine in 2014, and NATO justifies it with the alleged Russian meddling in that conflict. Moscow has denied these accusation several times, asserting that NATO forces deployment near Russian borders is a provocation.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narratives that NATO is provoking Russia at its borders. In this article this narrative is strengthened by the Euromaidan being a coup d’état narrative, and the returning storyline that the  annexation of Crimea was an expression of Crimean citizens' desire to re-join Russia through a legal referendum.

The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution stating that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. In order to justify the illegal annexation of Crimea and the reunification with Russia, Moscow regularly claims that Euromaidan was a coup d’état.