Disinfo: Belarusians are part of Russian people whereas Polish latin alphabet is used in Minsk metro

Summary

The concept of Russkiy mir, The Russian World, is an all-Russian nationm consisting of Great Russians, Little Russians (Ukrainians), Belarusians and Rusyns. As a result of cultural and information warfare carried by Anglo-Saxons the number of Russian speakers decreased at 50 million people over the last 20 years. Moldova chose a Latin alphabet, Kazakhstan will soon follow the case, while in Belarus a Polish type of Latin alphabet is used in metro and at road signs.

Disproof

The All-Russian nation is an Imperial Russian and Russian irredentist ideology which at present-time is one pro-Kremlin narratives aimed at weakening national identity of Belarusian and Ukrainians and these countries' sovereignty. The number of Russian speakers decreased not as a result of actions by external forces but mostly as a consequence of natural decrease of population in the countries where Russian is widely spoken, foremost in Russia. A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on intentional ban of Russian by the west. Contrary to allegation, Polish type of Latin alphabet is not used in Belarus. Instead, historically Belarusian Latin alphabet or Łacinka incorporates features of the Polish and Czech alphabets. The official standard of Romanization of Belarusian geographical names is based on 2007 Instruction on transliteration of Belarusian geographical names with letters of Latin script and only to limited extent is based on Polish alphabet.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 137
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 08/02/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Belarus, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Russian language, Russian world
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Russia has never initiated a military conflict

Russia does not threaten “any country in the world” and has never initiated a military conflict. Russia always acts as a peacemaker in solving complicated international problems.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about peaceful Russia that contains disinformation about the war in Ukraine and war in Georgia. Since 1991 Russia was involved in several international conflicts, including intervention in neighboring states, such as Georgia in 2008 and Ukraine in 2014. Many international organizations condemned the Russian occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, see e.g. the OSCE statements here and here and European Parliament's declaration. More information to Russian invasion in Georgia is provided here. It was also Russia that provoked a war in Ukraine. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February 2014 when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government. The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted military presence of Russia in Ukraine in 2015. In 2014 Russia also annexed a part of Ukrainian territory - Crimean peninsula. The so-called referendum on the peninsula was organised in a matter of weeks by a self-proclaimed Crimean leadership lacking democratic legitimacy and installed by armed Russian military personnel following the seizure of public buildings. The EU does not recognise it. The United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 68/262, adopted on 27 March 2014 and supported by 100 states, clearly says that Russia's actions in Crimea as well as the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea violate international law. Any decision relating to Ukraine's sovereignty or sovereign choices can only be taken without undue external pressure.

Ukrainian society does not support accession to the EU and NATO

NATO is supported by no more than 40-42% of citizens; 34-36% are strongly against NATO. Half of the country’s population supports accession to the EU, but one third is against.

Disproof

The latest sociological research shows that accession to NATO and the EU is supported by the majority of those who have made up their minds. For instance, in research made in January by the Rating Group, 44% of the respondents voted for accession to NATO, whereas 30% were against. 10% said they won’t vote if the question would be on a referendum, 17% could not answer. The same is with the support for the EU. The majority, 53%, of the respondents support the EU. The Tax Union of Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan is supported only by 13%. To compare, in March 2012 the latter was supported by 43%, whereas the EU by 36%. According to a December poll by Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation, the EU is supported by 59% of the respondents. The support for the EU is rising: from 57% in 2014 to 59% in 2017. On the opposite, the Tax Union is supported by 12,5%. The majority support the EU in Western (88%) and Central Ukraine (70%). The respondents from Southern Ukraine also prefer the EU (41% vs 12%). Only in Eastern Ukraine 33% of respondents want to have closer relations with Russia, while with the EU 27%. But almost half of the respondents (47% in Southern and 40% in Eastern) are not sure about the choice. Is also mentioned that out of the 69% who are willing to take part in a referendum on accession to NATO, 70% would vote in favour of accession, 28% would vote against. NATO is supported by the majority in all regions, except the East. According to Socis Centre poll, only 8% of respondents support orientation towards Russia; 42,8% support orientation to the West and 44,7% believe Ukraine should choose own way of development without orientation towards either the West or the East. Accession to NATO is supported by 45,5%, while 29,4% are against the accession. Accession to the EU is supported by 58,3%, whereas 21,3% would vote against.

The US has violated the INF Treaty for years

The US has been violating the INF Treaty for years. By violating INF Treaty obligations, the US created the conditions for Russia’s production of missiles prohibited by this Treaty. The US has never provided evidence to Russia about its compliance with the INF Treaty in the three above-mentioned areas.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the US is responsible for the demise of the INF Treaty. The US government has issued detailed rebuttals of Russian accusations of US non-compliance with INF Treaty. Moreover, the US has repeatedly engaged Russian officials in multiple venues, including the Treaty’s Special Verification Commission [SVC] to explain why US actions in these areas are in full compliance with the INF Treaty. In December 2017, NATO affirmed that the US is in full compliance with the INF Treaty, and that Russia possesses a new missile system that generated “serious concerns”. Neither EU, nor any EU Member State is a part of the INF Treaty. Nevertheless, the Treaty has been a cornerstone of European security architecture. The EU High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini's remarks on the challenges to the INT Treaty can be read here. See more about the case here and further background here and here.