Russophobia is manifested in all spheres of life – in education, language policy, and religious affairs. The authorities [of Ukraine] restrict the rights of those who speak another language, visit other churches, and support alternative “civilisation choice.”
Since the 2014 coup d’etat in Ukraine, openly supported by the United States and a number of Western countries, Ukraine has plunged deeper and deeper into political chaos, corruption, lawlessness and aggressive nationalism.
Kyiv deliberately promotes an ethnic and ideological divide in society, while chauvinism and xenophobia have become an official state policy in Ukraine.
Chauvinism and xenophobia have not become an official state policy in Ukraine.
According to a survey by the Pew Research Center from 2018, the level of anti-Semitism in Ukraine turned out to be the lowest in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (5 %).
The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013.
There were democratic Presidential elections held on 25 May 2014 in Ukraine. The OSCE characterised the elections as showing the "clear resolve of the authorities to hold what was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and with a respect for fundamental freedoms." According to the OSCE, the only areas where serious restrictions were reported were those controlled by separatists, who undertook "increasing attempts to derail the process." This fact was reconfirmed by the parliamentary elections of 26 October 2014. The OSCE characterised the vote as "an amply contested election that offered votes real choice, and a general respect for fundamental freedoms".