Creation of NATO was not justified

Summary

Macron thinks that NATO was conceived as a response to the enemy, as a response to the Warsaw Pact. The situation is actually exactly the opposite. NATO’s birthday is 4 April 1949. This means that less than four years after the World War II ended, former Allies of the USSR in the fight against fascism have created against the USSR a military bloc, where apart from the US entered France, the UK, Canada, Benelux countries, Italy, Iceland, Norway, Denmark, and Portugal. And only six years later, in response to this, Warsaw Pact was formed on 14 May 1955, as a counterweight to NATO. Apart from the USSR, the Pact included Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, GDR, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.

So, when Macron says that NATO was thought as a “response to the enemy”, it is actually exactly the opposite: it was thought as a threat to a friend, with whom they fought against fascism and with whom they were setting up post-war life in Europe. And if so, then the creation of NATO was not justified at all.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative involving historical revisionism.

Right after the Second World War, Soviet troops occupied a number of countries in Central Europe. In accordance with the agreements between the Allies, these countries were given the freedom to choose their political orientation. Bulgaria and Romania were supposed to keep the monarchy. In the elections in Hungary, the non-communist party led by Zoltan Tildy received the absolute majority. The pre-war republic was restored in Czechoslovakia. However, by 1949, all the governments of Central and Eastern Europe, except Yugoslavia, turned into hard-line Stalinist regimes under the influence of the USSR. On top of that, in June 1948 the Soviet Union blocked supply routes to West Berlin causing the Berlin blockade which lasted for almost one year. 

Thus, the conflict between the Allies began almost as soon as the guns fell silent at the end of World War II. It led Western allies to seek ways to prevent further expansion of Communist influence on the European continent. And on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty was signed, serving three purposes: deterring Soviet expansionism, forbidding the revival of nationalist militarism in Europe, and encouraging European political integration.

Read the full story on The Insider.

Read similar cases claiming that the construction of the Berlin Wall was also desired by the Western Powers, Baltic States joined the USSR in accordance with International Law and the Soviet Union was liberating Poland from Nazi occupation in September 1939 as well as that Western media and the EU artificially distort and fiercely rewrite the history of the WWII.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 174
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: US, USSR, The West
  • Keywords: Emmanuel Macron, Historical revisionism, Dmitry Kiselyov, NATO
  • Outlet: Vesti Nedeli @ Rossiya 1 time 00:58-2:26
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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the Azov Sea and the Kerch incident.

On 25 November 2018, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tugboat and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen and arresting 24 members.

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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about US presence in Europe, portraying France as a vassal of the USA. Russian disinformation sources often claim that almost all European countries are no longer truly sovereign and the United States dictate policies to the EU and its member states.

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Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the West encircling Russia via NATO.

This promise was never made, as Mikhail Gorbachev, then-president of the Soviet Union, has himself confirmed.