Disinfo: Crimea has been always Russian

Summary

Crimea has always belonged to Russia, Krushchev gave it to Ukraine on a whim.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on Crimea being a part of Russia. According to the international law Crimea is a part of Ukraine. Russia violated the international law as well as key principles of the European security framework by illegally annexing the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol. The European Union does not recognise and continues to strongly condemn this violation of international law, which remains a challenge to the international security order. This position is based on the UN Charter, which clearly states that the territory of a State cannot be acquired by another State resulting from the threat or use of force, as well as on the Helsinki Final Act in which the signatories declared their intention to respect the inviolability of frontiers and territorial integrity. UNGA Resolution 68/262, stating that the Crimean referendum was not valid and condemning Russia's illegal actions in Ukraine, was supported by 100 United Nations member states. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court stated that “[t]he information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government." Click here for more information. Historical background: On January 23, 2019, the Ukrainian Embassy in France published the following open letter for the French audience on the history of Crimea: "saying that Crimea is Russian "for centuries" is, to say the least, excessive. Crimea was annexed in 1783, already in violation of a treaty which guaranteed the independence of the Tatar khanate. The peninsula was in the middle of the nineteenth century a territory in the process of colonization. In 1897, the first comprehensive census of the population of the empire indicates that the Russians are only one third of the inhabitants of Crimea, where they are still slightly fewer than the Tatars. The Russians only became a majority after the complete deportation in 1944 of the Tatars, who could only return after the fall of the communist regime. The annexation of Crimea to the then Soviet Ukraine, in 1954, was not done on a not ethnic, but geographical and economic basis, and as an extension of very old historical links between the peninsula and adjoining mainland areas. But what is more important today than the circumstances of 1954 and even more so of 1854 is that the borders of Ukraine, including Crimea, were recognized and guaranteed after its independence in 1991 by international agreements, some of which were signed by Russia itself".

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 140
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/03/2019
  • Outlet language(s) French
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: European Union, Crimea, Donbas
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A cultural occupation is taking place in Ukraine under Petro Poroshenko's presidency

A cultural occupation is taking place in Ukraine under Petro Poroshenko’s presidency. This involves an extermination of the Russian language, its prohibition in all educational and state institutions as well as the forced “Ukrainisation” of the Russian-speaking population.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory, repeating Pro-Kremlin narrative about a discrimination of the Russian language in Ukraine.

The Venice Commission of the Council of Europe sees no discrimination of the Russian language in Ukraine. In fact, the Venice Commission does not mention “facts of gross discrimination” in Ukraine.

Extreme nationalists staged coup and brought Poroshenko to power in Ukraine

Extreme nationalists were the driving force in the 2014 coup that brought Poroshenko to power in Ukraine.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative painting the 2013-14 Euromaidan protests as a far-right uprising which culminated in a coup against the democratically elected President Yanukovych. It fits the wider portrayal of Ukrainian politics as dominated by "fascists." Radical nationalists played a very limited role throughout the Euromaidan, had not initiated the protests in the first place, and did not install the Poroshenko to power. Petro Poroshenko won the presidency in a competitive and transparent election, as reported by the OSCE. The two most popular nationalist candidates won a combined 1.84% of the national vote, and their respective political parties failed to achieve the minimum electoral threshold in the October 2014 parliamentary race.

The EU was invented in the Third Reich and created by US agents

One of the EU founders (Walter Hallstein) was a “star of jurisprudence” in the Third Reich, who developed the legal foundations of a unified Hitlerian Europe; other two EU founders (Robert Schuman and Jean Monnet) were paid agents and puppets of the US State Department. The main goal was to prevent the union of France and Germany and make Europe fully submissive to the United States. The US State Department is also the cause of all current problems of the EU – erosion of national identities, renouncement of the Christian heritage, destructive tolerance for migrants.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory based on recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about EU being a Nazi project or under US control. To learn more about the EU pioneers click here.