Disinfo: Crimea has been always Russian


Crimea has always belonged to Russia, Krushchev gave it to Ukraine on a whim.


Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on Crimea being a part of Russia.

According to the international law Crimea is a part of Ukraine. Russia violated the international law as well as key principles of the European security framework by illegally annexing the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol. The European Union does not recognise and continues to strongly condemn this violation of international law, which remains a challenge to the international security order. This position is based on the UN Charter, which clearly states that the territory of a State cannot be acquired by another State resulting from the threat or use of force, as well as on the Helsinki Final Act in which the signatories declared their intention to respect the inviolability of frontiers and territorial integrity.

UNGA Resolution 68/262, stating that the Crimean referendum was not valid and condemning Russia's illegal actions in Ukraine, was supported by 100 United Nations member states.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court stated that “[t]he information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government." Click here for more information.

Historical background: 

On January 23, 2019, the Ukrainian Embassy in France published the following open letter for the French audience on the history of Crimea: "saying that Crimea is Russian "for centuries" is, to say the least, excessive. Crimea was annexed in 1783, already in violation of a treaty which guaranteed the independence of the Tatar khanate. The peninsula was in the middle of the nineteenth century a territory in the process of colonization. In 1897, the first comprehensive census of the population of the empire indicates that the Russians are only one third of the inhabitants of Crimea, where they are still slightly fewer than the Tatars. The Russians only became a majority after the complete deportation in 1944 of the Tatars, who could only return after the fall of the communist regime.  The annexation of Crimea to the then Soviet Ukraine, in 1954, was not done on a not ethnic, but geographical and economic basis, and as an extension of very old historical links between the peninsula and adjoining mainland areas. But what is more important today than the circumstances of 1954 and even more so of 1854 is that the borders of Ukraine, including Crimea, were recognized and guaranteed after its independence in 1991 by international agreements, some of which were signed by Russia itself".


  • Reported in: Issue 140
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/03/2019
  • Language/target audience: French
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: EU, Donbas, Crimea
  • Outlet: RT France
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The US is deliberately destabilising Venezuela and planning a military intervention to gain control over the country’s oil resources

After its failure to overthrow Assad in Syria, the US has shifted its focus toward Venezuela, a country that Washington is now trying to destabilise under the pretext of “restoring democracy”. In reality, the US, which is an “agent of the New World Order”, is seeking to gain control over Venezuela’s oil resources by creating a crisis in the country followed by US military intervention.

The US destabilisation of Venezuela and its efforts to topple Maduro follow a familiar pattern of US interventions in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Ukraine, also justified as necessary for “promoting democracy”.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the US is destabilising Venezuela and is planning an imminent coup-d’état and/or military intervention. See previous cases here.

See background information on other Venezuela-related conspiracies

The “Salisbury incident” was provoked by the UK government to divert attention from Brexit-associated problems and to demonise Russia

The poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia, known as the “Salisbury incident”, was provoked by the UK government as part of  a “dead cat strategy” aimed at diverting public attention from its Brexit-associated problems and at demonising Russia.

The UK government has never provided any credible and verifiable proof of Russia’s involvement in the Skripals’ poisoning. All accusations against Russia turned out to be groundless.

The government of Theresa May has always ignored the repeated proposals by the Russian side for constructive cooperation in the investigation of this case.



Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that Russia has nothing to do with the poisoning of former Russian GRU officer Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in Salisbury, marking now its one year anniversary.

The UK government has provided hard evidence for Russia's involvement in the poisoning. British police and intelligence investigations have produced hard evidence which was sufficient to charge two Russian nationals – identified as officers of the Russian Military Intelligence, GRU – for the attack on the Skripals. More UK public documents/statements on the case here and here. The EU Member States support the UK findings, and decided unanimously to introduce sanctions against the GRU officers responsible and their commanding officers.

Vaccines in Georgia are made by Lugar lab, it is more advisable to use Russian-made vaccines

Both European- and US-manufactured vaccines available in Georgia are unreliable. There is no way to verify that they are really manufactured in Europe or in the United States, and not at the Lugar lab. As for the United States, even if the vaccine manufacturer is verified to be based there, the quality of vaccination controls varies between different US states. Therefore, if one has to get vaccinated, it is better to choose a Russian-manufactured vaccine over a US-manufactured one or the one created at the Lugar lab.


Unfounded claims on vaccines, available in Georgia. Both Lugar lab-related and vaccination-related disinformation are recurring pro-Russian narratives. Mythdetector.ge published an infographic on recurring smear campaigns against the Lugar lab in March 2017 and researched conspiracy theories about vaccines in the Georgian media in May 2018.

The Georgian National Centre for Disease Control and Public Health, which operates the Lugar Centre, denied that the centre was involved in manufacturing any pharmaceutical or para-pharmaceutical products, including vaccines. The NCDC confirmed that the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) combined vaccine supplies in the Georgian healthcare network were manufactured in Belgium and the United States, while the H1N1 swine flu vaccine was made in France. They are exactly the same vaccines as used in their countries of manufacture and are generally authorised for use anywhere because these vaccines are prequalified by the WHO and are also authorised by the European Medicine Agency.