Disinfo: Crimea joined Russia in accordance with the results of a referendum

Summary

“Dear Crimeans! It's time to go home! ”Zelensky said.

The Crimean peninsula joined Russia in accordance with the results of a referendum held in the spring of 2014 after a coup in Ukraine: about 97% of voters voted for reunification with Russia. However, the Kyiv authorities continue to consider the peninsula "theirs" and take various measures to "return" it.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea and Euromaidan.

No international body recognises the so-called referendum in Crimea. The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution entitled “Territorial integrity of Ukraine”, stating that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. On 17 December 2018, the UN General Assembly confirmed its non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea.

Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia, recognised on 17 April 2015 that "our soldiers were deployed in Crimea to help the inhabitants express their opinion." Vladimir Putin admitted that the plan to annex Crimea was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum.

The European Union does not recognise and continues to strongly condemn this violation of international law, which remains a challenge to the international security order. In response to the illegal annexation of Crimea, the EU has imposed restrictive measures against the Russian Federation. In June 2020, the European Council decided to renew the sanctions introduced in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by the Russian Federation until 23 June 2021.

There was no coup in Ukraine.

The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last-minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU due to Russian pressure. It cannot be labelled as a coup.

The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early Presidential elections and an end to violence.

See related disinformation claims alleging that Crimea has never been Ukraine; that Crimea rejoined Russia following a referendum; that Crimea "sailed" to Russia forever and the West agrees with it.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 234
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 03/03/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Crimea, illegal annexation, Coup, Manipulated elections/referendum
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Disproof

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Disproof

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Disproof

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