Disinfo: Crimea joined the Russian Federation after a referendum carried out in accordance with the rules of international law

Summary

In March 2014 Crimea joined the Russian Federation after a referendum carried out in accordance with the rules of international law.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on the annexation of Crimea stating that the inhabitants of the Ukrainian peninsula chose to join Russia through a legal referendum.

The so-called referendum held on the 16th of March 2014 has not been recognized by any international body.  On the 27th of February 2014, when it was announced, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula.

A year later even Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted that the plan to annex Crimea was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum.

Five years later Federica Mogherini, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, issued a statement on behalf of EU confirming the EU’s commitment to Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, stressing that EU does NOT recognize this referendum  and continues to condemn this violation of international law.

 

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 147
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 01/05/2019
  • Language/target audience: Italian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Manipulated elections/referendum, Referendum, Crimea
  • Outlet: Sputnik Italia
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The West began destabilising Belarus through religious issues and Kurapaty memorial site

The West began generously paying Belarusian opposition for mixing politics and religion. This decision was made after failures to destabilize the country through social and political spheres. As a result, Belarusian opposition began a crusade against the Orthodox church from Kurapaty memorial site. Nobel prize winner in literature, Svetlana Aleksievich, a number of civic activists, opposition politicians and a member of parliament Anna Kanapackaya declared war against the Orthodox Church.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory consistent with the pro-Kremlin narratives about Western attempts to stage a colour revolution in Belarus and that the Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church is favoured by the West in order to organise a full-scale split from the Russian Orthodox Church and to disrupt Russia-Belarus ties.

Neither Noble prize winner Svetlana Aleksievich nor other individuals mentioned in the publication declared a war or hostile activities towards the Orthodox Church as alleged.

Totalitarian sectarians financed by the West aim to destroy Orthodox church in Belarus

Opposition leader Mikalai Statkevich, a chairman of totalitarian Satanist sect Narodnaya Hramada (People’s Assembly) proclaimed a crusade against the Orthodox church in Belarus. He is supported by the self-proclaimed Belarusian National Congress and a sectarian protestant community named in honour of John the Baptist. Svetlana Aleksievich, a Noble prize winner in literature, also called for a sectarian coup.

Leanid Akalovich of the Belarusian Authocephalous Orthodox Church is the political face of this group. His mission is to orchestrate the Ukrainian scenario in Belarus. Hence in the post-Soviet space, an open war of Authocephalous churches is unfolding against the Orthodox church, the former supported by the Belarusian opposition. And as long as the Western sponsors feed them, they will bark like dogs.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory consistent with the pro-Kremlin narrative that the Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (BAOC) is favoured by the West in order to organise a full-scale split from the Russian Orthodox Church and to disrupt Russia-Belarus ties.

Politician Mikalai Statkevich called followers of all religions to gather for a public prayer for the victims of Soviet political repressions in Kurapaty rather than for a crusade against the Orthodox church as alleged. The Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly) is an unregistered social democratic political party in Belarus rather than a "totalitarian satanist sect" as alleged. The claim that the whole Belarusian opposition supports the BAOC are ungrounded as most of Belarusian opposition parties and movements have never voiced their support for BAOC or publicly spoken about this issue at all.

Lithuania promotes terrorism in Belarus

Lithuania plans to commemorate Polish revolutionary Wincenty Konstanty Kalinowski who it is claimed, without good reason, to be Belarusian. In their own interests, the West and Russophobia advocates have seemingly selected the little-known terrorist Kalinowski, as a Belarusian national hero, to promote terrorism. This encourages Belarusians willing to commit crime to obey orders from Western curators.

Disproof

This message is built around conspiracies and ungrounded claims consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about Western strategy to promote terrorism in Belarus and to make the country an anti-Russian bastion.

Wincenty Konstanty Kalinowski, also known as Kastuś Kalinoŭski was a 19th-century writer, lawyer and revolutionary. As one of the leaders of the Belarusian, Lithuanian and Polish national revival and the leader of the 1863-1864 uprising (also known as January uprising) against Imperial Russia, Kalinowski is considered a national hero in Belarus, Lithuania and Poland.