Crimea returned to Russia after a popular referendum

Summary

The Republic of Crimea returned to Russia after a popular referendum was held on the peninsula in March 2014, against the backdrop of a severe political crisis that led to a change of power in Ukraine.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on the annexation of Crimea claiming that Crimean citizens chose to join Russia through a legal referendum.

The Crimea did not "return" to Russia but was illegally annexed by it. Following the covert invasion by “little green men”, the referendum in Crimea was conducted hastily and at gunpointbarring impartial observers from entering the peninsula. Therefore, no international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced on the 27th of February 2014, and held on 16th of March 2014.

Thirteen members of the United Nations Security Council voted in favour of a resolution declaring the referendum invalid. On the 27th of March 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. On December 17, 2018, the UN General Assembly confirmed its non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea. On the fifth anniversary of Crimea's annexation, the EU reiterated its position of non-recognition of the landgrab and continues to stand in full solidarity with Ukraine, supporting its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

For similar cases, see here, here and here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 169
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Referendum, Crimea
  • Outlet: RT Arabic
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Europe realised that anti-Russian sanctions are meaningless

Russia is strengthening its position in the world due to the sanctions campaign, which, in fact, is completely meaningless. There have been so many conversations about the threats that sanctions would bring for Russia, that they will lead to the refusal of its position in Crimea, in Donbas. But nothing has changed: Russia’s positions remained the same. And the sanctions have become some sort of atavism, with no sense. Like a bow on a cake. Nevertheless, the senselessness of sanctions and the inferiority of sanctions for the European economy provoked questions. Therefore, analysts have already started saying: either you, gentlemen of politics, get a result, or maybe you will cancel the sanctions, and Europe will breathe more freely. Europe suffers from sanctions against Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that Western sanctions against Russia are unproductive and unjust.

Claims that the sanctions are ineffective are not backed by evidence. In reality, most research supports the view that sanctions, imposed on Russia by the US and EU following the annexation of Crimea and Russian meddling in the US election, have worked as planned, noting the drag they have imposed on Russia’s general economic development since 2014: "This adverse effect most likely operates by depressing both foreign trade and foreign capital flows into Russia. Russia’s own counter-sanctions have also had a clear negative effect on the welfare of the average Russian household."

Greta Thunberg is an artificial project, behind which there are serious racketeers

Greta Thunberg is an artificial project, behind her there are serious racketeers. Poor girl is being manipulated.

Disproof

Greta Thunberg is viciously being attacked by Russian state media. This claim is a conspiracy presented without any evidence. It is recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about international youth protests started by the Swedish activist Greta Thunberg.

This is also a recurring disinformation narrative about the West exploiting the environmental agenda and climate change topic to do harm to Russia, and that global warming is a "hoax" perpetrated by special interest groups like green businesses that stand to benefit from the climate hysteria. In fact, the existence of anthropogenic climate change is a matter of scientific consensus. Only a tiny minority of scientists dispute this consensus: the Earth is warming through the greenhouse effect; human activities - including use of fossil fuels, cutting down rain-forests, and farming livestock - are a major cause of the warming; and, unchecked, this rapid warming presents significant risks to human communities and natural systems. Preventing dangerous consequences of climate change is a key priority for the EU. 

Americans built military base in Macedonia and plan to kill people with drones from there

The Americans built a military base in North Macedonia two years ago. It is one among 1,500 military bases in the world, and was made without an agreement between states but with a deal with just one or two Macedonian politicians. Two years ago, the US army came here and built a drone aircraft runway for their base. The purpose was to enable attacks with the most deadly drones for the purposes of the Americans and NATO in the fights against terrorism in the Middle East or the countries in Africa. Now, with this arrangement, foreign soldiers operating in the base are protected with special laws and the host country has no jurisdiction in punishing them and they are free to commit crimes and genocides. For example, these foreign soldiers can murder and rape, and there will be no legal consequences.

Disproof

This story is false and pushing an anti-NATO narrative designed to disrupt Montenegro’s road to NATO membership. Regarding co-operation between the armies of America and North Macedonia, this, in fact, only involved a joint exercise entitled "Decisive strike". In 2017, the two armies built the aircraft runway together for the purposes of the exercise in the military training facility "Krivolak". The article claims that two people decided to turn Krivolak into an American military base. Macedonia has no signed Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) agreement with any country. This (SOFA) agreement is mandatory if allies wish to build a base within NATO countries.

According to the annual budget of the American Ministry of Defense, there are 500 military bases in the world. None of them are in Macedonia.