Disinfo: Crimea’s return to Russia restored historical justice

Summary

Although Crimea is just a small dot on the map, the restoration of historical justice is very important. Russian ancestors had mastered this territory since ancient times, and already in the tenth century, a significant part of it became part of the Russian state. Every inch of this land was abundantly watered with the blood of Russian and Soviet soldiers.

Disproof

A recurring disinformation claim attempting to legitimise Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea.

This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin media, denying Ukraine’s legitimate right to the peninsula. Crimea has a very long and complicated history with many peoples living there.

Crimea became part of the Russian Empire as a result of the Russo-Turkish war (1768-1774). In 1921, the peninsula ended up in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic within the USSR. It became part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1954. Pro-Kremlin commentators and outlets say it was a gift from the then Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in commemoration of the 300th anniversary of what Soviet ideology called “the re-unification of Ukraine and Russia.” However, the reasons were probably economic rather than emotional. The Crimean peninsula has a land border with Ukraine, but it is separated from mainland Russia by sea. By attaching Crimea to Ukraine, the Soviet leaders aimed at developing the region, whose economy was more connected to Ukraine than to Russia.

As explained by Andreas Umland, since the dissolution of the USSR, Russia recognised Crimea as part of Ukraine in two important legal documents: the tripartite 1991 Russian-Ukrainian-Belarusian Belavezha Accords and the bilateral 2003 Russian-Ukrainian Border Treaty. Read the entire paper titled “Whom does Crimea Belong to? Russia’s Annexation of the Ukrainian Peninsula and the Question of Historical Justice” - see here.

Heavy fighting claimed many lives in Crimea during WWII. Back in 1944, Crimean Tatars were en masse forced to leave their homes under the pretext of the community’s alleged collaboration with Nazi Germany. The mass deportation that has taken the lives of tens of thousands of Crimean Tatars has since been recognised as an act of genocide by Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, and Canada as well as by some scholars and historians. Russia, on its part, since the illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, has systematically targeted Crimean Tatar media, political institutions, language, and national leaders. In 2016, the Russian Supreme Court passed an ultra vires motion outlawing the Crimean Tatar legislature.

Read similar cases claiming that Ukraine, not Russia, is the perpetrator of human rights abuses in Crimea, that there is no proof of human rights abuses in Crimea, that the UN lies about the violation of human rights at the peninsula, and that reunification with Russia paved the way for Tatar’s language in Crimea.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 236
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 18/03/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Crimea, Crimean Tatars, illegal annexation, Manipulated elections/referendum
see more

Washington's frequent accusations about the Russian interference in the US political processes are all unfounded

Washington's frequent accusations about the Russian interference in US political processes are all unfounded. There is no evidence that Russia intervened in US political processes.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative attempting to depict Russian interference in the 2016 US presidential election and in other political processes in Western countries as factually unfounded.

It is not true, as the article claims, that there is no evidence of Moscow's interference in US presidential elections.

The West sponsored the Belarusian protests and planned to attack Belarus

Belarus continues strengthening political and military relations with Russia due to the West-sponsored protests of autumn 2020. The Western forces promoted a “new Belarus” project to model Iraq, Libya, or Yugoslavia. Washington and Brussels have turned the Baltic states and Poland into one large military training ground near the Belarusian and Russian borders.

Disproof

The disinformation message is consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the aggressive West and NATO, protests in Belarus, the puppet status of the Baltic states and Poland, and the Western attempts to instigate colour revolutions in the EU neighbourhood.

There is no evidence that Western countries staged massive unprecedented protests in Belarus following the 9 August 2020 presidential elections. In fact, the Belarusian people revolted against election fraud and police violence towards thousands of rally participants. Read more about the Belarusian protests and the EU's response to massive election fraud and violence by state authorities.

The 2014 Crimean Referendum was used to reduce Poland to a role of a vassal

What was the Crimean referendum for Poland? It would probably have not had any impact on the situation in this country. It is even possible to say that the reduction of the size of the territory of chaos in a neighbouring state would be beneficial for Poland. From the point of view of Warsaw, the Crimean events of March 2014 were neutral. Although, they have become the reason for unleashing unprecedented anti-Russian hysteria in this country. The Crimean events resulted in the influx of thousands of foreign soldiers to Poland, reducing this country to a humiliating role of a vassal of foreign interests.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about “lost sovereignty”. Poland is often presented as a “puppet-state”, "colony" or a vassal of the United States, Germany, Israel or the EU. This narrative includes a message that the USA manipulates Poland in order to promote its anti-Russian policies in the region.

The claim that the Crimean Referendum was used in order to turn Poland into a “vassal” and to deploy thousands of foreign soldiers to this country is unfounded.