Disinfo: Crimea was annexed by Russia on a legitimate basis


In March 2014 Crimea was annexed by Russia after a referendum carried out in accordance with the rules of international law.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming the annexation of Crimea was the result of a legal referendum by which the inhabitants of the Ukrainian peninsula chose to join the Russian Federation.

No international body recognises the so-called referendum held on 16th of March 2014.

On the 27th of February 2014, when it was announced, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula.

Later even the Kremlin admitted that the Crimea annexation plan was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum.

On the 5th anniversary of the so called referendum the EU, through Federica Mogherini, its High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, issued a statement confirming the EU’s commitment to Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, stressing that EU does NOT recognize this referendum  and continues to condemn this violation of international law.




  • Reported in: Issue 152
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 23/05/2019
  • Language/target audience: Italian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Manipulated elections/referendum, Referendum, Crimea
  • Outlet: Sputnik Italia
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Russia has not violated international law

Russia has not violated international law. The only thing Russia has violated is the “new world order” established by the US and its satellites, including Estonia. Neither Russia nor other sovereign states can cope with this unwritten world order. The US and Europe are unable to refer to any article allegedly violated by Russia because this article does not exist and often times Europe and Russia mean different things under the notion of international law.


A conspiracy theory on "The New World Order", presented without evidence. In fact, Russia violated international law when it launched the military aggression against Georgia in 2008, committed crimes against humanity and war crimes on the territory of Georgia, constantly violates the six-point ceasefire agreement between Russia and Georgia, annexed Crimea in 2014, attacked Ukrainian ships in the Kerch Strait in 2018, expropriated the assets of a Ukrainian oil company in the territory of Crimea, failed to declare its own Novichok production facilities and delays in destroying stockpiles of other chemical weapons. These violations were accompanied by the usual disinformation narratives. 

Several other examples of disinformation narratives are available below:

“Big brothers” in Europe and beyond knocked down the Austrian Chancellor with a “Russian card”

It is dangerous to run for leadership positions in the EU. Those who dared to show ambition were sent to knock-out with a “Russian card”. Just before the European Elections Austrian Chancellor is facing a no-confidence vote because of the scandalous video involving the vice-chancellor. […]

A scandalous video was not an accident, it was released simultaneously by two German newspapers, the source of the video is not disclosed, the face of a blond woman is blurred out. Strange coincidence – half a year ago Austria media reported that a large Russian spy network is allegedly working in Vienna. The source: German intelligence, who later said they received the information from the Brits. […]

The Austrian government resigned, experts are installed instead of ministers, and Kurz was shown he made a wrong bet. Austria with Kurz was the odd one out: supported the Nord Stream II, hosted Russian politicians at the highest level, offered itself as a ground for talks between Europe and Russia, and did not oust Russian diplomats. Kurz obviously wanted to play a unique role in Europe, and that was unacceptable for big brothers – not only in Europe.


Conspiracy theory, consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about Russophobia and deep state.

There is no evidence of Strache-campaign being part of an international master-plan against Austria or its chancellor.

European deep state murdered the pioneer of Austrian right-wing movement and set up trap for Strache

In Europe, the “deep state” is no less serious than in the US, although it is more refined. The fate of the late Jörg Haider, the pioneer of the right wing movement in Austria, whose Volkswagen flew off the road for an unknown reason in October 2008, is a clear confirmation of this.

It is obvious that the whole story of the production and publication of the compromising video [implicating former vice-Chancellor of Austria Heinz-Christian Strache] most likely did not go without the intervention of one of the European special services.



Conspiracy theory consistent with recurring disinformation narrative of a "deep state".

The police investigation ruled out foul play or technical glitches a day after the crash of Jörg Haider's car. Alcohol and speeding were involved.