Disinfo: Crimean referendum was held when Ukraine didn’t exist as a state


The referendum in Crimea on “returning to the Russian Federation” was actually held when Ukraine did not exist as a state from a legal point of view. During 20 Feb 2014 – 25 May 2014, Ukraine “de iure” did not exist due to the coup d’etat. In order to recognise the referendum results, the West would have to recognise the coup d’etat in Kiev.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Ukrainian statehood.

The 2014 presidential election in Ukraine was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and respecting fundamental freedoms, despite the hostile security environment in two eastern regions of the country. According to the OSCE (of which Russia is a participating State) "the people of Ukraine had the opportunity to genuinely express their will at the ballot box".

The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were not provoked from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence.

The United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 68/262, adopted on 27 March 2014 and supported by 100 states (only 10 states opposed it), clearly says that Russia's actions in the peninsula as well as the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea violate international law.


  • Reported in: Issue 121
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/10/2018
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: West, War in Ukraine, Euromaidan, Crimea, Ukrainian statehood


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Ukrainian borders and language are artificial. Ukrainian authorities plan to punish any use of non-Ukrainian language e.g. at home, in transport, at school.

Ukrainian borders and language are artificial, and Ukrainian authorities are planning to punish any use of non-Ukrainian language e.g. at home, in transport, at school.


Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc. UNGA Resolution 68/262 also affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders: http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

The new law on language is still only in the phase of a draft. Yet, it specifically says that every citizen is free to choose any language in private encounters. Read more about the law here.

Europe helped Hitler to come to power and allowed him to attack Russia

The Western European countries helped Hitler to come to power. And he said to them: I will go to attack Russia! And they let him form the armed forces.



Between the years 1939 and 1941, it was Soviet Russia who was Nazi Germany's ally - the two countries simultaneously invading Poland. Later during WWII, Soviet Russia, the UK, the US and many other countries were the allies in an anti-Hitler coalition.

Repeated pro-Kremlin disinformation accusing everyone of being Nazi, see e.g. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/nazi-east-nazi-west-nazi-over-the-cuckoos-nest/