Disinfo: Defender 2020 is a test to invade Kaliningrad region


The main task of the “Defender of Europe” is to practice a rapid transfer of American forces to the border with Russia. Experts believe that the US is testing options for invading the territory of the Kaliningrad region. The maneuvers were a cause of serious concern in Moscow.


This narrative is in line with the pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative of encircling Russia, claiming that US-led military exercise "Defender-Europe 2020" is directed against Russia. Find similar cases here.

Exercise Defender-Europe 2020 is the deployment of a division-size combat-credible force from the United States to Europe, the drawing of equipment and the movement of personnel and equipment across the theatre to various training areas. The aim of the exercises is to increase strategic readiness and interoperability by exercising the U.S. military’s ability to rapidly deploy a large combat-credible force and equipment from the United States to Europe; and alongside its allies and partners, quickly respond to a potential crisis. "The joint, multinational training exercise is scheduled to take place from April to May 2020, with personnel and equipment movements occurring from February through July 2020. The exercise supports objectives defined by NATO to build readiness within the alliance and deter potential adversaries. Approximately 37,000 U.S., allied, and partner nation service members are expected to participate with roughly 20,000 Soldiers deploying from the U.S," is noted on the official web site of the exercises.

Eighteen countries are expected to participate, with exercise activities occurring across 10 countries. More details about the exercise can be found here.

At a press conference in Berlin on January 14, 2020, the Deputy Commander of the US Armed Forces in Europe, General Andrew Rawling, announced that the Defender 2020 is not directed against Russia or against another country: "These manoeuvres are not related to any particular country. In this, they differ from past exercises of the Cold War. It is a question of defence in general under various crisis scenarios."


  • Reported in: Issue 187
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 02/03/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia
  • Keywords: Defender Europe 2020, Military
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Ukraine allows 14-year-olds to change their sex without parental consent

The Ukrainian Rada registered a bill that allows 14-year-olds to change their sex without parental consent.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine, attempting to paint the country as a failing, unstable state. Besides attacking Ukraine's legal reforms, which is one of several common disinformation strategies targeting Ukraine, it also attempts to paint the country as "morally degenerate" on LGBT issues, in line with one of the most common narratives used to attack Western values.

The bill in question aims to improve the realization of rights for adolescents in the healthcare sector; it does not provide the rights to change sex.

Polish authorities created an insane hysteria of intimidation with Russia, used for the needs of domestic politics

The intimidation with Russia, which has been taking place over the past ten years, has led to a situation where the authors of this insane hysteria got scared of the monster, which they had themselves created for the needs of domestic politics.


This message is a part of the ongoing Russian disinformation attack on Poland, accusing this country of Russophobia, waging an information war against Russia and manipulation of history for political reasons.

The Polish authorities do not promote any policy of “intimidation with Russia” and they do not create  “insane hysterias” connected to Russia. The main current Russia-connected concerns of Poland are a result of the Russian annexation of Crimea and its involvement in the military conflict in Donbas. The Polish government shows its full support to solving the Russia-Ukraine conflict and complete restoration of territorial integrity of Ukraine.

Child Rights’ Code and UNICEF encourage drug and alcohol use among teens

According to UNICEF’s conclusion, reflected by the Georgian Parliament in the Code on the Rights of the Child, a parent should not prohibit a child from using drugs and alcohol…As soon as this “law” enters into force, parents will be under pressure and will be strictly punished by law if they demonstrate even minor strictness towards children, for example, if they do not allow them to go somewhere or scold them for their clothing, or prohibit them from using alcohol or so called soft drugs.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on values and moral decay. Repeated targeted campaign against UNICEF. This is exactly the same narrative already published in January 2020. Article 33 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child reads that participating states shall take all appropriate measures to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs. Furthermore, article 63 of Georgia's Code on the Rights of the Child strictly prohibits the sale of alcohol, drugs, psychoactive, toxic and other harmful substances to children.

See previous cases here.