Detention of a Russian tanker in Ukraine – Poroshenko’s provocation

Summary

The detention by the Security Service of Ukraine of the Russian tanker NEYMA in the Ukrainian port of Izmail is an act of provocation, blackmail and piracy from Ukraine.  The raid of the Ukrainian special services in the Black Sea was initiated by the fifth Ukrainian president, Petro Poroshenko, and the detention itself grossly violates international norms.

Disproof

This is a new take on a recurrent disinfornation narrative on the Kerch strait incident.

The detention of the Russian tanker in the Ukrainian territorial waters is a systematic response from Ukraine to the aggressive policy of the Kremlin in accordance with the laws of the country. The Security Service of Ukraine, together with the military prosecutor's office, detained the ship NEYMA due to the involvement of the tanker in the attack and the armed seizure of the crew of three Ukrainian warships in the Kerch Strait in November 2018.

The Russian ship entered the port of Izmail, Odesa region, on July 24 under a new name, NIKA SPIRIT. Ukrainian operatives found that the name of the tanker, along with the IMO-8895528 number, was intentionally changed. In fact, the serial number of the ship corresponds to the original name, NEYMA. Thus, the Russian authorities wanted to conceal the involvement of the tanker in the act of Russian aggression.

The crew of the NEYMA tanker was sent home, as it was established that these Russian sailors did not take part in the seizure of three Ukrainian warships in the Kerch Strait. So there were no violations of international norms and Ukrainian laws during the arrest.

The Security Service of Ukraine is directly subordinate to the President of Ukraine (Article 1) and is accountable to the Verkhovna Rada of the country (Article 31): for the time being, the orders of the SSU are no longer in the jurisdiction of the fifth head of state, Petro Poroshenko. After the elections and inauguration of Volodymyr Zelenskyy on May 20, Poroshenko has no influence on the state and law enforcement structures of Ukraine.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 159
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 25/07/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Azov sea, Black Sea, Petro Poroshenko
  • Outlet: RT Russian, Iz.ru, Ukraina.ru
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Stalin decided to establish the independent Polish state

Stalin, after the victory in WWII, did not decide to include new republics into the USSR. He decided to establish independent countries such as Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania – and Poland.

 

Disproof

This message is part of Russian historical revisionism and part of a disinformation campaign portraying Russia as the peace-maker and liberator. See other examples of Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland here, here and here.

The very fact that Stalin did not turn Poland, Hungary, Romania, etc. into new USSR republics does not mean that he ''established independent states'' in Eastern Europe after WWII. In fact, these countries were kept under repressive communist regime and unable to make independent political, economic and military decisions.

Out of respect for Polish sovereignty, the Red Army did not participate in the Polish martial law

Introduction of the martial law by General Jaruzelski is a good example of the Soviet respect for Polish sovereignty – the martial law was introduced by the Polish security forces, without any participation of the Red Army.

Disproof

This message should be perceived as historical revisionism aimed at the underestimation of responsibility of the USSR over the political developments in the Polish People's Republic (which in 1945-1989 appeared under the full political control of the USSR).

In 1981, the USSR insistently demanded from the Polish authorities to stop the ongoing socio-economic protests and the spread of the “Solidarity” movement by the introduction of the “state of emergency”. Moreover, the so-called Brezhnev Doctrine was still actual – it assumed the open Soviet military intervention into a Socialist state, which “tries to turn towards Capitalism” (as it happened in Hungary in 1956 and in Czechoslovakia in 1968). In this situation, the USSR abstained from the use of the Red Army in Poland not because of the “respect for Polish sovereignty”, but because of the fact that the Polish security forces succeeded in the introduction of the martial law without any external support.