Disinfo: Donbas has never truly belonged to Ukraine


The DNR and LNR represent the result of the political and national will of the people of Donbas and the will of the Russian people as a whole. This will was expressed both in a referendum as well as in the form of direct state and military-political actions and is being continuously implemented. […] The borders of the DNR coincide with the borders of the former Donetsk oblast of Ukraine, and the borders of the LNR with the borders of the former Luhansk oblast, parts of which continue to be held by force as part of the Ukrainian state and must be reunited with the Republics of Donbas. […] After the collapse of the USSR into separate states in 1991, Donbas, along with other regions of Novorossia, became part of Ukraine against its will.


A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the war in Ukraine and the alleged lack of evidence of the presence of Russian troops involved, mixed with a narrative alleging that Donbas is a part of the Russian world and was forcibly joined to Ukraine.

On a Ukrainian independence referendum in 1991, 92.3% of Ukrainians voted for independence. The independence of Ukraine was supported by the majority of votes in all regions, including Donetsk oblast (83.9%), Luhansk oblast (83.86%), and Crimea (54.19%).

See similar disinformation cases in our database: Russophobic historical concepts, including so-called Holodomor genocide, have brought Ukraine to a civil war, Ukraine to launch an offensive against Donbas, war with Russia is the only reason for the existence of the Ukrainian state, the war in Ukraine started because the parliament did not want to vote for the law on languages, Ukraine has always been Russian, at least a half of it, Russia has the right to reclaim the original Russian lands from Ukraine.


  • Reported in: Issue 229
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 28/01/2021
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, DNR, Eastern Ukraine, LNR, Ukrainian statehood, Russian world, Donbas, War in Ukraine
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US citizens, like the citizens of North Korea, have no influence on the country's decision making

There is no democracy in the United States of America. The only difference between the United States and any of the most oppressive regimes in the world is that thanks to its theft of the whole world, it has become richer, and thus the contradictions in American society until recently remained hidden to the extent that the main political news on television was about a cat that is afraid of getting off the tree, and the political programmes of the rival presidential candidates were almost carbon copy. Therefore, there was no need for the army to control the citizens. The propaganda and the absence of alternative media (such as RT) were sufficient. Moreover, the citizens of the United States of America have the same influence over decision making as the citizens of North Korea.


This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative, which seeks to discredit the United States and liberal democracies by claiming that liberal societies are totalitarian systems and that liberal democracies, like 20th-century totalitarian dictatorships, practice repression against the population.

Although the US and other Western democracies today face multiple and serious domestic and foreign threats, it is not true that liberal democracies are obsolete, have collapsed or are being replaced with dictatorships. Reports of the death of liberal democracy have been greatly exaggerated. Moreover, the article’s attempt to equate the West’s liberal societies to totalitarian regimes is an obvious falsification of reality. According to the 2020 World Press Freedom Index, which is based on a large number of objective criteria, places the US is in 45th place out of 180 countries, whereas North Korea is in the last 180th rank.

Lithuania is one of the least peaceful countries in Europe

Lithuania is one of the least peaceful countries in Europe according to the “Global Peace Index”. Lithuania is on 36th position.


A recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative portraying Lithuania as an aggressive, unfriendly and unpeaceful country.

The message is highly manipulative. The “Global Peace Index 2020” ranked 163 countries, putting Lithuania on 36th position, not far from its neighbours - Latvia (34th position), Estonia (30th position), and Poland (29th position). The infographic presented in the article does not include Russia, which is, for comparison, on 154th position according to the “Global Peace Index 2020”.

Countries like Ukraine are neither prosperous nor democratic because they submit to the US influence

The countries that give the US the keys to controlling it, like Ukraine, achieve neither prosperity nor democracy.


A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Ukraine, Ukrainian statehood, and the US presence in Europe.

According to the World Bank, economic growth in Ukraine was solid at 3.2% in 2019, led by a good agricultural harvest and sectors dependent on domestic consumption. This was despite, or maybe because of, the fact that both imports from, and exports to, Russia have decreased markedly since 2013.