Disinfo: The DPR didn’t have the means to down MH17

Summary

Kyiv accused the “Popular Defense Forces” in the Donbas region of downing the aircraft (MH17), but the aforementioned forces denied having the means to hit the aircraft at this height.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative regarding the downing of flight MH17, aimed at obscuring Russia's responsibility for the tragedy.

A Joint Investigation Team (JIT) was established to conduct the criminal investigation of the downing of the Malaysian Airlines flight MH17. The JIT comprises officials from the Dutch Public Prosecution Service and the Dutch police, along with police and criminal justice authorities from Australia, Belgium, Malaysia and Ukraine.

The JIT has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy.  At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH17, was taken back to the Russian Federation. On 24 May 2018, JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. An animation of this comparative research is available here.

The Joint Investigation Team issued international arrest warrants in June 2019 for four individuals identified as being complicit in the shooting down of MH17: three Russian military and intelligence officers Igor Girkin, Sergey Dubinskiy, Oleg Pulatov and Ukrainian national Leonid Kharchenko, commander of the military combat unit in Donetsk. Their trial will begin On 9 March 2020. They will be prosecuted for their involvement in the murder of the 298 passengers aboard MH17, which was brought down by a Russian Buk missile.

For more cases on MH17, see here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 184
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 15/02/2020
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Malaysia, Russia, Ukraine, The Netherlands
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, DPR, Donbas, MH17
  • Outlet: Sputnik web Arabic, urdupoint, abudhabi-news, elbayan-news, sabq-sa, akhbarten, miralnews, masr20, mbs
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“Russian threat” is an invention of the West and NATO in order to expand eastwards

Saying that Russia wants to destroy the EU or NATO is naive and perhaps suitable for mass media.

Why did the first wave of NATO’s eastward expansion occur? Russia was struggling to survive at the time. So what were NATO’s reasons back then? In retrospect, attempts were made to construct a security risk from Russia. Do you really think Russia would invade the Baltic States? What should Russia do with Lithuania?

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that the “Russian threat” is a false idea created and spread by NATO to encircle and weaken Russia.

NATO does not "expand" in the imperialistic sense described by pro-Kremlin media. Rather, it considers the applications of candidate countries who want to join the alliance based on their own national will. As such, NATO enlargement is not directed against Russia. NATO's "Open Door Policy" is based on Article 10 of the Alliance's founding document, the North Atlantic Treaty (1949). The Treaty states that NATO membership is open to any "European state in a position to further the principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area". Every sovereign nation has the right to choose its own security arrangements. This is a fundamental principle of European security and one to which Russia has also subscribed.

Pentagon’s biolabs in Armenia are a threat to the existence of the nation

It is a well known fact that three bio-laboratories in Armenia, in Yerevan, Gyumri and Idzhevan have been opened with the cooperation with Pentagon. Officially, they are intended to safeguard people and livestock from pandemics. Similar laboratories have been opened in Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. In 2018, the former Georgian minister of national security, Igor Gioradze, disclosed shocking details about one of the laboratories in Georgia, financed by the US ministry of defence: at the facility, experiments on humans were performed, and 73 people had died.

The Armenian people have fought for millennia for their independence and for securing the nation; and they will now have to fight again for preserving their statehood. Everyone must understand that in the balance for short- or medium term gains, lies not only the independence, but the existence of the country. This must be a priority when decisions are made about cooperation with foreign partners in such a sensitive field as biological security.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given. Based on recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the biological weapons and Lugar Lab.

Read more about Lugar Lab on Myth Detector.

The advance of ISIS in Africa is supported by the International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court (ICC) began preliminary investigations on the situation in Nigeria in November 2009. Naive enthusiasts of “International judiciary” believed that the ICC prepared charges against the terrorists of “Boko Haram”. But no charges have been filed under more than ten years of “investigations”. From the latest report of the ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda we can learn that the army of Nigeria is persecuting… supporters of “Boko Haram”. ICC is in reality defending the terrorists against the government’s forces.

The advance of ISIS in the world generally and in Africa particularly is a result of coordinated actions of institutes for global control, like the International Criminal Court, using this terrorist organisation as their armed branch.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that the US and other Western states are supporting or working together with terrorists. Read here similar cases claiming that ISIS has been supported by US, British, French and Israeli intelligence services in order to demolish Syria and that Al Baghdadi was an American product.

As regards the Nigerian case, the ICC has launched a preliminary examination of the the situation in Nigeria since November 2010 (n.b. The ICC has not launched a official investigation). From a legal perspective, no substantive field investigation is under way. Analysts (not investigators) have mostly relied on open source reporting and voluntary interviews with other IOs and NGOs, in order to establish if the Nigerian authorities are appropriately investigating incidents reported to them.