Estonia joined the USSR in compliance with international law

Summary

We have repeatedly said that there is no, and there was not, a Soviet occupation of Estonia. The country’s entry into the Soviet Union occurred in accordance with the standards of international law.

Disproof

This is the part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it tries to promote the idea that there was no Soviet occupation of the Baltic states.

On 23 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a non-aggression (Molotov-Ribbentrop) pact whose secret protocols divided the territories belonging to Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Romania into Soviet and Nazi spheres of influence. The Baltic States were not beneficiaries of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. Like other countries mentioned in the pact, they lost their independence and territories. Soviet occupation of the Baltic States lasted for 50 years and resulted in mass deportations and repressions against local populations.

24 December 1989, the Parliament of the USSR, the Congress of the People’s Deputies, adopted a resolution, acknowledging the annexation of the Baltic states as a violation of the USSRs obligations. An English translation of the full text here:

The Congress notes that during this period the relations of the USSR with Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia were regulated by a system of treaties. Pursuant to the 1920 Peace Treaties and 1926-1933 Non-Aggression Treaties, the signatories were obliged to honour each other’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability under any circumstances. The Soviet Union had assumed similar obligations to Poland and Finland.

See similar disinformation narratives on history and Baltic states here and here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 166
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 29/09/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: USSR, Estonia
  • Keywords: USSR, Occupation
  • Outlet: Itogi nedeli @ 5 channel (37:35 - 37:45)
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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Western attempts to encircle Russia and Western belligerence.

Russian media has extensively misquoted General Jeffrey Harrigian's statements given during a press briefing reported by the digital magazine Breaking Defence. During the press briefing, Gen. Harrigian outlined tactics the U.S. Air Force is developing in response to the ongoing threat of Russian anti-aircraft, anti-ship, and surface-to-surface missiles based in Kaliningrad. No U.S. or NATO plans to conquest or attack Kaliningrad were mentioned.

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Disproof

No evidence is given to back up these claims. The press service of the police of the Lviv region said that "information about this event is not true and the communications department of the police of the Lviv region did not prepare or distribute this material." The publication used fake screenshots allegedly from the official site of the Lviv police.

Also, later, the newspaper “Ratusha” which was the first one to share this information, made a statement that their editorial office did not post this news item on its website, alleging that their website was hacked.

Ukraine will turn land into a commodity and sell it in exchange for another billion from the IMF

Apparently, the new Kyiv government is in a hurry to turn natural wealth into a commodity and sell it to Western partners in exchange for another billion from the IMF.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the requirements of the IMF and its work in Ukraine.

The IMF constantly talked about the need for land reform in Ukraine, but in 2017 this requirement was postponed. In January 2019, the fund again spoke about the necessity of the land market, naming this reform among the opportunities to fundamentally transform the Ukrainian economy.