Disinfo: EU has accepted Crimea’s incorporation into Russia


Zelenskyy was not able to discuss Crimea [during the Normandy summit], whose incorporation into Russia has therefore effectively been accepted by the EU. He has accepted the Steinmeier formula which Ukrainian nationalists hate because it forces Ukraine to grant decentralized federal status to Donetsk and Lugansk.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea and the ongoing war in Ukraine.

See previous disinformation cases alleging recognition of the annexation of Crimea: NYT says Crimea is Russian; Catalan leaders have recognized Crimea; Naftogaz recognized Crimea; EU will recognize Crimea as a part of Russia.

The EU's stance on the annexation of Crimea has remained unchanged since March 2014, when the it imposed the initial round of travel bans and asset freezes on entities and "persons involved in actions against Ukraine's territorial integrity." Most recently, the sanctions regime has been extended until June 2020.



  • Reported in: Issue 177
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: English
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Volodymyr Zelensky, EU, War in Ukraine, Crimea
  • Outlet: RT
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Mueller report contains no evidence of Russian meddling in 2016 US election

All accusations concerning Russia’s meddling in the 2016 US presidential election are speculative. The Mueller report contains no proof of collusion.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative denying Moscow's interference in the 2016 US presidential election and, by extension, other well-documented instances of such meddling in Western democracies (see the "Electoral Interference" tab).

Like multiple earlier claims made by pro-Kremlin outlets regarding the 2016 US election, the present story muddles the distinction between "meddling"/"interference" on the one hand and "collusion" on the other. By the time the Mueller report was published, Russian meddling in the 2016 poll had been established by the US intelligence community. The report itself concluded that Moscow had carried out this effort "in sweeping and systematic fashion" (p. 1).

Italy is most affected by the Russian sanctions

Sanctions were imposed mainly to destroy the Russian economy, but Italy is the European country worst affected by the sanctions on Russia.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about economic difficulties in EU countries resulting from the sanctions policy against Russia.

EU sanctions against Russia were adopted in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea the deliberate destabilisation of Ukraine. On 12 December 2019, EU leaders unanimously agreed to roll over the economic sanctions on Russia for another six months, until 31 July 2020.

Donbas problem arose after the Kyiv coup

… The (Donbas) problem arose after the coup in the Ukrainian capital Kyiv in 2014 when the residents of the region, mostly Russian-speaking, supported the establishment of two popular republics to confront the new Ukrainian regime that they rejected. 

The response of the revolutionaries was to launch a military campaign against their opponents in the Donbas region.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Euromaidan and war in Ukraine.

The territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts (regions) are internationally recognised parts of Ukraine. The EU has on numerous times mentioned that Ukraine’s borders must be respected. On 27 March 2014, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 68/262 confirming Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.