Disinfo: EU has lost hundreds of billions due to sanctions on Russia

Summary

The European Union’s losses from sanctions against Russia are estimated at hundreds of billions of euros.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Western sanctions on Russia attempting to make out that they have backfired. Since March 2014, the EU has progressively imposed restrictive measures against Russia. The measures were adopted in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and the deliberate de-stabilisation of Ukraine.

By the most recent research into the effect of sanctions, the cumulative export loss to Russia during 2014-2018 is estimated at EUR 30 billion (about -0.2% of EU’s GDP in 2018), incurred largely during 2014-2016, as EU exports to Russia recovered in 2017.

EU wide impacts of the export losses are estimated at less than 0,2% of total value-added and employment. The potential total impact of the sanctions for the Russian economy is estimated at 8% to 10% GDP.

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  • Reported in: Issue 179
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 26/12/2019
  • Outlet language(s) Arabic
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Russia
  • Keywords: European Union, Europe, Sanctions
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Kaliningrad exclave is threatened by NATO

NATO is conducting non-stop activities of mobilization nature. And Russia is already presented as the main adversary. There are no direct threats to attack Russia. Nevertheless, different scenarios are being worked out. For example, to exclude options similar to the “annexation” of Crimea. The threat to Kaliningrad exclave has increased many times. One of the high-ranking NATO generals announced that a military operation against Kaliningrad region is possible. So, NATO exercises are a direct immediate threat to Russian borders.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Western attempts to encircle Russia, Western belligerence and Western aggression against Kaliningrad. The origins of this NATO scenario comes from a recent report by the American Jamestown Foundation entitled “How to Defend the Baltic States”, published in October 2019. The report mentions that “three Baltic States - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - face powerful Russian forces” and therefore this report comes to “lay out the military units and force posture, along with changes to Alliance command and control, that would be needed to prevail in case Russia was to spark hostilities in the Baltic States” after it was proven that "Russian aggression in Chechnya, Georgia, Donbas, Crimea and Syria have proven that military force can be used successfully without eliciting a forceful response from the West". Russian media has extensively misquoted General Jeffrey Harrigian's statements given during a press briefing reported by the digital magazine Breaking Defence. During the press briefing, Gen. Harrigian outlined tactics the U.S. Air Force is developing in response to the ongoing threat of Russian anti-aircraft, anti-ship, and surface-to-surface missiles based in Kaliningrad. No U.S. or NATO plans to conquest or attack Kaliningrad were mentioned. Read full debunk by Polygraph here. In addition, during the Warsaw summit in July 2016, NATO has made it clear that "The Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia".

US does not provide satellite images to JIT on MH17 case

US satellites were supposed to “see” the moment of the crash of MH17, however, the information received was classified. And no one really recalls it now.

Disproof

No evidence given. This claim is a part of a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Flight MH17 and the Joint International Investigation. You can read similar cases as "Kremlin has nothing to do with an MH17 suspect", "JIT chose to ignore Russian evidence of the MH17 crash" and "MH17: JIT-investigation not interested in truth, Buk belonged to the Ukrainian army". The head of the Joint Investigative Team (JIT) Fred Westerbeke confirmed in an interview with the independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, that the United States provided the investigation with highly classified satellite images from the time and place of the MH17 downing. "Yes, we have them. My officer, who has access to the intelligence materials marked "top secret" and "national secret", saw and analysed the United States' satellite data," Westerbeke said. U.S. intelligence also released part of the satellite images data and other evidence of a Russian connection to the downing of MH17 shortly after the incident took place. “It is time for Russia to cease its lies and account for its role in the shoot down,” said State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert in a statement on May 24 2019. “Today’s announcement confirms and adds detail to what we have said from the earliest days of this tragedy: MH17 was shot down by a Russian-made BUK surface-to-air missile fired from territory in eastern Ukraine controlled by Russia and Russia-led forces.” Read more on Polygraph.info.

Little has changed since Nazi Europe

This kind of people, like the former Polish ambassador to Nazi Germany, are now demolishing statues of Red Army soldiers and officers who liberated the countries of Europe and European peoples from Nazism. Those are their followers. In this sense, unfortunately, little has changed, and Russia must bear this in mind when strengthening its armed forces.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the omnipresence of Nazis in Europe. The Nazi ideology and the EU are based on opposite values ​​and principles.

Russian historical revisionism often targets Poland claiming that it is thanks to Russia that Poland exists as a country today and that Nazi Germany considered Poland its best ally.