Disinfo: EU wants to expand towards East by destabilising the Caucasus

Summary

The (Ukrainian) coup was orchestrated (by the EU) in Kyiv.

The EU wants to expand towards the East, the Mediterranean region, and the Black Sea, just as it tried hard for two decades to build bridges of extremism and terrorism to Russia’s loose flank in the Caucasus.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Euromaidan, painting the 2013-14 protests in Kyiv as a violent coup, in this case orchestrated by the EU.

The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013, called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan", were not provoked from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last-minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure.

The EU sees Ukraine as a priority partner. It supports Ukraine in ensuring a stable, prosperous, and democratic future for its citizens, and unequivocally supports Ukraine’s independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty.

On the other hand, NATO expansion is also a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative. NATO does not "expand" in the imperialistic sense described by pro-Kremlin media, and is not directed against Russia. Rather, it considers the applications of candidate countries who want to join the alliance based on their own national will. Similarly, membership of the EU is also based on applications from countries respecting the democratic values of the EU and committed to promoting them.

The story of a plan to destabilise the Caucasus is a repeating disinformation message and 2-year old fake message

publication/media

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  • Reported in: Issue 200
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04/06/2020
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: EU, Russia
  • Keywords: Ukraine, EU, EU/NATO enlargement, European Union, Anti-Russian, Destabilising Russia, Coup, Euromaidan, Crimea

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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One of NATO’s main tasks: depriving Russia of its Syrian naval supply base

One of the main tasks of NATO in Syria was to deprive the Russian fleet of the naval supply base in Tartus, Syria.

Disproof

This narrative fits a recurring narrative portraying NATO as having belligerent agenda against Russia, with no evidence given.

NATO does not operate in Syria and has not declared any interest in going after Tartus, and there is no official direct statement referring to Tartus. On the other hand, NATO is currently leading operations in Afghanistan, Kosovo and the Mediterranean.

Historical Crimean Russian land returned

Historical Russian lands were returned to Russia in accordance with a popular referendum that met all the internationally recognized legal and constitutional conditions.

The Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, granted the peninsula (Crimea) to the Republic of Ukraine for purely administrative reasons, and within the framework of the Soviet Union that brought Russia and Ukraine together in the framework of a single superpower.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea

No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced 27th of February and held less than three weeks later.

The US Defender 2020 manoeuvre is directed against Russia

Thus, in addition to the US large-scale manoeuvre Defender Europe 2020, which is also directed against Russia by rehearsing the transfer of troops in the direction of the Russian border, the US-led manoeuvre BALTOPS 2020 will also be carried out over the Baltic Sea.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the West/ NATO threatening or encircling Russia and the US-led military exercise "Defender-Europe 2020", which is not aimed or targeted at Russia. US Major General Andrew Rohling Deputy Commanding General for the US Army in Europe, informs that the US-led exercise "Defender 2020" is an American exercise with 18 NATO partner countries. Rohling emphasises that the aim of the exercise is not to target any country, but rather to test strategic readiness and how to react to a crisis.

Exercise Defender-Europe 2020 is the deployment of a division-size combat-credible force from the United States to Europe, the drawing of equipment and the movement of personnel and equipment across the Atlantic to various training areas in Europe, like Germany and Poland. With US Defender Europe 2020, the 18 participating NATO-countries are therefore practising procedures to ensure and demonstrate the ability to relocate and also to confirm the alliance's commitment to supporting and, in particular, to show the United States' commitment to Europe's security.