Disinfo: Euromaidan was a coup led by fascists


In 2014 (…) a coup happened in Ukraine with the participation of the Nazis, who were used to taking power into their own hands, and blaming Russia for all of Ukraine’s problems of Ukraine.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives painting the 2013-14 Ukrainian revolution as a coup d'etat, and Ukrainian politics as dominated by fascist/Nazi groups and ideology.

The Euromaidan was not a coup but a nationwide popular protest against the government's sudden announcement that it would not sign the EU Association Agreement. See the full debunk here.

Far-right groups had a very limited presence during the protests and have suffered spectacular defeats in every national election since 2014.

See previous disinformation narratives alleging that the 2014 Ukraine coup was orchestrated by neo-Nazis, Euromaidan was a coup supported by the US, the Donbas problem arose after the Kyiv coup, Euromaidan was a coup fomented by Victoria Nuland and that Violent protesters killed 38 policemen during the Kyiv coup.


  • Reported in: Issue 180
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 18/01/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Eastern Ukraine, Euromaidan, War in Ukraine, Nazi/Fascist
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Disinfo: Ukraine is under foreign control since independence

Unfortunately, from the very first moment of Ukraine’s independence, our country has been under systematic external control. We have been given advice that is incompatible with our successful living.


Unfounded claim, no evidence given. Recurring Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine, which it claims is under external control from the US or EU. Ukraine is a sovereign state, not controlled by any foreign government. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by almost the whole world, including the EU.

Disinfo: Poland tries to adjust history to politics, misinterpreting the historical facts

Warsaw tries to adjust history to politics. Due to the current political situation, within the so-called historical policy, the historical facts are interpreted in a way, which often does not have any connection to history. They are adapted to justify the current political goals.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it accuses Poland of “falsification and re-writing” of its history and of the alleged information war against Russia. According to this policy, the Russian official historiography is the only “true” way of interpretation of historical events for the countries of Eastern and Central Europe.

Both Nazi Germany and the Stalinist USSR were harsh totalitarian regimes, which directly caused the deaths of tens of millions of people. It is a proven historical fact that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of WWII.

Disinfo: The Polish economy was revived thanks to the Soviet Union

The USSR provided huge economic assistance to ruined Poland, and the Polish economy was revived thanks to the Soviet Union. The recent statements of the Polish authorities is another attempt to rewrite history according to the current anti-Russian sentiments prevailing among the Polish elite. The USSR not only liberated Poland but also helped to rebuild this country.


This message is part of Russian historical revisionism and part of a disinformation campaign portraying the USSR as a peacemaker and liberator.

The Sovietisation of Poland and other countries of the so-called Eastern Bloc after WWII was accompanied by terror, massive repressions, nationalisation of industry, expropriation of privately owned land, destruction of market economy and restrictions of civil and political freedoms. The Warsaw Treaty Organisation (the Warsaw Pact) was the Soviet Union’s “external empire”, where people faced daily strife, including shortages of food and housing. Read more about life in Poland under the Communist rule. As a result of the post-war Soviet “economic assistance”, the Polish economy was turned into an inefficient Communist-type economy, unable to provide its citizens with a decent level of life.