Disinfo: Euromaidan was a coup led by fascists

Summary

In 2014 (…) a coup happened in Ukraine with the participation of the Nazis, who were used to taking power into their own hands, and blaming Russia for all of Ukraine’s problems of Ukraine.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives painting the 2013-14 Ukrainian revolution as a coup d'etat, and Ukrainian politics as dominated by fascist/Nazi groups and ideology.

The Euromaidan was not a coup but a nationwide popular protest against the government's sudden announcement that it would not sign the EU Association Agreement. See the full debunk here.

Far-right groups had a very limited presence during the protests and have suffered spectacular defeats in every national election since 2014.

See previous disinformation narratives alleging that the 2014 Ukraine coup was orchestrated by neo-Nazis, Euromaidan was a coup supported by the US, the Donbas problem arose after the Kyiv coup, Euromaidan was a coup fomented by Victoria Nuland and that Violent protesters killed 38 policemen during the Kyiv coup.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 180
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 18/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Euromaidan, Nazi/Fascist
  • Outlet: EADaily
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Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was a direct result of British, French and Polish politics

The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was a direct result of the British, French and Polish politics, particularly, the Munich Agreements selling out Czechoslovakia.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by the statements that the USSR was forced to sign this pact; other European countries signed various international agreements with Adolf Hitler and the Munich Agreement triggered WWII.

The Munich Agreement (September 30, 1938), indeed, permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia. The policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler was heavily criticised in Europe and proved to be a disastrous move. World War II began in Europe one year later, on 1 September 1939, when Germany invaded Poland.

The European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Totalitarian Regimes is a false holiday

In 2008-2009, PACE established August 23 as a false holiday, commemorating the victims of fascist and communist “totalitarianism” and the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression pact. The Eastern Europeans and the Parliamentary Assembly of NATO (meaning, the United States) were also in favour of the establishment of this new “holiday”.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to portray Russia's role in World War II as not aggressive. The European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Totalitarian Regimes (August 23) was established by the European Parliament on 23 September 2008. The initiative to establish this Day of Remembrance comes from the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism signed in 2008 by over 50 European politicians and prominent political prisoners and dissidents. This Remembrance Day is aimed at the promotion of historical remembrance about WWII and condemnation of totalitarian ideologies.

Both Nazi Germany and the Stalinist USSR were harsh totalitarian regimes, which directly caused the deaths of tens of millions of people.

In 1938, Poland was a Nazi ally

The Polish elite have never hidden the fact that they preferred closer relations with Germany to better relations with the USSR. In 1938, Poland was a Nazi ally and partner, before it became a Nazi victim in 1939.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact by stating that Poland was a Nazi ally, so it should blame itself for the German-Soviet attack in September 1939. The claim that Poland was “an ally of Nazi Germany” goes against all available historical documents. Before WWII, Poland had tense political relations with Nazi Germany, which expressed open territorial claims on Poland (revision of the status of the Free City of Danzig and control over the “Polish Corridor”). Despite intense political pressure from Hitler, Poland consistently refused to become part of the Nazi block.

According to the pre-war plans of Hitler, Poland was supposed to be part of the “living space”/ Lebensraum for the Third Reich, a large part of its territory was planned to be incorporated into the German state and millions of Poles and Polish Jews were supposed to be exterminated.