Disinfo: Euromaidan was initiated to lower Ukraine’s living standards

Summary

Now everyone understands why the Maidan was needed. It was necessary to lower the standard of living of Ukrainians. It has to be so low that they [Ukrainians] must be very happy to go to Europe [and earn money there]: to plow the land for 16 hours a day and to be bent over in the fields under the sun.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the 2013-14 Ukrainian revolution.

The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last-minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU due to Russian pressure.

The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence.

Regarding the claim about Ukraine's economy being disastrous: according to the World Bank, the GDP of Ukraine grew by 3.5% in the first half of 2019, compared to 3.3% in 2018. The solid growth was driven by a strong agricultural harvest, as well as sectors dependent on domestic demand, including services (domestic trade, transport, and the financial sector) and construction. In 2019, the GDP of Ukraine was $130.832 billion. Thirty years ago it was $82.709 billion, an increase of over 50%.

You can find similar cases of the Kremlin trying to undermine Ukraine's economy here.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 197
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 11/05/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Economic difficulties, Coup, Euromaidan, Conspiracy
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The EU is not helping, but you should not ask for Russian help

Brussels wanted to convince the Western Balkans that it is not “right” to ask for Russian help. The EU organised a summit to convince the Balkan states that aid from Russia and China is not about helping them; instead, it is aimed at “strengthening their positions on the continent.” When Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and North Macedonia asked for EU help to combat the crisis, Brussels did not do anything, but now the EU demanded that they take part in a video conference.

Disproof

The claims made in this article are broadly similar to recurring narratives about the EU's complete failure to respond to the coronavirus crisis.

The EU is providing an EUR 3.3. billion package for the Western Balkans, including financial help to their healthcare sectors and exclusive access to EU instruments and medical equipment.

Western scientists predict accident at Ukrainian NPPs with 80% probability

The specialised journal Energy Research & Social Science, published by the Dutch company Elsevier, directly predicts a major nuclear accident at a Ukrainian nuclear power plant in the coming years, with a probability of 80%. The most dangerous, from the point of view of Western experts, are the Rivne and South Ukrainian NPPs.

Disproof

Disinformation misrepresenting the study of the journal of Energy Research & Social Science.  

The scientific journal Energy Research & Social Science published the study “Reassessing the Safety of Nuclear Energy” in 2016, which assesses global risks in the nuclear industry. The authors of the publication did not focus on individual countries but analysed the situation as a whole. A group of scientists concluded that "the rate of civil nuclear accidents over time since 1952 decreased significantly from the 1970s, reaching what appears to be a stable level of around 0.003 events per plant per year...We find concrete evidence of a history of learning from previous accidents within the industry, especially the significant reduction in event frequency after the Chornobyl accident in 1986," the article says. The study does not contain any other references to Ukraine or the words “80% probability of a major accident at Ukrainian nuclear power plants”.

World War II veterans are not respected in Ukraine

Ukraine is not satisfied with the “Patriotic War”. If Ukraine doesn’t appreciate veterans from the very beginning, with whatever banners they went to World War II, then it does not respect them. If Ukrainians think that the people who died and the veterans who survived don’t deserve respect, then why veterans would need Ukraine.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about World War II and Ukraine.

Respect for World War II veterans is fixed in Ukraine at the legislative level. The relevant law No. 2539 “On the perpetuation of the victory over Nazism in the Second World War of 1939-1945” was adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on April 9, 2015. The law prescribes respect for war veterans, participants in the Ukrainian liberation movement, the victims of Nazism and the memory of the victory over Nazism in World War II.