Disinfo: Europe justifies the Munich Agreement with Hitler


Until recently it was unthinkable that the fierce debates on the reasons and consequences of WWII will take place in Europe, which equates the USSR and Nazi Germany. And is doing it as if there was no “Munich” before the “Pact”. Where to find objective history? The truth is revealed in a Cambridge Scholars Publishing book called “History of International Relations and Russian Foreign Policy in the 20th Century”. It restores realism in international relations.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by stating that other European countries signed various international agreements with Germany throughout 1930s.

The Munich Agreement (signed 30 September 1938), did indeed permit German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia. The policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler was heavily criticised in Europe and proved to be a disastrous move. World War II began in Europe on 1 September 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, knowing that the Soviet Union did not oppose them and would also invade Poland from the east. Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on 3 September.

The "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact" was accompanied by a secret supplementary protocol on the delimitation of areas of mutual interest in Eastern Europe. In particular, Hitler and Stalin agreed to divide Poland. The agreement also indicated that the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania, as well as Bessarabia and Finland, also belonged to the respective areas of interest of Germany and the USSR. Just a week after the signing of the Pact, the German attack on Poland started World War II. Two weeks later, Soviet troops entered Polish territory.

It should, perhaps, be noted that the publisher 'Cambridge Scholars', is not related to Cambridge University Press or the University of Cambridge. This information is published on their website.


  • Reported in: Issue 188
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 29/02/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: UK, Russia
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, USSR, Historical revisionism, WWII
see more

Accusations of Russian interference in US elections is a PR campaign

We cannot exclude the possibility that accusations of Russian interference in US elections are a Democratic PR-campaign, where everything is based on repeating the same accusations again and again. Those who are familiar with the findings of the Mueller-investigation no longer believe the tales about Russian hackers.


Recurring disinformation narrative denying Russian attempts to interfere with the 2016 US presidential election.

Before the Mueller report was published, Russian meddling in the 2016 election had already been established by US intelligence agencies. Thus, the Special Investigation was primarily concerned with "whether any Americans […] joined the Russian conspiracies to influence the election" (p.2).

The West sows animosity towards Russians among Little Russians; Belarus is next target

Russia and the Russian World, hence Belarus too, face a global challenge. Russian geopolitical opponents wage hybrid wars targeting all-Russian consciousness among Great Russians and Belarusians and attempting to sow animosity among them. Earlier, Western strategists succeeded with a coup d’etat in Ukraine. They managed to sow animosity in the souls of millions of Ukrainians / Little Russians towards Great Russians and now want to do this to Belarus.


This is a conspiracy which is consistent with a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the West's intentions to disrupt Belarusian-Russian relations. It also depicts the 2013-14 protests in Kyiv as a coup d’état orchestrated by the West and presents wide-spread anti-Russian sentiments among Ukrainians as aggressive Western actions rather than the result of Russian military involvement in Eastern Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea.

The narrative denies Russian military involvement in Donbas while there is irrefutable evidence of direct Russian military involvement in Eastern Ukraine. The EU has condemned the clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014.