On January 26, 1934, Poland became the first European country which signed the Non-Aggression Pact with Nazi Germany for a period of 10 years. The secret part of this pact contained the agreement on mutual military assistance and the division of the spheres of influence.
Pre-war Poland, relying on its alliance with Germany, had far-reaching plans. In 1935, according to information received by the US Ambassador in Berlin from German officials, Germany and Poland were preparing for taking over the Baltic states and the Western territories of the USSR.
This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by stating that other European countries signed various international agreements with Germany throughout the 1930s.
It is impossible to compare the German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact of 1934 with the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact as the former was a standard international agreement aimed at the mutual recognition of borders and a declaration that existing political contradictions would be solved through diplomatic tools. There is no evidence that this pact contained any secret protocols, which assumed common aggressive actions of Germany and Poland against the USSR or other countries. Moreover, the pact did not include any agreements on advanced political, economic and military relations between Poland and Germany. It is important to remember that in 1934, the plans of Hitler were still unknown, so all European countries carried out normal diplomatic relations with Germany.