The claim about NATO "expansion" misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not "expand" but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join. See: bit.ly/269ONPz;, bit.ly/2e6J8oV;, bit.ly/2eFPg9s, . In any case, no such promise was made bit.ly/1qQ3wHH, . This fact was acknowledged by former President Gorbachev himself in 2014 in an interview for (pro-Kremlin outlet) Russia Beyond the Headlines bit.ly/2a6FHvM.//, The situation in Ukraine has been under examination by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court preliminary examination since 25 April 2014. In their Report on Preliminary Examination Activities 2016, they state that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf. The EU's new Global Strategy recognises that it is the actions of Russia which have resulted in a threat to European security: bit.ly/2biNXYF, .