Disinfo: European Court of Human Rights demands Sweden to be declared the winner of the battle of Poltava


The European Court of Human Rights have declared the defeat of the army of king Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava invalid.

According to the judges, the Russian army did not have the rights to be located or wage military operations on Ukrainian territory without the acknowledgment of Ukraine's government.

The court demands Russia to compensate Sweden with 150 million Euro, return captured arms, guns and banners. Sweden has declared its intention to request retribution of territories lost at the end of the Nordic War, where the battle of Poltava was a decisive incident.

If ECHR supports Sweden's demands, Russia will need to return St. Petersburg, Leningrad oblast, parts of Pskov oblast and also the archipelagos of Novaya Zemlya and Franz-Joseph Land.


A satirical article from a well-known humour site is reproduced as news. The outlet describes its source as “unreliable”, but the readers are led to believe that the information is authentic.


  • Reported in: Issue 241
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 11/04/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Sweden, Ukraine
  • Keywords: ECHR
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Disinfo: US bio labs in Ukraine and Georgia conduct dangerous and non-transparent research

American biological laboratories in Ukraine and Georgia conduct dangerous and non-transparent research.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative advancing conspiracy theories about clandestine US laboratories in the post-Soviet countries. See also here.

The United States embassy in Ukraine issued a statement, in which it dispelled “disinformation spreading in some circles in Ukraine that mirrors Russian disinformation regarding the strong U.S.-Ukrainian partnership to reduce biological threats’’. It said the US really cooperates with Ukraine “to consolidate and secure pathogens and toxins of security concern in Ukrainian government facilities, while allowing for peaceful research and vaccine development”. In the case of Georgia, reports about secret US biological laboratories were also debunked.

Disinfo: Ukraine does not respect the Minsk agreements

Ukraine does not respect the Minsk agreements.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that Kyiv does not adhere to the 2014 Minsk Agreements.

In reality, Moscow-backed separatists have been mounting tensions in Donbas over recent weeks, since March-April 2021, under the pretext that Ukrainian troops are planning an offensive. Four Ukrainian soldiers were killed on 26 March 2021, which is the largest daily death toll for government troops since the fragile truce that took effect last July. Nonetheless, Moscow and its proxies in Donbas keep on accusing Kyiv of continually breaking the truce and preparing for a full-scale attack.

Disinfo: Lithuanian authorities buy guns instead of vaccines

Lithuanian Defence ministry buys guns amid the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the economy.

The programmes of vaccination in Lithuania, as well as in the EU in general, are slow and ineffective. In this context, the decision to buy guns and old armed vehicles looks like a very irresponsible decision of Lithuanian authorities.


A recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative attacking Lithuania in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Purchases of vaccines and military spending are not connected. Lithuania is not buying COVID-19 vaccines individually. The purchase of COVID-19 vaccines in the EU is centralised and is being implemented by the European Commission (EC). The EC has secured up to 2.6 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines so far and negotiations are underway for additional doses. Lithuania should get more than 7 million doses of vaccines (the population of Lithuania is 2.7 million people).